Hamas of Iraq
|Hamas of Iraq|
Participant in the Iraqi insurgency
Hamas Iraq Logo
|Active||18 March 2007 – 18 December 2011
January 2014 – 9 December 2017
|Area of operations||Central Iraq|
|Originated as||1920 Revolution Brigade|
|Allies||Islamic Army in Iraq|
|Opponents||Iraqi Armed Forces|
Hamas in Iraq (Arabic: حماس العراق Ḥamās al-‘Irāq) is a Sunni militia group based in Iraq, which split from the 1920 Revolution Brigade on 18 March 2007. The group claims to have released videos of its attack on US troops. The 1920 Revolution Brigade insists that Hamas in Iraq was involved in assisting US troops in their recent Diyala operations against Al-Qaeda in Iraq. Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki has feared the US-armed 'concerned local citizens' are an armed Sunni opposition in the making, and has argued that such groups should be under the command of the Iraqi Army or police. On October 11, 2007, the militia group joined a political council that embraced armed insurgency against American forces.
Hamas in Iraq released a political program in April 2007 with some of the following provisions:
- "The movement believes in armed jihad as a means for expelling the occupier, and calls on public opinion and agencies and international institutions to respect this right... of all peoples to resist occupation, and to distinguish between that and armed crimes which target innocent civilians."
- "We believe in a necessary link between military efforts and political action as two mutually supportive instruments for achieving the goals of resistance for liberation and salvation and preventing the fundamentalist movements from harvesting the fruits of the resistance."
- "We confirm the necessity of continuing the killing until the exit of the last soldier from the occupying armies, and to not negotiate with the enemy except with an agreement of the factions of the jihad and the Iraqi resistance; and under the appropriate circumstances and conditions."
In July 2007, The Guardian reported that the group participated with other insurgent groups in an alliance called the Political Council for the Iraqi Resistance, which includes a range of Islamist and nationalist-leaning groups which was formed to negotiate with the Americans in anticipation of an early US withdrawal. Main planks of the joint political program included a commitment to free Iraq from foreign troops, rejection of cooperation with parties involved in political institutions set up under the occupation and a declaration that decisions and agreements made by the US occupation and Iraqi government are null and void."
Operations in Diyala in August 2007
The insistences occurred when The Washington Post reported in a telephone interview with Lt. Col. Joseph Davidson, executive officer of the 2nd Infantry Division, U.S. forces were now "partnering with Sunni insurgents from the 1920 Revolution Brigades, which includes former members of ousted president Saddam Hussein's disbanded army." The 1920 Revolution Brigades replied that: “We say to … the occupation and to your followers and agents that you made a very big lie” in linking us with the Diyala anti-al Qaida campaign. The group maintains that the US military spokesman should have referred to "Iraqi Hamas", which consisted of Brigades before the operations.
- List of armed groups in the Iraqi Civil War
- United Jihad Factions Council
- Turkish Special Forces
- 1920 Revolution Brigades
- "Iraqi Jihad Group Establishes New Political Framework called 'Hamas-Iraq'". MEMRI - The Middle East Media Research Institute. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- "Twentieth Revolution Brigades and Hamas of Iraq Individually Claim Downing American Helicopters in Baghdad, Video of Bombing Troop Transporter". SITE Institute. 10 April 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
- "Iraqi Resistance Report for events of Sunday, 26 August 2007". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- "1920 Revolution Brigade memo denying involvement in Diyala Operations". 26 August 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- "US buys 'concerned citizens' in Iraq, but at what price?". AFP. 16 October 2007. Archived from the original on 7 September 2008.
- Iraq insurgent groups form one council
- "Abu Aardvark: Iraq insurgency developments". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- Seumas Milne. "Insurgents form political front to plan for US pullout". the Guardian. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- "U.S. rebrands Iraq ex-insurgents" (– Scholar search), Washington Post, 2007-08-25[dead link]
- "Offensives elsewhere, but Baghdad remains deadliest for U.S. troops". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- Iraqi Jihad Group Establishes New Political Framework called ‘Hamas-Iraq’ - document detailing the creation of Hamas Iraq
- Hamas Iraq attack on American Hummer
- Hamas Iraq using two IED's against Hummer and utility vehicle in Diyala
Denial of working with coalition forces
- DefenseLink: Tribal Leaders in Diyala Province Band Together - US Army article discussing which details possible cooperation between Hamas-Iraq and US military.