Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba
|Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba|
Arabic: حركة حزب الله النجباءParticipant in Iraq War
Iraqi Civil War
Syrian Civil War
|Area of operations||Iraq|
Syrian Civil War
East Ghouta, Damascus
Al-Ghab Plain, Hama
|Part of|| Popular Mobilization Forces (In Iraq)|
4th Armoured Division (In Syria)
|Battles and war(s)||Iraqi insurgency (2003–11) (as Asaib Ahl al-Haq)|
|Designated as a terrorist organisation by|
Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba (Nujaba or HHN; Arabic: حركة حزب الله النجباء Ḥaraka Ḥizballāh an-Nujabā’, "Movement of the Party of God's Nobles") is an Iraqi Shi'ite paramilitary group that is especially active in Syria. The group is considered an Iranian proxy. It openly receives training, arms, and military advice from Iran. It is part of Iraq's Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF), a group of Shi’ite militias that are close to Iran.
In February 2019, the United States Secretary of State designated Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba (and all its aliases and component parts) and its leader Akram al-Kaabi and Al-Nujaba TV Specially Designated Global Terrorists.
HHN emerged in 2013 as an offshoot of the Iraqi paramilitary Asaib Ahl al-Haq (AAH) and is led by AAH co-founder Akram al-Kaabi. al-Kaabi said that he formed the militia after a period of militant inactivity in the Syrian Civil War. He denies it emerged from a "split" with AAH, but that he chose not to unify with them due to disagreements. The two groups still share close affinity, often simultaneously commemorating martyrs. They have released a nasheed praising Iranian Quds Force commander Qasem Suleimani. Both groups follow the Iranian government's ideology, and al-Kaabi has stated that he would overthrow the Iraqi government or fight alongside the Yemeni Houthis if ordered by Grand Ayatollah Khamenei.
HHN was one of the first Iraqi paramilitaries to send fighters to Syria, where it has been active since its formation in 2013. It has had an increasing role in Syria after a significant boost to recruitment efforts took place in 2015. It was a major participant in the 2015 South Aleppo offensive and the breaking of the siege of the Shia towns Nubl and Zahraa.
In April 2015, al-Kaabi said HHN had suffered 126 casualties, including 38 in Syria.
On 1 January 2019, al-Kaabi said that the IRGC and Lebanese Hezbollah helped the militant Shi'ite forces of the Mahdi Army that were fighting the U.S. forces in 2004. He said that in the 2004 Battle of Najaf, IRGC and Hezbollah officers were present on the ground and helped during the battle, in which 13 US servicemen were killed and over 100 wounded.
- Liwa Ammar Ibn Yasir (Ammar Ibn Yasir Brigade)
- Liwa al-Hamad (Praise Brigade)
- Liwa al-Imam al-Hassan al-Mujtaba (Brigade of Imam Hassan the Chosen)
- Golan Liberation Brigade
- List of armed groups in the Syrian Civil War
- List of armed groups in the Iraqi Civil War
- Holy Shrine Defender
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- Federal Register - Designation of Harakat al-Nujaba, aka Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba, aka Movement of the Noble Ones Hezbollah, aka The Movement of the Noble Ones, aka Golan Liberation Brigade, aka Ammar ibn Yasir Brigade, aka Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba Brigade, aka al-Hamad Brigade, aka al-Nujaba TV as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist
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