|Type||Broadcast radio, television and online|
First air date
|15 May 1926 (radio)
15 May 1956 (television)
|Revenue||1.42 billion HRK
(US$ 239 million) (2011)
|Radiotelevizija Zagreb (RTZ) (until 1990)|
regional stations, internet streams
|Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT)|
Croatian Radiotelevision (Croatian: Hrvatska radiotelevizija, HRT) is a Croatian public broadcasting company. It operates several radio and television channels, over a domestic transmitter network as well as satellite. In 2011, more than 80% of HRT's revenue came from broadcast user fees with each household in Croatia required to pay 79 HRK (~10€) per month for a single television set, with the remainder being made up from advertising (which is limited by law).
Croatian Radiotelevision has three organizational units, three sister companies - the Croatian Radio (Hrvatski radio), the Croatian Television (Hrvatska televizija) and Music Production (Glazbena proizvodnja).
Croatian Radiotelevision is the direct successor of the Radio station Zagreb (Radio stanica Zagreb) that started broadcasting on 15 May 1926 under its first director and co-founder, dr. Ivo Stern. During the first 14 years of its existence the Zagreb Radio station was owned by a private corporation. Radio Zagreb was nationalized on 1 May 1940. During the Independent State of Croatia, the station was known as Hrvatski krugoval. After World War II it began to operate as a state-owned radio station.
Zagreb Radio station was the first public broadcasting facility in the southeast European area, including countries of former Yugoslavia.
At the end of the first year of operation, Radio Zagreb company had a little over four thousand subscribers.
On the 30th anniversary of the establishment of Zagreb Radio station, on 15 May 1956, the first television programme was broadcast from the transmitter built at Sljeme. For the next two years this was the only TV broadcasting service in the southeast European area.
In June 1990, the Croatian Parliament renamed the company from Radiotelevizija Zagreb to Hrvatska radiotelevizija. On 1 January 1993, HRT was admitted as a full active member of the European Broadcasting Union.
The television channels were aired under the name "Croatian Television", Hrvatska televizija (HTV) between 1990 and 1993. Since then, the current name is used. The radio broadcast unit is referred to as "Croatian Radio", Hrvatski radio (HR).
- HRT 1 (or Prvi program) - HRT's first TV channel, previously known as TVZ 1. This is a generalist channel with daily news around the world, documentaries, religious programmes, series and movies.
- HRT 2 (or Drugi program) - HRT's second channel, previously known as TVZ 2. It is primarily used for sports broadcasts and entertainment programmes. The channel is known for its extensive footage of vintage films. Also it broadcasts educational programmes.
- HRT 3 (or Treći program) - HRT's third channel, primarily used for culture, films and documentaries. It was popular during the late '90s, and taken off-air in 2004. It returned to air in September 2012.
- HRT 4 (or Četvrti program) - HRT's fourth channel, broadcasting news programmes, started airing in December 2012.
- Slika Hrvatske - International channel, broadcasting an 8-hour programming block aimed at the Croatian diaspora. The channel is broadcast for Europe (during the night, sharing stream with HRT 4), North America, Australia, New Zealand, Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus.
In the 1980s there was a third channel called Z3 and later HTV Z3. It was taken off air on 16 September 1991 when its main transmitter, the Sljeme TV tower, was damaged in an air raid. On 7 November 1994 the channel came back on air, this time called HRT 3. The channel was later shut down with its frequency de-nationalized and out up for lease in a public tender in 2004 (it has been used by RTL Televizija ever since).
Popular TV programs
- Dnevnik HRT ("Daily News"), popular midday, evening and midnight news program
- Nedjeljom u dva ("Sundays at two o'clock"), weekly talk show
- Dobro jutro, Hrvatska ("Good morning, Croatia"), mosaic morning show from 7:00 til 9:00 am.
- Hrvatska uživo ("Croatia live"), mosaic afternoon show
- Transfer, show about the alternative culture and arts (visual arts, music and web culture)
- U istom loncu ("Ready Steady Cook"), cooking game show.
- Kod Ane ("At Ana's"), cooking show
- The Voice – Najljepši glas Hrvatske (The Voice - The most beautiful voice of Croatia), singing competition show
- Zvijezde pjevaju ("Just the Two of Us"), big Saturday singing show.
- Ples sa zvijezdama ("Dancing with the Stars"), Saturday dancing show.
- TV kalendar, long-running daily historical documentary television series, narrating about historical events, birth/death of people or their discoveries on the occurred date.
- Male tajne velikih majstora kuhinje ("Small secrets of big chefs") (cooking show), aired in the 1980s.
- Kviskoteka (quiz show) hosted by Oliver Mlakar, aired in the 1980s and 1990s, later briefly aired on Nova TV
- Slika na sliku ("Frame on frame") (political magazine), aired in the 1990s
- Upitnik ("Question mark") (quiz show) hosted by Joško Lokas, aired in the 2000s, later briefly aired on Nova TV, taken off air in 2004.
- Željka Ogresta i gosti ("Željka Ogresta and guests") (talk show), aired in the start of 1990s and later in start of 2000s
- Motrišta ("Points of view") (political informative magazine), aired in the 1990s.
- Turbo Limač Show (kids Saturday show) hosted by Siniša Cmrk.
- Dan za danom ("Day after day"), mosaic afternoon show.
- The Pyramid (Croatian TV series), weekly show hosted by Željka Ogresta, winner of Rose d'Or (Golden Rose) aired 2004-2008.
- Dancing on Ice
- Big Saturday Live (Saturday night show)
- Friends (children's Sunday program)
- Talks with Coffee (talk show)
- Sunday Afternoon
- School work (educational school morning magazine)
Internationally created shows (December 2015)
|Original name||Croatian translation||Origin|
|The Closer||Završni udarac||United States|
|To Play the King||Kraljeva igra||United Kingdom|
|The Final Cut||Završni krug||United Kingdom|
|Criminal Minds||Zločinački umovi||United States|
|Gossip Girl||Tračerica||United States|
|Sex and the City||Seks i grad||United States|
|Schlosshotel Orth||Hotel dvorac Orth||Austria|
|Der Winzerkönig||Kralj vinograda||Austria|
|De Que Te Quiero, Te Quiero||Znaj da te volim||Mexico|
|Batman: The Brave and the Bold||Batman i hrabri superjunaci||United States|
|M.I. High||Školarci obavještajci||United Kingdom|
Nationally created shows (December 2015)
|Stipe u gostima||sitcom||Croatia|
The Croatian Radio (Hrvatski radio) runs three national and eight local (county-level) stations.
- National stations
The three national stations are available on FM throughout the country and are streamed live via the Internet.
- HR 1 - The primary national-level station, mainly serious programming. News every full hour with oldies and local pop music.
- HR 2 - Entertainment programming including popular music, with news followed by traffic reports at the half-hour mark.
- HR 3 - Classical music and radio drama.
- Regional stations
- HR Dubrovnik - Based in Dubrovnik, covers the Dubrovnik-Neretva County.
- HR Knin - Based in Knin, covers the Šibenik-Knin County.
- HR Osijek - Based in Osijek, covers the Osijek-Baranja County.
- HR Pula - Based in Pula, covers the Istria County.
- HR Rijeka - Based in Rijeka, covers the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County.
- HR Sljeme - Based in Zagreb, covers the city and the surrounding Zagreb County.
- HR Split - Based in Split, covers the Split-Dalmatia County.
- HR Zadar - Based in Zadar, covers the Zadar County.
- International service
- Voice of Croatia (Glas Hrvatske) - Airs programming for Croatians living abroad, Croatia's minority groups and the international community. While mostly in the Croatian language, the station also features short news and segments in English, German, Italian, Hungarian, and Spanish at different times of the day.
The mediumwave transmitter at Zadar was at onetime one of the most powerful in Europe and at nighttime could be heard throughout most of the continent with JRT (Yugoslav) and later HR (Croatian) programming from Zagreb and Pula. However it was badly damaged during the Serbian shelling of the city in the early 1990s, and has operated on somewhat reduced power since on 1134 kHz. It was taken down the air on 1 January 2014.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2008)|
- "The Evolution of Croatian Radio and Television". Croatian Radiotelevision. 2009-10-01. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
- Circom-regional.org, Funding Arrangements
- List of radio programme content providers, Croatian Post and Electronic Communications Agency, retrieved 2011-10-25
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Croatian Radiotelevision.|
- Official website (Croatian) (English)
- Zakon o Hrvatskoj radioteleviziji (Croatian) (Croatian Radiotelevision Act)
- Statut Hrvatske radiotelevizije (Croatian) (Statute of Croatian Radiotelevision)