Magyar Rádió

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Hungarian Radio
Pollack Mihaly ter 5.jpg
Headquarters in Budapest
TypeRadio network
Country
Headquarters5-7 Bródy Sándor Str., Budapest, H-1088
Ownership
OwnerMedia Service Support and Asset Management Fund (Government of Hungary)
ParentDuna Media Service
Key people
István Jónás (CEO)
History
Founded1 December 1925; 95 years ago (1925-12-01)
Launch date1 December 1925; 95 years ago (1925-12-01)
Closed1 July 2015; 6 years ago (2015-07-01)
Replaced byDuna Media Service
Coverage
AvailabilityHungary and neighbouring countries
Links
Websitewww.radio.hu
Magyar Rádió's fourth logo from 2007 to 2012

Magyar Rádió (MR, The Hungarian Radio Corporation, also known internationally as Radio Budapest) is Hungary's publicly funded radio broadcasting organisation. It is also the country's official international broadcasting station.

MR is managed and primarily funded by the Media Service Support and Asset Management Fund (Hungarian: Médiaszolgáltatás-támogató és Vagyonkezelő Alap, abbreviated MTVA).[1] This government organization, formed in 2011, also manages the public service broadcasters Magyar Televízió and Duna Televízió as well as the Hungarian news agency Magyar Távirati Iroda.[2]

On 1 July 2015, Magyar Rádió as well as the three other public media organisations managed by the MTVA were merged into a single organisation called Duna Media Service (Hungarian: Duna Médiaszolgáltató).[3] This organization is the legal successor to Magyar Rádió and is an active member of the European Broadcasting Union.[4][5]

Domestic networks[edit]

With its headquarters in Budapest and several regional offices around the country, MR is responsible for public service broadcasting throughout the Hungarian Republic. As well as maintaining nine regional studios, the corporation produces three nationwide Hungarian-language radio channels (Kossuth, Petőfi, and Bartók) covering the full range of public-service radio provision, and a fourth channel (MR4) aimed at the country's linguistic minorities.

Kossuth Rádió[edit]

Named after Lajos Kossuth, the channel is the official radio station of Hungary. It is the flagship channel of the Hungarian Radio. Created in 1925, the station nowadays has over 3 million listeners per day.[6] It primarily broadcasts news, including interviews, discussions, reports and other speech-based programmes.

Petőfi Rádió[edit]

Named after the poet Sándor Petőfi, the station is aimed at the younger generation and broadcasts pop music.

Bartók Rádió[edit]

Named after the composer Béla Bartók, this is a dedicated classical music station. It hosts high culture talk programmes in addition to orchestral and opera music. Supposedly, only a few thousand people listen to this station and proposals to terminate Rádió Bartók have been made several times, but never enacted.[citation needed]

Nemzetiségi Rádió[edit]

This radio channel airs programmes in languages of national minorities of Hungary.

Parlamenti Adások[edit]

Parliamentarian broadcasts.

Dankó Rádió[edit]

Named after Pista Dankó, this radio station airs regional content throughout Hungary, plays folk music and broadcasts operetta shows. It is available round the clock on the internet and FM. Also it broadcasts via mediumwave on weekdays from 4:30am to 9:05pm and on weekends from 5:00am to 9:05pm. Then the station's frequencies are handed over to Kossuth Rádió for the rest of the night.

History and profile[edit]

Ever since its foundation, the Hungarian Radio P.L.C. has been a "citadel" of domestic information, and cultural life. Since December 1, 1925, the institution has had a decisive role in forming the Hungarian public opinion, and general taste.

It is true in spite of the fact that regular television broadcasts were launched in Hungary in 1958. Forty years later, in 1998, the dual media system was formed. Owing to that a regular competition started between the different mass media channels. Since commercial television and radio stations flooded the market primarily with entertainment industry products, the value-centred approach and program structure of the public service radio makes it, if possible, even more important to preserve its culture creating and broadcasting functions.

Hungarian Radio is a partner to the domestic audience and a link with the Hungarians over the borders, a chance for them to retain their national identity. Hungarian Radio could use the slogan often heard in radio commercials: "From clear source only". The buildings and studios of the Radio are located in Budapest, in the block between Bródy Sándor Street and Pollack Mihály Square. There are also two beautiful palaces in this area, one of them was owned earlier by the Eszterházy’s and the other one by the Károlyi family. The construction of Studio No. 6, the big orchestra studio, is linked with Georg von Békésy’s name, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for his acoustic researches in 1961.

On July 1, 2007, Radio Budapest cancelled the programming in foreign languages.

On December 22, 2012, All regional public service radio programs were cancelled[7][8] and regional studios closed permanently.[9]

On June 30, 2011, Magyar Radio closed its Radio Theatre Office and dismissed all dramaturgy staff.[10]

Digital Radio Broadcasting (DAB+) experiments, that carried all public service stations, and were never licensed commercially, was terminated on September 5, 2020.[11]

In popular culture[edit]

In 1974, Locomotiv GT's Locomotiv GT (Dunhill Records 811) was released with the slogan "Radio Budapest Loves You!"

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Media Law in Hungary". Center for Media and Communication Studies (CMCS). Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  2. ^ "ABOUT MTVA - MTVA". Media Service Support and Asset Management Fund (MTVA). Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Hungarian public service media companies merge - MTVA". Media Service Support and Asset Management Fund (MTVA). Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  4. ^ Polyák, Gábor (2015). "Hungary : New Amendment to the Media Act". IRIS Legal Observations of the European Audiovisual Observatory. Strasbourg, France: European Audiovisual Observatory (2). Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  5. ^ "EBU - Active Members". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-08-25. Retrieved 2010-09-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Szabadbölcsészet". mmi.elte.hu. Retrieved 2020-02-07.
  8. ^ The Palgrave handbook of global radio. Hendricks, John Allen. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. 2012. ISBN 978-0-230-29307-6. OCLC 757147196.CS1 maint: others (link)
  9. ^ Kft, Equator Média. "A körzeti tévé után megszűnik a közszolgálati rádió pécsi stúdiója is - csak pár tudósító marad". Pécsi Újság (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2020-02-07.
  10. ^ "Játszani is engedd! – Rádiójátékok tegnap és ma". magyarnarancs.hu (in Hungarian). 2013-04-21. Retrieved 2020-02-07.
  11. ^ "Lekapcsoltatta a magyarországi digitális rádiózást a nemzeti médiahatóság". Media1 (in Hungarian). 2020-09-06.

External links[edit]