Jambi (city)

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Jambi
City of Jambi
Kota Jambi
Other transcription(s)
 • Jawiبندارايا جمبي
Jambi city in evening
Jambi city in evening
Flag of Jambi
Coat of arms of Jambi
Motto(s): 
Tanah Pilih Pesako Betuah
(Chosen Land with Auspicious Heritage)
Location within Jambi Province
Location within Jambi Province
Jambi is located in Sumatra
Jambi
Jambi
Location in Sumatra
Jambi is located in Indonesia
Jambi
Jambi
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates: 1°35′24″S 103°36′36″E / 1.59000°S 103.61000°E / -1.59000; 103.61000Coordinates: 1°35′24″S 103°36′36″E / 1.59000°S 103.61000°E / -1.59000; 103.61000
Country Indonesia
ProvinceCoat of arms of Jambi.svg Jambi
Founded17 May 1401
City Status1956
Government
 • MayorSyarif Fasha (Golkar)
 • Vice MayorMaulana
Area
 • Total205.38 km2 (79.30 sq mi)
Elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total606,200
 • Density2,951.6/km2 (7,645/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code(+62) 741
Websitejambikota.go.id

Jambi is the capital and largest city of the Indonesian province of Jambi. Located on the island of Sumatra, the city is a busy port on the Batang Hari River and an oil- and rubber-producing centre. The city is located 26 km (16 mi) from the ruins of Muaro Jambi Temple Compounds, an important city in the ancient Srivijaya kingdom.

Nearby towns and villages include Mendalo (5.1 nmi (9.4 km; 5.9 mi)), Kinati (4.1 nmi (7.6 km; 4.7 mi)), Padang (4.5 nmi (8.3 km; 5.2 mi)), Tanjungjohor (3.2 nmi (5.9 km; 3.7 mi)), Paalmerah (2.8 nmi (5.2 km; 3.2 mi)), and Muarakumpe (3.6 nmi (6.7 km; 4.1 mi)). Jambi City itself is an enclave within Muaro Jambi Regency.

Jambi is served by the Sultan Thaha Airport.

History[edit]

Jambi City was denoted as the administrative capital of the Jambi autonomic area by the Governor of Sumatra on 17 May 1946. In 1956, Jambi City was given its city status, and eventually became the capital of Jambi province on 6 January 1957.

Geography[edit]

The total land area of Jambi city is 205.38 km2 (79 sq mi). Jambi City is located at the south-western portion of the Sumatran Basin, a low-lying area in Eastern Sumatra with an altitude of 0 to 60m above sea level. A segment of the Batanghari River, the longest river in Sumatra at 1,700 km (1,056 mi), flows through Jambi City.

Demographics[edit]

Jambi City is the most populated city in Jambi Province, with 606,200 inhabitants (17% of the province's population) living in this city in 2020.

Administrative districts[edit]

At the time of the 2010 Census, the city of Jambi was subdivided into eight administrative districts (kecamatan), but since 2010, three additional districts have been added by the splitting of existing districts - Alam Barajo, Danau Sipin and Paal Merah. The districts are listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[1] and 2020 Census.[2] The table also includes the locations of the district administrative centres, and the number of administrative villages (urban kelurahan) in each district.

District Area
in
km2
Pop'n
2010
Census
Pop'n
2020
Census
Admin
centre
No.
of
villages
Kota Baru 36.11 139,359 80,062 Paal Lima 5
Alam Baraja 41.56 (a) 108,196 Bagan Pete 5
Jambi Selatan
(South Jambi)
11.41 124,280 56,929 Pakuan Baru 5
Paal Merah 27.13 (a) 105,906 Talang Bakung 5
Jelutung 7.92 60,544 59,442 Jelutung 7
Pasar Jambi 4.02 12,800 11,193 Pasar 4
Telanaipura 22.51 92,366 49,212 Telanai Pura 6
Danau Sipin 7.88 (a) 43,375 Murni 5
Danau Teluk 15.70 11,824 12,822 Olak Kemang 5
Pelayangan 15.29 12,861 12,939 Ulu Gedong 6
Jambi Timur
(East Jambi)
15.94 77,823 66,124 Tanjung Pinang 9
Totals 205.38 531,857 606,200 Kota Baru 62

Note: (a) the 2010 populations of these new districts are included with the figure for the district from which they were cut.

Climate[edit]

Jambi has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) according to the Köppen climate classification, with a minimum temperature of 22 to 23 °C (72 to 73 °F) and a maximum temperature of 30 to 32 °C (86 to 90 °F). The level of humidity ranges from 82 to 28%. Annual rainfall of Jambi City is 2,296.1 mm (90.4 in), with the rainy season lasting from October to March with 20 rainy days a month. The dry season lasts from April to September with an average of 16 rainy days a month.

Climate data for Jambi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
30.7
(87.3)
31.4
(88.5)
31.8
(89.2)
31.7
(89.1)
31.5
(88.7)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.4
(88.5)
30.6
(87.1)
31.3
(88.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
26.6
(79.9)
27.0
(80.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.2
(81.0)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.2)
27.0
(80.6)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
27.0
(80.6)
26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.5)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
23.0
(73.4)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.7)
22.1
(71.8)
22.3
(72.1)
22.4
(72.3)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 218
(8.6)
193
(7.6)
252
(9.9)
257
(10.1)
180
(7.1)
124
(4.9)
106
(4.2)
133
(5.2)
151
(5.9)
209
(8.2)
270
(10.6)
254
(10.0)
2,347
(92.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org[3]

Transportation[edit]

Gentala Arasy pedestrian bridge

The city is served by Sultan Thaha Airport, which has connections to Jakarta, Batam, Palembang, Medan, Bengkulu, Bandar Lampung and Pekanbaru. Trans-Sumatran Highway crosses the city. Jambi port is located over Batang Hari River. Public transportation includes angkot and ojek. Ride sharing services Grab and Gojek also available.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Jambi City is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. ^ "Climate: Jambi". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 April 2020.

External links[edit]