Kanyādān ("gift of a maiden") is a Hindu wedding ritual. and origination of this tradition yet not been established . There are different interpretations regarding kanyādān across India (South Asia).
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Kanyadhan is a simplified pronunciation of Kannikadhaanam. 'Kanni' means unmarried girl / virgin. 'Dhaanam' means 'charity' or 'to give away'.
Of all Dhaanams Annadhaanam (provide food) is considered supreme from the perspective of the receiver, as food is needed for survival.
From perspective of the giver (in this case the girl's father), Kannikadhaanam is considered supreme because you give away what you love the most - your own daughter - to another family.
In communities where kanyādān is performed as part of the actual wedding, the ritual is carried out through a variety of kanyādān songs. These songs may include the parents lamenting the loss of their daughter, as well as regretting their economic sacrifice for the wedding. Other songs focus on the groom, for example comparing him to the "ideal groom", the god Rama, in the epic Ramayana. Importantly, the kanyādān ritual occurs right before the Sindoor ritual (sindurdan).
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