Viveka (Sanskrit: विवेक, translit. viveka) is a Sanskrit and Pali term translated into English as discernment or discrimination. According to Rao and Paranjpe, viveka can be explained more fully as:
Sense of discrimination; wisdom; discrimination between the real and the unreal, between the self and the non-self, between the permanent and the impermanent; discriminative inquiry; right intuitive discrimination; ever present discrimination between the transient and the permanent.:348
The Vivekachudamani is an eighth-century Sanskrit poem in dialogue form that addresses the development of viveka.