Kay Bailey Hutchison

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Kay Bailey Hutchinson)
Jump to: navigation, search
Kay Bailey Hutchison
Kay Bailey Hutchison official photo.jpg
22nd United States Permanent Representative to NATO
Assumed office
August 28, 2017[1]
President Donald Trump
Preceded by Douglas Lute
United States Senator
from Texas
In office
June 14, 1993 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Bob Krueger
Succeeded by Ted Cruz
Treasurer of Texas
In office
January 15, 1991 – June 14, 1993
Governor Ann Richards
Preceded by Ann Richards
Succeeded by Martha Whitehead
Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 90th district
In office
January 9, 1973 – July 9, 1976
Preceded by Tom Bass
Succeeded by Brad Wright
Personal details
Born Kathryn Ann Bailey
(1943-07-22) July 22, 1943 (age 74)
Galveston, Texas, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) John Parks (m. 1967; div. 1969)
Ray Hutchison (m. 1978; d. 2014)
Children 4
Education University of Texas, Austin (BA, JD)

Kay Bailey Hutchison (born Kathryn Ann Bailey; July 22, 1943) is an American lawyer, businesswoman, politician, and diplomat who is currently serving as the 22nd United States Permanent Representative to NATO. She served as a United States Senator from Texas from 1993 to 2013. She is a member of the Republican Party. Texas's first female U.S. Senator, Hutchison also became the first Texas U.S. senator to receive more than four million votes in a single election.

In 2001, she was named one of the thirty most powerful women in America by Ladies Home Journal.

Hutchison was the most senior female Republican senator by the end of her tenure, and the fifth most senior female senator, having assumed office in June 1993 behind Senators Barbara Mikulski (D-MD, 1987), Dianne Feinstein (D-CA, 1992), Barbara Boxer (D-CA, January 1993), and Patty Murray (D-WA, January 1993).

In 2013, she joined the law firm Bracewell & Giuliani.[2] On June 29, 2017, Hutchison was nominated by President Donald Trump to be the next United States Ambassador to NATO.[3] She was confirmed by the U.S. Senate in a voice vote on August 3, 2017.[4]

Early life[edit]

Hutchison was born Kathryn Ann Bailey in Galveston, the daughter of Kathryn Ella (née Sharp) and Allan Abner Bailey Jr.,[5] an insurance agent. She has two brothers, Allan and Frank. Hutchison grew up in La Marque, Texas.

She received her Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Texas at Austin in 1962 (age 19). She was also a member of the Pi Beta Phi Sorority. She received her J.D. degree from the University of Texas School of Law in 1967 (age 24). Following her graduation from law school, she was the legal and political correspondent for KPRC-TV in Houston. Hired by Ray Miller, host of the long-running The Eyes of Texas anthology series, Hutchison was among the first on-screen newswomen in Texas.

Early career[edit]

In 1972 (age 29), Hutchison was elected to the Texas House of Representatives from a district in Houston. She served until 1976. She was vice-chairman of the National Transportation Safety Board from 1976 to 1978. She was a candidate for the United States House of Representatives in 1982 for the Dallas-based 3rd District, but was defeated in the primary by Steve Bartlett. She temporarily left politics and became a bank executive and businesswoman.[6]

United States Senate[edit]

Hutchison's final official portrait in the Senate

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

Elections[edit]

1993[edit]

Hutchison was elected Texas State Treasurer in 1990 and served until June 1993 when she ran against Senator Bob Krueger for the right to complete the last two years of Lloyd Bentsen's term. Bentsen had resigned in January 1993 to become Secretary of the Treasury in the Clinton administration. Krueger had been appointed by Texas Governor Ann Richards to fill the seat until a replacement was elected.

A field of 24 candidates sought to fill Bentsen's unexpired term in the May 1993 special election.[7] The top two vote-getters were Hutchison (593,338, or 29 percent) and Krueger (593,239, also 29 percent). Two conservative Republican congressmen, Joe Barton of Dallas (284,135 or 13.9 percent) and Jack Fields of Houston (277,560, or 13.6 percent) split pro-life voters, but even their combined totals, 561,693, would have placed neither in the runoff. A fifth candidate, Democrat Richard W. Fisher, son-in-law of former GOP U.S. Representative James M. Collins, polled 165,564 votes (8.1 percent); the remaining candidates had about 6 percent combined. Running far behind the pack was the Houston conservative political activist and former crusading journalist Clymer Wright, father of his city's 1991 term-limits initiative. Lou Zaeske, an engineer from Bryan, who in 1988 had spearheaded the English-only movement in Texas. He polled barely 2,000 votes.

During the campaign Krueger charged that Hutchison was a "country club Republican" and insensitive to the feelings of minorities.[8] In January, the Houston Chronicle reported that both Hutchison and Fields had promised to serve a maximum of two six-year terms in the Senate as part of her support for term-limit legislation for members of Congress. In April, the Dallas Morning News reported that Hutchison had repeated her pledge to serve only two terms in the U.S. Senate, if elected, and had also said term limits ought to cover all senators, including Senator Phil Gramm (Republican), who had been elected in 1984 and re-elected in 1990. (He would stay in the Senate until 2002.) The term-limits legislation never passed, and Hutchison has said that she would not leave the Senate in the absence of such legislation, because doing so would unilaterally hurt Texas at the expense of other states in the seniority-driven institution.

After the initial voting, most of the Barton and Fields voters switched to Hutchison, who won the runoff, 1,188,716 (67.3 percent) to 576,538 (32.7 percent). Lower turnout in the runoff resulted in a decrease in Krueger's vote total, by 17,000. Hutchison became the first woman to represent Texas in the U.S. Senate.

Following Hutchison's election in 1993, Texas has had two sitting Republican U.S. senators.

1993 indictments and acquittal[edit]

On June 10, 1993, shortly after the special election victory, Travis County authorities, led by Democratic district attorney Ronnie Earle, raided Hutchison's offices at the State Treasury. The search was conducted without a warrant, as incident to service of the indictments in the case.[9] Subsequently, after two other grand jury indictments were thrown out, Hutchison was indicted a third time[10] by a Texas grand jury in September 1993 for official misconduct and records tampering. Hutchison stated that she was the innocent victim of a politically motivated prosecutor. Earle acknowledged that he had sought appointment by Democratic Governor Ann Richards, to the same U.S. Senate seat to which Hutchison was ultimately elected, but he denied that his legal actions against Hutchison were politically motivated.[11] The case against Hutchison was heard before State District Judge John Onion in February 1994. Pre-trial motions included a Motion to Quash evidence Earle obtained without a warrant when raiding the Treasurer's office. During pre-trial proceedings, the judge did not rule on admissibility. Following the lack of a ruling, Earle declined to proceed with his case.[9] Onion swore in a jury and directed the jury to acquit Hutchison, since Earle chose not to present evidence.[9] The acquittal barred any future prosecution of Hutchison.[10]

1994 election[edit]

Running in 1994 for election to her first full term, Hutchison received 2,604,281 votes (60.8 percent) to 1,639,615 votes (38.3 percent) cast for Democrat Richard W. Fisher, the son-in-law of the late Republican Congressman James M. Collins, who had also run in the special election the year before.

2000[edit]

In 2000 she defeated Democrat Gene Kelly, with 4,082,091 (65 percent) to 2,030,315 (32.2 percent). She carried 237 of the 254 counties, including one of the most Democratic counties, Webb County (Laredo). This was the only time since the early 1900s that Webb County had supported a Republican candidate for any office on a partisan ballot. More than four million Texans voted for Hutchison that year — still the record highest number of actual votes ever cast in Texas for a non-presidential candidate (George W. Bush received 4,526,917 votes in Texas in the 2004 election).

2006[edit]

Speculation began in 2004 that Hutchison would run for Governor of Texas in 2006, challenging incumbent Governor Rick Perry in the Republican primary. However, on June 17, 2005, Hutchison announced that she would seek reelection to the Senate instead, reneging on an earlier promise to a two-term limit. Many political analysts speculated that she did not believe she could defeat Perry in the GOP primary because of his popularity among Christian conservatives, while her Senate seat was unlikely to face a serious threat.

Hutchison's Democratic opponent in the November 2006 general election was former Houston attorney and mediator Barbara Ann Radnofsky (born July 8, 1956), who had not previously run for public office. Radnofsky received 44 percent of the vote in the primary and won a runoff election against Gene Kelly with 60 percent of the vote. Kelly had been the unsuccessful Democratic nominee against Hutchison in 2000. Libertarian Scott Lanier Jameson (born July 1, 1966), a real estate consultant from Plano, also ran for the seat.

Radnofsky faced an uphill battle in a state that has not elected a Democrat statewide since 1994, as George W. Bush's landslide reelection as governor in 1998 had helped carry Republicans into all the other statewide offices. In the August 2006 Rasmussen poll, Hutchison led her opponent by 30 percentage points — 61 to 31.[12] The Survey USA Poll, which is not a head-to-head matchup, but only lists approval ratings of incumbents, found Hutchison with a 61 percent approval rating.[13] The Zogby poll, in contrast, showed a closer result, but still showed Hutchison with a 18.9 percent lead.[14] The authors stated "...Republican Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, who got 65 percent of the vote in 2000, is a safe bet to win a third term."

On election night 2006, Hutchison won re-election to another term, winning 2,661,789 votes (61.7%). Radnofsky won 1,555,202 votes (36.04%).[15] Radnofsky only won in base Democratic areas, carrying only border counties with strong Hispanic majorities, such as El Paso and Webb (Laredo) and in Travis County (Austin). Hutchison won everything else, having won majorities in 236 of the state's 254 counties.

2010 gubernatorial election[edit]

On August 17, 2009, Hutchison formally announced that she was a Republican candidate for Governor of Texas and positioned herself as a moderate alternative to Governor Rick Perry. Perry criticized Hutchison for her pro-choice position and received endorsements from social conservatives in the state.[16] Although Hutchison led Perry in polls taken in early 2009 and was perceived by many to be the front-runner in the race, by the fall her lead had evaporated and she consistently trailed the incumbent in the final months before the primary. Hutchison accumulated a list of high-profile endorsements that included former U.S. President George H. W. Bush, former U.S. Secretary of State James Baker, former U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney, legendary baseball player Nolan Ryan, and several current and former congressmen and Cabinet secretaries. However, Hutchison lost the primary to Perry, 31 to 53 percent, with the remainder of the vote going to Debra Medina, a dark horse candidate with ties to the Tea Party movement.

Political positions[edit]

Hutchison served on the following Senate committees: Appropriations; Commerce, Science and Transportation; Rules and Administration; Veterans' Affairs. During her time in the Senate, Hutchison was a strong supporter of NASA.

Hutchison speaking

In June 2000, Hutchison and her Senate colleagues coauthored Nine and Counting: The Women of the Senate. In 2004, her book, American Heroines: The Spirited Women Who Shaped Our Country, was published.

From 2001 to 2007, Hutchison served as Chairwoman of the Senate Republican Conference (caucus), making her the fifth-ranking Republican in the Senate behind Majority Leader Bill Frist, Majority Whip Mitch McConnell and conference chairman Rick Santorum, and Policy Chairman Jon Kyl. In 2007, Hutchison succeeded Jon Kyl as the Policy Chair for Senate Republicans, the fourth-ranking leadership position in the Republican caucus behind Minority Leader McConnell, Minority Whip, and conference chairman Kyl.

The National Journal ranked Hutchison as follows in its 2004 rankings, which are based on various key votes relating to economic policy, social policy, and foreign policy: "Economic: 26% Liberal, 73% Conservative; Social: 38% Liberal, 60% Conservative; Foreign: 0% Liberal, 67% Conservative. Although a loyal conservative Republican, she has been known to cross over to the other side on a few issues. She is more likely to do this than either Phil Gramm or his successor John Cornyn." A poll that was released on June 19, 2007, showed that Hutchison had an approval rating of 58%, with 34% disapproving.[17]

The National Journal's opinion is disputed by many Texas Republicans and Tea Party members, however. Konni Burton, a member of the Northeast Tarrant Tea Party steering committee, said "She personifies everything that the Tea Party is fighting. She is a Republican, but when you check her votes on many issues, they are not ones that conservatives are happy with."[18] "On fiscal issues, she is more loyal to her friends and special interests than to the people of Texas," according to Adrian Murray, president of the grassroots 912 Project Fort Worth.

Hutchison broke ranks with her Republican colleagues and opposed an attempt to stall the Democrats' health-care bill in the Senate.[19]

DREAM Act[edit]

In a letter dated December 9, 2010, Kay Bailey Hutchison told some Republicans that she would not support the DREAM Act.[20]

Abortion[edit]

Hutchison's position on abortion has been nuanced.[21] She has served on the Advisory Board of The Wish List (Women in the Senate and House), a political action committee which contributes to pro-choice female Republican candidates for Congress. She is no longer on the board,[22] and the PAC did not endorse her in 2006.[23] However, Hutchison has frequently voted to restrict access to abortion. Her average score from the NRLC between the years of 1997 and 2010 is 93%, with her highest score being 100% and lowest being 75%.[24] NARAL Pro-Choice Texas executive director Sara Cleveland once said, "By our definition, Sen. Hutchison's voting record does not indicate that she is pro-choice."[25] She also believes that the decision of the United States Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade was appropriate and should not be overturned,[26] but is opposed to the Freedom of Choice Act because it would restrict the right of states to impose restrictions on abortion. In past years, NARAL has given Hutchison ratings of 0%, 7%, 20%, and 0%, indicating that her voting record mostly favored enacting proposed abortion restrictions.[27] In 2012, Hutchison's spokesman indicated that she identified as pro-life, at that time, the leader of the Texas Alliance for Life reportedly stated that "we do not think the term ‘pro-life’ describes Sen. Hutchison’s position on abortion."[21]

While in the Texas House of Representatives (1973 to 1977), Hutchison worked, along with Sarah Weddington (the attorney who won Roe v. Wade), to protect rape victims from having their names published.

DC Personal Protection Act[edit]

Hutchison proposed the "District of Columbia Personal Protection Act," which drew 31 cosponsors in the United States Senate, while drawing 157 cosponsors from the House. This bill would have protected gun rights of DC citizens by dismantling the handgun bans the city had in place for thirty years. DC's law states that one may not possess a rifle or shotgun unless it is in disassembled and inoperative form, and may not possess pistols in any form. In 2008, the law was struck down in a U.S. Supreme Court ruling, District of Columbia v. Heller.

Education[edit]

Hutchison is a strong supporter of single-sex education in public schools. In 2001, she worked with Senator Hillary Clinton (D-NY) to write provisions into the No Child Left Behind Act (specifically sections 5131.a.23 and 5131c) authorizing single-sex education in public schools. Section 5131c required the Department of Education to write new regulations facilitating single-sex classrooms; this provision led to the publication of new regulations by the Department of Education in 2006 which do in fact facilitate single-sex education in public schools. She is a supporter of the U.S. Public Service Academy.

Environmental record[edit]

In 2006, Hutchison received more campaign contributions from members of large oil and gas corporations than any other member of Congress.[28] In 2005, Hutchison voted against prohibiting oil leasing in Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and has supported legislation promoting drilling in the refuge in 2002 and 2003. In 2005 she also voted against including oil and gas smokestacks in the Environmental Protection Agency's mercury regulations.[29][30] In 1999, she voted to remove funding for renewable and solar energy, although she has more recently stated she supports the development of alternative energy sources.[31] The League of Conservation Voters gave Hutchison ratings ranging from 0% to 12% during her time in the U.S. Senate.[32]

Earmarks and appropriations[edit]

Hutchison supports the practice of earmarking as a way to bring federal government money to her constituents. Hutchison, through her assignment on the Senate's appropriations committee, has been influential in directing federal funds to projects in her state. In FY 2008 and FY 2009, Hutchison sponsored or co-sponsored 281 earmarks totaling almost $500 million. In an interview with the Austin American-Statesman, Hutchison expressed her pride in the practice as a way to, "garner Texans' fair share of their tax dollars." [33]

Hutchison's earmarks and appropriations have been criticized as pork barrel projects or pet projects by the non-partisan government watchdog group Citizens Against Government Waste. CAGW recognized Hutchison's efforts by naming her "Porker of the Month" in October 2009, based on her extensive legislative history, in addition to her request for 149 such pork projects worth $1.6 billion in FY 2010.[34]

Financial reform[edit]

Hutchison voted for Senate Republican amendments to the financial reform bill before eventually voting against HR 4173, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, on May 20, 2010.[35]

Hutchison voted for the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008,[33] which authorized the creation of the Troubled Assets Relief Program.

Post-Senate activities[edit]

Kay Bailey Hutchison at the LBJ Presidential Library.

Hutchison announced her intention to resign her Senate post in the autumn of 2009 in order to challenge Texas Governor Perry for the Republican Party nomination.[36] State Republican Chairman Cathie Adams later called upon Hutchison to clarify when she would vacate the Senate so that other Republican candidates can make preparation for their races.[37]

On November 13, 2009, Hutchison announced that she would not resign from the Senate seat until after the March 2, 2010 primary.[38] On March 31, 2010, she announced her intention to serve out her third term.[39]

On January 13, 2011, after some discussion about whether she would change her mind,[40] Hutchison announced she would not seek re-election in 2012.[41]

In 2008, she was cited by The New York Times to be among the women most likely to become the first female President of the United States.[42] On June 22, 2011, Hutchison told Chris Matthews on Hardball with Chris Matthews that she had pondered running for president, but said she could not run in the 2012 election because of the needs of her two 10-year-old children.[43]

In 2012, when she was not seeking reelection, Hutchison endorsed the young Hispanic lawyer Jason Villalba, whom described at the time as "the future", for the District 114 seat in the Texas House of Representatives vacated by Republican Will Ford Hartnett. Villalba defeated former Representative Bill Keffer, brother of Representative Jim Keffer, in the Republican runoff election. A lawyer for Haynes and Boone in Dallas and a member of the Republican National Hispanic Assembly, Villalba thereafter won the general election and took his seat in January 2013.[44]

In 2013, during the 113th United States Congress, the House of Representatives passed a bill to rename IRC section 219(c) as the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA.[45] Getting married women working from home the ability to contribute to IRAs was one of her accomplishments in Congress that she was the most proud of.[citation needed] On July 25, 2013, the bill became Public Law 113-22.[46] On June 29, 2017, Hutchison was nominated by President Donald Trump to be the United States Ambassador to NATO.[47]

United States Ambassador to NATO[edit]

In June 2017, Hutchison was nominated by President Donald Trump to become United States Ambassador to NATO.[48] The U.S. Senate confirmed her nomination by voice vote on August 3, 2017.[4] Hutchison was sworn in on August 15, 2017 and Started on August 28, 2017.

Personal life[edit]

She married her first husband, John Pierce Parks, a medical student, on April 8, 1967; they divorced in 1969.[49] She married her second husband, Ray Hutchison, in Dallas on March 16, 1978.[50] They had two children: Kathryn Bailey and Houston Taylor, both adopted in 2001. She also has two stepdaughters, Brenda and Julie, from her husband's previous marriage. Ray Hutchison was an attorney who served as a Republican in the Texas House of Representatives from 1973 to 1977 and as the chairman of the Texas Republican Party from 1976 to 1977. He died on March 30, 2014, at the age of 81.

Hutchison and her family have their primary residence in Dallas, where her children attend school.[51] She had a second house in Virginia, where she lived when the U.S. Senate was in session. In August 2009 she put her Virginia house up for sale, and her campaign stated, "She's no longer going to be in the United States Senate. She's coming home to Texas. That's why it's for sale."[52] She has also purchased a house in Nacogdoches, Texas. She is a supporter of the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation where she is an honorary board member.[53]

Electoral history[edit]

Texas Senator (Class I): Results 1988–2006[54][55]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 4th Party Party Votes Pct
1988 Lloyd Bentsen* 3,149,806 59% Beau Boulter 2,129,228 40% Jeff Daiell Libertarian 43,989 1%
1993 Bob Krueger 576,538 33% Kay Bailey Hutchison 1,188,716 67%
1994 Richard W. Fisher 1,639,615 38% Kay Bailey Hutchison 2,604,218 61% Pierre Blondeau Libertarian 36,107 1%
2000 Gene Kelly 2,025,024 32% Kay Bailey Hutchison 4,078,954 65% Douglas Sandage Green 91,329 1% Mary Ruwart Libertarian 72,657 1%
2006 Barbara Ann Radnofsky 1,555,202 36% Kay Bailey Hutchison 2,661,789 62% Scott Jameson Libertarian 97,672 2%

*Lloyd Bentsen resigned his seat to become Secretary of the Treasury; Hutchison won the runoff special election in 1993 to fill out the remainder of his term.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NATO, US Mission to (August 28, 2017). "Amb Hutchison starts @USNATO today! See her testimony on @POTUS priorities @NATO in support of our commitments: https://goo.gl/kbE5wk pic.twitter.com/WSseHzAxh7". Retrieved September 13, 2017.  External link in |title= (help)
  2. ^ http://washingtonexaminer.com/the-great-2012-cashout-kay-bailey-hutchison-joins-lobbying-firm/article/2520836
  3. ^ Livingston, Abby (June 29, 2017). "Trump taps Kay Bailey Hutchison to serve as NATO ambassador". Retrieved September 13, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Senate confirms Kay Bailey Hutchison as NATO envoy". Retrieved September 13, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Ancestry of Kay Bailey Hutchison". Retrieved September 13, 2017. 
  6. ^ "HUTCHISON, Kathryn Ann Bailey (Kay), (1943 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved August 1, 2017. 
  7. ^ http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/external/pre-election/profilesstates/TX.html?SITE=OKTULELN&SECTION=POLITICS&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT
  8. ^ Senator Trails in Texas, and Slugs Alone New York Times June 3, 1993
  9. ^ a b c Verhovek, Sam Howe (February 12, 1994). "Fight Over Evidence Results in Acquittal Of Senator in Texas". Retrieved September 13, 2017 – via www.nytimes.com. 
  10. ^ a b "Fight Over Evidence Results in Acquittal Of Senator in Texas". February 12, 1994. Retrieved September 13, 2017 – via www.nytimes.com. 
  11. ^ Trial To Begin For Texas Senator, Los Angeles Times, February 6, 1994.
  12. ^ [1] Archived August 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ "SurveyUSA News Poll #9993". Surveyusa.com. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Battleground States Poll". The Wall Street Journal. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2008. 
  16. ^ "Kay Bailey Hutchison kicks off run for Texas governor". The Dallas Morning News. August 17, 2009. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 
  17. ^ "SurveyUSA News Poll #12245". Surveyusa.com. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  18. ^ Tinsley, Anna (December 4, 2010). "Tea Party candidates vow to take on Hutchison is she seeks another term". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. 
  19. ^ Tea Party groups protest Hutchison's moves on health care bill BENNING, TOM and GILLMAN, TODD J. The Dallas Morning News December 22, 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
  20. ^ [2] Archived December 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ a b Hutchison switches to calling herself ‘pro-life’ but doesn’t elaborate | Dallasnews.com - News for Dallas, Texas - The Dallas Morning News. Dallasnews.com. Retrieved on August 12, 2013.
  22. ^ "Why "pro-life" Voting Records are Not Enough - May 6, 2005". Rnclife.org. May 6, 2005. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  23. ^ "The WISH List-Your Partner In Politics!". Thewishlist.org. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Federal Legislation - Legislative Action Center". Capwiz.com. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  25. ^ Hu, Elise (January 21, 2010). "Kay Bailey Hutchison Struggles With Abortion Issue — 2010 Texas Governor's Race". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on April 2, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  26. ^ "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 108th Congress - 1st Session". www.senate.gov. Retrieved September 13, 2017. 
  27. ^ "Project Vote Smart - Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison - Interest Group Ratings". Vote-smart.org. May 14, 2010. Archived from the original on December 15, 2006. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Stock quotes, financial tools, news and analysis - MSN Money". articles.moneycentral.msn.com. Retrieved September 13, 2017. 
  29. ^ "Public Theology: No Return to 'Normal' Economic Policy". www.pubtheo.com. Retrieved September 13, 2017. 
  30. ^ OnTheIssues.org. "Kay Bailey Hutchison on the Issues". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved September 13, 2017. 
  31. ^ "Rice University - News & Media". Retrieved September 13, 2017. 
  32. ^ "2009 National Environmental Scorecard". Capwiz.com. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  33. ^ a b Embry, Jason (September 28, 2009). "Austin news, sports, weather, Longhorns, business". Statesman.com. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  34. ^ "Citizens Against Government Waste: porkerofthemonth". Cagw.org. Archived from the original on October 27, 2009. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  35. ^ "Members of Congress / Kay Bailey Hutchison". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on February 3, 2008. 
  36. ^ "Hutchison set to declare for governor today". San Antonio Express News. August 17, 2009. Retrieved August 17, 2009. [permanent dead link]
  37. ^ "Cathie Adams refuses to withdraw endorsement of Rick (Perry)". ricvskay.blogspot.com, October 26, 2009. Retrieved October 28, 2009. 
  38. ^ Root, Jay (November 13, 2010). "Hutchison won't resign seat before Texas primary". The Seattle Times. The Associated Press. 
  39. ^ "Texas GOP Sen. Hutchison to stay in Senate". News 8 Austin. TWEAN News Channel of Austin, L.P. March 31, 2010. 
  40. ^ Benning, Tom (May 28, 2010). "Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison undecided on running, but foes aren't". Dallasnews.com. Dallas Morning News. 
  41. ^ Janda, Greg (January 13, 2011). "Sen. Hutchison Won't Run for Re-Election in 2012". KXAS-TV. NBC Universal, Inc. 
  42. ^ Zernike, Kate (May 18, 2008). "She Just Might Be President Someday". New York Times. 
  43. ^ Hardball with Chris Matthews. MSNBC (June 4, 2012). Retrieved on 2013-08-12.
  44. ^ "Zac Crain, Is Jason Villalba the Future of the Texas GOP? Meet the only political candidate that Mitt Romney has endorsed". D Magazine, October 2012. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  45. ^ "H.R. 2289 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  46. ^ "Public Law No: 113-22". Government Printing Office. Retrieved August 2, 2013. 
  47. ^ Bowden, John (June 29, 2017). "Trump nominates former Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison to be NATO ambassador". Retrieved September 13, 2017. 
  48. ^ Bowden, John (June 29, 2017). "Trump nominates former Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison to be NATO ambassador". The Hill. Retrieved August 1, 2017. 
  49. ^ Lawrence Kestenbaum. "Index to Politicians: Hutchison to Hyche". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  50. ^ [3] Archived April 14, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  51. ^ Manu Raju, "Hutchison pressured to stay in Senate", Politico, January 15, 2009.
  52. ^ "Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison puts Virginia house on the market | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News | Texas Regional News". Dallasnews.com. August 20, 2009. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  53. ^ MMRF Honorary Board Archived August 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  54. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on July 25, 2007. Retrieved August 8, 2007. 
  55. ^ Senatorial election results, for the special election in 1993


External links[edit]

Texas House of Representatives
Preceded by
Tom Bass
Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 90th district

1973–1976
Succeeded by
Brad Wright
Political offices
Preceded by
Ann Richards
Treasurer of Texas
1991–1993
Succeeded by
Martha Whitehead
Party political offices
Preceded by
Beau Boulter
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Texas
(Class 1)

1993, 1994, 2000, 2006
Succeeded by
Ted Cruz
Preceded by
Paul Coverdell
Vice Chair of the Senate Republican Conference
2001–2007
Succeeded by
John Cornyn
Preceded by
Jon Kyl
Chair of the Senate Republican Policy Committee
2007–2009
Succeeded by
John Ensign
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Bob Krueger
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Texas
1993–2013
Served alongside: Phil Gramm, John Cornyn
Succeeded by
Ted Cruz
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Douglas Lute
United States Permanent Representative to NATO
2017–present
Incumbent