|District of Maharashtra|
Location of Osmanabad district
Usmanabad district in Maharashtra
|Administrative division||Aurangabad Division|
|Tehsils||1. Osmanabad, 2. Tuljapur, 3. Omerga, 4. Lohara, 5. Kallamb, 6. Bhoom, 7. Paranda, 8. Washi|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Osmanabad|
|• Total||7,569 km2 (2,922 sq mi)|
|• Density||220/km2 (570/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||920|
|Major highways||NH-9, NH-211|
|Average annual precipitation||730 mm|
Osmanabad district also spelt as Usmanabad district is an administrative district in the Marathwada region of the state of Maharashtra in India. The district headquarters are located at Osmanabad, erstwhile Dharashiv. Temple of goddess Tuljabhavani at Tulajapur is famous in India. This primarily rural district occupies an area of 7569 km² of which 241.4 km² is urban area and has a population of 1,660,311 of which 16.96% were urban (as of 2011).
Osmanabad district lies in the southern part of state. It lies on the Deccan plateau, about 600 m above sea level. Parts of the Manjira and Terna River flow through the district. The district is located on the east side of the Marathwada region between latitude 17.35 to 18.40 degrees north, and latitude 75.16 to 76.40 degrees east.
To the north of Osmanabad District lies Beed District; to the northeast and east, Latur District; to the east and southeast, Bidar District of Karnataka; to the southeast and south, Gulbarga District of Karnataka; to the south and southwest, Solapur District; and to the northwest: Ahmednagar district. Most of the part of district lies in the hilly areas balaghat ranges.
The rainy season starts from mid-June and continues till the end of September. The climate is humid in October and November and dry and cool from mid-November to January. From February to June the climate is dry and becomes increasingly hot. During summer the temperature of Osmanabad district is low compared to other districts of Marathwada region. The average annual rainfall in the district is 730 mm. Temperature Max.: 42.1 °C; Min.: 8 °C
There are eight talukas (tahsils) in Osmanabad district.
Paranda is historical place known for the Paranda Fort. Kalamb is an important commercial centre for the district and located on the bank of river Manjra. The taluka is blessed by Yedeshwari devi, whose temple is located at Yermala, 20 km from Kallamb.
Tuljapur is a major taluka town, about 45 km from Solapur, 25 km from Osmanabad town and 40 km from Hyderabad national Highway at Naldurga.
Tuljapur is best known for its Tulja Bhavani Mandir. It is said that Tulja Bhavani mata had offered sword to Shivaji Maharaj (not verifiable) and his son re-built the temple. Omerga is a densely populated taluka in Osmanabad. The Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai also has a School of Rural Development (the "Rural Campus") at Tuljapur.
In the 2011 census Osmanabad district had a population of 1,660,311, roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau or the US state of Idaho. This gave it a ranking of 298th among district of India (out of a total of 640). The district had a population density of 219 inhabitants per square kilometre (570/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.69%. Osmanabad had a sex ratio of 920 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.33%.
Osmanabad's representation in the Indian Parliament (Lok Sabha) is via the Osmanbad constituency which also includes a piece of northern Solapur district (Barshi) and a piece of southern Latur district (Ausa).
A small portion of the Barshi light railway connecting Latur-Barshi-Kurduvadi passed through northern fringe of Osmanabad district until 2007. The rail track was converted to broad gauge and the track alignment was changed southwards to pass near Osmanabad town. The modified track from Latur to Osmanabad opened for traffic in September 2007. The modified rail track from Osmanabad to Kurduvadi junction became operational in October 2008 and connects Osmanabad to Pune and Mumbai by a shorter rail route than via Latur.North India also connected by this new track. Railway service is available for Nagpur to Kolhapur, Pune to Hyderabad, Pune to Amarawati, Pune To Nizmabad via Osmanabad station. Tourism and Transport are developed.
Osmanabad is connected to Beed, Latur, Ahmednagar, Pune and Solapur by national highways.
Osmanabad Airport, located 10 Kilometres north of Osmanabad, does not have any commercial air traffic. Reliance Airport Developers, who won a bid in 2009 to run the airport on a 95-year lease, plan to use this airport for aviation training.
Tuljapur in Osmanabad district is famous for Tulja Bhavani Temple built by Raje Shahaji. Persons from all over Maharashtra visit the temple for worship. Tulja Bhavani College of Engineering is located near the city.
Kati village in Tuljapur Division has two mosques said to be more than 500 years old. The larger is called Jamia Masjid. The smaller Masjid is older and very small with a mysterious typical architecture.
Naldurg is another historical place in Osmanabad with a beautiful historic fort.
Shelagoan(jagir) is a place where there is a Maruti Temple.
Yedshi Ramling Ghat Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the villages of Yedshi, Wadgaon and Bhanasgaon in Osmanabad Tehsil.
Railway Circuit house in Yedshi was built in the 1870s by the British Government for top railway officers of that era. It is an architectural gem and provides a good view of the forest. The Circuit House is currently under control and administration of Indian Railway and reserved for Railway Class 1 Officers.
Ghugdi picnic spot Wadgaon-Shhidheswar Mandir (temple)
The district also offers some worth visiting sites to name a few are: Saint Goroba Temple, Dharashiv Caves, Ramling (Temple of Lord Shiva), Wadgaon Siddheshwar (Temple of Lord Shiva), Naldurg Fort and Paranda Fort etc. Jain temple, Trivikram Mandir, Chaity,Museum these worth sites . New excavation is in progressand more than five hundreds things discovered. The work will continue up to 31 March 2015
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- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
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- Cite web|title=Map: Parliamentray Constituencies Maharashtra|publisher= Election Commission of India|url=http://220.127.116.11/ecimaps/ecipdf/state_pc_Map/Maharashtra.pdf
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- "Assembly Constituencies-Post delimitation: Maharashtra: Osmanabad District" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 2008.
- "Reliance Airport gets five projects on lease". Times of India. 6 Aug 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "MIDC-run airports set for makeover". Indian Express. 1 July 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "Aviation Academy proposed at Osmanabad Airport". National Web Network India. 8 Jan 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
- "Osmanabad District Court Judicial Statistics: Judicial Station Osmanabad: Important places in the vicinity".
||Ahmadnagar district||Beed district|
|Solapur district||Latur district|
|Gulbarga district, Karnataka||Bidar district, Karnataka|