Kopanisti Mykonou

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Kopanisti Mykonou
Country of origin Greece
Region Mykonos
Source of milk cow's milk or sheep's milk or a mixture of both
Texture soft mould[1]
Fat content 19.4%
Protein content 16.7%
Aging time 45-60 days[2]
Certification PDO

Kopanisti Mykonou (Greek: Κοπανιστή Μυκόνου) is a salty, spicy cheese, with protected designation of origin (PDO)[3][4] that is mainly found in the Cycladic island of Mykonos, in Greece, Aegean Sea, for more than 300 years.[5] It owes its special hot taste to fungal growth and it is sometimes also called the "Greek Roquefort".[6]

In Turkey it is known as kopanisti peyniri or acı peynir[7] (kopanisti cheese[8] and bitter cheese, respectively, in Turkish), and is traditionally made in Çeşme[9] and Karaburun districts[10] of İzmir Province. In Turkey, it is normally made from goat's milk.[11][12]

Etymology[edit]

"Kopanisti" in the Greek language is used to describe something that has been beaten.[1] In Kopanisti cheese this refers to its technique of preparation. It is mainly made from cow's milk or sheep's milk or a mixture of both.[13]

Preparation[edit]

Preparation of Kopanisti Mykonou include artisanal cultures, derived from practice of using some of the previous batches of produced cheese as inocolum for new baches.[14] At first the milk is cooked at 28–30 °C (82–86 °F) with yeast until it gets thick. This procedure usually takes about 20–24 hours. After this it needs to be dried and red chili peppers and salt are added. The manufacturer works the mixture by hands once every hour for the first 24 hours.[13] Then the mixture is wrapped in cotton cloth and placed in a cooking pot with a stone placed on top of the cheese. This method helps the cheese to get rid of extra liquids. It remains in the cloth for a week in order to mature and let the fungus grow. It is then again mixed and put in containers (traditionally earthenware) to complete its aging, which can take between one and two months.[15]

The most popular way of serving is in a dish called "mostra" which contains dry bread with kopanisti cheese, chopped tomatoes and olive oil.[16] Mykoniotes also use it as a meze to accompany the Greek drink ouzo.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Walker, Harlan (2000). Milk-- Beyond the Dairy: Proceedings of the Oxford Symposium on Food and Cookery 1999. Oxford Symposium. p. 211. ISBN 978-1-903018-06-4.
  2. ^ "Kopanisti". http://www.fondazioneslowfood.com/. Kopanisti requires 45 to 60 days to ripen to its tasty, spicy, rich flavored, pasty, buttery and creamy consistency. External link in |website= (help)
  3. ^ European Commission (26.6.2012). Publication of an amendment application pursuant to Article 6(2) of Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs.(2012/C 186/09). Accessed on 04/01/2013.
  4. ^ WIPO (n.d.) Ministerial Decision No. 313046, Recognition of Protected Designation of Origin (P.D.O.) for the Cheese "KOPANISTI". Accessed on 07/01/2013.
  5. ^ http://www.fondazioneslowfood.com/it/arca-del-gusto-slow-food/kopanisti/
  6. ^ "The Best Greek Cheeses: A Gift From the Gods". Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Karaburun'un hazineleri". Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  8. ^ http://www.fondazioneslowfood.com/it/arca-del-gusto-slow-food/kopanisti-turco/
  9. ^ "The Association of Food Technology". www.gidadernegi.org. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  10. ^ "Dünyanın en kötü kokan yiyecekleri". Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Karaburun'da Kopanisti Keçi Peynirini Keşfedin - Son Dakika Ege Haberleri - STAR". Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  12. ^ "Mehmet Yaşin seçti: En iyi 10 peynir". Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  13. ^ a b Fox, P. F. (6 December 2012). Cheese: Chemistry, Physics and Microbiology: Volume 2 Major Cheese Groups. Springer. p. 526. ISBN 978-1-4615-2648-3.
  14. ^ Fox, P. F. (2000). Fundamentals of Cheese Science. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 571. ISBN 978-0-8342-1260-2.
  15. ^ Coyle, L. Patrick (1 December 1982). The world encyclopedia of food. Facts on File. p. 344. ISBN 978-0-87196-417-5.
  16. ^ "Cook with Eleni - Eleni Melirrytou - Greece - Greek recipes - greek food - fresh vegetables - fresh fruits - recipes - Chef - Calendar". www.cookwitheleni.com. Retrieved 26 May 2017.