|Koulouri (Greece), Turkish bagel (United States)|
|Region or state:|
|East Europe and Western Asia|
|Recipes at Wikibooks:|
|Media at Wikimedia Commons:|
Simit (Turkish, Greek σιμίτι), Aramaic qeluro/qelora, Greek koulouri (κουλούρι), đevrek (Serbian: ђеврек), gjevrek (Macedonian: ѓеврек), gevrek (Turkish, Bulgarian: геврек), covrig (Romanian: covrig) (the last four, from "gevrek" in Turkish, meaning "crisp", which is, in some parts of Turkey, colloquial for "simit", roskas  turkas in Ladino language of Sefardi Jews) is a circular bread with sesame seeds, very common in Greece, Turkey, as well as in Serbia, Bulgaria, Macedonia and other parts of the Balkans and Middle East such as Egypt and Lebanon. Simit's size, crunchiness/chewiness, and other characteristics vary slightly by region. In the city of İzmir, simit is known as "gevrek," although it is very similar to the Istanbul variety. Simits in Ankara, which is the capital of Turkey, are smaller and crisper than the ones in other cities. Simits in Turkey are made with molasses.
Simit has a long history in Istanbul. Archival sources show that the simit has been produced in Istanbul since 1525. Based on Üsküdar court records (Şer’iyye Sicili) dated 1593, the weight and price of simit was standardized for the first time. Famous 17th-century traveler Evliya Çelebi wrote that there were 70 simit bakeries in Istanbul during the 1630s  Jean Brindesi's early 19th-century oil-paintings about Istanbul daily life show simit sellers on the streets. Warwick Goble, too, made an illustration of these simit sellers of Istanbul in 1906. Simit and its variants became a widespread bread-type all-around the Ottoman Empire in centuries.
Simits are often sold by street vendors, who either have a simit trolley or carry the simit in a tray on their head. Street merchants generally advertise simit as fresh ("Taze simit!"/"Taze gevrek!") since they are baked throughout the day; otherwise hot ("Sıcak, sıcak!") and extremly hot ("El yakıyor!" means "It can burn your hand!") when they are not long out of the oven.
Simit is an important symbol for lower and middle-class people of Turkey. Sometimes it is called as "susam kebabı" (sesame kebab) in Turkey.
A type of bread very similar to simit is known as obwarzanek in Poland and bublik in Russia and Ukraine. The main difference is that the rings of dough are poached briefly in boiling water prior to baking (similarly to bagels), instead of being dipped in water and molasses syrup, as is the case with simit.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Simit.|
- Babiniotis dictionary, Andriotis dictionary, s.v.
- Matilda Koén-Sarano Diksionario Ladino-Ebreo,Ebreo-Ladino,S.Zack,Jerusalem 2010
- Raisfeld, Robin and Rob Patronite (2009-10-18). "Lord of the Rings". New York Magazine. Retrieved 2009-11-17.
- Kees Versteegh, ed. (2008). Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics. IV (Q–Z). Brill. p. 262 (entry samīd). ISBN 978-90-04-14476-7.
- Modern Turkish Dictionary. TDK
- Evliya Çelebi's guidebook, Seyahatname, 1680.
- Sahillioğlu, Halil. “Osmanlılarda Narh Müessesesi ve 1525 Yılı Sonunda İstanbul’da Fiyatlar”. Belgelerle Türk Tarihi 2 [The Narh Institution in the Ottoman Empire and the Prices in Istanbul in Late 1525. Documents in Turkish History 2] (Kasım 1967): 56
- Ünsal, Artun. Susamlı Halkanın Tılsımı.[The Secret of the Ring with Sesames] İstanbul: YKY, 2010: 45
- Evliya Çelebi Seyahatnâmesi Kitap I. [The Seyahatname Book I] (Prof. Dr. Robert Dankoff, Seyit Ali Kahraman, Yücel Dağlı). İstanbul: YKY, 2006: 231
- Jean Brindesi, Illustrations de Elbicei atika. Musée des anciens costumes turcs d'Istanbul , Paris: Lemercier, 
- Alexander Van Millingen, Constantinople (London: Black, 1906) http://www.gutenberg.org/files/39620/39620-h/39620-h.htm