Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas

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Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas
Seal of Arkansas.svg
Rep Tim Griffin Official Photo.jpg
Incumbent
Tim Griffin

since January 13, 2015 (2015-01-13)
SeatState Capitol, Little Rock, Arkansas
Term lengthFour years, renewable once (Seventy-third Amendment to the Arkansas Constitution of 1874)
Constituting instrumentArkansas Constitution of 1864
Inaugural holderCalvin C. Bliss
FormationApril 18, 1864
(155 years ago)
 (1864-04-18)
Websiteltgovernor.arkansas.gov

The Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas presides over the Arkansas Senate with a tie-breaking vote, serves as governor when the governor is out of state, and serves as governor if the governor is impeached, removed from office, dies or is otherwise unable to discharge the office's duties. The lieutenant governor position is elected separately from the governor.

The position of Lieutenant Governor was created by the Sixth Amendment to the Arkansas Constitution in 1914, but was not filled until 1927. The Amendment was approved by the electorate in 1914, with returns showing 45,567 in favor and 45,206 opposed. The Speaker of the House declared the measure lost because it had not received a majority of the highest total vote, which was 135,517. In 1925, it was discovered that the Initiative and Referendum of 1910 had amended this majority requirement so that only a majority of those voting on a specific question was required. So, in 1926, the 1914 initiative was declared to be valid and Harvey Parnell was elected Arkansas' first lieutenant governor.

Two recent incumbents, Winthrop Paul Rockefeller and Mike Huckabee, began their respective tenures in the midst of regular term periods, due to the elevation of their predecessors to the governorship. Jim Guy Tucker succeeded Bill Clinton as governor in December 1992, upon Clinton's resignation days before assuming his office as President of the United States, creating the need for a special election to fill the lieutenant governor's office. When Tucker was convicted of conspiracy and mail fraud charges in 1996, Huckabee succeeded him as governor, paving the way for the November 1996 special election of Rockefeller as lieutenant governor.

Prior to Tim Griffin's swearing-in in January 2015, the office had been vacant since Mark Darr resigned on February 1, 2014, following an investigation into ethics violations involving illegal use of campaign funds.[1]

Lieutenant Governors of the State of Arkansas
No. Lieutenant Governor Term in office Party Election Governor[a]
1   Calvin C. Bliss April 18, 1864

July 2, 1868
Republican 1864   Isaac Murphy
2 James M. Johnson July 2, 1868

March 14, 1871
Republican 1868
[b]
Powell Clayton
(resigned March 17, 1871)
Vacant March 14, 1871

January 6, 1873
Ozra Amander Hadley
3 Volney V. Smith January 6, 1873

November 12, 1874
Republican 1872
[c]
Elisha Baxter
Office did not exist from November 12, 1874, to January 11, 1927
4 Harvey Parnell January 11, 1927

March 4, 1928
Democratic 1926
[d]
John Ellis Martineau
Vacant March 4, 1928

January 14, 1929
Harvey Parnell
5 Lee Cazort January 14, 1929

January 12, 1931
Democratic 1928
6 Lawrence Elery Wilson January 12, 1931

January 10, 1933
Democratic 1930
7 Lee Cazort January 10, 1933

January 12, 1937
Democratic 1932 Junius Marion Futrell
1934
8 Robert L. Bailey January 12, 1937

January 12, 1943
Democratic 1936 Carl Edward Bailey
1938
1940 Homer Martin Adkins
9 James L. Shaver January 12, 1943

January 14, 1947
Democratic 1942
1944 Benjamin Travis Laney
10 Gordon, Nathan Green.jpg Nathan Green Gordon January 14, 1947

January 10, 1967
Democratic 1946
1948 Sid McMath
1950
1952 Francis Cherry
1954 Orval Faubus
1956
1958
1960
1962
1964
11 Maurice Britt January 10, 1967

January 12, 1971
Republican 1966 Winthrop Rockefeller
1968
12 Bob C. Riley January 12, 1971

January 3, 1975
Democratic 1970 Dale Bumpers
1972
[e]
Acting as governor January 3, 1975

January 14, 1975
Bob C. Riley
13 Joe Purcell January 14, 1975

January 3, 1979
Democratic 1974 David Pryor
1976
[f]
Acting as governor January 3, 1979

January 9, 1979
Joe Purcell
13 Joe Purcell January 9, 1979

January 19, 1981
Democratic 1978 Bill Clinton
14 Winston Bryant January 19, 1981

January 15, 1991
Democratic 1980 Frank D. White[g]
1982 Bill Clinton
1984
1986
[h]
15 Jim Guy Tucker January 15, 1991

December 12, 1992
Democratic 1990
[i]
Vacant December 12, 1992

November 20, 1993
Jim Guy Tucker[j]
16 Huckabee-SF-CC-024.jpg Mike Huckabee November 20, 1993

July 15, 1996
Republican 1993
(special)
1994
[k]
Vacant July 15, 1996

November 19, 1996
Mike Huckabee
17 Paige, Huckabee, Rockefeller, and Hutchinson with large check, August 2002 - cropped to Rockefeller.jpg Winthrop Paul Rockefeller November 19, 1996

July 16, 2006
Republican 1996
(special)
1998
2002
[l]
Vacant July 16, 2006

January 9, 2007
18 Bill Halter.jpg Bill Halter January 9, 2007

January 11, 2011
Democratic 2006 Mike Beebe[j]
19 Mark Darr January 11, 2011

February 1, 2014
Republican 2010
[m]
Vacant February 1, 2014

January 13, 2015
20 Tim Griffin, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Tim Griffin January 13, 2015

present[n]
Republican 2014
2018
Asa Hutchinson

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor unless noted.
  2. ^ Johnson resigned as part of party machinations to allow Clayton to resign without Johnson succeeding him; the office remained vacant for the remainder of the term.[2][3]
  3. ^ First term under the 1871 constitution, which shortened terms to two years.
  4. ^ Martineau resigned[4] and Parnell served as governor for the remainder of the term.
  5. ^ Bumpers resigned and Riley acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  6. ^ Pryor resigned and Purcell acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  7. ^ Represented the Republican Party.
  8. ^ First term under a 1984 constitutional amendment, which lengthened terms to four years.
  9. ^ Clinton resigned and Tucker served as governor for the remainder of the term.
  10. ^ a b Represented the Democratic Party.
  11. ^ Tucker resigned and Huckabee served as governor for the remainder of the term.
  12. ^ Rockefeller died in office; the office remained vacant for the remainder of the term.
  13. ^ Darr resigned; he was under sanction for ethics violations involving illegal use of campaign funds.[5] The office remained vacant for the remainder of the term.
  14. ^ Griffin's second term began on January 15, 2019 and will expire in January 2023.

References[edit]

General
  • "About the Office". Arkansas Lieutenant Governors Office. 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2009-06-02.
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ "It was a bad week for Mark Darr (again)". Arkansas Times. February 6, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2016.
  2. ^ Hempstead, Fay (1911). Historical Review of Arkansas: Its Commerce, Industry, and Modern Affairs. p. 269. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  3. ^ "Ozro Amander Hadley (1826–1915)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  4. ^ "John Ellis Martineau". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 5, 2015.
  5. ^ "Mark Darr, Arkansas lt. gov., says he'll resign over ethics case". Politico. Retrieved November 27, 2018.