List of Rajput dynasties and states
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During the medieval period, many parts of India and modern-day Pakistan were being ruled by various dynasties of ruling warrior class: the Rajput. Following is the list of those ruling Rajput dynasties of the Indian subcontinent:
- Chauhan dynasty of Ajmer and Delhi: The Chauhans, ruled between 956 and 1301 AD, earlier over the eastern parts of the present day’s Rajasthan with their capital at Ajmer and later extended their territory up to parts of modern-day Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. This Rajput dynasty was founded by Vatsraj who had the title of Agniraj. The Chauhan dynasty claims descendance from Fire God Agni. The first great ruler was Ajairaj who is famously known as the founder of the city of Ajmer. Prithviraj Chauhan was considered greatest of all Chauhan rulers. During his reign, the kingdom extended over Delhi, Ajmer, modern-day Rohilkhand, Kalinjar, Hansi, Kalpi, Mahoba, etc. He conquered Bhatinda (in Punjab) from Ghaznavid ruler of Punjab and defeated Muhammad of Ghor in the 1st Battle of Tarain. However, he was defeated in the 2nd battle of Tarain, 1192. Ranthambhore branch of Chauhans ruled from 1192 to 1301 till the invasion of Ala-ud-din Khilji.
List of Dynasties
|Name of state||Type of State||Now part of||Last or present ruler|
|Cutch State||Princely state||Kutch, India||Jam Sahib Maharao Shri Pragmalsinhji Jadeja|
|Dhrol state||Princely State||Kathiawar, India||Thakor Jam Sahib Shri Chandrasinhji Jadeja|
|Jamnagar||Princely State||Kathiawar, India||Jam Sahib Shri Shatrushaylsinhji Digvijaysinhji Jadeja|
|Rajkot state||Princely state||Kathiawar, India||Thakor Sahib Shri Pradhyumansinhji Jadeja|
|Gondal state||Princely state||Kathiawar, India||Jam Thakor Saheb Shri Bhagvatsinhji Jadeja|
|Morvi stat||Princely state||Kathiawar, India||Jam Thakor Saheb Shri Lakhdhirsinhji Jadeja|
|Makaji Meghpar||Villege of State's Bhayat||Kathiawar, India||Dhrol State|
- Hindu Shahi dynasty of modern-day Afghanistan (964–1026 AD): according to some historians, the later rulers of Hindu Shahi dynasty were of Hindu Janjua Rajput origin, although other claim them to be of Turkic origin with Hindu influence. This dynasty was ruling parts of Afghanistan and Punjab region at the time of Turkic Ghaznavid invasions. Jayapala was its first Rajput king who succeeded the last Brahmin king Bhimadeva. Its last king Bhimpala died in 1024.
- Songara Chauhan in Ambliara In State of Gujarat.
- Rana dynasty of Ambala and Nepal
- Sisodias of Mewar (Udaipur)
- Hadas of Bundi, Kota, Baran and Jhalawar, Rajasthan
- Patials of Himachal
- Bhadourias of Ater
- Kachwahas of Jaipur, Alwar and Maihar
- Rathores of Marwar (Jodhpur and Bikaner)
- Rais of Raikot, from 14th Century AD until after the dissolution of the Mughal Empire, the Manj Rais of Talwandi and Raikot ruled over an extensive territory south of the Sutlej, till dispossessed of it by the Ahluwalia Sikhs and later by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1806 AD.
- Jadejas of Kutch, Nawanagar, Gondal and Dhrol.
- Jadons of Karauli, Awagarh, Aligarh and Agra.
- Jethwas of Porbandar.
- Jahalas of Kathiawar – also called Makwanas.
- Chawdas of Gujarat.
- Vaghelas of Gujarat – a branch of Solankis.
- Gahlots of Chittorgarh and Bhavnagar.
- Chudasamas and Sarvaiyas of Kathiawar – a branch of Samma Rajputs of Sindh.
- Bais Rajputs of Punjab, North India.
- Bhatis of Jaisalmer, Hanumangarh, Bhatinda, Dipalpur, Kapurthala and Bhattiana.
- Sengars of Bhareh (UP), Jalon (UP), Datia (MP).
- Shekhawats of Shekhawati
- Solanki dynasty: The Solankis established their rule over present day’s Indian state of Gujarat between 945 and 1297 AD. Their kingdom came into prominence during the reign of Mulraj. They ruled with their capital situated at Anhilwara.
- Paramara dynasty of Malwa
- Parmar of Danta
- Parhar, Parihara and Pratihara dynasties of Kannauj. Conquered Kannauj in 816 AD, which remained its capital for about a century, declined in the 10th century.
- Chandelas of Khajuraho: This Rajput dynasty was founded by Jayasakthi. They ruled the areas across Bundelkhand with Khajuraho as their capital. The dynasty came to an end after Alauddin Khalji conquered Bundelkhand.
- Gahadvalas of Kannauj: This Rajput dynasty ruled the kingdom of Kannauj for around a hundred years, beginning in the late 11th century.
- Chand dynasty of Kumaon: Ruled much of Uttarakhand.
- Katoch dynasty of Kangra: Ruled much of Himachal Pradesh and parts of Punjab.
- Bizelwans of Chamba, Himachal Pradesh
- Jarrals of Jammu and Kashmir
- Bundelas of Bundelkhand: Ruled Bundelkhand from the 16th century on wards.
- Tomaras of Delhi and Gwalior
- Tomar Pathanias of Nurpur: Ruled from the 11th century to 1849 over parts of northern Punjab and Himachal Pradesh.
- Kalchuris of Central India: ruled for nearly 300 years from the 10th century to the 12th century.
- Birsen Dynasty (Bisen) of Majhauli
- Parmars of Garhwal, Uttarakhand
- Barhiyas of Barahiya, Bihar
- Ujjainiya of Bihar
- Dogra dynasty of Jammu and Kashmir
- Sodhas of Umerkot, Sindh
- Taonis of Ambala.
- Bhanj dynasty ruling Daspalla, Nilgiri, Bastar and Mayurbhanj.
- Mandahars or Mudhad Suryavanshi of Haryana, Jind, Kaithal, and Karnal.
- Chibs of Jammu and Kashmir and Azad Kashmir
- History of Sirsa Town – Page 29
- Mcleod, John (6–9 July 2004). The Rise and Fall of the Kutch Bhayati (PDF). Eighteenth European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies, University of Lund. p. 5. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- Hussain Khan (2004), Chronicles of Early Janjuas, iUniverse, ISBN 0-595-28096-X,
... Jayapala, son of Asatapala, succeeded Bhimadeva in about 353/964. Jayapala was a scion of the Janjua (Rajput) dynasty ... Jayapala being Janjua (Rajput) was known as Hindu Shahi and had succeeded the former Brahman Hindu Shahi ...
- Greater Game: India's Race with Destiny and China by David Van Praagh
- Indian Encyclopaedia, Volume 1
- Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan
- The History of India by Kenneth Pletcher
- G.S. Ghurye (2005). Rajput Architecture. Popular Prakashan. p. 36. ISBN 81-7154-446-0.
- Roma Niyogi, The history of the Gāhaḍavāla dynasty, page 8
- Vijaya R Trivedi
- dynasty of Himchal
- Historical Dictionary of Medieval India by Iqtidar Alam Khan
- Bandana Rai
- Census of India, 1981: Uttar Pradesh – Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- Garhwal & Kumaon: A Guide for Trekkers and Tourists – K. P. Sharma – Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- Dogra Dynasty
- Asha Ranawat
- Humayun: the great moghul by Shiri Ram Bakshi, Sri Kant Sharma
- Rajputs – Bhanj Dynasty Provinces