List of official vehicles of the President of the United States
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of official vehicles of the President of the United States, past and present.
Main article: Presidential state car (United States)
- 1939 Lincoln K-series "Sunshine Special", used by Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- 1942 Lincoln Custom, used by Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry Truman.
- 1950 Lincoln Cosmopolitan, used by Harry Truman, Dwight Eisenhower, and John F. Kennedy. Currently on display at the Henry Ford Museum, this vehicle was the first to use a bulletproof "bubbletop" canopy, which was added in 1954. The car remained in service until 1967.
- 1961 Lincoln Continental SS-100-X, used by John F. Kennedy.
- 1965 Lincoln Continental, used by Lyndon B. Johnson.
- 1969 Lincoln Continental, used by Richard Nixon.
- 1972 Lincoln Continental, used by Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, and Ronald Reagan. It was ordered as a 1972 model with the 1973 body style, and updated later to match 1977-1979 models. It was involved in the 1975 assassination attempt of President Ford, as well as the 1981 assassination attempt of President Reagan. It is currently on display at the Henry Ford Museum.
- 1983 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham, used by Ronald Reagan.
- 1989 Lincoln Town Car, used by George H.W. Bush.
- 1993 Cadillac Fleetwood, used by Bill Clinton. This was the first Cadillac that was designed from the ground up for use as a state car. Previous models were modified production units. It is on display at the Clinton Presidential Library.
- 2001 Cadillac DeVille, used by George W. Bush.
- 2005 Cadillac DTS, used by George W. Bush.
- 2009 Cadillac "Cadillac One", used by Barack Obama.
- 2011 Ground Force One, a Prevost Car chassis-based bus used by Barack Obama.
- USS Despatch (1873? – 1891), the first presidential yacht; lost off Virginia in 1891
- USS Dolphin (1897 – ?), used by William McKinley and later Theodore Roosevelt
- USS Sylph (1902 – 1929)
- USS Mayflower (1905? – 1929)
- USS Sequoia (1933 – 1977), used by every president from Herbert Hoover to Jimmy Carter who ordered the aging yacht sold in 1977.
- USS Potomac (1936 – 1945), for President Franklin D. Roosevelt
- USS Williamsburg (1945 – 1953)
- a yacht variously named:
- Lenore II. Harry S. Truman used it as a tender for the Williamsburg.
- Barbara Anne by Dwight D. Eisenhower. He retired the Williamsburg as a "symbol of needless luxury".
- Honey Fitz by John F. Kennedy; the name was retained by Lyndon B. Johnson.
- Patricia by Richard Nixon. It was sold in 1970 to a private individual.
- United States Coast Guard cutter/yacht Manitou, chosen by Kennedy in 1962; sold in 1968 to the Harry Lundeburg School of Seamanship.
The following air traffic control callsigns designate aircraft transporting the President:
- Air Force One
- Marine One, the Presidential helicopter
- Army One, usually a helicopter. The duty was shared with the United States Marine Corps until 1976, when the latter took on sole responsibility.
- Navy One. This designation has been used only once, when in 2003 an S-3 Viking airplane flew then President George W. Bush to the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln.
- Coast Guard One. This callsign has not yet been used, although Vice President Joe Biden did fly on Coast Guard Two in 2009.
- Executive One, any civil aircraft carrying the President
- Joan Wenner. "Presidential Yachts" (PDF). Retrieved April 14, 2011.
- "John F. Kennedy Fast Facts: Honey Fitz (Boat)". John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- "John F. Kennedy Fast Facts: Manitou (Boat)". John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- "History". manitouyacht.com. Retrieved April 14, 2011.