List of places with columnar jointed volcanics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Basalt columns seen on Porto Santo Island, Portugal

Columnar jointed volcanic rocks exist in many places on Earth. Perhaps the most famous basalt lava flow in the world is the Giant's Causeway in Northern Ireland, in which the vertical joints form polygonal columns and give the impression of having been artificially constructed.

Notable columnar jointed volcanics[edit]


Curved columns of rhyolitic tuff at the Hong Kong High Island Reservoir

This may have formed from contractional cooling of basaltic lavas.

South Asia[edit]

Interlocked basaltic columns at the top of Kavadia mountain at Dewas district, India

West Asia[edit]

Vertically jointed columnar basalt of Basalt Rocks Natural Monument in Turkey

Middle East[edit]

Syria / Israel (disputed)
Meshushim River, with prominent hexagonal basalt columns

East Asia[edit]

Columnar basalts at Cape Stolbchatiy, Kuril Islands, Russia
South Korea

Southeast Asia[edit]

Close up view of stones atop Gunung Padang
Panorama atop Gunung Padang
at Kg Balung Cocos, Tawau, Sabah
Basalt Columns exposed along a river in a remote place in Tawau, Malaysia
  • In Teck Guan Cocoa Village and in Giram River, Kampung Balung Cocos Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia.
The Cliff of Stone Plates (Ghềnh Đá Dĩa) near Tuy Hòa city, Phú Yên Province, Vietnam
La Concepción, Aculco, México

Central America[edit]

El Salvador
  • Cascada Los Tercios, Suchitoto
  • Concepción waterfall, Aculco
  • Los Ladrillos, Boquete


Basalt columns in the Rhön, North Bavaria, Germany
Columnar jointing in the basalt of the Giant's Causeway in Northern Ireland
Faroe Islands
  • Qeqertarsuaq, Disko Island[10]
  • Badacsony
  • Bér
  • Szanda
  • Szilváskő
  • Hegyestű
  • Szent-György-hegy
  • Gulács
  • Haláp
  • Hajagos
  • Uzsa
  • Šomoška
United Kingdom
Volcanic rock columns, Milos

North America[edit]

Columnar basalt at Devil's Postpile in California
Devils Tower, Wyoming


United States


Basalt columns in the Mascota River, Mexico
Basaltic Prisms of Santa María Regla in Huasca de Ocampo, Hidalgo


Cape Raoul, Tasmania
Blackhead, Dunedin, New Zealand
Federated States of Micronesia
New Zealand

South America[edit]


Columnar jointed rocks in unnamed crater wall, Marte Vallis region, Mars. Image courtesy of the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment, Arizona State University.

Several exposures of columnar jointing have been discovered on the planet Mars by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera, which is carried by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO).


A view of Gunung Padang

A likely Hindu-origin ancient site at Gunung Padang in West Java, Indonesia was built by horizontally laying basalt columns to form terraces on the slope of a hill and creating open-roofed chambers by erecting vertical columns. A now-ruined thirteenth-century religious complex called Nan Madol was built using columnar basalt quarried from various locations on the island of Pohnpei in Micronesia.



  1. ^ Grunert, Nicole (2000). Namibia: Fascination of Geology – A Travel Handbook. Windhoek: Klaus Hess. pp. 73–74. ISBN 99916-747-8-0.
  2. ^ Ntekim, E. E. & Adekeye, J. I. D. (2003). "Petrography and geochemistry of basaltic rocks from the northcentral part of Yola Basin, N.E. Nigeria" (PDF). Nigerian Journal of Pure and Applied Science. 18: 1430–1437. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-02-25. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  3. ^ "Rare rock formation found in Dewas". The Times of India. 24 December 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  4. ^ Kölbl-Ebert, Martina; Colicchio, Stéphanie (2014). "The Boyabat Basalt Cliffs" (PDF). l'association de la Maison de la Géologie et de l'Environnement de Haute-Alsace. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Мыс Столбчатый". Archived from the original on 2019-04-06. Retrieved 2013-09-28.
  6. ^ Po, Kimberly (27 April 2014). "H E L L O ♥ K I M M Y : Dunsulan Falls Of Bataan".
  7. ^ "Bataan Day Trip: Mount Samat and Dunsulan Falls Itinerary". 27 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Bulingan Falls". 28 August 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  9. ^ ม่อนเสาหินพิศวง Wonderful Mountain Of Colunnar Archived 2012-07-17 at
  10. ^ Scott, Chris (31 October 2017). "The Grand Canyon of the Arctic Circle". CNN Travel. video by Effie Nidam, Diana Diroy and Chris Scott.
  11. ^ "PSt04 - Pico de Ana Ferreira".
  12. ^ Gobierno vasco. "Basaltos de Fruiz" (PDF). Inventario lugares de interés geológico en la comunidad autónoma del País Vasco (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  13. ^ La Gomera: basalt cliffs Los Organos,
  14. ^ "Panská skála". Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  15. ^ Callan Bentley (14 November 2011). "Compton Peak: superb columnar jointing". Mountain Beltway. American Geophysical Union (Blog). Retrieved 24 July 2015.
  16. ^ "GeoSights: Paul Bunyan's Woodpile, Juab County – Utah Geological Survey". Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  17. ^ File:Columnar basalt.jpg (Wikimedia Commons)
  18. ^ "México Travel Club". Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  19. ^ "Merriwa NSW Free Rest Areas".
  20. ^ "Sawn Rocks, Mount Kaputar National Park" (PDF). NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  21. ^ Mount Scoria culture
  22. ^ Ruined Castle - Panoramio
  23. ^ "Bunbury Basalt". Western Australian Museum. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  24. ^ "Black Head : Vegetation Condition After Quarrying" (PDF). Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  25. ^ "New Zealand Tramper - A community for good, keen trampers and hikers". Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  26. ^ The Pinnacles, Mt Somers on flickr
  27. ^ "Mars and Earth: Columnar Jointing". 10 June 2009.