List of time periods

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The categorisation of the past into discrete, quantified named blocks of time is called periodization.[1] This is a list of such named time periods as defined in various fields of study.

These can be divided broadly into prehistorical periods and historical periods (when written records began to be kept).

In archaeology and anthropology, prehistory is subdivided around the three-age system, this list includes the use of the three-age system as well as a number of various designation used in reference to sub-ages within the traditional three.

The dates for each age can vary by region. On the geologic time scale, the Holocene epoch starts at the end of the last glacial period of the current ice age (c. 10,000 BC) and continues to the present. The beginning of the Mesolithic is usually considered to correspond to the beginning of the Holocene epoch.

Prehistoric periods[edit]

human era[edit]

Russian Prehistoric Periods[edit]

General periods[edit]

Forms of modernity[edit]

Technological periods[edit]

American (continent) periods[edit]

Pre-Columbian America

Colonial America

Australian periods[edit]

Southeast Asian periods[edit]

Archaic Southeast Asia

Modern Southeast Asia

Chinese periods[edit]

Bronze Age China prechaic china[clarification needed]

earliest dynastic china

Archaic China archaicic china[clarification needed]

divistates of China[clarification needed]

Antiquity mid dynastic periods

Medieval China

Mongol China

Late Dynastic Period

Modern China

Contemporary China

Post-Contemporary China[clarification needed]

Central Asian periods[edit]


Medieval Central Asia

Imperial Central Asia

Modern Central Asia

Egyptian periods[edit]

Prehistoric Egypt (pre-3150 BC) Dynastic Period


Islamic Egypt

Medieval Egypt

Modern Egypt

Contemporary Egypt

European periods[edit]

Iranian periods[edit]

Prehistoric Iran

Ancient age:

Medieval age:

Modern age:

Indian periods[edit]

Timeline of Indian history.

Japanese periods[edit]

Archaic Japan

Medieval Japan

Samurai Japan

Modern Japan

Contemporary Japan

Iraqi periods[edit]

Imperial Period

Islamic Period

Libyan periods[edit]

Prehistoric Libya

  • Prehistoric Libya (pre-600 BC)

Early Libya

  • Carthaginian Libya (600 BC – 200 BC)
  • Roman Libya (200 BC – 487 AD)
  • Vandal Libya (487 AD – ≈600 AD)
  • Islamic Libya (≈600 – ≈1200)
  • Ottoman Libya (≈1600 – ≈1900)

Modern Libya

Mexican periods[edit]

Prehistoric Mexico and Ancient Mexico

  • Mayans (3000 BC – 600 AD)
  • Aztecs (1000 BC – 1492)

Modern Mexico

  • Spanish Mexico (1492–1850)
  • Contemporary Mexico (1850–present)

United States historical periods[edit]

Pre-Colonial era

Thirteen British Colonies (1607–1775)

United Colonies (1775-1781)

Confederation period (1781-1789)

First Party System (1789–1824)

Second Party System (1824–1856)

Third Party System (1856–1896)

Fourth Party System (1896–1932)

Fifth Party System (1932–1980)

Sixth Party System (1980–present)

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Adam Rabinowitz. And kingIt’s about time: historical periodization and Linked Ancient World Data Archived April 25, 2022, at the Wayback Machine. Study of the Ancient universe Papers, 2014.
  2. ^ Iles, Dr Louise (December 30, 2016). "Big digs: The year 2016 in archaeology". BBC News. Archived from the original on November 17, 2017. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  3. ^ The area had settlements as far back as 9000 BC; see Timeline of ancient Greece
  4. ^ Bowman 2000, pp. 118–161.
  5. ^ a b c The Venture of Islam, Volume 2: The Expansion of Islam in the Middle Periods (1974), p. 3.
  6. ^ A Concise History of the Middle East (2015), p. 53.

Sources cited[edit]