Lowell (Martian crater)

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Lowell
Lowell crater PIA02836.jpg
The crater Lowell, exhibiting frost deposits on its floor.
Planet Mars
Coordinates 52°18′S 81°24′W / 52.3°S 81.4°W / -52.3; -81.4Coordinates: 52°18′S 81°24′W / 52.3°S 81.4°W / -52.3; -81.4
Diameter 203.0 kilometers (127 miles)
Eponym Percival Lowell

The Lowell Crater is a large impact crater on Aonia Terra in the Thaumasia quadrangle of Mars.[1] The crater is about 203 kilometers (127 miles) in diameter. Lowell Crater has a ring of mountains on its floor which gives it a sort of bull's eye appearance.

Its nearby features include the craters Slipher to the north, Douglass to the east, and Coblentz to the southwest, the small mountain Aonia Mons to the west, and Aonia Planum to the southeast.

Lowell Crater is named for Percival Lowell who built the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, in 1894, and then started observing Mars intensively for years. He used the observatory and his large refractor telescope to discover over 500 canals on Mars. Lowell promoted the idea that they were constructed by an intelligent race of Martians. However, when pictures were received from spacecraft, the canals were found to be optical illusions. Nevertheless, much of the later interest in Mars exploration resulted from the efforts of Lowell.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lowell (Martian crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  2. ^ Glasstone, S. 1968. The Book of Mars. NASA. Washington D.C.

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