List of valles on Mars

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Valles (singular vallis) on Mars are similar to valleys on Earth. Some features that take this title may be better described as canyons or chasmata; see List of Chasmata on Mars. Coordinates are given as planetocentric latitude with east longitude. Large valles are named for the words for "Mars" or "star" in various languages. Small valles are named for rivers.

Name Coordinates Length (km) Namesake Notes
Abus Vallis 5°32′S 212°42′E / 5.54°S 212.7°E / -5.54; 212.7 58.0 Classical name for Humber River
Al-Qahira Vallis 18°13′S 162°30′E / 18.21°S 162.5°E / -18.21; 162.5 555.0 Word for "Mars" in Arabic
Allegheny Vallis 9°06′S 306°00′E / 9.1°S 306.0°E / -9.1; 306.0 200.0 Allegheny River
Anio Valles 37°47′N 55°54′E / 37.78°N 55.9°E / 37.78; 55.9 36.5 Classical name for Aniene River in Italy
Apsus Vallis 34°47′N 135°00′E / 34.79°N 135.0°E / 34.79; 135.0 120.0 Classical name for Seman River in Albania
Arda Valles 20°35′S 327°42′E / 20.59°S 327.7°E / -20.59; 327.7 186.0 Arda River
Ares Vallis 10°17′N 334°12′E / 10.29°N 334.2°E / 10.29; 334.2 1700.0 Word for "Mars" in Greek: Άρης Landing site of the Mars Pathfinder
Arnus Vallis 13°57′N 72°30′E / 13.95°N 72.5°E / 13.95; 72.5 280.0 Arno River
Asopus Vallis 4°21′S 210°18′E / 4.35°S 210.3°E / -4.35; 210.3 33.0 Classical name for Boeotian Asopus river in Greece
Athabasca Valles 8°30′N 155°00′E / 8.5°N 155.0°E / 8.5; 155.0 285.0 Athabasca River Carved by water from Cerberus Fossae
Auqakuh Vallis 30°07′N 60°06′E / 30.12°N 60.1°E / 30.12; 60.1 312.0 Word for "Mars" in Quechua
Axius Valles 55°42′S 70°06′E / 55.7°S 70.1°E / -55.7; 70.1 349.0 Classical name for Vardar River in Greece
Bahram Vallis 20°29′N 302°30′E / 20.49°N 302.5°E / 20.49; 302.5 246.9 Word for "Mars" in Persian
Bashkaus Vallis 25°42′S 356°42′E / 25.7°S 356.7°E / -25.7; 356.7 302.0 Bashkaus River
Brazos Valles 6°14′S 18°54′E / 6.23°S 18.9°E / -6.23; 18.9 458.0 Brazos River
Buvinda Vallis 33°06′N 151°54′E / 33.1°N 151.9°E / 33.1; 151.9 119.6 Classical name for River Boyne in Ireland
Chico Valles 66°46′S 206°30′E / 66.77°S 206.5°E / -66.77; 206.5 450.0 River in Argentina.
Clanis Valles 33°12′N 58°24′E / 33.2°N 58.4°E / 33.2; 58.4 58.0 Classical name for Chiana River in Italy
Clasia Vallis 33°48′N 56°54′E / 33.8°N 56.9°E / 33.8; 56.9 125.0 Classical river in Umbria, Italy
Clota Vallis 25°33′S 339°24′E / 25.55°S 339.4°E / -25.55; 339.4 112.0 Ancient name for River Clyde in Scotland
Columbia Valles 9°25′S 317°05′E / 9.42°S 317.08°E / -9.42; 317.08 94.0 Columbia River
Coogoon Valles 17°07′S 338°06′E / 17.12°S 338.1°E / -17.12; 338.1 300.0 River in Australia
Cusus Valles 14°20′N 50°30′E / 14.34°N 50.5°E / 14.34; 50.5 249.0 Classical name for Hron River in Slovakia
Daga Vallis 11°59′S 317°37′E / 11.99°S 317.62°E / -11.99; 317.62 70.0 Dagā River in Burma
Dao Vallis 38°23′S 87°54′E / 38.38°S 87.9°E / -38.38; 87.9 816.0 Word for "star" in Thai
Deva Vallis 7°37′S 203°00′E / 7.61°S 203.0°E / -7.61; 203.0 48.0 Classical name for River Dee in Scotland
Dittaino Valles 1°29′S 293°00′E / 1.48°S 293.0°E / -1.48; 293.0 138.0 Dittaino River
Doanus Vallis 63°02′S 334°24′E / 63.04°S 334.4°E / -63.04; 334.4 131.0 Classical river shown in Ptolemy's map; possibly Mekong River
Drava Valles 48°41′S 166°18′E / 48.68°S 166.3°E / -48.68; 166.3 150.0 Drava River
Drilon Vallis 7°13′N 307°36′E / 7.22°N 307.6°E / 7.22; 307.6 94.0 Classical name for Drin River in Albania
Dubis Vallis 5°14′S 211°48′E / 5.24°S 211.8°E / -5.24; 211.8 37.0 Classical name for Doubs River in France
Dulce Vallis 4°48′S 136°30′E / 4.8°S 136.5°E / -4.8; 136.5 32.5 Dulce River
Durius Valles 17°25′S 172°06′E / 17.41°S 172.1°E / -17.41; 172.1 223.0 Classical name for Douro River in Portugal
Dzigai Vallis 58°31′S 323°24′E / 58.51°S 323.4°E / -58.51; 323.4 326.0 Word for "valley" in Navajo
Elaver Vallis 9°23′S 310°30′E / 9.39°S 310.5°E / -9.39; 310.5 160.0 Classical name for Allier River in France
Enipeus Vallis 36°41′N 266°54′E / 36.69°N 266.9°E / 36.69; 266.9 357.0 Classical name for Enipeas River in Greece
Evros Vallis 12°34′S 13°54′E / 12.56°S 13.9°E / -12.56; 13.9 335.0 Evros River
Frento Vallis 49°59′S 345°30′E / 49.98°S 345.5°E / -49.98; 345.5 277.0 Classical name for Fortore River in Italy
Granicus Valles 29°43′N 131°00′E / 29.72°N 131.0°E / 29.72; 131.0 750.0 Ancient name for the Biga Çayı, a river in Turkey
Grjotá Valles 15°26′N 165°24′E / 15.43°N 165.4°E / 15.43; 165.4 370.0 River in Iceland
Harmakhis Vallis 40°29′S 90°24′E / 40.48°S 90.4°E / -40.48; 90.4 475.0 Word for "Mars" in Ancient Egyptian
Havel Vallis 0°48′N 302°30′E / 0.8°N 302.5°E / 0.8; 302.5 240.2 Havel River
Hebrus Valles 19°59′N 126°36′E / 19.99°N 126.6°E / 19.99; 126.6 317.0 Ancient name for the Maritsa, a river in Greece
Her Desher Vallis 25°09′S 312°00′E / 25.15°S 312.0°E / -25.15; 312.0 107.0 Word for "Mars" in Egyptian Arabic
Hermus Vallis 5°20′S 212°00′E / 5.34°S 212.0°E / -5.34; 212.0 46.0 Classical name for Gediz River in Turkey
Himera Valles 21°23′S 337°12′E / 21.38°S 337.2°E / -21.38; 337.2 160.0 Classical name for Grande River in Italy
Hrad Vallis 38°23′N 135°18′E / 38.38°N 135.3°E / 38.38; 135.3 825.0 Word for "Mars" in Armenian
Huallaga Vallis 26°42′S 79°06′E / 26.7°S 79.1°E / -26.7; 79.1 92.5 Huallaga River
Huo Hsing Vallis 30°13′N 66°36′E / 30.22°N 66.6°E / 30.22; 66.6 318.0 Word for "Mars" in Chinese:火星/huǒxīng
Hypanis Valles 9°29′N 313°18′E / 9.49°N 313.3°E / 9.49; 313.3 231.0 Classical name for Kuban River in Russia
Hypsas Vallis 33°42′N 57°54′E / 33.7°N 57.9°E / 33.7; 57.9 32.8 Classical name for river in Sicily
Iberus Vallis 21°17′N 152°00′E / 21.28°N 152.0°E / 21.28; 152.0 80.2 Classical name for Ebro River in Spain
Indus Vallis 19°06′N 38°42′E / 19.1°N 38.7°E / 19.1; 38.7 307.0 Indus River
Isara Valles 5°20′S 213°24′E / 5.34°S 213.4°E / -5.34; 213.4 8.0 Classical name for Oise River in France
Ituxi Vallis 25°09′N 153°00′E / 25.15°N 153.0°E / 25.15; 153.0 62.0 Ituxi River in Brazil
Kārūn Valles 35°54′S 174°06′E / 35.9°S 174.1°E / -35.9; 174.1 64.0 Karun River
Kasei Valles 24°22′N 295°00′E / 24.36°N 295.0°E / 24.36; 295.0 1780.0 Word for "Mars" in Japanese: かせい
Labou Vallis 8°36′S 205°30′E / 8.6°S 205.5°E / -8.6; 205.5 222.0 Word for "Mars" in French
Ladon Valles 22°22′S 331°18′E / 22.37°S 331.3°E / -22.37; 331.3 278.0 Ladon River in Greece
Lethe Vallis 3°58′N 153°30′E / 3.96°N 153.5°E / 3.96; 153.5 225.0 River Lethe
Licus Vallis 2°52′S 126°06′E / 2.87°S 126.1°E / -2.87; 126.1 219.1 Ancient name for Lech River in Germany and Austria
Liris Valles 10°35′S 57°54′E / 10.58°S 57.9°E / -10.58; 57.9 613.0 Ancient name for Liri River in Italy
Lobo Vallis 26°56′N 298°48′E / 26.94°N 298.8°E / 26.94; 298.8 102.0 River in Ivory Coast
Locras Valles 8°36′N 47°42′E / 8.6°N 47.7°E / 8.6; 47.7 314.0 Ancient name for river in Corsica mentioned by Ptolemy
Loire Valles 18°07′S 343°18′E / 18.11°S 343.3°E / -18.11; 343.3 720.0 Loire River
Louros Valles 8°25′S 278°00′E / 8.41°S 278.0°E / -8.41; 278.0 517.0 Louros River
Ma'adim Vallis 21°35′S 177°18′E / 21.58°S 177.3°E / -21.58; 177.3 825.0 Word for "Mars" in Hebrew: מַאַדִים
Mad Vallis 56°12′S 76°06′E / 56.2°S 76.1°E / -56.2; 76.1 524.0 Mad River
Maja Valles 12°28′N 301°42′E / 12.46°N 301.7°E / 12.46; 301.7 1516.0 Word for "Mars" in Nepali
Mamers Valles 39°59′N 17°48′E / 39.98°N 17.8°E / 39.98; 17.8 1020.0 Word for "Mars" in Oscan
Mangala Valles 11°28′S 209°00′E / 11.47°S 209.0°E / -11.47; 209.0 828.0 Word for "Mars" in Sanskrit
Marikh Vallis 19°15′S 3°54′E / 19.25°S 3.9°E / -19.25; 3.9 1280.0 Word for "Mars" in Malaysian
Valles Marineris 13°45′S 300°48′E / 13.75°S 300.8°E / -13.75; 300.8 3769.0 Mariner 9 Space program Largest known crevice in the solar system
Marte Vallis 14°50′N 183°30′E / 14.84°N 183.5°E / 14.84; 183.5 1185.0 Word for "Mars" in Spanish: martes
Matrona Vallis 7°37′S 176°06′E / 7.61°S 176.1°E / -7.61; 176.1 51.0 Classical name for Marne River in France
Maumee Valles 19°29′N 306°48′E / 19.49°N 306.8°E / 19.49; 306.8 350.0 Maumee River
Mawrth Vallis 22°22′N 343°30′E / 22.37°N 343.5°E / 22.37; 343.5 636.0 Word for "Mars" in Welsh: Mawrth
Minio Vallis 4°15′S 208°12′E / 4.25°S 208.2°E / -4.25; 208.2 88.0 Classical name for river in Italy
Moa Valles 35°36′N 305°18′E / 35.6°N 305.3°E / 35.6; 305.3 265.0 Moa River
Morava Valles 13°17′S 335°33′E / 13.29°S 335.55°E / -13.29; 335.55 325.0 Morava River
Mosa Vallis 14°44′S 22°12′E / 14.74°S 22.2°E / -14.74; 22.2 171.0 Meuse River
Munda Vallis 5°26′S 213°42′E / 5.44°S 213.7°E / -5.44; 213.7 10.0 Classical name for Mondego River in Portugal
Naktong Vallis 5°14′N 32°54′E / 5.24°N 32.9°E / 5.24; 32.9 494.0 Nakdong River
Nanedi Valles 4°51′N 311°00′E / 4.85°N 311.0°E / 4.85; 311.0 508.0 Word for "planet" in Sesotho
Napo Vallis 26°00′S 78°00′E / 26.0°S 78.0°E / -26.0; 78.0 87.5 Napo River
Naro Vallis 3°58′S 60°36′E / 3.96°S 60.6°E / -3.96; 60.6 393.0 Ancient name for Neretva River in former Yugoslavia
Nestus Valles 7°07′S 201°24′E / 7.12°S 201.4°E / -7.12; 201.4 33.0 Classical name for Nestos River in Macedonia (Greece)
Nia Vallis 53°47′S 325°18′E / 53.79°S 325.3°E / -53.79; 325.3 133.0 Classical river name Named used by Lowell for canal
Nicer Vallis 7°13′S 201°48′E / 7.22°S 201.8°E / -7.22; 201.8 54.0 Classical name for Neckar River in Germany
Niger Vallis 35°05′S 92°12′E / 35.09°S 92.2°E / -35.09; 92.2 333.0 Niger River
Nirgal Vallis 28°08′S 318°00′E / 28.13°S 318.0°E / -28.13; 318.0 496.0 Word for "Mars" in Babylonian
Ochus Valles 7°07′N 314°54′E / 7.12°N 314.9°E / 7.12; 314.9 104.0 Classical name for Hari River in Turkmenistan
Okavango Valles 38°06′N 9°00′E / 38.1°N 9.0°E / 38.1; 9.0 285.1 Okavango River
Oltis Valles 23°40′S 338°18′E / 23.66°S 338.3°E / -23.66; 338.3 173.0 Ancient name for Lot River in France
Osuga Valles 15°08′S 321°24′E / 15.14°S 321.4°E / -15.14; 321.4 185.0 Osuga River
Padus Vallis 4°33′S 209°54′E / 4.55°S 209.9°E / -4.55; 209.9 46.0 Classical name for Po River in Italy
Pallacopas Vallis 55°00′S 339°00′E / 55.0°S 339.0°E / -55.0; 339.0 660.0 Classical canal in Babylonia Name used by Lowell for a canal
Parana Valles 22°52′S 349°48′E / 22.87°S 349.8°E / -22.87; 349.8 350.0 Paraná River
Patapsco Vallis 23°46′N 152°30′E / 23.76°N 152.5°E / 23.76; 152.5 153.0 Patapsco River
Peace Vallis 4°13′S 137°14′E / 4.21°S 137.23°E / -4.21; 137.23 35.24 "River in British Columbia and Alberta, Canada"[1]
Protva Valles 28°55′S 299°24′E / 28.92°S 299.4°E / -28.92; 299.4 260.0 Protva River
Rahway Valles 9°18′N 173°48′E / 9.3°N 173.8°E / 9.3; 173.8 500.0 Rahway River
Ravi Vallis 0°12′S 319°18′E / 0.2°S 319.3°E / -0.2; 319.3 205.5 Ravi River
Ravius Valles 46°11′N 248°42′E / 46.18°N 248.7°E / 46.18; 248.7 233.0 Classical name for river in Ireland
Reull Vallis 42°17′S 104°06′E / 42.28°S 104.1°E / -42.28; 104.1 945.0 Word for "planet" in Gaelic
Rhabon Valles 21°11′N 268°30′E / 21.18°N 268.5°E / 21.18; 268.5 247.0 Classical name for Jiu River in Romania
Rubicon Valles 44°41′N 243°00′E / 44.68°N 243.0°E / 44.68; 243.0 240.0 Ancient name for Rubicon River in Italy
Runa Vallis 28°26′S 323°12′E / 28.43°S 323.2°E / -28.43; 323.2 39.2 Name proposed by Soviets
Sabis Vallis 5°14′S 207°30′E / 5.24°S 207.5°E / -5.24; 207.5 206.0 Classical name for Sambre River in France and Belgium
Sabrina Vallis 11°05′N 311°00′E / 11.08°N 311.0°E / 11.08; 311.0 237.0 Classical name for River Severn in England
Samara Valles 24°51′S 340°54′E / 24.85°S 340.9°E / -24.85; 340.9 615.0 Ancient name for Somme River in France
Scamander Vallis 15°50′N 28°30′E / 15.83°N 28.5°E / 15.83; 28.5 204.0 Ancient name for Karamenderes River in Turkey
Senus Vallis 5°14′S 213°00′E / 5.24°S 213.0°E / -5.24; 213.0 20.0 Classical name for river in Ireland
Sepik Vallis 0°53′S 294°12′E / 0.89°S 294.2°E / -0.89; 294.2 56.0 Sepik River
Shalbatana Vallis 7°43′N 317°54′E / 7.71°N 317.9°E / 7.71; 317.9 963.0 Word for "Mars" in Akkadian
Silinka Vallis 8°54′N 331°48′E / 8.9°N 331.8°E / 8.9; 331.8 140.0 River in Russia
Simud Valles 19°35′N 322°12′E / 19.59°N 322.2°E / 19.59; 322.2 945.0 Word for "Mars" in Sumerian
Stura Vallis 22°40′N 142°24′E / 22.67°N 142.4°E / 22.67; 142.4 75.0 Classical name for Stura di Demonte river in Italy
Subur Vallis 11°40′N 306°48′E / 11.67°N 306.8°E / 11.67; 306.8 26.0 Classical name for river in Mauritania
Sungari Vallis 40°02′S 88°50′E / 40.03°S 88.84°E / -40.03; 88.84 430.0 Songhua River
Surinda Valles 28°55′S 324°54′E / 28.92°S 324.9°E / -28.92; 324.9 95.0 Name proposed by Soviets; found on Mars 5 map
Surius Vallis 61°32′S 311°36′E / 61.53°S 311.6°E / -61.53; 311.6 570.0 From a river of Colchis Name used by Lowell for canal
Tader Valles 48°47′S 207°30′E / 48.78°S 207.5°E / -48.78; 207.5 200.0 Ancient name for Segura River in Spain
Tagus Valles 6°43′S 114°24′E / 6.72°S 114.4°E / -6.72; 114.4 155.4 Tagus River
Tana Vallis 4°48′S 332°06′E / 4.8°S 332.1°E / -4.8; 332.1 56.5 Tana River
Taus Vallis 4°51′S 211°30′E / 4.85°S 211.5°E / -4.85; 211.5 12.6 Classical name for river in Scotland
Termes Vallis 11°05′S 202°54′E / 11.08°S 202.9°E / -11.08; 202.9 48.0 Classical name for Tormes River in Spain
Teviot Vallis 43°23′S 102°06′E / 43.38°S 102.1°E / -43.38; 102.1 140.0 River Teviot
Tigre Valles 11°53′S 322°53′E / 11.88°S 322.88°E / -11.88; 322.88 118 Tigre River
Tinia Valles 4°39′S 211°00′E / 4.65°S 211.0°E / -4.65; 211.0 18.7 Classical name for river in Italy
Tinjar Valles 37°41′N 124°12′E / 37.69°N 124.2°E / 37.69; 124.2 425.0 Tinjar River in Malaysia
Tinto Vallis 3°58′S 111°24′E / 3.96°S 111.4°E / -3.96; 111.4 146.5 Rio Tinto
Tisia Valles 11°46′S 45°42′E / 11.77°S 45.7°E / -11.77; 45.7 399.0 Ancient name for Tisza River in Hungary
Tiu Valles 15°44′N 324°18′E / 15.73°N 324.3°E / 15.73; 324.3 1720.0 Word for "Mars" in Old English: tiu
Trebia Valles 32°07′N 150°00′E / 32.11°N 150.0°E / 32.11; 150.0 183.0 Classical name for Trebbia River in Italy
Tyras Vallis 8°19′N 309°48′E / 8.31°N 309.8°E / 8.31; 309.8 68.0 Classical name for Dniester River in Ukraine
Uzboi Vallis 29°31′S 322°54′E / 29.52°S 322.9°E / -29.52; 322.9 366.0 Dry riverbed of the Uzboy River in Turkmenistan
Varus Valles 8°36′S 203°48′E / 8.6°S 203.8°E / -8.6; 203.8 92.0 Classical name for Var River in France
Vedra Valles 19°12′N 304°24′E / 19.2°N 304.4°E / 19.2; 304.4 115.0 Ancient name for river in Great Britain
Verde Vallis 0°29′S 29°48′E / 0.49°S 29.8°E / -0.49; 29.8 95.0 Verde River
Vichada Valles 19°24′S 88°06′E / 19.4°S 88.1°E / -19.4; 88.1 430.0 Vichada River
Vistula Valles 13°33′N 308°06′E / 13.55°N 308.1°E / 13.55; 308.1 190.0 Vistula River in Poland
Waikato Vallis 33°12′S 113°49′E / 33.2°S 113.81°E / -33.2; 113.81 230.0 Waikato River
Walla Walla Vallis 9°47′S 305°30′E / 9.79°S 305.5°E / -9.79; 305.5 24.0 Walla Walla River
Warrego Valles 41°53′S 267°00′E / 41.88°S 267.0°E / -41.88; 267.0 188.0 Warrego River
Zarqa Valles 0°10′N 80°49′E / 0.16°N 80.82°E / 0.16; 80.82 490 Zarqa River

References[edit]

  1. ^ IAU Staff (September 26, 2012). "Gazeteer of Planetary Nomenclature: Peace Vallis". IAU. Retrieved September 28, 2012. 

External links[edit]