Mont-de-Marsan

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Mont-de-Marsan
Confluence of the Douze and Midou rivers
Confluence of the Douze and Midou rivers
Coat of arms of Mont-de-Marsan
Coat of arms
Mont-de-Marsan is located in France
Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
Coordinates: 43°53′N 0°30′W / 43.89°N 0.50°W / 43.89; -0.50Coordinates: 43°53′N 0°30′W / 43.89°N 0.50°W / 43.89; -0.50
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Landes
Arrondissement Mont-de-Marsan
Intercommunality Marsan
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Geneviève Darrieussecq
Area1 36.88 km2 (14.24 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 30,162
 • Density 820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 40192 /40000
Elevation 23–97 m (75–318 ft)
(avg. 63 m or 207 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Mont-de-Marsan (French pronunciation: ​[mɔ̃ də maʁsɑ̃]; Gascon: Lo Mont de Marçan[1]) is a commune and capital of the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 4,000 —    
1806 5,256 +31.4%
1821 3,065 −41.7%
1831 3,774 +23.1%
1841 4,465 +18.3%
1851 4,655 +4.3%
1861 5,574 +19.7%
1872 8,138 +46.0%
1881 10,878 +33.7%
1891 12,031 +10.6%
1901 11,604 −3.5%
1911 12,091 +4.2%
1921 10,836 −10.4%
1931 11,854 +9.4%
1946 14,055 +18.6%
1954 17,120 +21.8%
1962 20,191 +17.9%
1968 24,444 +21.1%
1975 26,166 +7.0%
1982 27,326 +4.4%
1990 28,328 +3.7%
1999 29,489 +4.1%
2006 30,230 +2.5%
2012 31,018 +2.6%

Military installations[edit]

The French Air Force operates the Constantin Rozanoff Mont-de-Marsan airbase about 2 kilometres north of the town. The base includes CEAM (the French air force military experimentation and trials organisation), an air defense radar command reporting centre and an air defence control training site. Mont-de-Marsan airbase was formerly home to France's first operational squadron of nuclear bombers, the Dassault Mirage IVA.

Sights[edit]

  • The Donjon Lacataye is the keep of a 14th-century castle
  • Despiau-Wlérick Museum (1930s sculpture by two local artists)
  • Dubalen Museum
  • Marechal Foch's equestrian statue

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mont-de-Marsan (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
26.3
(79.3)
29.2
(84.6)
32.1
(89.8)
35.3
(95.5)
40.4
(104.7)
41.2
(106.2)
42.5
(108.5)
36.7
(98.1)
33.6
(92.5)
26.4
(79.5)
23.9
(75)
42.5
(108.5)
Average high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
12.4
(54.3)
16.1
(61)
18.1
(64.6)
21.8
(71.2)
25.1
(77.2)
27.6
(81.7)
27.7
(81.9)
24.9
(76.8)
20.2
(68.4)
14.1
(57.4)
10.9
(51.6)
19.2
(66.6)
Average low °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
1.8
(35.2)
3.9
(39)
6.2
(43.2)
10.1
(50.2)
13.3
(55.9)
15.2
(59.4)
15.0
(59)
11.7
(53.1)
9.0
(48.2)
4.8
(40.6)
2.3
(36.1)
7.9
(46.2)
Record low °C (°F) −19.8
(−3.6)
−16.8
(1.8)
−11.5
(11.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
1.8
(35.2)
2.0
(35.6)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.5
(31.1)
−6.2
(20.8)
−10.4
(13.3)
−14.5
(5.9)
−19.8
(−3.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 78.5
(3.091)
69.4
(2.732)
70.0
(2.756)
87.8
(3.457)
82.0
(3.228)
63.3
(2.492)
54.4
(2.142)
64.6
(2.543)
70.1
(2.76)
91.6
(3.606)
98.2
(3.866)
87.0
(3.425)
916.9
(36.098)
Average precipitation days 11.2 9.8 10.3 12.4 11.8 8.7 7.1 7.9 8.2 10.7 11.5 10.8 120.4
Average snowy days 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.9 4.3
Average relative humidity (%) 88 84 77 76 75 75 73 76 78 85 88 89 80.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 91.7 109.3 168.5 172.7 196.0 209.9 228.7 217.5 193.4 145.6 93.9 81.2 1,908.4
Source #1: Météo France[2][3]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[4]

Culture[edit]

Stade Montois is the city's rugby and football team.

Two historic punk rock music festivals were held in Mont-de-Marsan's bullring in 1976 and 1977.

Festival Arte Flamenco international festival created in 1989 in Mont-de-Marsan by the council of the Landes department.

Personalities[edit]

International relations[edit]

Mont-de-Marsan is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Toponimia Occitana (Occitan)
  2. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Mont-de-Marsan" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Climat Aquitaine" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Mont-de-Marsan (40) - altitude 59m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 

External links[edit]