Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
|Canton||Melun-Nord and Melun-Sud|
|Intercommunality||Melun – Val de Seine|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Gérard Millet (UMP)|
|Area1||8.04 km2 (3.10 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||77288 / 77000|
|Elevation||37–102 m (121–335 ft)
(avg. 54 m or 177 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Melun (French pronunciation: [məlœ̃], local pronunciation: [mølɛ̃] ( listen)) is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is a south-eastern suburb of Paris, located 41.4 km (25.7 miles) from the center of Paris. Melun is the prefecture of the Seine-et-Marne, and the seat of an arrondissement. Its inhabitants are called Melunais.
Meledunum began as a Gaulish town; Caesar noted Melun as "a town of the Senones, situated on an island in the Seine"; at the island there was a wooden bridge, which his men repaired. Roman Meledunum was a mutatio where fresh horses were kept available for official couriers on the Roman road south-southeast of Paris, where it forded the Seine.
The Normans sacked it in 845. The castle of Melun became a royal residence of the Capetian kings. Hugh Capet (See also: House of Capet) gave Melun to Bouchard, his favorite. In the reign of Hugh's son, Robert II of France, Eudes, the count of Champagne, bought the city, but the king took it back for Bouchard in 999. The chatelain Gautier and his wife, who had sold the city, were hanged; Eudes escaped. Robert died there in July 1031.
Counts of Melun
Viscounts of Melun
The early viscounts of Melun were listed by 17th and 18th century genealogists, notably Père Anselme. Based on closer reading of the original documents, Adolphe Duchalais constructed this list of viscounts in 1844:
- Salo (c. 993; possibly legendary)
- Joscelin I (c. 998)
- William (possibly c. 1000)
- Ursio (c. 1067–1085)
- William the Carpenter (c. 1094)
- Hilduin, Garin, Ursio II, Jean (unknown dates, possibly not viscounts)
- Adam (c. 1138–1141; married Mahaut, daughter of his predecessor)
- Joscelin II (c. 1156)
|Climate data for Melun|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.4
|Average low °C (°F)||1.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||55.1
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||62.6||79.6||136.5||178.3||211.7||226.5||229.3||221.7||174.8||118.0||65.4||48.2||1,752.6|
The officers' school of the French Gendarmerie is located in Melun.
Melun was the birthplace of:
- Jérémie Bela, footballer
- Willy Boly, footballer
- Pierre Certon (c.1510-1520-1572), composer of the Renaissance (probably born in Melun)
- Jacques Amyot (1513–1593), writer
- Chimène Badi (1982–), singer
- Samir Beloufa (1979–), professional footballer
- Raphaël Desroses, basketball player
- Stéphane Dondon, basketball player
- Yvan Kibundu, footballer
- Steven Mouyokolo, footballer
- Granddi Ngoyi, footballer
- Yrétha Silété, figure skater
- Bertrand Grospellier (1981–), poker player
A campus of the École nationale de l'aviation civile (French civil aviation university) is located in Melun.
Twin towns – sister cities
Melun is twinned with:
- Initial text from the "Carpenters' Encyclopedia of Carpenters 2001" Compiled by John R. Carpenter.
- The Viscounts and Counts of Melun are listed in Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln, Neue Folge, Volume VII, Tafels 55 & 56.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Melun.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Melun.|
- Cawley, Charles, Paris Region Nobility - Vicomtes de Melun, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012
- Official website (French)
- Tourist office website (French)
- 1999 Land Use, from IAURIF (Institute for Urban Planning and Development of the Paris-Île-de-France région) (English)
- French Ministry of Culture list for Melun (French)
- Map of Melun on Michelin (English)