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Murgathaul is located at.
The Asansol region is composed of undulating latterite soil. This area lies between two mighty rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.
As per 2011 Census of India Murgathaul had a total population of 7,371 of which 3,920 (53%) were males and 3,451 (47%) were females. Population below 6 years was 1,031. The total number of literates in Murgathaul was 4,682 (73.85% of the population over 6 years).
As of 2001[update] India census, Murgathaul had a population of 7,872. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Murgathaul has an average literacy rate of 53%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 39%. In Murgathaul, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
It is in the heart of the coal mining zone.
Collieries in the Satgram Area of Eastern Coalfields are: Kalidaspur, J.K.Nagar, Satgram, Ratibati, Chapui Khas, Mithapur, Nimcha, Jemehari, Pure Searsole, Tirath, Kuardih, Ardragram OCP and Seetaldasji OCP.
Murgathaul has one primary school.
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
- "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 666,
- "Coalmining impact on the Environment" (PDF). Chapter V: Table 5.2. shodganga.infibnet. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
- 7th All-India School Education Survey 2003