Jamuria

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Jamuria
জামুরিয়া
Neighbourhood in Asansol
Jamuria is located in West Bengal
Jamuria
Jamuria
West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°42′N 87°05′E / 23.7°N 87.08°E / 23.7; 87.08Coordinates: 23°42′N 87°05′E / 23.7°N 87.08°E / 23.7; 87.08
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Barddhaman
Elevation 111 m (364 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 149,220
Demonym(s) Asansolians / Asansolites/ Asansolbashi
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituency Asansol
Vidhan Sabha constituency Jamuria
Website bardhaman.gov.in

Jamuria is the North-Eastern neighbourhood in Asansol,[1] Barddhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Jamuria is located at 23°42′N 87°05′E / 23.7°N 87.08°E / 23.7; 87.08. It has an average elevation of 111 metres (364 feet).

Asansol is composed of undulating latterite region. This area lies between two rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[2]

In recent times various small and medium industries have been set up in and around the town which mainly includes small iron and cement industries.

Singaran, a small stream about 35 km long has its origin near Ikra in the Jamuria area, flows past Topsi and Andal and joins the Damodar near Waria.[3]

Gram panchayats under Jamuria Panchayat Samiti are: Churulia, Madantore, Hijolgora, Chinchuria, Shyamla, Bahadurpur, Dobrana, Kenda, Parasia and Topsi.[4]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[5] Jamuria had a population of 1,49,220. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Jamuria has an average literacy rate of 72%, slightly lower than the national average of 74%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 62%. In Jamuria, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

It is in the heart of the coal mining zone.[6] With plenty of coal seams near the surface, illegal mining has been a long-standing problem in the area.[7]In recent times, various small industries have mushroomed which have provided employment to local unskilled people. There are three notable banks operating in the area with State Bank of India, Bank of India and HDFC Bank catering to most of the local people.

Transport[edit]

There is a rail track: Andal-Sonachara-Tapasi-Ikra-Jamuria-Barabani-Chinchuria-Sitarampur,[8](See Andal-Sainthia Branch Line for route map details).

The only other public transport are the buses that runs in Jamuria-Raniganj route, Jamuria-Asansol route and the Jamuria-Haripur route.

There is also a regular bus service to Kolkata, capital city of West Bengal every morning and return bus from Kolkata in the evening.

Education[edit]

Jamuria has forty-nine primary, one upper primary, nine secondary and three higher secondary schools.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bardhaman.gov.in/noticeboard/noti_amc_334_120615.pdf
  2. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p34
  4. ^ "List of Pradhan of Gram Panchayats, District: Bardhaman" (PDF). Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2009-08-29. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  6. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 666
  7. ^ The Telegraph 21 May 2005
  8. ^ Eastern Railway – Asansol Division See Schematic Diagram under the heading ‘About Us’
  9. ^ 7th All-India School Education Survey 2003