Nehru–Gandhi family

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Nehru–Gandhi family
Ethnicity Mixed (Kashmiri, Gujarati, Punjabi, Bengali, Parsi, Italian, Scottish)
Current region New Delhi, India
Place of origin Jammu & Kashmir, India
Members Raj Kaul
Gangadhar Nehru
Nandlal Nehru
Motilal Nehru
Brijlal Nehru
Rameshwari Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Uma Nehru
Krishna Hutheesing
Indira Gandhi
Braj Kumar Nehru
Nayantara Sahgal
Shyam Kumari Khan
Feroze Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
Arun Nehru
Sonia Gandhi
Maneka Gandhi
Rahul Gandhi
Priyanka Vadra
Varun Gandhi
Robert Vadra


Nehru family, standing (L to R) Jawaharlal Nehru, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Krishna Hutheesing, Indira Gandhi and Ranjit Pandit; Seated: Swaroop, Motilal Nehru and Kamala Nehru (circa 1927)

The Nehru–Indira Gandhi family is a prominent Indian political dynasty, which primarily consisted of Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi and her descendants. Their political involvement has traditionally revolved around the Indian National Congress. Members of the family have traditionally led the Congress party and the Republic of India since independence.

The Guardian wrote in 2007 "The Nehru Gandhi brand has no peer in the world — a member of the family has been in charge of India for 40 of the 60 years since independence. The allure of India's first family blends the right to rule of British monarchy with the tragic glamour of America's Kennedy clan."[4]

The Gandhi surname came from Feroze Jehangir Ghandy, who was not related to Mahatma Gandhi. Indira Priyadarshini Nehru (the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru) married Feroze Gandhi in 1942 and adopted his surname.[5]

Anand Bhavan, ancestral home of the Nehru-Gandhi Family in Allahabad, now a museum.

Family tree[edit]

Earliest record[edit]

  • Raj Kaul (late 1600s to early 1700s) a Kashmiri Pandit, he is the earliest recorded ancestor of the Nehru–Gandhi family. He is believed to have migrated from Kashmir to Delhi in 1716 AD. A Jagir with a house situated on the banks of a canal was granted to Raj Kaul, and, from the fact of this residence, 'Nehru' (from Nahar, a canal) came to be attached to his name. Kaul was the original family name; this changed to Kaul-Nehru; and, in later years, Kaul was dropped out and the family name became only "Nehru".[6]

First generation[edit]

  • Gangadhar Nehru (1827–1861), a direct descendant of Raj Kaul, he was the last Kotwal of Delhi (equivalent to Chief of Police), prior to the Indian Rebellion of 1857. He was the father of freedom fighter Motilal Nehru and grandfather of Jawaharlal Nehru who was the first Prime Minister of India, thus part of the Nehru–Gandhi family.

Second generation[edit]

  • Bansi Dhar Nehru, Gangadhar's eldest son worked in the judicial department of the British Government and, being appointed successively to various places, was partly cut off from the rest of the family.
  • Nandlal Nehru (1845–1887), older brother of Motilal Nehru. He was the Diwan (Prime Minister) of the princely state of Khetri in Rajputana.
  • Motilal Nehru (1861–1931), patriarch of Nehru–Gandhi family. He was a lawyer and a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement. He served as the Congress President twice, 1919–1920 and 1928–1929.
  • Swarup Rani Nehru (1868–1938), wife of Motilal Nehru.

Third generation[edit]

Fourth generation[edit]

  • Indira Priyadarshini Nehru (later Indira Gandhi) (1917–1984), only daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru. She became the first woman Prime Minister of India.
  • Feroze Gandhi (1912–1960), husband of Indira and the namesake of the dynasty. He was a politician and journalist.
  • Braj Kumar Nehru (1909–2001), son of Brijlal Nehru. He served as the Indian diplomat and ambassador to the United States and as High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. He later served as Governor of several Indian states and was an adviser to his cousin Indira Gandhi.
  • Magdolna Nehru (1908-2017), nicknamed Fori, wife of Braj Kumar Nehru.
  • Harsha Hutheesing (1935-1991) and Ajit Hutheesing(1936 - ) sons of Krishna Nehru Hutheesing and Raja Hutheesing

Fifth generation[edit]

  • Arun Nehru, (1944-2013), great grand son of Nandlal Nehru. He was a politician and union minister during the 1980s.
  • Anil Nehru, (b. 1941) son of Braj Kumar Nehru and Shobha (Fori) Nehru (neé Magdolna Friedman). He served as Whole Time Director of Pfizer and completed his education at MIT.
  • Rajiv Gandhi (1944–1991), eldest son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi. He became the 7th Prime Minister of India after Indira's death.
  • Sanjay Gandhi (1946–1980), second son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi. He was one of the most trusted lieutenants of his mother during the 1970s and was widely expected to succeed his mother as Prime Minister of India. But met with an untimely death in a plane crash.
  • Sonia Gandhi (née Maino 1946), widow of Rajiv Gandhi. She was born in Italy and took Indian citizenship, 11 years after marrying Rajiv Gandhi. She is the incumbent President of the Indian National Congress and has served as the Chairperson of the ruling United Progressive Alliance since 2004.
  • Maneka Gandhi (née Anand 1956), widow of Sanjay Gandhi. She is a noted environmentalist and animal welfare activist. She is a prominent member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. She has served as a cabinet minister in four governments. Currently she serves as the Indian Union Cabinet Minister for Women & Child Development in the BJP led Government.
  • Subhadra Nehru, wife of Arun Nehru.

Sixth generation[edit]

  • Rahul Gandhi (1970), son of Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi. He is the current vice president of the Congress party.[7] He was the Chairman of the Congress coordination panel for 2014 Lok Sabha polls.
  • Priyanka Vadra (née Gandhi, 1972), daughter of Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi. Priyanka is married to Robert Vadra, a businessman.
  • Varun Gandhi (1980), son of Sanjay Gandhi and Maneka Gandhi. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party, National Executive and the youngest National Secretary in the history of the party. He is a member of 2014 Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament of India, representing the Sultanpur constituency.[8]
  • Yamini Gandhi, wife of Varun Gandhi.

Seventh generation[edit]

  • Anusuya Gandhi (2014), daughter of Varun Gandhi and Yamini Gandhi.

Genealogy of Nehru-Gandhi family[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Traditional Hindu wedding for Priyanka Gandhi. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  2. ^ Mrs Gandhi Hindu daughter in law says Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  3. ^ Hinnells, John (28 April 2005), The Zoroastrian Diaspora: Religion and Migration, OUP Oxford, pp. 397–398, ISBN 978-0-19-826759-1 
  4. ^ "The making of the Gandhi dynasty | News |". Guardian. 2007-05-09. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  5. ^ Lyon, Peter (2008) Conflict Between India and Pakistan: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. p. 64. ISBN 978-1576077122. "Feroze Gandhi was no relation of Mahatma Gandhi."
  6. ^ Shashi Tharoor. "Nehru: The Invention of India". 
  7. ^ Gandhi, Rahul (20 January 2013). "Rahul Gandhi gets bigger role in Congress, appointed party vice-president". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  8. ^

External links[edit]