Northern Avenue, Yerevan
|Native name||Հյուսիսային պողոտա (Armenian)|
|Length||450 m (1,480 ft)|
|Location||Kentron district, Yerevan, Armenia|
Northern Avenue (Armenian: Հյուսիսային պողոտա, romanized: Hyusisayin poghota) is a pedestrian avenue in Yerevan, Armenia, opened in 2007. It is in the central Kentron district and links Abovyan Street with Freedom Square on Tumanyan street. It is 450 metres (1,480 ft) long and 27 metres (89 ft) wide.
Located in downtown Yerevan, the avenue is mainly home to luxurious residential buildings, high-end branded shops, commercial offices, coffee shops, hotels, restaurants, and nightclubs.
Although it was planned by the main architect of Yerevan Alexander Tamanian in 1924, the actual plan was never implemented during the Soviet period. A decade after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Yerevan City Council decided to set for the construction of the avenue. According to the original plans, the National Gallery and the History Museum at Republic Square were never meant to be built on the current location, so Northern Avenue ends near their building, rather than opening directly into Republic Square.
The construction of the avenue started on 26 March 2002, based on the original plan of Alexander Tamanian which was developed and redesigned by architect Narek Sargsyan.
The construction of the avenue was financed by the private sector. First, the government bought up all the small informal properties along the route of the street, consolidated the land into larger, more feasible lots for high-rise developers, and auctioned those lots off. This process was done section by section, and raised a great deal of complaints from the previous landowners.
Based on its revised design, Northern Avenue is home to 4 small squares and 11 buildings with an average height of 9 floors. Many types of stone were used in the construction including basalt, granite, travertine and tufa. The avenue has a 2-story underground parking area.
The official inauguration of the avenue took place on 16 November 2007. However, it was entirely renovated in 2014, and the 2-story parking area was partially converted into an underground shopping mall, with escalators leading down from Northern Avenue.
On 28 March 2019, a section of Northern Avenue was renamed "Europe Square" in celebration of the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the Council of Europe. The initiative was led by the representative office of Armenia to the Council of Europe. The Vice Speaker of the National Assembly Alen Simonyan stated, "Over the past 28 years following its independence, Armenia adhered to pan-European values and continues building its cooperation in the European direction", during a ceremony held at the newly inaugurated square. During the ceremony, former Mayor of Yerevan Hayk Marutyan and the former President of PACE Liliane Maury Pasquier unveiled a plaque within the square.
Northern Avenue is home to a number of international fashion brands and luxury stores, including Burberry, Armani, Massimo Dutti, Ralph Lauren, Tommy Hilfiger, Cole Haan, and Zegna. Many restaurants and coffee-shops are also operating on the avenue, including a Cinnabon, Pizza Hut, and KFC.
On 14 May 2016, the two-leveled underground "Tashir Street Shopping Gallery" was opened along the Avenue, with the first level containing a shopping centre, and underground parking on the second level.
- "Հյուսիսային պողոտայի մենտալ կերպարը Երևան քաղաքի ամբողջական կերպարի համատեքստում". January 27, 2012.
- "Underground parking of the Northern Avenue".
- "Armenian capital city to have Europe Square". arka.am.
- "Europe Square inaugurated in Yerevan, Armenia". armenpress.am.
- "Yerevan will have Europe Square". news.am.
- "Europe Square opens in Yerevan". www.1lurer.am.
- "Երևանի 300 քաղաքացի կունենա մշտական աշխատատեղ. տեղի ունեցավ Tashir Street Shopping Gallery-ի պաշտոնական բացման արարողությունը (տեսանյութ)(լուսանկարներ)".