From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
These are the selected anniversaries for November that appear on the Australia portal. The "edit" links edit the portal subpages that are displayed as sections here.
- 1791 – A party of twenty-one convicts escape from Port Jackson and (with an obviously limited knowledge of Australian geography) attempt to walk to China. Some die in the wilderness, while others are recaptured.
- 1792 – The Philadelphia becomes the first foreign trading vessel to visit Sydney.
- 1853 – The first postage stamps of Tasmania are issued.
- 1914 – The first contingent of the First Australian Imperial Force leaves for Egypt.
- 1916 – a general coal strike began in eastern Australia.
- 1926 – General Motors opens assembly plants in Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Perth.
- 1940 – Aviator Guy Menzies is killed when his flying boat is shot down over Italy.
- 1945 – Australia becomes a founding member of the United Nations.
- 1967 – Pop singer Tina Arena is born in Moonee Ponds.
- 1972 – Actress Toni Collette is born in Blacktown, New South Wales.
- 1986 – Joh Bjelke-Petersen wins his final election as Premier of Queensland with his party, the National Party, gaining 38.6% of the vote.
- 1990 – The Australian domestic aviation market is deregulated.
- 2005 – Makybe Diva wins her third Melbourne Cup.
- 1840 – Construction of The Causeway across the Swan River in Perth begins.
- 1877 – Victor Trumper, famous Australian batsman, was born in Darlinghurst, Sydney.
- 1883 – The Northern Rugby Union (later renamed Queensland Rugby Union) is formed at a meeting in Brisbane
- 1922 – QANTAS begins its first scheduled flights, between Charleville, Queensland and Cloncurry, Queensland.
- 1934 – Ken Rosewall, champion tennis player, was born in Sydney.
- 1946 – Champion racehorse Bernborough suffered torn sesamoid ligaments in the LKS MacKinnon Stakes and is retired to stud.
- 1962 – The first performance of the Australian Ballet Company in Sydney was of Swan Lake.
- 2002 – The sixth Gay Games, Under New Skies, kicks off in Sydney, Australia with 12,100 participants.
- 2004 – Makybe Diva becomes the first mare in history to win back-to-back Melbourne Cups
- 1927 – The steamer Tahiti collides with the ferry Greycliffe in Sydney Harbour killing 40.
- 1984 – The National Film and Sound Archive was opened in Canberra.
- 1985 – The first Australian Formula One Grand Prix takes place on the streets of Adelaide (see map of the circuit at right).
- 1995 – After a six month trial, David Harold Eastman is convicted by a jury of the assassination of AFP Assistant Commissioner Colin Winchester.
- 1999 – The Reserve Bank announce an interest rate increase of 0.25%, the first since 1994.
- 1886 – Death of Sir James Martin three-time Premier of New South Wales, aged 66.
- 1930 – Phar Lap wins the Melbourne Cup for the first time.
- 1994 – Sydney airport third runway opens.
- 1997 – Melbourne woman, Mersina Halvagis is murdered whilst visiting her grandmothers grave.
- 1938 – Non-stop flight by a pair of Vickers Wellesleys from Egypt to Darwin. This sets a new world distance record of 7,158 miles (11,520 km).
- 1950 – Korean War: 3RAR successfully assault and hold crucial hill during the Battle of Pakchon
- 1965 – The 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, is deployed in Operation Hump in Vietnam.
- 1975 – Annette Kellermann, professional swimmer, vaudeville and film star, dies in Southport, Queensland aged 88.
- 1914 – Australian forces occupy Nauru.
- 1934 – Racehorse Peter Pan wins the Melbourne Cup for the second time.
- 1982 – Elections in South Australia see the voting out of the Liberal/National coalition, led by David Tonkin and the election of the ALP, led by John Bannon.
- 1989 – The first meeting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation is held in Canberra.
- 1999 – Australia wins the 1999 Rugby World Cup, defeating France 35-12 in the final.
- 1999 – Australians vote to keep the British monarch as their head of state in the Australian republic referendum.
- 1861 – The first Melbourne Cup is won by Archer.
- 1876 – The Melbourne Cup is moved to the first Tuesday in November.
- 1920 – Member of the House of Representatives, Hugh Mahon was expelled from Parliament for his "seditious and disloyal utterances". Mahon’s is the only expulsion to have occurred from the Parliament.
- 1926 – Opera singer Joan Sutherland is born in Sydney.
- 1940 – Bass Strait was closed to shipping following the sinking of British steamer Cambridge by a mine.
- 1976 – Tennis player Mark Philippoussis is born in Melbourne.
- 1907 – The Harvester Judgment delivered by H. B. Higgins giving rise to the legal requirement for a basic wage, which dominated Australian economic life for the next 60 to 80 years.
- 1934 – A grasshopper plague devours 20 tons of grain in two hours in Mildura.
- 1935 – Charles Kingsford Smith, early Australian aviator, dies during a flight from Allahabad, India to Singapore, aged 38.
- 1938 – Australian rules football player Bob Skilton, one of only four players to have won the Brownlow Medal three times, is born.
- 1940 – SS City of Rayville hits a mine in Bass Strait and becomes the first American vessel sunk during World War II.
- 1946 – Guus Hiddink, football coach of Australia at the 2006 FIFA World Cup, is born in Varsseveld.
- 1976 – Brett Lee, cricket fast bowler, is born in Wollongong, New South Wales.
- 1991 – Fremantle Prison is decommissioned.
- 2005 – Police claim to have averted a large scale terrorist attack after arresting 15 people in Melbourne and Sydney.
- 1796 – Governor of New South Wales John Hunter disbands the convict night watch. He divides Sydney into four districts responsible for their own watchmen and orders houses to be numbered.
- 1914 – SMS Emden is engaged by HMAS Sydney near the Cocos Islands. During the course of the action, the German vessel was wrecked and run aground on North Keeling Island reef.
- 1942 – Serial killer Edward Leonski is hanged at Pentridge Prison in Melbourne.
- 1968 – Wally Grout, wicket-keeper who played cricket for Australia, dies from a heart attack at the early age of 41.
- 1978 – Sankey v Whitlam decision, relating to the "Loans Affair" handed down in the High Court of Australia.
- 1983 – Kevin Barlow and Brian Chambers are both arrested at Bayan Lepas International Airport for drug trafficking.
- 1984 – Singer and actress Delta Goodrem is born.
- 2004 – Eureka Tower in Melbourne becomes the tallest building in Australia.
- 1828 – Charles Sturt and Hamilton Hume trace the course of the Macquarie River.
- 1894 – Jandamarra, an Indigenous Australian of the Bunuba people, leads one of the few armed insurrections against Europeans.
- 1960 – Don Chipp enters federal politics in a by-election as the Liberal member for Higinbotham.
- 1989 – Gaby Kennard becomes the first Australian woman to fly non-stop around the world.
- 2001 – John Howard returned to power in Federal election.
- 1867 – Female bushranger Mary Ann Bugg dies of pneumonia on the Goulburn River, aged 33.
- 1880 – Bushranger Ned Kelly was hanged for his crimes at Melbourne Gaol.
- 1918 – Armistice Day is the anniversary of the official end of World War I. After World War II, it was changed to Remembrance Day in the Commonwealth of Nations.
- 1930 – The Shrine of Remembrance in Brisbane is dedicated.
- 1934 – The Shrine of Remembrance was opened in Melbourne, 300,000 attend.
- 1941 – The Australian War Memorial was officially opened in Canberra.
- 1975 – Prime Minister Gough Whitlam is dismissed by Governor-General Sir John Kerr during the Australian constitutional crisis and Malcolm Fraser is appointed the twenty-second Prime Minister of Australia.
- 1981 – Harry Holgate becomes Premier of Tasmania after the resignation of Doug Lowe.
- 1993 – The remains of an Unknown Soldier killed in France in World War I, were interred in the tomb in the centre of the Hall of Memory at the Australian War Memorial.
- 1860 – The Victorian College for the Deaf is opened in a small house in Peel Street, Windsor.
- 1919 – Keith and Ross Macpherson Smith set out to fly a Vickers Vimy, G-EAOU, from England to Australia, the first flight between these two places. They arrive in Darwin on December 18.
- 1943 – Japanese planes make their last air raid on Darwin.
- 1971 – The Seven Mile Beach National Park is established 110 km southwest of Sydney.
- 1908 – Andrew Fisher becomes the fifth Prime Minister of Australia.
- 1916 – Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription.
- 1934 – Singer and recording artist Kamahl is born in Malaysia.
- 1959 – The Narrows Bridge connecting the Mitchell Freeway and Kwinana Freeway in Perth is opened to traffic.
- 1965 – Kevin Arthur Wheatley died in Vietnam while defending a wounded comrade. He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his gallantry.
- 1998 – The 1000th pulsar in our galaxy was observed at the Parkes Radio Telescope in New South Wales.
- 1913 – The domed reading room in the State Library of Victoria opens.
- 1927 – Bart Cummings, one of the most successful Australian racehorse trainers, and known as the Melbourne Cup King, was born in South Australia.
- 2005 – Bomb threats are made to the Brisbane public transport system.
- 1910 – The destroyers Parramatta and Yarra arrive in Australia, the first ships built for the Australian navy.
- 1923 – Stanley Bruce becomes the eighth Prime Minister of Australia.
- 1934 – Qantas de Havilland DH86 crashes after departing from Longreach Airport during its delivery flight.
- 1972 – First aircraft hijacking in Australia of Ansett Airlines flight 232 from Adelaide to Alice Springs.
- 1920 – The Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Service, later known as Qantas, is founded.
- 1941 – Actor and comedian Max Gillies is born in Melbourne.
- 1952 – Lang Hancock discovered iron ore deposits in the Pilbara region of Western Australia.
- 2004 – The train Spirit of Townsville from Brisbane, bound for Cairns, is involved in the Rosedale train crash.
- 2005 – Australia qualifies for the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
- 1954 – Melbourne underworld criminal figure, writer, and actor Chopper Read is born.
- 1979 – The first stage of Brisbane suburban electrification between Ferny Grove and Darra is commissioned by the Queensland Premier Joh Bjelke-Petersen.
- 1993 – The Socceroos lose to Argentina 0–1 in Buenos Aires, thereby failing to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup on aggregate.
- 2001 – Australian tennis player Lleyton Hewitt become the youngest man to be world number one in tennis.
- 1941 – Death of Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia, in Sydney.
- 1941 – Operation Crusader, the third, and ultimately successful attempt to relieve the Siege of Tobruk, begins.
- 2005 – A Bali court finds Australian model Michelle Leslie guilty of possessing psychotropic drugs and sentences her to three months in prison.
- 1800 – First copper coins circulated in New South Wales.
- 1813 – George William Evans, assistant surveyor, sets out to confirm the earlier discoveries of Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth.
- 1834 – The first permanent European settlement on the north coast of Bass Strait is established at Portland.
- 1937 – Hubert Opperman completes an epic bicycle ride from Fremantle, Western Australia to Sydney, taking 13 days, 10 hours and 11 minutes.
- 1941 – The cruiser HMAS Sydney is involved in a mutually destructive battle with the German ship Kormoran off Western Australia. All 645 aboard Sydney die.
- 1996 – US President Bill Clinton makes a visit to Australia in which he addresses both Houses of Parliament.
- 1996 – Martin Bryant is sentenced to 35 consecutive sentences of life imprisonment plus 1035 years without parole for the Port Arthur massacre.
- 1980 – Death of Sir John McEwen, 18th Prime Minister of Australia, aged 80.
- 2002 – Australian Prime Minister John Howard said that Australia would begin withdrawing its 150 commandos from Afghanistan later that month.
- 2004 – Death of Janine Haines, 59, former Australian Democrats senator.
- 1789 – James Ruse becomes the first convict to receive a land grant.
- 1936 – The Hume Dam is completed, creating one of the largest water storage systems in the southern hemisphere.
- 1969 – Death of Norman Lindsay, prolific artist, sculptor, writer and editorial cartoonist, aged 90.
- 1921 – Ginger Meggs, Australia's longest-running comic strip, is first published in The Sun, a Sydney-based newspaper.
- 1952 – Lang Hancock, later one of the richest men in Australia, discovers the world's largest iron ore deposits in the Pilbara, in Western Australia.
- 1956 – The 1956 Summer Olympics, the first Olympic Games held in Australia, open at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, in Melbourne, Victoria.
- 1962 – The 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games open at Perry Lakes Stadium in Perth, Western Australia.
- 1997 – Musician Michael Hutchence (pictured), the lead singer of the band INXS, dies in Sydney.
- 2010 – Microbiologist Frank Fenner, credited with the development of the myxoma virus, which was responsible for controlling the numbers of rabbits in Australia, dies in Canberra at the age of 95.
- 1880 – Redmond Barry, the judge who sentenced Ned Kelly to be hanged, died just twelve days after Kelly was hanged.
- 1932 – The statue of The Dog on the Tuckerbox is unveiled at Gundagai, New South Wales by Prime Minister Joseph Lyons.
- 1955 – The Cocos Islands come under Australian control.
- 1961 – Cricketer Merv Hughes is born.
- 1642 – Abel Tasman becomes the first European to discover the island Van Diemen's Land (later renamed Tasmania).
- 1934 – The ANZAC War Memorial in Sydney was opened.
- 1986 – Pope John Paul II began an Australian tour.
- 1987 – Joh Bjelke-Petersen sacks three ministers from his cabinet, accusing them of gross disloyalty.
- 1789 – For the purposes of understanding Aboriginal culture, Captain Arthur Phillip captures Bennelong and Colebec.
- 1910 – The Royal Australian Navy is established by the Naval Defence Act.
- 1985 – A man wearing a chicken suit walks into the Australian House of Representatives and sits on the government front bench. He is later removed.
- 2001 – The Socceroos lose 0–3 to Uruguay and fail to qualify for the 2002 FIFA World Cup.
- 2003 – Marilyn Warren is appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Victoria, becoming the first woman to head an Australian superior court.
- 1883 – An Australasian Inter-Colonial Conference is held in Sydney. Federation and annexation of surrounding islands are discussed by the Australian colonies, New Zealand and Fiji.
- 1942 – The Battle of Brisbane riot between US and Australian servicemen stationed in Brisbane.
- 1970 – Stand-up comedian Dave Hughes is born in Warrnambool, Victoria.
- 1984 – Former NSW Corrective Services Minister Rex Jackson appears in Court on conspiracy charges for the early release of prisoners.
- 1987 – The National Party deposes Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen as party leader, but he refuses to resign as Premier of Queensland. He was not present at the caucus meeting.
- 2004 – Riots take place on Palm Island in the Torres Strait following the death of an Aboriginal man in Police custody.
- 1876 – Legislation is enacted in Queensland creating the first public fire service in Australia.
- 1970 – Cricketer Rod Marsh makes his first Test match appearance in Brisbane against England.
- 1971 – Motorcycle racer Troy Corser is born.
- 1979 – The first day-night ODI cricket international at the Sydney Cricket Ground.
- 1903 – The Petriana spills 1,300 tonnes of crude oil in Port Phillip Bay; it was Australia's first recorded major oil spill.
- 1942 – Australian pilot Ron Middleton earns a posthumous Victoria Cross for valour in bringing his crew and crippled bomber home after a raid on Turin, Italy.
- 1992 – Death of Sidney Nolan, one of Australia's most well-known painters, aged 75.
- 1996 – Dean Brown is ousted in a party-room ballot as Premier of South Australia by John Olsen.
- 2003 – Simon Crean resigns as Opposition Leader.
- 1854 – The Eureka Flag was flown for the first time during the Eureka Stockade rebellion in Ballarat.
- 1948 – The first Holden car, the model 48-215, popularly known as the FX, rolls off the assembly line and is launched by Prime Minister Ben Chifley. The on road cost was approximately £760.
- 1967 – The first Australian satellite, WRESAT, is launched from Woomera, South Australia.
- 1980 – In Queensland, the National Party government of Joh Bjelke-Petersen is re-elected.
- 1982 – Thomas Keneally is the first Australian winner of the Booker Prize for Schindler's Ark.
- 1988 – The four acts granting the Australian Capital Territory self-government are given royal assent.
- 1990 – Treasurer Paul Keating announces that Australia is experiencing an economic recession.
- 1997 – In what has come to be known as the Iran game, the Socceroos draw 2–2 with Iran at the Melbourne Cricket Ground after leading 2–0. Iran qualifies for the 1998 FIFA World Cup on the away goals rule.
- 1878 – Advance Australia Fair first sung publicly at the Highland Society of NSW's annual Scottish concert in the Protestant Hall, Sydney.
- 1901 – Death of explorer Edward John Eyre, aged 86.
- 1961 – An Ansett ANA Vickers Viscount aircraft crashes on takeoff into Botany Bay, killing all 15 on board.
- 1963 – Robert Menzies returned to power after federal election.
- 1983 – Australian Secret Intelligence Service agents bungle a training exercise in the Melbourne Sheraton hotel.
- 2002 – Victorian Premier Steve Bracks is re-elected for a second term.