1980 in Australia
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|1980 in Australia|
|Prime minister||Malcolm Fraser|
|Elections||Federal, WA, NT, QLD|
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Arts and literature
- 4 Film
- 5 Television
- 6 Sport
- 7 Births
- 8 Deaths
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- Queen of Australia – Elizabeth II
- Prime Minister – Malcolm Fraser
- Governor General – Sir Zelman Cowen
Premiers and Chief Ministers
- Premier of New South Wales – Neville Wran
- Premier of South Australia – David Tonkin
- Premier of Queensland – Joh Bjelke-Petersen
- Premier of Tasmania – Doug Lowe
- Premier of Western Australia – Sir Charles Court
- Premier of Victoria – Rupert Hamer
- Chief Minister of the Australian Capital Territory – Post did not exist in 1980
- Chief Minister of the Northern Territory – Paul Everingham
Governors and administrators
- Governor of New South Wales – Sir Roden Cutler
- Governor of South Australia – Keith Seaman
- Governor of Queensland – Sir James Ramsay
- Governor of Tasmania – Sir Stanley Burbury
- Governor of Western Australia – Sir Wallace Kyle (until 24 November), then Sir Richard Trowbridge
- Governor of Victoria – Sir Henry Winneke
- Administrator of the Northern Territory – John England
- 9 January - Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser announces sanctions against the Soviet Union following its invasion of Afghanistan.
- 17 January - Debbie Wardley becomes Australia's first female pilot to take to the skies when she co-pilots a Fokker Friendship on Ansett Flight 232 on the so-called "milk run" from Alice Springs to Darwin. The flight marks the end of a 15-month legal battle with Ansett Airlines to overcome gender-based discrimination which had prevented her from earlier taking the controls.
- 24 January - The first section of Melbourne's underground railway loop is opened.
- 27 January - Frank Nugan of the failed Nugan Hand Bank is found dead at the wheel of his Mercedes by police at Lithgow.
- 21 February – A Beech 200 light aircraft crashes at Sydney Airport, killing 13.
- 23 February – The Western Australian state election, 1980 takes place and the Liberal/National coalition government of Sir Charles Court is re-elected.
- 1 March - The federal executive of the Australian Labor Party decides to intervene in the Queensland branch. Most key office-holders are replaced.
- 25 March - Defence Minister James Killen announces that Cockburn Sound Western Australia will offer base and home port facilities to the United States Navy.
- 13 April - A sensitive report, The Threat of the Internal Security of Australia is lost by the Office of National Assessment.
- 26 April – Louise and Charmian Faulkner disappear from outside their flat in St Kilda, Melbourne, Australia.
- 30 April - Automotive company Chrysler Australia Limited is taken over by Japanese company Mitsubishi after the American-based Chrysler Corporation sold its Australian subsidiary to the dynamic Japanese automobile manufacturer for $80 million. The declining fortunes of Chrysler's North American operations forced the sale.
- 1 May - The Australian branch of Earthwatch Institute is established in Sydney.
- 15 May - The telecommunications tower on Canberra's Black Mountain is officially opened.
- 24 May -
- Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip arrive in Australia.
- The Australian Olympic Federation announces it will send an Olympic delegation to Moscow, despite objections raised by the Prime Minister. The tight 6-5 ballot, announced by Federation President, Syd Grange at Melbourne's Sheraton Hotel, ends speculation about Australia's role following America's boycott of the games. Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser is critical of the decision, expressing hope that the Australian participation would not be interpreted as an endorsement of Soviet policy.
- 26 May - The High Court of Australia building in Canberra is opened by Queen Elizabeth II. Prince Philip is also in attendance.
- 31 May - The Royal Commission into Drug Trafficking (Woodward Royal Commission) estimates that there are at least 20,000 heroin addicts in Australia.
- 7 June – The Northern Territory general election, 1980 takes place and Paul Everingham's Country Liberal Party government is re-elected.
- 23 June –
- 26 June - Australian Richard Thorp, of the United States firm Mitchell, Giurgola and Thorp, wins the competition for the design of the new Parliament House, Canberra.
- 1 July - Women are allowed to join surf clubs as full members.
- 4 July - Newcastle's Sun newspaper cease publication.
- 17 August – Nine-week-old Azaria Chamberlain disappears from a campsite at Ayers Rock (Uluru), reportedly taken by a dingo.
- 22 August - Confusion reigns at the inquest into the death of Frank Nugan of the failed Nugan Hand banking group. A letter is produced on the final day of the inquest signed by the secretary to the Commissioner Mr. Justice Woodward, who presided over the Royal Commission into Drug Trafficking, appears to clear Nugan of any involvement with narcotics dealing.
- 26 September – The Lonie Report in Victoria recommends the closure of half the suburban rail lines, all country passenger rail lines and a number of tram routes. It also recommends huge freeway expansion. The report is controversial and protests cause its recommendations to be moderated.
- 30 September - Bob Hawke retires as President of the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) to contest the seat of Wills in the federal election. Cliff Dolan becomes the new President of the ACTU.
- 1 October - The Costigan Royal Commission begins, with the purpose of inquiring into the activities of the Federated Ship Painters and Dockers Union.
- 9 October - The standard-gauge railway from Tarcoola to Alice Springs is opened.
- 16 October - Violet Roberts, 52, and Bruce Roberts, 22, are released from prison after serving almost five years of their sentence for murdering their husband and father, Eric Roberts. The mother and son are "released on licence" just 24 hours after the New South Wales Attorney-General Frank Walker recommended the action to the Department of Corrective Services, following sustained pressure from supporters who argued that the sentences were unduly harsh. The Attorney-General had publicly described them as a miscarriage of justice.
- 18 October – The Australian federal election, 1980 takes place and sees Malcolm Fraser's Liberal/National coalition government re-elected for a third consecutive term, albeit with an almost halved majority.
- 20 November - Former Prime Minister Sir John McEwen dies.
- 29 November – The Queensland state election, 1980 takes place with the National Party government of Joh Bjelke-Petersen being re-elected.
- 2 December - The Federal Government lifts controls regulating the interest rates offered by banks on customer deposits.
- 15 December - The Azaria Chamberlain inquest begins in Alice Springs.
- 17 December - Turkish Consul-General, Sarik Ariyak, and his bodyguard, Engin Sever, are shot dead in the street outside the consulate in Dover Heights, Sydney, becoming the victims of Australia's first olitical assassinations. The obscure international terrorist army, the "Justice Commandoes of Armenian Genocide", claim responsibility for the deaths only 20 minutes after the shootings.
- 19 December - The Woolworths Maitland store, near Newcastle, New South Wales is bombed, suffering more than $300,000 worth of damage.
- 20 December - The Woolworths Orange store receives a call from a man threatening to bomb a Woolworths store unless he is paid $1 million.
- 23 December – Victoria decriminalises homosexual acts between consenting adults, with the Royal Assent of the Crimes (Sexual Offences) Act 1980.
- 24 December - Woolworths' Town Hall store in the centre of Sydney is devastated by a bomb blast - the chain's third store to be targeted in nine days. Authorities received only 10 minutes' warning of the bombing, which miraculously caused no serious casualties after 2,000 shoppers and staff were evacuated from the area.
- 26 December - Police offer a $250,000 reward for information relating to the recent Woolworths bombings. The reward is the largest ever offered in Australian history.
Arts and literature
- 5 July - The Australian film 'Breaker' Morant opens in Sydney and Melbourne, having been the toast of the recent 1980 Cannes Film Festival.
- The Club
- 17 January – Gippsland's GLV-10 becomes GLV-8. This is done so that Melbourne's ATV-0 can become ATV-10.
- 20 January – ATV-0 becomes ATV-10. This move prompts the 0–10 Network to change its name to Network Ten, although Brisbane's TVQ-0 would continue to broadcast on Channel 0 until 1988. On the same night, Ten's new drama series Arcade premieres. It is regarded as the biggest flop in Australian television history, costing over $3 million to make and being axed after 49 episodes.
- 17 July – Nine Network's new quiz show Sale of the Century launches, bringing in record ratings with Nine winning the 7pm timeslot.
- 30 January – Kingswood Country debuts on the Seven Network.
- 15 October – Mini-series The Last Outlaw debuts on Seven.
- 24 October – SBS commences transmission in Sydney & Melbourne on VHF Channel 0 & UHF Channel 28, becoming the first station in Australia to use UHF frequencies.
- 5 July - Evonne Cawley (née Goolagong) wins the Wimbledon singles for the second time, easily beating the popular American champion Chris Evert-Lloyd 6-1, 7-6 in the final. She becomes the first woman to have won the Wimbledon singles nine years apart and is the first mother ever to take tennis' most coveted prize.
- 8 July, Lang Park – The inaugural 1980 State of Origin game is won by Queensland who defeat New South Wales 20 – 10.
- 27 July – Lawrence Whitty wins the men's national marathon title, clocking 2:19:00 in Adelaide.
- 27 September – The Canterbury Bulldogs defeat the Eastern Suburbs Roosters (now Sydney Roosters) 18–4 to win the 73rd NSWRL premiership. It is the first premiership for Canterbury since 1942 & the last ever grand final played on a Saturday. In the process, Steve Gearin scores one of the most spectacular tries in history.
- 27 September – On the same day, the Richmond Tigers (23.21.159) defeat the Collingwood Magpies (9.24.78) to win the 84th VFL premiership. It is the most recent premiership win for Richmond.
- 5 October – Alan Jones becomes the second Australian driver to win the Formula One World Drivers Championship after winning the final race of the season at Watkins Glen, New York.
- 4 November – Beldale Ball wins the Melbourne Cup.
- 13 December – The Illawarra Steelers are accepted as the 13th team in the NSWRL premiership for 1982, making them the first team from outside the Sydney metropolitan area to compete in the competition since Newcastle in 1909.
- 5 January – Brad Meyers, rugby league player
- 17 January – Kylie Wheeler, heptathlete
- 8 February – Cameron Muncey, singer and guitarist (Jet)
- 27 March – Toni Cronk, field hockey goalkeeper
- 9 May – Grant Hackett, swimmer
- 18 June – Craig Mottram, long and middle distance runner
- 9 July – Brooke Krueger, hammer thrower
- 23 August – Bronwyn Eagles, hammer thrower
- 25 December – Ricky Muir, politician
- 7 January – Eddie Scarf, 71, boxer and wrestler
- 11 November – Vince Gair, 79, Premier of Queensland (1952–1957)
- 20 November – John McEwen, 80, 18th Prime Minister of Australia
- Kerin, Lindy (23 June 2010). "First IVF baby turns 30". ABC News. Retrieved 31 March 2012.