The Ramadi Mosque in June 2004
|Governorate||Al Anbar Governorate|
Ramadi (Arabic: الرمادي; BGN: Ar Ramādī) is a city in central Iraq, about 110 kilometers (68 mi) west of Baghdad. It is the capital of Al Anbar Governorate. The city extends along the Euphrates and is the largest city in Al-Anbar.
Ramadi's population has been stated as 500,000 according to UN data from 2003. and 483,209 according to UN from 2004. The former regime reported that it had about 700,000 inhabitants. The inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Arabs, mostly from the Dulaim tribe.
Ramadi is located in a fertile, irrigated, alluvial plain, within Iraq's Sunni Triangle. It was founded in 1869 under the Ottoman Empire. The main purpose of the city was to give the Ottomans a base for communications with and control of the Dulaim tribe of the region.
During the Mesopotamian Campaign of World War I, British forces under Lieutenant General Frederick Stanley Maude took Ramadi. In November 1917, British forces fought what was left of the Ottoman forces there. General Maude died soon after Ramadi was taken.
Ramadi was a base of insurgency to the U.S. forces between 2003 and 2006.
- Henry Field, and Richard A. (Richard Arthur) Martin, The anthropology of Iraq, Chicago: Field Museum, 1940, p. 17.
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