Rana dynasty

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Rana dynasty
Coat of Arms of Rana dynasty.jpg
Founded 1846
Founder Jung Bahadur Rana
Final ruler Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Deposition 1951 (presently as pretender)
Some members of Rana dynasty at 1915

Rana dynasty (Nepali: राणा वंश Rāņā bamsa) is a Khas Rajput (Chhetri )dynasty and were autocratic leaders [1]which ruled the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 until 1951, reducing the Shah monarch to a figurehead and making Prime Minister and other government positions hereditary.[2][3] This changed in 1951 with the promulgation of a new constitution, when power shifted back to the monarchy of King Tribhuvan.[4] The dynasty is descended from Bal Narsingh Kunwar who was the son-in-law of Thapa Kaji Nain Singh Thapa of powerful Thapa dynasty.[5] The Kunwar family (now Rana dynasty) came to power being relatives powerful Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa. The founder of this dynasty Jung Bahadur Rana murdered his own maternal uncle Prime Minister Mathabarsingh Thapa and consolidated power after Kot Parva (Kot massacre) and Bhandarkhal Parva.[6]

Rana Prime Ministers[edit]

Nine Rana rulers took the hereditary office(s) of Prime Minister, Supreme Commander-in-Chief and Grand Master of the Royal Orders. All were styled Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski.

  • Ratanjit Kunwar Rana (1723-1815)
    • Bala Narsingh Kunwar Rana (1783-1841)
      • Simple silver crown.svg I. Shrī Tīn Jung Bahadur Rana GCB, GCSI (18 June 1816 – 25 February 1877). Prime Minister and C-in-C 15 September 1846 to 1 August 1856 and from 28 June 1857 until his death. Granted the hereditary title of Rana on 5 May 1848, as a suffix to the male members of his family. Granted the hereditary title of Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski (to be enjoyed ‘offspring to offspring’, and the hereditary offices of Prime Minister and C-in-C (to be enjoyed in succession by his surviving brothers, his sons, then his nephews), 6 August 1856. Received a salute of 19 guns from the British.
      • Bam Bahadur Kanwar Rana (1818- 25 May 1857; Prime Minister: 1 August 1856 - 25 May 1857)
      • Simple silver crown.svg II. Shrī Tīn Ranodip Singh (aka Ranodip Singh Rana) KCSI (3 April 1825 – assassinated 22 November 1885). Ruled 25 February 1877 to 22 November 1885.
      • General Sri Dhir Shumshere Jung Rana Bahadur (1828-1884)


Succession to the prime ministership and the title of Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski was by agnatic seniority, by which the oldest male heir among the sons of equal (a-class) marriages in a generation would succeed. The order of succession was determined by seniority, with each eligible male heir holding a military command, as follows:

  1. Prime Minister and Commander-in-Chief (Mukhtiyar the Heir Apparent, with the rank of Field Marshal)
  2. Western Commanding-General.
  3. Eastern Commanding-General.
  4. Southern Commanding-General.
  5. Northern Commanding-General.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Greater Game: India's Race with Destiny and China by David Van Praagh
  2. ^ Dietrich, Angela (1996). "Buddhist Monks and Rana Rulers: A History of Persecution". Buddhist Himalaya: A Journal of Nagarjuna Institute of Exact Methods. Retrieved 17 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Lal, C. K. (16 February 2001). "The Rana resonance". Nepali Times. Retrieved 17 September 2013. 
  4. ^ Kraemer, Karl-Heinz. "Democratization and political parties in Nepal". Harvard University. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  5. ^ JBR, PurushottamShamsher (1990). Shree Teen Haruko Tathya Britanta (in Nepali). Bhotahity, Kathmandu: Vidarthi Pustak Bhandar. ISBN 99933-39-91-1. 
  6. ^ Rana, Purushottam S.J.B. (1998). Jung Bahadur Rana: the story of his rise and glory. Book Faith India. p. 150. ISBN 81-7303-087-1. 

External links and Sources[edit]