Rana dynasty

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The Rana dynasty (Nepali: राणा शासन Rāņā shāsana) was a Chettri Rajput dynasty[1] which ruled the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 until 1951, reducing the Shah monarch to a figurehead and making Prime Minister and other government positions hereditary. Tyranny, debauchery, economic exploitation and religious persecution characterized Rana rule.[2][3] This changed in 1951 with the promulgation of a new constitution, when power shifted back to the monarchy of King Tribhuvan.[4] The dynasty is descended from Bal Narsingh Kunwar of Kaski who moved to Gorkha in the early 18th century and entered the service of Raja Nara Bhupal Shah around 1740, and of Bhimsen Thapa (1775–1839), who is counted among the National heroes of Nepal.

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Rana Prime Ministers[edit]

Nine Rana rulers took the hereditary office of Prime Minister. All were styled (self proclaimed) Maharaja of Lambjang and Kaski.

  1. Shrī Tīn Jung Bahadur Rana, GCB, GCSI (18 June 1816 – 25 February 1877)
    Ruled 1846 to 25 February 1877. Received the hereditary rights to the title of Rana and a salute of 19 guns from the British.
  2. Shrī Tīn Ranodip Singh aka Ranodip Singh Rana, KCSI (3 April 1825 – 22 November 1885
    Ruled 25 February 1877 to 22 November 1885.
  3. Shrī Tīn Bir Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, GCSI (10 December 1852 – 5 March 1901)
    Ruled 22 November 1885 to 5 March 1901.
  4. Shrī Tīn Dev Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana (17 July 1862 – 20 February 1914)
    Ruled 5 March to 27 June 1901, when as a result of his progressive nature, he was deposed by his relatives and sent into exile in India.
  5. Shrī Tīn Chandra Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCVO (8 July 1863 – 26 November 1929)
    Ruled 27 June 1901 to 26 November 1929.
  6. Shrī Tīn Bhim Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, GCSI, GCMG, KCVO (16 April 1865 – 1 September 1932)
    Ruled 26 November 1929 to 1 September 1932.
  7. Shrī Tīn Juddha Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, GCB, GCSI, GCIE (19 April 1875 – 20 November 1952)
    Ruled 1 September 1932 to 29 November 1945, whereupon he abdicated in favor of his nephew.
  8. Shrī Tīn Padma Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, GCSI, GBE, KCIE (5 December 1882 – 11 April 1961)
    Ruled 29 November 1945 to 30 April 1948, whereupon he abdicated in favor of his cousin.
  9. Shrī Tīn Mohan Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, GCB, GCIE, GBE (23 December 1885 – 6 January 1967)
    Ruled 30 April 1948 to 18 February 1951, at which date he was divested of his titles and later went to India.

External links and Sources[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Greater Game: India's Race with Destiny and China by David Van Praagh
  2. ^ Dietrich, Angela (1996). "Buddhist Monks and Rana Rulers: A History of Persecution". Buddhist Himalaya: A Journal of Nagarjuna Institute of Exact Methods. Retrieved 17 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Lal, C. K. (16 February 2001). "The Rana resonance". Nepali Times. Retrieved 17 September 2013. 
  4. ^ Kraemer, Karl-Heinz. "Democratization and political parties in Nepal". Harvard University. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  5. ^ Friend in need:1857, Friendship forgotten:1887