Roasted grain beverage
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A roasted grain beverage (also grain coffee) is a hot beverage made from one or more cereal grains roasted and commercially processed into crystal or powder form to be reconstituted later in hot water. The product is often marketed as a caffeine-free alternative to coffee and tea, or in other cases where those beverages are scarce or expensive.
Asian grain infusions
Roasted grain beverages are popular in Polish (brands Inka, Krakus, Anatol, Kujawianka) and East Asian cuisines, Korea, Japan, and China each having one or more versions (usually roasted grains simply steeped in hot water). Often, during the communist period in Russia and Eastern Europe the grain beverages served as substitute of coffee during perpetual shortages.
- Genmaicha is green tea blended with roasted brown rice.
- Hyeonmi cha is brewed, roasted brown rice.
- Boricha is an infusion made from roasted barley and usually drunk as a cool summer beverage.
- Sobacha is an infusion made from roasted buckwheat kernels and drunk as a tea.
- Oksusu cha is brewed roasted corn infusion; due to its sweetness it is sometimes served alongside or mixed with boricha to soften the latter's bitterness.
- Sungnyung is made from rice scorched while boiling.
Acrylamide is found at high levels in dark-colored baked, roasted and fried high-carbohydrate foods, as well as in roasted coffee and barbecued meat. The dark-roasted grains used in roasted grain beverages would also, presumably, have high levels of acrylamide.[original research?] The substance has raised health concerns but it is not clear, as of 2013[update], whether acrylamide consumption affects people's risk of getting cancer.
- Yvona Fast, "Kicking the Coffee Habit: Going Caffeine-Free with Grain-Based Beverages", E–The Environmental Magazine, May 1, 2010 – via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
- Alex Jung, "20 delicious Korean drinks", CNN.com, October 13, 2011.
- Jiang Zhuqing, "Cancer chemical in French fries and coffee?", China Daily, April 15, 2005 – via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
- "Acrylamide". American Cancer Society. 1 October 2013. Retrieved September 2014.