Jeffery Shaun King
September 17, 1979
|Alma mater||Morehouse College (B.A.)|
Arizona State University (M.A.)
|Movement||Black Lives Matter|
Jeffery Shaun King (born September 17, 1979) is an American writer, civil rights activist, and co-founder of Real Justice PAC. King is known for his use of social media to promote social justice causes, including the Black Lives Matter movement.
King was raised in Kentucky and attended Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia. While at Morehouse, King was elected President of the student government association and was awarded the Oprah Winfrey Scholarship.
After college, he worked as a high school teacher in Atlanta. He then went on to work as a pastor and founded a church in Atlanta called Courageous Church. During this time, King launched a number of internet campaigns, such as aHomeinHaiti.org, TwitChange.com, and HopeMob.org.
King is currently a writer-in-residence at Harvard Law School’s Fair Punishment Project and contributes to the Tom Joyner Morning Show, The Intercept and The Appeal. Previously, he contributed to the New York Daily News, Daily Kos, and The Young Turks. In 2018, King co-founded Real Justice PAC, which supports progressive candidates running for district attorney offices, and re-launched Frederick Douglass's The North Star.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career
- 3 Activism
- 4 Political positions
- 5 Controversies
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Awards
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early life and education
King was born and raised in Versailles, Kentucky. Although the name of Jeffrey Wayne King appears on King's birth certificate, his mother told him that his actual biological father is a light-skinned black man. By second grade, King's mother, Naomi Kay (Fleming) King, was raising King and his brother as a single parent. King attended Huntertown Elementary School and Woodford County High School. King's mother worked at the same light-bulb factory for more than 40 years.
High school assault
King reports that he was the victim of racism and hate crimes while growing up Kentucky. King told reporters that one day a pickup truck full of youth attempted to run him over with the vehicle on school property. After reporting the incident to school authorities, King found the authorities protected the youth rather than punishing them. After this incident, King was assaulted while walking to band class. King reported that a dozen youth beat him and the injuries caused him to miss a portion of two years of high school due to multiple spinal surgeries. A band teacher, two fellow students from King's high school, as well as King's wife, posted their recollection of the event to Facebook, backing King's account. King has characterized the assault as a racially motivated hate crime.
In 2015, conservative media outlets published multiple pieces seeking to discredit King's account of the assault. Conservative outlets, citing interviews with the investigating detective Keith Broughton and police reports on the case, reported that the fight was a one-on-one between King and another boy over a girl and that the injuries were minor. Keith Broughton, the investigating detective, said he interviewed multiple witnesses, including a teacher who broke up the fight, who characterized the fight as a one-on-one altercation.
King attended Morehouse College, a private, historically black men's college in Atlanta, Georgia, where he majored in history. In 1999, King was elected President of the student government association based on a campaign of inclusion for all students. Midway through his education, he had to take a medical leave. Upon his return, he was named an Oprah Winfrey Scholar by Morehouse. Oprah scholars are given financial support and are required to maintain their grade point average and do community service. King fulfilled his community service requirement by tutoring and mentoring students at Franklin Lebby Stanton Elementary School in Atlanta. After graduation in 2002, King was a research assistant for Morehouse history professor Alton Hornsby Jr.
After graduation, King was a high school civics teacher for about a year and then worked in Atlanta's juvenile justice system.
King left teaching and worked as a pastor at Total Grace Christian Center in DeKalb County, Georgia. He had been inspired to take up the Gospel when he was in high school; while King was recovering from injuries after an assault, King was regularly visited by his best friend's father, who was a pastor. He recalled growing up without a father figure and said, "I just found myself so impacted by this man coming to visit me that I wanted to be like him.” In 2008, King founded a church in Atlanta called "Courageous Church". He made use of social media to recruit new members and was known as the "Facebook Pastor". In 2012, King resigned from the Courageous Church, citing personal stress and disillusionment.
In March 2010, while still a pastor, he founded aHomeinHaiti.org as a subsidiary of Courageous Church and used eBay and Twitter to raise $1.5 million to send tents to Haiti after the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Desperate Housewives star Eva Longoria was a spokesperson for the campaign.
King's work for Haiti inspired him to launch TwitChange.com, a charity auction site. TwitChange held Twitter charity auctions on eBay where celebrities offered to retweet winning bidders' tweets in exchange for support of a particular charity. One campaign raised funds to build an orphanage in Bonneau, Haiti. In 2010, TwitChange won the Mashable Award for "Most Creative Social Good Campaign".
In 2012, King and web designer Chad Kellough founded HopeMob.org, a charity site that used voting to select a particular person's story and then raise money for that story until its goal was met. The money went to an organization which provided for the person's needs, not to the person individually. After one goal was met, the next story in line would then get funds raised. HopeMob initially raised funds to build their platform in January 2012 on the crowdfunding site Kickstarter. Their campaign raised about $125,000.
King has written extensively about incidents in the Black Lives Matter movement, gaining prominence during the events following the shooting of Michael Brown. King wrote an article analyzing the Brown crime scene, and argued that the evidence suggested that officer Darren Wilson's life was not in danger during the shooting.
King became a contributing blogger for the politically liberal website, the Daily Kos, in September 2014. His contributions to the website have focused on civil rights, violence in Ferguson, Missouri, and Charleston, South Carolina, as well as allegations of police brutality, especially toward the black community.
On October 2, 2015, King joined New York Daily News as a senior justice writer, where he would focus on reporting and commentary on social justice, police brutality and race relations. On December 28, 2016, Cenk Uygur announced that King had been hired as a political commentator for The Young Turks. King left the Daily News in August 2017.
King has written extensively about his experiences as a biracial person.
The North Star
In 2019, King launched a website named after Frederick Douglass's The North Star, an influential nineteenth-century anti-slavery publication. King's The North Star site has articles, podcast episodes, and videos for a subscription fee.
In August 2015, he launched Justice Together, an organization to identify police brutality and lobby local politicians for change. To the surprise of many of the group's members, King unilaterally disbanded the organization in the fall of 2016. In September 2016, King proposed an Injustice Boycott for December of that year.
Assault of DeAndre Harris
In an October 11, 2017 article in The Washington Post, Shaun King was credited with leading a successful months-long and far-reaching social media campaign which led to the identification and arrest of three of the men behind the August 12, 2017, assault on DeAndre Harris during the Unite the Right rally. 18-year-old Daniel P. Borden from Mason, Ohio; 33-year-old Alex Michael Ramos of Marietta, Georgia; and 22-year-old Jacob Scott Goodwin from Ward, Arkansas, were arrested for the parking-garage beating. The Washington Post described how the attack on Harris became a "symbol of the violence and racial enmity that engulfed Charlottesville when white supremacists, Klan members and neo-Nazis clashed with counterprotesters." Two were subsequently convicted while two others are awaiting trial.
Harris was later served with an arrest warrant sought by 48-year-old Harold Crews, North Carolina's League of the South chairman and a real estate lawyer, who alleged that Harris had hit him with a flashlight during an altercation prior to the Market Street Garage brawl. Crews used a law by which alleged crime victims who have filed a police report can get a warrant if they can convince a local judge to sign it. In the interview with the Washington Post, King responded, "I am disgusted that the justice system bent over backwards to issue a warrant for one of the primary victims of that day, when I and others had to fight like hell to get that same justice system to prosecute people who were vicious in their attacks against Harris and others. Now, we're seeing white supremacists celebrate on social media, bragging about Harris's arrest. They're hailing this as a victory." Harris was later acquitted of misdemeanor assault by a local judge.
Tamir Rice fundraising
King has raised money for multiple causes including the Tamir Rice shooting, and various incidents where the Black Lives Matter movement has been involved. Through the fund-raising website, YouCaring.com, King raised $60,000 for Rice's family. Rice, a 12-year-old resident of Cleveland, Ohio, was killed in 2014 by two Cleveland city policemen after they responded to a complaint "of a male black sitting on a swing and pointing a gun at people."
After learning the child had not been buried as of five months after the shooting, and the child's mother had moved into a homeless shelter, he started the fund to assist the Rice family; however, family attorney Timothy Kucharski stated in May 2015 that neither he nor the Rice family had heard of King or the fundraiser, nor had they received any money. The money raised was then seized by the court and placed into Tamir Rice's estate instead of being freely available to the family. King and the Rice family's new legal counsel, Benjamin Crump, then started a second charity drive with the proceeds going directly to the family. An additional $25,000 was raised.
Jazmine Barnes shooting
7-year old Jazmine Barnes was killed in a drive-by shooting in Houston at 7 a.m. December 30, 2018. The unknown assailant pulled up alongside the family's truck and opened fire, injuring the mother and other child. King used his Twitter and Instagram following to spread information and awareness. He also collected information from eyewitnesses to help the Harris County Sheriff's Office. King and former classmate S. Lee Merritt offered a $25,000 award for information leading to an arrest of the unknown suspect. After no information for 24 hours, the reward was later raised to $60,000, with $35,000 from their private funds, and an additional $25,000 from donors. Police credited King with providing a tip that helped lead them to suspect Eric Black, Jr. who later admitted he was involved in the shooting. He faces a charge of capital murder. On January 6, Texas authorities charged Black Jr. Prosecutors named a second person, Larry Woodruffe, as an additional suspect in the shooting. Police do not believe Jazmine’s family was the intended target and that they may have been shot at "as a result of mistaken identity." King initially posted the mugshot of a white male (Robert Paul Cantrell) on Twitter who he identified as involved in the shooting. King said in a deleted tweet "We've had 20 people call or email us and say he is a racist, violent asshole and always has been. Just tell me everything you know." Police later said the man was not connected with the crime, and King deleted the tweet, though not until the man had received threats on social media. The incident was revived in late July 2019 when Cantrell committed suicide in his jail cell, where he was being held on separate robbery and evasion charges. He allegedly told his lawyer, just before he died, that he was concerned about the death threats that his family was still receiving in the aftermath of his false involvement in Jazmine Barnes’ murder.
Real Justice PAC
Questions regarding race
In August 2015, Milo Yiannopoulos questioned King's biracial identity in an article for Breitbart News. Yiannopoulos reported that King's birth certificate lists Naomi Fleming and Jeffrey Wayne King, both of whom are white, as King's parents and that a police report cited King's race as "white."
King responded that the man listed on his birth certificate is his adoptive father and that his mother has told him his biological father is a light-skinned black man. Family members and classmates have stated that they understood King to be biracial growing up.
The police officer who listed King's race as "white" stated that he believed King to be biracial and that everyone who knew King presumed he was mixed. He went on to state that he had only listed King as "white" because "biracial" was not an option on his form. King and his supporters expressed concern that such questions were an attempt to distract from the Black Lives Matter movement.
On May 20, 2018, King accused a white Texas state trooper of raping Sherita Dixon-Cole, an African-American human resources professional. The trooper arrested Dixon-Cole for drunk driving and King based his accusation on statements she and her family made to King and Philadelphia lawyer S. Lee Merritt. King's social media posts, which identified the trooper by name, went viral and threats were made against the arresting trooper as well as another trooper with the same last name. The Texas Department of Public Safety (TXDPS) released nearly two hours of body cam footage on May 22 that exonerated the trooper.
King has been the target of claims that he has previously raised funds for causes that were never received by those he was fundraising for. According to BuzzFeed News, he founded an organization called Justice Together, which he raised several thousand dollars for, and then abruptly shuttered. He started a different organization a few months later called "Justice. That's All." that he also closed a few months after founding. In one case, a former member of the organization who asked to have donation returned said that King refused to refund her money. An investigation done by Goldie Taylor of The Daily Beast detailed discrepancies in amounts raised for different charities such as a Haiti relief project, and in one case, starting a crowdfunding project for the family of Tamir Rice without their knowledge. Activists on Twitter questioned if he took the $100,000 reward money for information that led to the arrest of the men who shot Jazmine Barnes.
On January 15, 2019, King tweeted that he was pursuing legal action against social justice activists on Twitter who questioned his previous fundraisers. His attorneys sent cease-and-desist letters to an unnamed number of people; one a young, Black, queer activist named Clarissa Brooks who stated in a response, "this was a heavy-handed and unnecessary act by someone claiming to be committed to justice and uplifting Black people." David Dennis Jr. wrote in News One that the purpose of the cease-and-desist letters seemed to be "old-fashioned intimidation and forcible silencing."
King has denied all allegations of wrongdoing. He wrote an editorial explaining the purpose of taking legal action and addressed some specific critiques levied against him.
- Samuel Peabody Award for Journalism from the Citizen’s Committee for Children in New York (2017)
- Black Entertainment Television's Humanitarian Hero Award (2018)
- Rosalind Bentley, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. "Shaun King says he hasn't lied about his race". ajc. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- "Versailles leaders discuss Shaun King's critical comments", WKYT.com, August 31, 2015
- Lowery, Wesley; Miller, Michael (August 20, 2015). "Activist Shaun King says man on his birth certificate isn't his biological father". The Washington Post.
- Blair, Leonardo (August 21, 2015). "Christian Black Lives Matter Activist Shaun King Says His Mother Had Affair With His Father, a 'Light-Skinned' Black Man". The Christian Post.
- King, Shaun (August 20, 2015). "Race, love, hate, and me: A distinctly American story". Daily Kos.
- Gorman, Michele (August 20, 2015). "Black Lives Matter Leader Shaun King Denies He Lied About Race and Assault". Newsweek. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- "Woodford native Shaun King responds to questions about his race". WKYT. August 21, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Anderson, Troy (March 2012). "Innovative entrepreneur Shaun King has mastered the art of using social media for social good". rebelmagazine.com. Archived from the original on August 23, 2014.
- Thorpe, Devin. "Shaun King Brings Hope(Mob) to Crowdfunding". Forbes.
- Southall, Ashley (August 19, 2015). "Activist Shaun King Denies Claims He Lied About Race and Assault". The New York Times.
- Lopez, German (August 21, 2015). "The Shaun King controversy, explained". Vox.
- Amos, Candace (September 9, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal 2.0? Shaun King, activist for the Black Lives Matter movement, has race questioned". New York Daily News. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Scott, Jeffry (November 8, 2010). "Pastor harnesses online giving". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016.
- "Ripple Effect of One Act of Kindness – Oprah Scholarship". Oprah.com.
- Page, Seraine (June 1, 2011). "Local Oprah Scholar on final show". coastalcourier.com. Hinesville Publishing. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Hornsby, Alton (2004). Southerners, Too?: Essays on the Black South, 1733–1990. University Press of America. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-7618-2872-3.
- King, Shaun (May 7, 2018). "Today I officially earned my Masters in History from I got married when I was in undergrad Morehouse. We had our first baby when we were still in college. Had to shelve my dream of grad school for about 15 years. Better late... Gonna push on through & get my PhD next". @shaunking. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- "Bishop Johnathan Alvarado Focus of Prosecutors". 11 Alive Atlanta.[dead link]
- Marshall, Scott (June 7, 2011). "Shaun King: Courageous Church, Atlanta". outreachmagazine.com. Archived from the original on August 29, 2015.
- Menzie, Nicola (August 20, 2013). "HopeMob CEO and Retired Pastor Shaun King Talks Churches, Technology, New Startup". The Christian Post.
- Marcia Wade Talbert, "Tweets for Good: Atlanta pastor transforms microphilanthropy with celebrity Twitter auctions", BlackEnterprise.com, June 1, 2011.
- "TheGrio's 100: Shaun King, leveraging social media for greater good". theGrio.
- Gross, David (September 16, 2010). "Pay for celebs to tweet for you (and charity)". CNN.
- Audi, Tamara (September 23, 2010). "Celebrities Auction Tweets to Raise Money for Haitian Orphans". The Wall Street Journal.
- Team, Mashable. "Mashable Awards 2010: Announcing The Winners".
- "TwitChange wins Mashable Award for Social Good at CES - Black Enterprise". Black Enterprise.
- Ong, Josh (December 8, 2012). "HopeMob, the 'Kickstarter for causes', relaunches as a no-fee fundraising platform open to all". The Next Web.
- Neumann, Amy (August 13, 2012). "Social Good Stars: HopeMob's Shaun King". HuffPost.
- Bernhard, Kent Jr. (May 1, 2013). "Preach and testify! HopeMob combines charity, crowdfunding". Upstart Business Journal. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015.
- Thomas, Dexter (July 22, 2015). "Suspicion over 'glitches' in Sandra Bland arrest video shouldn't surprise us". Los Angeles Times.
- King, Shaun (December 1, 2014). "Distance is essential to the defense and how Wilson must demonstrate that he reasonably feared for his safety". Daily Kos – via AlterNet.
- "Meet our newest writer, Shaun King". Daily Kos. October 1, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- "Shaun King's profile". Daily Kos. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- NY Daily News hires columnist and activist Shaun King. CNNMoney, October 2, 2015
- Wysocki, Aaron (December 28, 2016). "The Young Turks Hire Nomiki Konst And Shaun King". TYTNetwork. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- Prince, Richard. "Shaun King Is Out: Daily News Loses Its Activist Black Columnist". Journal-isms. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- "Activist Shaun King On Why He's Reviving Frederick Douglass' 'North Star' Paper". NPR.org. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- "The North Star". Retrieved July 8, 2019.
- Kumar, Sujay (August 31, 2013). "Shaun King doesn't care what race you think he is". Fusion Magazine. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "The rise and fall of Shaun King, former Black Lives Matter darling". Complex.com. January 29, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- Puglise, Nicole (September 30, 2016). "Could a boycott by black Americans end police brutality and injustice in the US?". The Guardian. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- King, Shaun (September 30, 2016). "Here is how we will boycott injustice and police brutality in America". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Shapira, Ian; Hawkins, Derek (October 11, 2017). "Black man attacked by white supremacists in Charlottesville faces felony charge". Washington Post. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
- "Third white supremacist arrested in Charlottesville garage beating of a black man". The Washington Post. August 28, 2017. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
- Kirkland, Allegra (October 11, 2017). "Neo-Confederate Leader Behind Arrest Warrant For Black Man Beaten In C'Ville". Muckraker. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- Sinclair, Harriet (October 12, 2017). "The Black Man who was bludgeoned by racists in Charlottesville turns himself in to police". Newsweek. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- Tim Stelloh (October 9, 2017). "Arrest Warrant Issued for Man Brutally Beaten at Charlottesville Rally". NBC News.
- "Black man beaten in Charlottesville far-right rally charged". BBC. October 12, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- "Tamir Rice Shooting – Cleveland Police Dispatch Radio". YouTube. November 24, 2014.
- Izadi, Elahe; Holley, Peter (November 26, 2014). "Video shows Cleveland officer shooting 12-year-old Tamir Rice within seconds". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- McCarthy, Tom. "Tamir Rice: video shows boy, 12, shot 'seconds' after police confronted child]". The Guardian. New York. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- Lowery, Wesley (May 4, 2015). "As investigation enters fifth month, Tamir Rice's mother has moved into a homeless shelter". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- "Funds Raised for Rice Family Get Caught in Legal Morass; New Fundraising Effort Under Way". Cleveland Scene.
- Lowery, Wesley (May 5, 2015). "Online activists raised $60K for Tamir Rice's family – so where did all that money go?". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- King, Shaun (December 26, 2015). "A complete accounting of every dollar raised by Shaun King throughout the Black Lives Matter Movement". Medium.com.
- Brice-Saddler, Michael (January 6, 2019). "A family felt a black child's killing was a hate crime. An arrest gave police a 'new direction.'". Washington Post. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
- Simon, Darran (January 2, 2019). "Attorney and activist offer reward in Texas drive-by shooting that killed 7-year-old". CNN.
- Simon, Darran (January 2, 2019). "'He intentionally killed my child for no reason,' says mother of 7-year-old killed in drive-by shooting".
- Yan, Holly; Silverman, Hollie (January 7, 2019). "Prosecutors name the second suspect in Jazmine Barnes' killing". CNN. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
- A tip from activist Shaun King led police to a suspect in the killing of Jazmine Barnes. CNN, 6 January 2019
- reporter, jessica willey, eyewitness news (January 8, 2019). "Family of wrongfully accused man receiving violent threats". ABC13 Houston. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
- "Inmate wrongfully accused of killing Jazmine Barnes found hanged in cell". KHOU-11. July 30, 2019.
- King, Shaun (May 20, 2016). "Here's why I'm leaving the Democratic Party after this presidential election and you should too". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Marans, Daniel (February 15, 2018). "Black Activist Starts Group That Aims To Elect Progressive Prosecutors". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- Stewart, Joshua. "Liberal PAC jumps into DA race, might be first wave of money". sandiegouniontribune.com. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
- Sharlet, Jeff (August 27, 2015). "Shaun King Speaks Out Against Breitbart's Racial Allegations". GQ.
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- Vazquez, Maegan (August 21, 2015). "Was Shaun King a Victim of a Hate-Crime in High School? Eyewitness and Police Reports Are at Odds". Independent Journal Review. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Rogers, Katie (August 21, 2015). "In Questions Over Shaun King's Race, Activists See Challenge to Black Lives Matter Movement". The New York Times. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Stevens, Alexis (August 20, 2015). "Activist Shaun King, a Morehouse grad, denies lying about race". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
- BlackAmericaWeb.com Staff. "Shaun King: Will Sherita Dixon-Cole get justice?". Black America Web. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- Alcorn, Chauncey (May 22, 2018). "Texas trooper's bodycam footage appears to contradict sexual assault allegation, attorney apologizes". Mic Network. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- FOX4News.com Staff. "Lawyer apologizes for falsely accusing trooper of rape". Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- Ablon, Matthew (May 21, 2018). "Bodycam video refutes Texas trooper assault claim; attorney apologizes". KWTX-TV News 10. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- English, Stephen (May 23, 2018). "She accused a Texas state trooper of sexual assault. Then her lawyer apologized". Star-Telegram. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- Woodard, Teresa. "Charges possible for woman who falsely accused DPS trooper of sex assault, DA says". WFAA Dallas News. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- Eltagouri, Marwa. "She said she was sexually assaulted by a state trooper. His camera footage shows otherwise". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- Sands, Darren. "Shaun King's Days As A Pastor Mirrored His Later Successes — And Failures — As An Activist". www.buzzfeednews.com. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Garcia, Feliks. "The rise and fall of Shaun King, former Black Lives Matter darling". www.complex.com. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Taylor, Goldie. "Where Did All the Money Shaun King Raised for Black Lives Go?". www.thedailybeast.com. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Flynn, Meagan (January 18, 2019). "Shaun King threatens to sue activists who accused him on Twitter of mishandling fundraisers". www.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Dennis Jr, Davis. "Shaun King Is Not Here For Us". www.newsone.com. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- King, Shaun. "Shaun King Addresses Damaging Rumors". www.blackamericaweb.com. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- McKesson, DeRay (September 12, 2011). "On Shaun King". Medium.
- "Activist/Journalist Shaun King To Keynote Laguardia Community College Commencement | www.qgazette.com | Queens Gazette". www.qgazette.com. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
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