Teaware

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Chawan (tea bowl) with hair fur's pattern, Jian ware from China during the Song dynasty

Teaware is a broad international spectrum of equipment used in the brewing and consumption of tea. Many components make up that spectrum, and vary greatly based upon the type of tea being prepared, and the cultural setting in which it is being prepared. This is often referred to as the tea ceremony, and holds much significance in many cultures, particularly in northwestern Europe and in eastern Asia.

Components[edit]

Teaware
Black tea pot cropped.jpg Teapot Used to steep the tea leaves in hot water
Cup and Saucer LACMA 47.35.6a-b (1 of 3).jpg Teacup Vessels from which to drink the hot tea out of which the leaves have been strained. There are many different kinds of tea cups.
Tea strainer 2.jpg Tea strainer Used to extractg leaves from tea solutions
Tray.agr.jpg Tea tray Used to keep the tea and hot water from spilling onto the table
Genmaicha Tea in Infuser.jpg Tea ball and tea bag Used to hold tea leaves in water for removal after steeping
SilverTeaCaddy.jpg Tea caddy For storing tea when not being consumed
Tea cosy.jpg Tea cosy A knitted cover for keeping a teapot hot after the tea is made

Construction[edit]

Tea equipment may be constructed of many materials, from iron in Japan to porcelain and clay in China, and also bamboo and other woods. Of particular repute are the Yixing clay teapots produced in eastern China. (See: Yixing clay teapot).

Lu Yu's tea set (陸羽的茶具)[edit]

  • Crushing block (砧椎)
  • Brazier (風爐)
  • Charcoal basket (炭筥)
  • Charcoal mallet (炭檛)
  • Fire chopsticks (火筴)
  • Cauldron (鍑)
  • Cauldron stand (交床)
  • Tea tongs (夾)
  • Paper wallet (紙囊)
  • Crushing roller (碾)
  • Sieve box (羅合)
  • Tea holder (則)
  • Water vessel (水方)
  • Water filter bag (漉水囊)
  • Gourd scooper (瓢)
  • Bamboo tongs (竹夾)
  • Salt container (鹺簋)
  • Boiled water vessel (熟盂)
  • Bowl (碗)
  • Bowl basket (畚)
  • Brush (劄)
  • Water basin (滌方)
  • Spent tea basin (滓方)
  • Tea cloth (巾)
  • Utensil table (具列)
  • Utensil basket (都籃)

The 12 tea pieces for the elderly (審安老人的12茶具)[edit]

Song Dynasty tea ware
  • Brazier (風爐)
  • Crushing block (砧椎)
  • Crushing roller (碾)
  • Stone mill (石磨)
  • Gourd scooper (瓢)
  • Sieve box (羅合)
  • Brush (札)
  • Bowl basket (畚)
  • Bowl (碗)
  • Water vessel (水方)
  • Tea whisk (茶筅)
  • Tea cloth (巾)

The above tea pieces were also mentioned by Lu Yu except for the stone mill (石磨) and tea whisk (茶筅) in The Classic of Tea .

See also[edit]

References[edit]