The King of Fighters

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This article is about the SNK Playmore video game series. For the 2009 film based on the series, see The King of Fighters (film).
The King of Fighters
Genres Fighting game
Developers SNK
Publishers SNK
Spin-offs Non-fighting games, comics, anime, live-action film

The King of Fighters (ザ·キング·オブ·ファイターズ Za Kingu obu Faitāzu?), officially abbreviated KOF, is a series of fighting games developed by SNK, which began with The King of Fighters '94 in 1994. The series was originally developed for SNK's Neo Geo MVS arcade hardware, which served as the main platform for the series until 2004, when SNK retired the MVS in favor of the Atomiswave arcade board. Only two King of Fighters games were made on the Atomiswave platform (The King of Fighters Neowave and The King of Fighters XI) before SNK decided to discontinue using the platform for the series. The current arcade hardware for the series is the Taito Type X2, with its first usage coming with the release of The King of Fighters XII. Ports of the arcade games and original The King of Fighters games have been released for several video games consoles. A future game of the series, titled The King of Fighters XIV will be released on August 23, 2016 exclusively for the PS4.

Games[edit]

Main series[edit]

Arcade cabinet for KOF '98
Timeline of release years
1994 The King of Fighters '94
1995 The King of Fighters '95
1996 The King of Fighters '96
1997 The King of Fighters '97
1998 The King of Fighters '98
1999 The King of Fighters '99
2000 The King of Fighters 2000
2001 The King of Fighters 2001
2002 The King of Fighters 2002
2003 The King of Fighters 2003
2004 The King of Fighters: Maximum Impact
The King of Fighters '94 Re-Bout
2005 The King of Fighters XI
The King of Fighters Neowave
2006 The King of Fighters: Maximum Impact 2
2007
2008 The King of Fighters '98 Ultimate Match
2009 The King of Fighters XII
The King of Fighters 2002 Unlimited Match
2010 The King of Fighters XIII
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016 The King of Fighters XIV

The first game in the series, The King of Fighters '94, was released by SNK on August 25, 1994.[1] The game featured characters from SNK's previous fighting game series Fatal Fury and Art of Fighting, as well as original characters (including characters from older games such as Ikari Warriors and Psycho Soldier, adapted for a versus fighting game).

The success of the game led SNK to release yearly installments of the series and numbered the games for the year they were released. The King of Fighters '95, in addition to adding new characters, also began the first story arc of the series titled "The Orochi Saga". It was also the first game in the series that allowed the players to create their own team of three members, out of any character in the game.[2] The King of Fighters '96 established the second part of "The Orochi Saga" and replaced the character sprites from the previous two years with newly drawn ones, as well as improving the gameplay system. Depending on the playable characters in a team, an exclusive ending will be played.[3] The King of Fighters '97 concluded "The Orochi Saga" story arc.[4] The King of Fighters '98 , and unlike the previous games of the series, did not feature a story. Instead, the game was promoted as a "Dream Match" game that allowed players to choose most of the characters available from the previous titles, including ones that were supposedly dead. SNK refitted the Dreamcast version and renamed it The King of Fighters: Dream Match 1999 with an extended cel animated introduction and 3D backgrounds.[5]

The King of Fighters '99 introduced a new story arc known as "The NESTS Chronicles" along with several new characters into the series, as well as the rule of a fourth member being added to each team. In a new tactic, a specific person from a team would be an assistant called a "Striker" and that this person would be able to aid the team for a few seconds in combat. The Dreamcast version was titled The King of Fighters: Evolution, with several improvements in the game such as new Strikers and better animation.[6] The King of Fighters 2000 is the second part of "The NESTS Saga" as well as the last KOF game to be made by SNK before the bankruptcy. It adds a few new playable characters and a couple of Strikers (most of them being from previous KOF titles and other SNK titles as well such as Metal Slug and Kizuna Encounter).[7] The King of Fighters 2001 ends the second story arc. Due to economic problems that SNK had at the time, the Korean company Eolith helped in the development of the game after SNK was bankrupted.[8] The King of Fighters 2002 was created to reunite old characters from previous KOF games and featured no story, similar to KOF '98. It was also developed by Eolith.

A new KOF story arc called the "Tales of Ash" started in The King of Fighters 2003, the last KOF game to be released for the Neo Geo system. It allowed the players to change characters while playing, but the number of team members was reduced back to three. SNK returned to the franchise development in this entry.[9] By 2004, SNK abandoned yearly releases of the series and numbered future games in a more traditional manner.[10] The first main series game released as such was The King of Fighters XI, released in 2005.[11] The King of Fighters XII was released in 2009, using high-resolution, hand-drawn 2D sprites on detailed 2D backgrounds.[12] It is a storyless gathering of fighters, similar to KOF '98 and 2002 before it. The story arc ends with The King of Fighters XIII, which features the entire roster from The King of Fighters XII as well as additional characters and was released during the summer of 2010. The King of Fighters XIV will be released for the PlayStation 4 on August 23, 2016, featuring 3D graphics and a large roster of characters.

Other games[edit]

The King of Fighters '94 was remade and released in 2004 for the PlayStation 2 as The King of Fighters '94 Re-Bout in Japan. This version has several new features like hi-res graphics, online play, team edit, a playable Rugal Bernstein, and the addition of Saisyu Kusanagi.[13] A remake for KOF '98 titled The King of Fighters '98 Ultimate Match was released in Japanese arcades in 2008 and later on some video game consoles expanding the character roster and improving the graphics.[14] A remake of KOF 2002, titled The King of Fighters 2002 Unlimited Match was released for the PlayStation 2 in 2009 in Japan.

In 2004, SNK produced the first 3D installment of the series, The King of Fighters: Maximum Impact. The game and its sequel KOF: Maximum Impact 2 and its 2 upgraded versions, revises much of the backstory for characters and settings from previous games. The producer of the Maximum Impact series, Falcoon, stated that the Maximum Impact games are in a different continuity from the original series of games.[15] Another spin-off video game, The King of Fighters Neowave, was released for the Xbox, PlayStation 2 and Arcade during 2005 and 2006. Neowave is essentially a remix of KOF 2002, with a new presentation and a few roster changes. Like that game, Neowave has no storyline and is considered a "dream match". The character artwork was done by Tomokazu Nakano.[16] Two video games were released for the Game Boy Advance titled The King of Fighters EX: Neo-Blood and The King of Fighters EX2: Howling Blood respectively, featuring characters and backgrounds from KOF '99 and 2000, respectively.[17][18] A role-playing game was also created exclusively for the PlayStation under the name of The King of Fighters: Kyo, adaptating a manga with the same name.[19] An N-Gage version of the first Game Boy Advance game was released in 2005, titled The King of Fighters Extreme, which added Bluetooth multiplayer.

By late 2000s, at least three pachislot games were developed for the series. The first, The King of Fighters, is based on the Orochi storyline, the second, The King of Fighters 2, is based on the fight of K' against the NESTS cartel,[20][21] and the third, Maximum Impact focuses on the series' 3D titles. None of these was released outside Japan.[22] At least six games for Japanese mobile phones have also been developed. While a few of them are fighting games, others are mini-games like volleyball and quizzes.[23]

Several characters from the series also appear in crossover video games. NeoGeo Battle Coliseum is a 2-on-2 tag team fighting game for the Atomiswave arcade board, and SNK Gals' Fighters is a fighting game for the Neo Geo Pocket Color. Along with the KOF, characters from other SNK series also star in both of these games.[24] Capcom also produced a series of similar crossover fighting games with SNK. The SNK-produced fighting games of this crossover include the Dimps-developed portable fighting game SNK vs. Capcom: The Match of the Millennium for the Neo Geo Pocket Color in 1999 and SNK vs. Capcom: SVC Chaos for the Neo Geo in 2003. The games produced by Capcom are Capcom vs. SNK in 2000 followed by a minor upgrade, Capcom vs. SNK Pro, in 2001 and a sequel titled Capcom vs. SNK 2, released in 2001. All three games were produced for the NAOMI hardware and later ported to various consoles.

Compilations[edit]

In addition to the remakes of individual games such as Re-bout, Ultimate Match, and Unlimited Match, SNK has released compilations of their KOF games. Two KOF compilations were released in Japan for the PlayStation 2 as part of the Neo Geo Online Collection. The first compilation, The King of Fighters Orochi Hen (ザ·キング·オブ·ファイターズ -オロチ編-?, "The Orochi Compilation") features KOF '95, KOF '96, and KOF '97, the three games comprising the Orochi story arc. The compilation features a Color Edit mode that allows the player to create a custom color palette for every character in each game, the choice to play each game with original and arranged soundtracks, and an online versus mode which supports the MMBB service.[25] The second compilation, The King of Fighters NESTS Hen (ザ·キング·オブ·ファイターズ -ネスツ編-?, "The NESTS Compilation"), features the original Neo Geo versions of KOF '99, KOF 2000, and KOF 2001, as well as the corresponding Dreamcast versions of each game. It has the same features as the previous compilation, but with online support available only for the Dreamcast games in the compilation.[26]

A separately produced compilation titled The King of Fighters Collection: The Orochi Saga was released for the PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable and Wii in North America, the PAL region, and Southeast Asia. This compilation has the same lineup of games as the Japanese Orochi Hen, along with KOF '94 and KOF '98, although the extra features are different, with an added Challenge Mode where the player must win certain matches against the CPU in KOF '98 under specific conditions and a media gallery featuring listenable tracks from each game and a collection of official illustrations.[25]

Plot and characters[edit]

The titular King of Fighters tournament originated from SNK's previous fighting game franchises, Fatal Fury and Art of Fighting. The first game in the series, KOF '94, centers on a black market arms dealer named Rugal Bernstein, who hosts the well-known fighting tournament to lure worthy adversaries into his trap so that he can kill them and turn them into stone statues, adding them to his collection of defeated martial artists. In addition to previous established fighting game stars Terry Bogard and Ryo Sakazaki, the game introduces a new hero: a young Japanese martial artist named Kyo Kusanagi, who serves as the lead character in the early KOF games. In KOF '95, Rugal, having survived the previous tournament, host a new one with the intentions of seeking revenge against his adversaries. KOF '95 introduced Kyo's rival Iori Yagami to the series and was the first game to mention the presence of the Orochi clan, which would serve as the central plot element in the following two games in the series. The tournament in KOF '96 and KOF '97 are hosted by a woman named Chizuru Kagura, who seeks to recruit allies (particularly Kyo and Iori, who are descended from the Three Divine Vessels along with Kagura herself) to fight against the Orochi clan. The Orochi storyline concludes in KOF '97, while the following game in the series, KOF '98, is a "Special Edition" with no plot development.

KOF '99 introduces a new story arc involving a mysterious corporation known as NESTS, which seeks to create an army of genetically altered fighters. The game would introduce a new lead character named K′: a fugitive from NESTS who was genetically enhanced with Kyo's DNA. The two following games in the series, KOF 2000 and KOF 2001, continue the NESTS storyline, with each game further unraveling the mystery of the organization. KOF 2002, like KOF '98 before it, is a "Special Edition" of the series with no particular plot.

KOF 2003 begins a new storyline focusing on another new lead character named Ash Crimson, a young man who seeks to possess the powers of the Three Divine Vessels for his own unknown agenda. The tournaments from KOF 2003 and KOF XI were hosted by "Those From the Past", an organization of inhuman warriors who try to break the Orochi seal to take its powers so that they can give it to their shrouded master. While KOF XII does not have a story, KOF XIII follows another tournament hosted by Those From the Past with Ash eventually confronting their superior despite him being Ash's ancestor.

KOF XIV gets another storyline, involving a new lead character named Shun'ei.

Related media[edit]

Manga adaptation[edit]

During 1995 Tatsuya Shingyoji authored a manga adaptation of The King of Fighters '94. It was serialized in Shōnen Ace from Kadokawa Shoten and was collected into four tankōbon volumes. They were released from February 10, 1995 to December 1996. There is also a spin-off manga story based on the adventures of the characters from The King of Fighters '96 entitled The King of Fighters: Kyo. It was authored by Masato Natsumoto and published by Kodansha in two tankōbon volumes during 1997. Ryo Takamisaki also developed another adaptation from KOF '96; Shinseisha published the series in three tankōbon compilations from June 1996 to February 1998.

A manhua adaptation of KOF titled The King of Fighters: Zillion was created by Andy Seto. Hong Kong artists Wing Yang and King Tung produced further manhua for the games, starting in The King of Fighters 2001 through 2003 along with the Maximum Impact series.[27] Both authors also made a sequel, The King of Fighters 03: Xenon Zero (拳皇 XENON ZERO), to conclude the 2003 tournament. Another manhua series is King of Fighters RX Project '00 (拳皇RX) is a three-volume manhua series that was officially sponsored by SNK-Playmore Hong Kong. The NESTS saga version was illustrated by Ricky, covering the fight against NESTS primarily focused in the 2000 tournament.

Film and animation[edit]

A short series based upon KOF entitled The King of Fighters: Another Day was released in 2005, Production I.G produced the title as an original net animation with a total of four episodes, each about 10 minutes in length. It has since been released as a bonus DVD, packaged with KOF: Maximum Impact 2. An English-language live-action film The King of Fighters was released direct-to-DVD in the United States in 2010.[28][29] New anime and live-action drama productions were announced in 2016.[30][31]

CDs[edit]

SNK has released a series of CD soundtracks titled SNK Character Sounds Collection or SNK Sound Character Collection (SNKサウンドキャラクターズコレクション). As of 2008, there are 11 volumes altogether and each one focuses on a single character. The CDs have different versions of the characters themes, as well as quotes. Most of the albums' covers are illustrated by Masato Natsumoto.[32] The Band of Fighters, shortened as BOF, is a character image band that is formed with Kyo Kusanagi, Iori Yagami, Terry Bogard, Nakoruru and Athena Asamiya.

Dengeki Bunko and Pony Canyon have released several drama CDs from the series. Some of them are direct adaptations of several video games from KOF '94 to KOF '00. Another CD is Iori Yagami Original Drama The Setting Sun and Moon ~ Prologue (八神庵オリジナルドラマ 夕陽と月〜プロローグ〜), which is centered on Iori Yagami. The drama originally aired on the Game Dra Night and Neo Chupi and then released by Pony Canyon CD on July 7, 1999. The guidebook The King of Fighters Perfect Reader includes the bonus CD drama KOF: Mid Summer Struggle. There are two stories on it, one which is serious and one that is a parody focused on KOF '03. The scenarios were developed by Akihiko Ureshino and BoHyou. SNK also gave away a four-CD soundtrack featuring songs from past KOF games with the pre-order of KOF XIII on any GameStop in the United States.[33]

Other merchandise[edit]

In December 2006, Sabertooth Games released a King of Fighters 2006 set along with Samurai Shodown V for its Universal Fighting System (UFS) collectable card game; character starter packs were released for Terry Bogard and Mai Shiranui. Other merchandise includes numerous figures and statues, mostly of Mai.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The King of Fighters '94 Official Profile". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  2. ^ "The King of Fighters '95 Official Profile". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  3. ^ "The King of Fighters '96 Official Profile". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  4. ^ "The King of Fighters '97 Official Profile". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  5. ^ "The King of Fighters '98 Official Profile". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  6. ^ "The King of Fighters '99 Official Profile". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  7. ^ "The King of Fighters 2000 Official Profile". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  8. ^ "The King of Fighters 2001 Official Profile". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  9. ^ "The King of Fighters 2003 Official Profile". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  10. ^ "King of Fighters skipping 2004". GameSpot. 2004-12-23. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  11. ^ "The King of Fighters XI Official Profile" (in Japanese). King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  12. ^ Niizumi, Hirohiko (2008-09-18). "King of Fighters XII knuckles up next year". GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  13. ^ "King of Fighters '94 Re-Bout". Game Spot. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  14. ^ "The King of Fighters 98 Ultimate Match official website" (in Japanese). SNK Playmore. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  15. ^ "SNKプレイモア&FALCOON氏 独占インタビュー記事". 格闘ゲーム総合サイト FFL 〜Fighters Front Line (in Japanese). Retrieved February 27, 2008. 
  16. ^ "Game Spot: The King of Fighters NeoWave". Game Spot. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  17. ^ "Game Spot: The King of Fighters EX". Game Spot. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  18. ^ "Game Spot: The King of Fighters EX2: Howling Blood". Game Spot. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  19. ^ "Game Spot: The King of Fighters Kyo". Game Spot. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  20. ^ "The King of Fighters" (in Japanese). SNK Playmore. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  21. ^ "The King of Fighters 2007" (in Japanese). SNK Playmore. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  22. ^ "The King of Fighters Maximum Impact" (in Japanese). SNK Playmore. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  23. ^ "KOF Mobile" (in Japanese). SNK Playmore. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  24. ^ "Neo Geo Battle Coliseum". SNK Playmore. Archived from the original on December 29, 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-03. 
  25. ^ a b "KoF Collection Orochi Releases dates". Game Spot. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  26. ^ "The King of Fighters NESTS". Game Spot. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  27. ^ Shiroi, Eiji. "Remembrances of KOF: An Interview with Eiji". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved January 18, 2008. 
  28. ^ Plunkett, Luke. "Nobody Ever Learns ~ Gordon Chan Directing King Of Fighters Flick". Kotaku, the Gamer's Guide. Retrieved February 27, 2008. 
  29. ^ Frater, Patrick (2007-05-18). "Chan takes on 'King of Fighters'". Film Festival by Variety. Retrieved February 27, 2008. 
  30. ^ Effendi, Sean (January 10, 2016). "THE KING OF FIGHTERS Anime and Live Action Announced". Kitakubu. 
  31. ^ Franz "d3v" Co (January 11, 2016). "King of Fighters Anime, Live Action Drama in the Works". Shoryuken. 
  32. ^ "SNK Character Sounds Collection Volume 1 ~ Kyo Kusanagi – VGMdb beta". VGMdb. Retrieved 2008-03-26. 
  33. ^ Lai, Marcus (2011-08-03). "The King of Fighters XIII PS3, Xbox 360 sales heat up with bonus". Punch Jump. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 

External links[edit]