Tiger Mask

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Tiger Mask
Tiger Mask vol 1.jpg
Cover of the 2001 re-release of the first manga volume.
タイガーマスク
(Taigā Masuku)
GenreSports (professional wrestling)
Manga
Written byIkki Kajiwara
Illustrated byNaoki Tsuji
Published byKodansha
DemographicShōnen
MagazineBokura Magazine
Original run19681971
Volumes14
Anime television series
Directed byTakeshi Tamiya
Written byMasaki Tsuji
Tadashi Kondo
Toyohiro Ando
Music byShunsuke Kikuchi
StudioToei Animation
Original networkYomiuri TV
Original run October 2, 1969 September 30, 1971
Episodes105
Anime film
Directed byTakeshi Tamiya
StudioToei Animation
Released1970 (1970)
Anime television series
Tiger Mask II
Directed byKozo Morishita
Written byHaruya Yamazaki
Music byShunsuke Kikuchi
StudioToei Animation
Original networkTV Asahi
Original run April 20, 1981 January 18, 1982
Episodes33
Live-action film
Directed byKen Ochiai
Produced byToshiaki Nakazawa
Hidehiro Ito
Yoshihiro Yamamoto
Written byHidehiro Ito
Itaru Era
Ken Ochiai
Michael Welles Schock
Music byKoji Endo
StudioShochiku
ReleasedNovember 9, 2013 (2013-11-09)
Runtime90 minutes
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and Manga portal

Tiger Mask (Japanese: タイガーマスク, Hepburn: Taigā Masuku) is a Japanese manga series written by Ikki Kajiwara and illustrated by Naoki Tsuji. The series was first published in Kodansha's Bokura Magazine from 1968 to 1971 and was later published in Weekly Shōnen Magazine from 1970 to 1971. It was later adapted into an anime series by Toei Animation which first aired on Yomiuri TV on October 2, 1969 and ended its run on September 30, 1971, airing 105 episodes. In real life, the name has been used by a succession of Japanese professional wrestling characters as a gimmick. The Tiger Mask persona is instantly recognizable by its trademark mask, designed to look like a tiger's head, as well as the combination of high flying attacks and martial arts in the ring.

Plot[edit]

In the manga and anime, Tiger Mask (whose real name was Naoto Date) was a feared heel wrestler in America who was extremely vicious in the ring. However, he became a face after returning to Japan when a young boy said that he wanted to be a villain like Tiger Mask when he grew up. The boy resided in an orphanage, the same one that Tiger Mask grew up in during his childhood. Feeling that he did not want the boy to idolize a villain, Tiger was inspired to be a heroic wrestler.

The main antagonist in the manga and anime was the Tiger's Den, a mysterious organization that trained young people to be villainous wrestlers on the condition that they gave half of their earnings to the organization. Tiger Mask was once a member of the Tiger's Den under the name "Yellow Devil", but no longer wanted anything to do with them, instead donating his money to the orphanage. This infuriated the leader of the organization and he sent numerous assassins, including other professional wrestlers, to punish him.

In Tiger Mask II (タイガーマスク二世), a new opponent called "Outer Space Mask" bullies his way into the ring without representing any wrestling federation. Tatsuo Aku, once an orphan child from the "house of the children", was a fan of Naoto. He would put on his old hero's mask to become the new Tiger Mask.

Characters[edit]

Tiger Mask and His Comrades[edit]

Naoto Date (伊達 直人, Date Naoto) / Tiger Mask (タイガーマスク, Taigā Masuku)
Kentaro Takaoka (高岡 拳太郎, Takaoka Kentarō) / Yellow Devil (イエロー・デビル, Ierō Debiru)
Daigo Daimon (大門 大吾, Daimon Daigo) / Mister Fudo (ミスター不動, Misutā Fudo)
Toranosuke Arashi (嵐 虎之介, Arashi Toranosuke)
The Great Zebra (ザ・グレイト・ゼブラ, Za Gureito Zebura)

Chibikko House[edit]

Akira Wakatsuki (若月晃, Wakatsuki Akira)
Ruriko Wakatsuki (若月 ルリ子, Wakatsuki Ruriko)
Kenta (健太)
Yoshio Sasaki (佐々木芳夫, Sasaki Yoshio)
Chappy (チャッピー, Chappī)
Gaboten (ガボテン)
Mikuro (ミクロ)
Yoko Takaoka (高岡洋子, Takaoka Yōko)

Tiger's Den[edit]

Mister X (ミスターX, Misutā X)

Mister X is the main antagonist of the series.

Boss (ボス, Bosu) / Miracle 3 (ミラクル3, Mirakuru 3) / Tiger the Great (タイガー・ザ・グレイト, Taigā za Gureito)

The Boss is the leader of the Tiger's Den. He makes his first appearance disguised as the unbelievably strong fighter Miracle 3, the only fighter with total supremacy in the three fundamental abilities (strength, speed and illegal moves). Miracle 3 wins every fight in a clear and correct way, studying Tiger Mask style against some fighters chosen by him. When he finally fights with Tiger Mask, he reassumes his old name: Tiger the Great.

Big Tiger (ビッグ・タイガー, Biggu Taigā)
Black Tiger (ブラック・タイガー, Burakku Taigā)
King Tiger (キング・タイガー, Kingu Taigā)

The third master of the Tiger's Den. He was considered the strongest fighter ever. He was forced to retire because nobody was capable to fight him on an even basis. Adding to his considerable technique, King Tiger is the absolute master of illegal moves. His fight with Tiger Mask rapidly escalates to a real bloodbath.

Other characters[edit]

TV announcer

Ring announcer and narrator.

Tiger Mask II characters[edit]

Name Voiced by
Tatsuo Aku Hideyuki Hori
Midori Ariyoshi Chiyoko Kawashima
Antonio Inoki Banjo Ginga
Arman Hassan Chikao Otsuka
Junko Tachibana Mami Koyama
Kazuya Tachibana Satomi Majima
Hinode Sports Desk Chikao Otsuka
Ishimatsu Kaneto Shiozawa
Saiga Hideyuki Tanaka
Mina Saiga Chisato Nakajima
Ichiro Furutachi Kōji Yada

Publication history[edit]

The manga was originally created for the Bokura Magazine in 1968 by Ikki Kajiwara and Naoki Tsuji. The manga would be reprinted by Kodansha comics, and made available in Hong Kong. Further versions include Sankei Comics and the Kodansha KC Special. The anime would be televised nationally in Japan, while two movies would be constructed from reusing footage of the series.[1] Most of the environment and characters were fictional, but real-life pro wrestlers like Antonio Inoki, Giant Baba, Michiaki Yoshimura, Kintaro Ohki and Seiji Sakaguchi were included in the manga and anime as well.

On March 3, 2016, New Japan Pro Wrestling announced the revival of the Tiger Mask anime series.[2] The series, entitled Tiger Mask W, is set to premiere on TV Asahi in October 2016.[3] It is also currently streaming on Crunchyroll, marking it as the first Tiger Mask anime available to American viewers.[4] This new series is the exclusive sequel of the anime version and completely ignores Tiger Mask II, which confirms the death of Naoto Date like in the manga. In fact, this death isn't confirmed.

Adaptations[edit]

Films[edit]

The movies were titled as such in English when exported outside Japan. They are not actual translations.

Japanese Name English Name Release Date Type
タイガーマスク Tiger Mask 1970 movie
タイガーマスク ふく面リーグ戦 Tiger Mask: War against the League of Masked Wrestlers July 19, 1970 movie
タイガーマスク Tiger Mask November 9, 2013 movie

Video games[edit]

While the Tiger Mask character has shown up in quite a number of wrestling video games such as Fire Pro Wrestling D, Toukon Retsuden 3, Sunday vs Magazine: Shūketsu! Chōjō Daikessen, and Virtual Pro Wrestling 64, the video games are not directly based on the story of the manga or anime.

The Tekken video game series has a character named King who is an homage of Tiger Mask, except King wears a jaguar mask instead.

Street Fighter II, in its early concept design stages, had a very similar homage to Tiger Mask in its character roster.[5]

In the Yo-Kai Watch game series, a yokai named Machonyan wears a tiger mask.

Pokémon Sun and Moon introduced Incineroar, the "Heel Pokémon," displaying elements of both a tiger and a wrestler.

Cultural influences[edit]

  • In the early 1980s, the bookers in the New Japan Pro Wrestling promotion licensed the character and created a real-life Tiger Mask, originally portrayed by Satoru Sayama, to help boost their junior heavyweight division.[6]
  • In 2010 and 2011, several people in Japan donated to children's homes and other social welfare centers by using the name "Naoto Date" as an alias.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clements, Jonathan. McCarthy Helen. [2006] (2006). The Anime Encyclopedia: Revised & Expanded Edition. Berkeley, CA: Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 978-1-933330-10-5
  2. ^ Rose, Bryan (March 3, 2016). "NJPW New Japan Cup results: Big announcements, first round of matches". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  3. ^ "【新日】オカダが新アニメ「タイガーマスクW」に登場!「実際のプロレスも見てもらいたい」". Tokyo Sports (in Japanese). August 17, 2016. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  4. ^ http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2016-09-30/crunchyroll-to-stream-tiger-mask-w-anime/.107105
  5. ^ Kolher, Chris. "The Making of Street Fighter 2". Insert Credit. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  6. ^ Guerrero, Eddie (2005). Cheating Death, Stealing Life: The Eddie Guerrero Story. Simon and Schuster. p. 91. ISBN 0-7434-9353-2.
  7. ^ "Gifts from 'comic heroes' help Japan's orphans." CNN. January 11, 2011. Retrieved on January 12, 2011.

External links[edit]