A screenshot of a blank drawing canvas on Tux Paint in Spanish.
|Developer(s)||Bill Kendrick, et al.|
|Initial release||June 16, 2002|
|Stable release||0.9.22 / August 24, 2014|
|Type||Raster graphics editor|
|License||GNU General Public License|
Tux Paint is a bitmap graphics editor (a program for creating and processing raster graphics) geared towards young children. The project was started in 2002 by Bill Kendrick who continues to maintain and improve it, with help from numerous volunteers. Tux Paint is seen by many as a free software alternative to Kid Pix, a similar proprietary educational software product.
Tux Paint was initially created for the Linux operating system, as there was no suitable drawing program for young children available for Linux at that time. It is written in the C programming language and uses various free and open source helper libraries, including the Simple DirectMedia Layer (SDL), and has since been made available for Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS X, BeOS and other platforms.
Selected milestone releases:
- 2002.06.16 (June 16, 2002) - Initial release (brushes, stamps, lines, eraser), two days after coding started
- 2002.06.30 (June 30, 2002) - First Magic tools added (blur, blocks, negative)
- 2002.07.31 (July 31, 2002) - Localization support added
- 0.9.11 (June 17, 2003) - Right-to-left support, UTF-8 support in Text tool
- 0.9.14 (October 12, 2004) - Tux Paint Config. configuration tool released, Starter image support
- 0.9.16 (October 21, 2006) - Slideshow feature, animated and directional brushes
- 0.9.17 (July 1, 2007) - Arbitrary screen size and orientation support, SVG support, input method support
- 0.9.18 (November 21, 2007) - Magic Tools turned into plug-ins, Pango text rendering
Tux Paint stands apart from typical graphics editing software (such as The GIMP or Photoshop) that it was designed to be usable by children as young as 3 years of age. The user interface is meant to be intuitive, and utilizes icons, audible feedback and textual hints to help explain how the software works. The brightly colored interface, sound effects and cartoon mascot (Tux, the mascot of the Linux kernel) are meant to engage children.
Tux Paint's normal interface is split into five sections:
- Toolbox, containing the various basic tools (see below) and application controls (undo, save, new, print)
- Canvas, where the images are drawn and edited
- Color palette, where colors can be chosen (when applicable to the current tool)
- Selector, providing various selectable objects (e.g., brushes, fonts or sub-tools, depending on the current tool)
- Information area, where instructions, tips and encouragement are provided
Basic drawing tools
Like most popular graphics editing and composition tools, Tux Paint includes a paintbrush, an eraser, and tools to draw lines, polygonal shapes and text. Tux Paint provides multiple levels of undo and redo, allowing accidental or unwanted changes to be removed while editing a picture.
Files and printing
Tux Paint was designed in such a way that the user does not need to understand the underlying operating system or how to deal with files. The "Save" and "Open" commands were designed to mimic those of software for personal digital assistant devices, such as the Palm handheld. When one saves a picture in Tux Paint, they do not need to provide a file name or browse for where to place it. When one goes to open a previously saved picture, a collection of thumbnails of saved images is shown.
Similarly, printing is typically a 'no questions asked' process, as well.
Advanced drawing tools
Tux Paint includes a number of 'filters' and 'special effects' which can be applied to a drawing, such as blurring, fading, and making the picture look as though it was drawn in chalk on pavement. These are available through the 'Magic' tool in Tux Paint. Starting with version 0.9.18, Tux Paint's 'Magic' tools are built as plugins that are loaded at runtime and use a C API specifically for creating such tools.
A large collection of artwork and photographic imagery are also available (under a license allowing free redistribution), and may be placed inside drawings using Tux Paint's "Rubber Stamp" tool. Stamps can be in either raster (bitmap) format (in PNG format, supporting 24bpp and full alpha transparency), or as vector graphics (in SVG format) on many platforms Tux Paint supports. As of mid-2008, over 800 stamps are included in the stamps collection.
Parental and teacher controls
As features are added to Tux Paint, configuration options have been added that allow parents and teachers to disable features and alter the behavior to better suit their children's or students' needs, or to better integrate the software in their home or school computing environment. Typical options, such as enabling or disabling sound effects and full-screen mode are available. There are also options that help make Tux Paint suitable for younger or disabled children, such as displaying text using only uppercase letters or ignoring the distinction between buttons on the mouse.
Tux Paint has been translated into numerous languages, and has support for the display of text in languages that use non-Latin character sets, such as Japanese, Greek, or Telugu. As of June 2008, over 80 languages are supported. Correct support for complex languages requires Pango. Sound effects and descriptive sounds for stamp imagery can also be localized. Tux Paint includes its own form of input method support, allowing entry of non-Latin characters using the 'Text' tool. Japanese (Romanized Hiragana and Romanized Katakana), Korean (Hangul 2-bul) and Traditional Chinese are currently supported.
Tux Paint is included with the software that comes with the ASUS Eee PC. It is also a standard package in educationally oriented Linux distributions, such as Debian Jr. and Edubuntu, as an optional package in numerous other Linux distributions, as well as part of numerous educationally oriented Linux Live CDs. It is included in various software collections for Windows (such as GNUWin II and Open Source Software CD), as well as in portable software collections for Windows, since it can be run as a stand-alone application (without needing to be installed system-wide). Tux Paint is also available as an activity within the free and open source educational suite GCompris.
- List of raster graphics editors
- Comparison of raster graphics editors
- Tux Typing
- Tux, of Math Command
- MacMerc review of Tux Paint, June 18, 2003.
- Interview with Bill Kendrick of NewBreedSoftware at OSNews, August 16, 2002.
- "Tux Paint Great Fun for Your Kids... If They Can Get You Off the Program!", Community Kids Magazine, December 2007
- Tux Paint 0.9.18 press release, November 21, 2007.
- "Help Us Translate" page at Tux Paint website
- "Tux Paint 0.9.17 announcement". Tuxpaint.org. 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
- "Tux Paint distributors". Tuxpaint.org. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
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