Woodbury, New Jersey
|Woodbury, New Jersey|
|City of Woodbury|
|Motto(s): "The city you can grow with!"|
Map of Woodbury highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Woodbury, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 27, 1854|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Mayor||Jessica M. Floyd (D, term ends December 31, 2020)|
|• Administrator||Michael Theokas|
|• Municipal clerk||Roy A. Duffield|
|• Total||2.059 sq mi (5.333 km2)|
|• Land||2.009 sq mi (5.203 km2)|
|• Water||0.050 sq mi (0.130 km2) 2.43%|
410th of 566 in state|
18th of 24 in county
|Elevation||52 ft (16 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2016)||9,962|
242nd of 566 in state|
10th of 24 in county
|• Density||5,064.0/sq mi (1,955.2/km2)|
|• Density rank||
110th of 566 in state|
1st of 24 in county
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0885447|
Woodbury is a city in Gloucester County, New Jersey, in the United States. As of the 2010 United States Census the city's population was 10,174, reflecting a decline of 133 (-1.3%) from the 10,307 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 597 (-5.5%) from the 10,904 counted in the 1990 Census. Woodbury is the county seat of Gloucester County.
Woodbury was originally formed as a borough on March 27, 1854, within Deptford Township, based on the results of a referendum held on March 22, 1854. On January 2, 1871, Woodbury was reincorporated as a city, based on the results of a referendum held that day.
The Inspira Health Network is based in Woodbury. The now-defunct Woodbury Country Club operated in Woodbury from 1897 to 2010, closing due to declining membership and mounting debt that led to a bankruptcy filing by the club.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Notable people
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Woodbury was founded in 1683 by Henry Wood, a Quaker from the Northwest of England, who had left Great Britain due to religious persecution. Wood was incarcerated in Lancaster gaol for practicing as a Quaker and left his home in the village of Tottington, near Bury, Lancashire, in a boat to set up a community in the new world where he and his family could practice his religion freely. His surname and his home town went to make up the name of the city he founded – Woodbury.
In 2000, the Borough of Bury, England, and the City of Woodbury were twinned as part of millennium celebrations in both countries. The twinning ceremony was the culmination of a week where more than 300 school children and college students, local dignitaries and local residents from Bury took part in sporting and cultural events held in and around Woodbury with local people. During the week there was a symbolic meeting and reconciliation of the Vicar of Henry Wood's former church in Tottington and the Quaker meeting house in Woodbury and an ecumenical service attended by many of the residents and visitors.
In 1787, a fossil bone recovered in Woodbury from local Cretaceous strata was discussed by the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia. The remains were only retrospectively identified as dinosaurian, as dinosaurs would not be scientifically recognized as a distinct group of reptiles until Sir Richard Owen presented his treatise on British fossil reptiles to the British Association in August 1841.
Woodbury was the first city in the United States to mandate recycling. This effort was led by then-councilman and later mayor Donald P. Sanderson in the 1970s, and an ordinance was finally passed in December 1980. The idea of towing a "recycling" trailer behind a trash collection vehicle to enable the collection of trash and recyclable material at the same time emerged. Sanderson was asked to speak in municipalities throughout the country and other towns and cities soon followed suit.
There are numerous contributing properties to Broad Street Historic District encompassing Broad Street (between Woodbury Creek and Courtland Street) and Delaware Street (between Broad and Wood streets), including the Gloucester County Courthouse, listed on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places (#1429) in 1988.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 2.059 square miles (5.333 km2), including 2.009 square miles (5.203 km2) of land and 0.050 square miles (0.130 km2) of water (2.43%). Woodbury has a few lakes that feed off of Woodbury Creek.
|Climate data for Woodbury|
|Average high °F (°C)||41
|Average low °F (°C)||24
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.71
1860-1870 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,174 people, 4,088 households, and 2,420 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,064.0 per square mile (1,955.2/km2). There were 4,456 housing units at an average density of 2,217.9 per square mile (856.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.01% (6,716) White, 24.91% (2,534) Black or African American, 0.23% (23) Native American, 1.28% (130) Asian, 0.28% (28) Pacific Islander, 3.19% (325) from other races, and 4.11% (418) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.66% (1,085) of the population.
There were 4,088 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.0 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $58,629 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,598) and the median family income was $74,276 (+/- $7,880). Males had a median income of $57,019 (+/- $3,425) versus $37,363 (+/- $6,910) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,845 (+/- $2,571). About 7.8% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 10,307 people, 4,051 households, and 2,588 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,961.4 people per square mile (1,913.2/km2). There were 4,310 housing units at an average density of 2,074.7 per square mile (800.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.45% White, 22.83% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 2.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.94% of the population.
There were 4,051 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,827, and the median income for a family was $53,630. Males had a median income of $40,429 versus $30,570 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,592. About 11.2% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 15.4% of those age 65 or over.
Woodbury is governed under the City form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a City Council comprising nine council members. A Mayor is elected at-large directly by the voters for a four-year term of office. The City Council consists of nine members, three from each of three wards, elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat from each ward coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.
- First Ward: Daniel Reddin (D, 2017), Tracey L. Parker (D, 2018) and Danielle Carter (D, 2019)
- Second Ward: Theodore Johnson Jr. (D, 2017), William H. Fleming Jr. (D, 2018) and Council President David Trovato (D, 2019)
- Third Ward: Ken McIlvaine (D, 2017; appointed to serve an unexpired term), David Swanson (D, 2018) and Heather S. Tierney (R, 2019)
At the January 2017 reorganization meeting, the City Council chose Kenneth McIlvaine from three candidates nominated by the Democratic municipal committee to fill the Third Ward seat expiring in December 2017 that was vacated by Jessica Floyd when she took office as mayor.
The Democratic sweep in November 2012 of the three council seats and mayor gave the party a 6-3 majority on the 2013 council.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nilsa Cruz-Perez (D, Barrington) and in the General Assembly by Patricia Egan Jones (D, Barrington) and William Spearman (D, Camden). Spearman took office in June 2018 followingh the resignation of Arthur Barclay. The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).
Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2018[update], Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term as freeholder and as freeholder director ends December 31, 2018), Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; term as freeholder and as freeholder deputy director ends 2018), Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2020), Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2019), Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2019), Jim Jefferson (D, Woodbury; 2020) and Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2020). Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan (D, Franklinville in Franklin Township; 2022), Sheriff Carmel Morina (D, Greenwich Township; 2018) and Surrogate Helene M. Reed (D, Monroe Township; 2022).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 6,368 registered voters in Woodbury, of which 2,255 (35.4%) were registered as Democrats, 1,162 (18.2%) were registered as Republicans and 2,948 (46.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 67.7% of the vote (2,972 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 30.9% (1,356 votes), and other candidates with 1.5% (65 votes), among the 4,430 ballots cast by the city's 6,623 registered voters (37 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 66.9%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 66.9% of the vote (3,216 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 30.9% (1,487 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (58 votes), among the 4,806 ballots cast by the city's 6,829 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.4%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 60.1% of the vote (2,735 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 38.3% (1,742 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (43 votes), among the 4,547 ballots cast by the city's 6,521 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 69.7.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 58.6% of the vote (1,499 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 39.4% (1,007 votes), and other candidates with 2.0% (51 votes), among the 2,608 ballots cast by the city's 6,370 registered voters (51 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 40.9%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 51.8% of the vote (1,416 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 36.4% (995 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.5% (232 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (34 votes), among the 2,732 ballots cast by the city's 6,649 registered voters, yielding a 41.1% turnout.
The Woodbury Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 1,511 students and 127.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.85:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Evergreen Avenue Elementary School (grades preK-5; 315 students), Walnut Street Elementary School (K-5; 92), West End Memorial Elementary School (K-5; 340) and Woodbury Junior-Senior High School (6-12; 764).
Holy Angels Catholic School, a Catholic school serving students in PreK-8, is located in the city in the building built as St. Patrick's School in 1944. It was established in 2017 by the Bishop of Camden as the successor to Holy Trinity Regional School, which was created as part of the 2007 merger of the parish catholic schools of St. Patrick's, St. Matthew's of National Park and Most Holy Redeemer of Westville Grove.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 36.26 miles (58.35 km) of roadways, of which 29.15 miles (46.91 km) were maintained by the municipality, 5.04 miles (8.11 km) by Gloucester County and 2.07 miles (3.33 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Route 45 (Mantua Avenue / Broad Street) enters the city at its southernmost point from West Deptford Township and proceeds for 1.8 miles (2.9 km) before heading along the Deptford Township / West Deptford Township border at the north end of the city.
NJ Transit bus service between the city and Philadelphia is available on the 401 (from Salem), 402 (from Pennsville Township), 410 (from Bridgeton) and 412 (from Sewell) routes, with local service offered on the 455 (Cherry Hill Township to Paulsboro) and 463 (between Woodbury and the Avandale Park/Ride in Winslow Township) routes.
Beginning in the 1860s passenger train service was provided successively by the Camden and Woodbury Railroad, West Jersey Railroad, West Jersey & Seashore Railroad and the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines ending in the 1971. The station was built in 1883 and renovated in 2000.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Woodbury include:
- Ken Albers (1924–2007), singer with the Four Freshmen.
- Don Amendolia (born 1945), actor.
- Anthony Averett (born 1994), cornerback for the Alabama Crimson Tide football team.
- John Boyd Avis (1875–1944), United States federal judge whose private practice was here.
- Eli Ayers (1778–1822), physician and the first colonial agent of the American Colonization Society in what would later become Liberia.
- George Benjamin Jr. (1919–1944), United States Army soldier and a posthumous recipient of the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during the Philippines campaign of World War II.
- John Hancock Bradway (1821–1904), member of the New Jersey State House of Assembly in 1857; listed in the American Amateur Photographer magazine in 1889, along with other journals, for contributing important images of Woodbury.
- Carroll William "Boardwalk" Brown (1889–1977), a Major League Baseball pitcher for the Philadelphia Athletics.
- Hugh Victor Browne II (born c. 1925), a 2012 recipient of the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian award in the United States; is also the younger brother of Roscoe (below).
- Roscoe Lee Browne (1922–2007), character actor and former athlete; brother of Hugh (above).
- Van Bruner, world record holder in the 65-yard indoor dirt track high hurdles; ran in finals of 1952 Olympic Trials and also in first round of the 1965 Trials.
- Dave Budd (born 1938), former NBA player for the New York Knicks who was one of the three centers for the Knicks assigned to guard Wilt Chamberlain in the game in which he scored 100 points vs. 13 points for Budd.
- Dave Calloway (born 1968), former men's basketball head coach at Monmouth University.
- Kyle Cassidy (born 1966), professional photographer.
- Joe Colone (1926–2009), one-year player for the New York Knicks, moved to Woodbury and taught in the school system for over 30 years.
- John Cooper (1729-1785), member of the Provincial Congress of New Jersey in 1775 and 1776 who served on the committee that drafted New Jersey's first constitution.
- Mike Cox (born 1985), NFL player, was born in Woodbury.
- Daniel Dalton (born 1949), politician who served as New Jersey Senate Majority Leader and as Secretary of State of New Jersey.
- Franklin Davenport (1755–1832), Benjamin Franklin's nephew and a Federalist Party U.S. Senator.
- Donald J. Farish (born 1942), former president of Rowan University in Glassboro.
- Joe Fields (born 1953), former professional football center and guard in the National Football League.
- Henry Clay Foote (1820–1912), worked for G.G.Green's company in Woodbury. While a resident, he was the inventor of a "crimping machine" in 1889.
- Oscar Fraley (1914–1994), co-author, with Eliot Ness, of The Untouchables which sold 1.5 million copies, was raised in Woodbury.
- George Gill Green (1842–1925), a patent medicine entrepreneur and Colonel in the American Civil War.
- Grace Helbig (born 1985), comedian, actress, New York Times bestselling author, and creator and host of the web series It's Grace
- Robert C. Hendrickson (1898–1964), United States Senator from New Jersey from 1949 to 1955.
- Donald Holmes (1910–1980), inventor.
- Ralph Ipri (born c. 1943), former National High School Tennis Coach of the Year (coaching Cherry Hill East in 1979) and the all-time winningest high school boys' tennis coach in United States history. He retired in 2011 with a career record of 956–90.
- Nelson Jones (born 1964), football player for the San Diego Chargers.
- John Joseph Kitchen (1911–1973), a United States federal judge whose private practice was in Woodbury.
- George Knapp (born 1952), investigative journalist.
- George F. Kugler Jr. (1925-2004), lawyer who served as New Jersey Attorney General from 1970 to 1974.
- Jonathan V. Last (born 1974), columnist for The Weekly Standard.
- James Lawrence (1781–1813), who coined the phrase "Don't give up the ship" during the War of 1812.
- Mike McBath (born 1946), a defensive end for the Buffalo Bills from 1968–1973 and part-owner of the Orlando Predators.
- Bryant McKinnie (born 1979), professional football player for the Baltimore Ravens at the offensive tackle position.
- Dan Meyer (born 1981), pitcher for the Florida Marlins, was born in Woodbury.
- Tyler Miller (born 1993), professional soccer player.
- J. Hampton Moore (1864–1950), former Republican Congressman and Mayor of Philadelphia (1920–24; 1932–36), was born in Woodbury.
- Tim O'Shea (born 1962), men's basketball head coach of the Bryant Bulldogs.
- Paul Owens (1924–2003), manager of the 1983 National League Pennant-winning Philadelphia Phillies, lived and died in Woodbury.
- Francis F. Patterson Jr. (1867–1935), represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1920 to 1927.
- Jack Pierce (born 1962), Olympic bronze medalist in the 100-meter high hurdles at the 1992 Olympic Games.
- Chris Pressley (born 1986), fullback for the Cincinnati Bengals.
- John Chandler Rafferty (1816-1880), politician.
- H. Browning Ross (1924–1998), Olympian in long-distance running (1948) and gold medal winner in the 1,500-meter at the 1951 Pan American Games.
- Patti Smith (born 1946), singer-songwriter, was raised in Woodbury.
- Heather Spytek (born 1977), Playboy Magazine's Playmate of the Month in June 2001.
- Dennis Sullivan (born 1945), Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.
- Al Szolack (born c. 1950), a member of the Washington Generals traveling basketball team during the 1974–75 season.
- D. K. Ulrich (born 1944), NASCAR driver and owner.
- David Ogden Watkins (1862–1938), acting Governor of New Jersey from 1898 to 1899 and mayor of Woodbury from 1886 to 1890.
- Ann Cooper Whitall (1716–1797), a prominent Quaker woman known for her actions at the Battle of Red Bank.
- John M. Whitall (1800–1877), sea captain, businessman and philanthropist, was born in Woodbury.
- John L. White (1930-2001), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1964 to 1968 and in the New Jersey Senate from 1968 to 1972.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor, City of Woodbury. Accessed March 22, 2017.
- 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017. As of date accessed, Floyd is listed as mayor with an incorrect term-end year of 2018.
- City Administrator & City Clerk, City of Woodbury. Accessed July 6, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 28.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Woodbury, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Woodbury city, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Woodbury city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 10, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Woodbury, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed November 12, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Woodbury, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 11, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- New Jersey County Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 141. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Inspira Medical Center Woodbury, Inspira Health Network. Accessed November 12, 2013.
- Conaboy, Chelsea. "Plan would put houses on defunct Woodbury Country Club", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 23, 2010. Accessed November 12, 2013. "The country club, which was founded in 1897, filed for bankruptcy last summer, citing about $2.88 million in debt, then closed in October. Membership had been declining for years and couldn't support debt from a 1991 renovation."
- Mickle, Isaac, Esq. (1845). Reminiscences of old Gloucester: Or, Incidents in the History of the Counties of Gloucester, Atlantic and Camden, New Jersey (PDF). Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Townsend Ward. p. 89.
- Samuels, Tanyanika. "Following Woodbury's Founder Henry Wood Fled Persecution. Another Wants To Recreate His Journey.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 23, 1998. Accessed July 9, 2012. "At the age of 80, after years of being jailed and harassed by British authorities for his Quaker beliefs, Henry Wood fled with his son to America and founded the city of Woodbury.... Wood's voyage in 1682 started in Bury, England and ended along the Delaware River."
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed November 4, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 330. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed November 4, 2015.
- Staff. "AN OVERSEAS TRIP TO BURY A HATCHET WOODBURY RESIDENTS WILL VISIT THE ENGLISH TOWN FROM WHICH THE FOUNDER OF THEIR TOWN FLED PERSECUTION.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, February 4, 2001. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Dodson, Peter (1997). "American Dinosaurs." Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Edited by Phillip J. Currie and Kevin Padian. Academic Press. p. 10-13.
- Farlow, James O.; M. K. Brett-Surmann (1999). The Complete Dinosaur. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-253-21313-4.
- Rhodes, Rosalee Polk. "Time as a public servant ends for 'father of recycling' His plan was modeled nationwide. He will retire as mayor.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, December 1, 2002. Accessed July 9, 2012. "Sanderson, a Republican from the city's Third Ward, was referring to the start of Woodbury's recycling program, which eventually would bring accolades from cities across the nation and the world. Initially, it was rebuffed by residents. When Sanderson introduced the curb pickup program in 1980, he said, it almost made him the laughingstock of the town."
- "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection-Historic Preservation Office.
- Average weather for Woodbury, New Jersey, The Weather Channel. Accessed June 24, 2009.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Gloucester County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed November 12, 2013.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 258, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed November 12, 2013. "Woodbury is the seat of justice of the county and contained in 1860, 1,534 inhabitants, and in 1870, 1,965."
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed November 12, 2013.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed November 12, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Woodbury city, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Woodbury city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Woodbury city, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- City Government, City of Woodbury. Accessed January 15, 2007.
- City Council Members, City of Woodbury. Accessed March 22, 2017.
- 2016 Municipal User Friendly Budget, City of Woodbury. Accessed July 6, 2016.
- Gloucester County 2016 Official Directory, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed July 5, 2016.
- General Election November 8, 2016 Summary Report Unofficial Results, Gloucester County, New Jersey Clerk, November 21, 2016. Accessed January 30, 2017.
- General Election November 3, 2015 Unofficial Results, Gloucester County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 9, 2015. Accessed July 5, 2016.
- 2014 General Election Unofficial Results, Gloucester County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 13, 2014. Accessed July 5, 2016.
- 146th Annual Re-Organization Meeting of the Mayor and City Council of the City of Woodbury January 3, 2017, City of Woodbury. Accessed March 22, 2017. "The City Clerk explained that since Councilwoman Floyd resigned from Council in order to be sworn in as Mayor, there is a vacancy on Council for the remainder of her unexpired term.... On motion of Councilman Swanson, seconded by Councilwoman Parker and unanimously approved, Ken McIlvaine was appointed for the term expiring December 31, 2017."
- Bautista, Jessica. "Woodbury municipal election swept by Democrats", South Jersey Times, November 6, 2012. Accessed November 12, 2013. "Volk was among the four victorious Democrats that swept the city's municipal race Tuesday.Once the new year begins, the county seat's political make-up will be 6-3 Democrat with a Democratic mayor — a vast difference from this past year's 5-4 Republican edge with a Republican mayor."
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2017 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed July 3, 2018.
- District 5 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed July 3, 2018.
- Johnson, Brent. "Yet another new lawmaker takes office in N.J.", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, July 2, 2018. Accessed July 3, 2018. "Former Camden councilman William Spearman was sworn in Saturday as the newest member of the state Assembly, replacing Arthur Barclay, who resigned last month amid assault charges stemming from a domestic violence incident."
- Governor Phil Murphy, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2018.
- Lieutenant Governor Oliver, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2018. "Assemblywoman Oliver has resided in the City of East Orange for over 40 years."
- Robert M. Damminger, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Giuseppe (Joe) Chila, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Frank J. DiMarco, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Jim Jefferson, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Board of Freeholders, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- 2018 County Data Sheet, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Gloucester County 2018 Official Directory, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- James N. Hogan, Gloucester County. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Members List: Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Sheriff Carmel M. Morina, Gloucester County. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Members List: Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Surrogate Helene M. Reed, Gloucester County. Accessed July 19, 2017.
- Members List: Surrogates, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Row Officers, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Voter Registration Summary - Gloucester, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 10, 2012.
- "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Gloucester County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Gloucester County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 10, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 10, 2012.
- "Governor - Gloucester County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Gloucester County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 10, 2012.
- District information for Woodbury School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 18, 2014.
- School Data for the Woodbury Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 18, 2014.
- Evergreen Avenue Elementary School, Woodbury City Public Schools. Accessed November 18, 2014.
- Walnut Street Elementary School, Woodbury City Public Schools. Accessed November 18, 2014.
- West End Memorial Elementary School, Woodbury City Public Schools. Accessed November 18, 2014.
- Woodbury Junior/Senior High School, Woodbury City Public Schools. Accessed November 18, 2014.
- Our Schools, Woodbury City Public Schools. Accessed November 18, 2014.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Woodbury City Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Home Page, Holy Angels Catholic School. Accessed September 3, 2017.
- Sánchez, Peter G. "New location, new name: Holy Angels, Woodbury", Catholic Star Herald, February 2, 2017. Accessed September 3, 2017. "Holy Trinity Regional School in Westville Grove, formed 10 years ago after a three-school consolidation, will move to Woodbury this fall and be renamed Holy Angels Catholic School. The former Saint Patrick's School, which closed in 2007 when it, Saint Matthew's in National Park and Most Holy Redeemer in Westville Grove, merged into Holy Trinity, will serve as the educational center for preK-8 students."
- Gloucester County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 12, 2013.
- Route 45 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 2010. Accessed November 11, 2013.
- County Route 551 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, September 2007. Accessed November 12, 2013.
- Gloucester County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed November 12, 2013.
- South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed November 12, 2013.
- "Woodbury Station". Waymarking. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- Fact Sheet 2013, Glassboro-Camden Line. Accessed April 18, 2015.
- Staff. "PASSINGS; Ken Albers, 82; singer harmonized as one of the Four Freshmen", Los Angeles Times, April 21, 2007. Accessed April 3, 2012. "John Kenneth Albers was born Dec. 10, 1924, in Woodbury, NJ, and served in the US Army during World War II."
- Preston, Rohan. "Actors find 'Wicked' success", Minneapolis Star-Tribune, August 7, 2010. Accessed July 9, 2012. "That is only an hour from Woodbury, NJ, where Amendolia now lives in the home he grew up in."
- Chappelear, Scott. "Alabama's Nick Saban visits Anthony Averett at Woodbury High School", South Jersey Times, January 25, 2013. Accessed September 18, 2017. "Nick Saban came to Woodbury High School last week to visit with Thundering Herd standout Anthony Averett, who’s verbally committed to play football for the University of Alabama and is scheduled to sign his National Letter of Intent on Signing Day Feb. 6. But while the visit was about Averett, it was very much for his family as well — his relatives and his Woodbury family."
- John Boyd Avis, The Historical Society of the US District Court for the District of New Jersey. Accessed April 3, 2012. "He read law from 1890 to 1894 with John S. Mitchell and from 1897 to 1898 with David O. Watkins in Woodbury, New Jersey."
- Ben Franklin's nephew was a 'famous' county resident. Shryock, Bob. February 7, 2010. Accessed May 31, 2010.
- The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians. Accessed June 13, 2009.
- The American Amateur Photographer, p. 111. Accessed June 13, 2009.
- Boardwalk Brown, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed November 4, 2015.
- Shyrock, Bob. "Marine from Woodbury to receive Congressional Gold Medal 66 years later", South Jersey Times, April 8, 2012. Accessed November 18, 2014. "Marine Veteran Victor Browne of Woodbury will receive the Congressional Gold Medal at the U.S. Visitors Center in Washington, D.C."
- Biography of Roscoe Lee Browne, The New York Times, accessed December 12, 2006.
- Gloucester County Hall of Fame – 1984 class Archived May 31, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed April 14, 2008.
- Box score: Wilt's 100-point game Archived October 2, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Sporting News, accessed December 16, 2006.
- Jones, Gordis. "Are 16-seeds closing gap?", The Morning Call, March 18, 2006. Accessed November 12, 2013. "Catching flak: Kenny, a native of Spring Lake, N.J., was booed during introductions after saying during a news conference Thursday that he and the team's other Northern Jersey types have to constantly remind Calloway -- a native of Woodbury, N.J. -- how much better New York City is than Philadelphia."
- Bob Shryock: One of Woodbury's finest leaves lasting legacy. "Colone, 85, one of many educators from the Berwick, Pa., area who migrated to Woodbury to take teaching positions a half-century ago, died July 1 after many years of courageously fighting various illnesses." Accessed July 7, 2009.
- Database Basketball: Joe Colone Archived June 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed April 14, 2008.
- John Cooper House / Headquarters of Lord Cornwallis, The Village Green Preservation Society, May 10, 2013. Accessed November 12, 2013. "John Cooper was born on January 5, 1729 in Deptford Township, Gloucester County.... Around 1767 he moved to Woodbury and had a fine red brick mansion with large fireplaces and fine paneled woodwork built on Broad Street."
- Mike Cox profile. Atlanta Falcons. Accessed December 16, 2012.
- The Irish American Who's Who, p. 167. Accessed September 15, 2016. "Dalton, Daniel Joseph New Jersey state senator; born in Woodbury, New Jersey on August 8, 1949; son of William Lawrence Dalton and Margaret Mary Dalton (both born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)"
- Franklin Davenport, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. "...moved to Woodbury, New Jersey in 1781 and continued the practice of law...died in Woodbury, Gloucester County, N.J." Accessed July 16, 2008.
- Donald J. Farish biography Archived March 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed May 15, 2009.
- Surden, Matt. "Gloucester County football players learn to lead the Jaws way", The Gloucester County Times, August 6, 2009. Accessed April 3, 2012. "The participants were treated to some of the top knowledge of the game today. Besides Jaworski, participants included Joe Russo, who works on NFL films with Jaworski; Mark Chmielinski of NFL Films; and Woodbury native Joe Fields, a former offensive lineman for the New York Jets."
- Machine For Crimping The Ends of Paper Tubes (Hill, R.K., and Foote, H.C.). Accessed June 14, 2009.
- Staff. "Oscar Fraley, 79, 'Untouchables' Author", The New York Times, January 9, 1994. Accessed April 3, 2012. "Born in Philadelphia and reared in Woodbury, N.J., Mr. Fraley worked for U.P.I. from 1940 to 1965."
- Riordan, Kevin. "Woodbury landmark needs a tonic", The Philadelphia Inquirer, September 4, 2011. Accessed April 3, 2012. "Perhaps someone like Col. George Gill Green himself will step in to save the derelict downtown landmark that bears his name.The patent-medicine tycoon put Woodbury on the map in the late 1800s, but the G.G. Green Building, the massive commercial edifice he built at Broad and Centre Streets, could soon disappear."
- Robert Clymer Hendrickson, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 11, 2007.
- Donald Holmes Archived July 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Inventor's Hall of Fame. Accessed July 16, 2008.
- Gloucester County Sports Hall of Fame Archived May 31, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. "Class of 1991...Ralph Ipri (Woodbury)." Accessed April 13, 2008.
- USTA Middle States Coach of the Year. Accessed April 13, 2008. Archived June 3, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Tennis coach Ipri wins No. 900", Courier-Post, April 13, 2008. Accessed April 13, 2008. "The nation's winningest boys' tennis coach reached yet another plateau Saturday."
- Tennis coach Ipri retires after 45 years. March 11, 2011. Accessed January 31, 2012.
- NC State vs. Clemson October 26, 1985 Football Program, Clemson University. Accessed July 16, 2017.
- Kitchen, John Joseph , Biographical Directory of Federal Judges. Accessed November 18, 2014.
- George Knapp, KLAS-TV. Accessed July 9, 2012. "George Knapp was born in Woodbury, N.J., and raised mostly in Northern California"
- Holmes, Kristin E. 'George Kugler Jr., former N.J. attorney general", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 4, 2004. Accessed November 12, 2013. "Born in Woodbury, Mr. Kugler graduated from the Peddie School in Hightstown, N.J., in 1943."
- Staff. "Great leap rightward? Nah, just finding balance", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 15, 2006. Accessed March 2, 2011. "Folks meet Jonathan V. Last. He was born in Camden 31 years ago grew up in Woodbury and Moorestown and now works as online editor for the Weekly Standard."
- Historic Roadsides of New Jersey: Gloucester County, accessed December 12, 2006.
- Staff. "Home Grown Freshmen", Hartford Courant, January 3, 1965. Accessed November 10, 2012. "They are tackles Bill Lenkaitis of Youngstown, Ohio; Mike McBath of Woodbury, NJ, and Frank Iinski of Newark, NJ, and Russ Minkowitz, a guard from Canton, Mass."
- Bryant McKinnie, NFL.com. Accessed November 19, 2016.
- Dan Meyer player profile, The Baseball Cube. Accessed July 17, 2007.
- Seattle selects Eustace grad Miller at MLS Draft. South Jersey Sports Digest (Shute, Mike). January 15, 2015. Accessed March 14, 2016.
- Joseph Hampton Moore biography, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 23, 2007.
- Prunty, Brendan. "NCAA Court Vision: Tim O'Shea and Bryant engineering perfect blend of program turnaround", The Star-Ledger, January 21, 2013. Accessed November 12, 2013. "Bryant and head coach Tim O'Shea, a native of Woodbury, are currently in first place in the Northeast Conference after going 2-28 last season."
- "Paul Owens, 79; Shaped Champion Phillies" from The New York Times obituary (December 28, 2003). Accessed October 14, 2008.
- Francis Ford Patterson Jr., Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 26, 2007.
- Ostrum, Gus. "Former Olympic Star, New Jersey State Champion Jack Pierce Recalls Days in South Jersey", Courier-Post, March 24, 2009. Accessed November 19, 2016. "A 1980 Woodbury High graduate, Pierce, 46, won a state hurdles championship as a senior and ran for two of South Jersey's finest coaches – Howie Staeger in his first three seasons and then Jim Mohan when he was a senior."
- Bengals.com. "Was this the same son that came home at 3 in the morning after mopping floors at Wendy's and woke three hours later to finish off his 4.0 run at Woodbury High School and help keep the family afloat?" Accessed June 5, 2009.
- Biographical and Historical Record, p. 132. Yale University. Accessed November 4, 2015. "John Chandler Rafferty was born at Woodbury, New Jersey, Dec. 29th, 1816."
- Browning Ross Archived July 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Runners Mecca. Accessed September 16, 2007.
- "Patti Smith - Biography: 'Three chord rock merged with the power of the word.'", Arista Records, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 17, 2008. Accessed November 4, 2015. "Born in Chicago and raised in Woodbury, New Jersey, just across the state line from Philadelphia."
- DeLuca, Dan. "Woodbury's Patti Smith Takes Charge In Camden", The Philadelphia Inquirer, September 30, 1997. Accessed November 4, 2015. "It was an informal evening in which the punk-rock godmother and Woodbury native cracked jokes, recalled her first apartment in Pitman ('I had water beetles so big they scared the mice') and mixed selections from Peace (Arista * * 1/2) with older tunes and readings from her poetry collection Early Work."
- Playmate Heather Spytek, Playboy. Accessed November 10, 2012. "Heather Spytek Birthplace:Woodbury, NJ H:5' 6" W:110 lbs 36C-22-32"
- Editorial: The Camden bishop snags a bargain as a Woodbury residence. NJ.com. Accessed January 3, 2014.
- Brodeur, Scott. "Foe Of Drugs Gets Soapbox On National TV", The Philadelphia Inquirer, September 18, 1988. Accessed November 18, 2014. "Szolack, who grew up in Woodbury, said he would have liked to have said more, but the show's format did not allow it."
- D. K. (Donald Keith) Ulrich, Legends of NASCAR. Accessed November 12, 2013. "At one time, Ulrich, who was born in Woodbury, N.J., and moved to the Concord area in the late 1960s from California to be closer to NASCAR racing, had Sandy Jones, Peter Sospenzo and Jimmy Long working on the same crew."
- New Jersey Governor David Ogden Watkins, National Governors Association. Accessed July 9, 2012. "David O. Watkins, the thirty-eighth governor of New Jersey, was born in Woodbury, New Jersey on June 8, 1862.... Watkins first entered politics as mayor of Woodbury, a position he held from 1886 to 1890."
- Roncace, Kelly. "Kelly Roncace: What's in a name? Whitall House", Gloucester County Times, October 24, 2011. Accessed July 9, 2012. "Ann Whitall is known mostly for her involvement with the Battle of Red Bank on Oct. 21, 1777. Whitall, born Ann Cooper in 1716 in Woodbury, married James Whitall and the couple built their home on the Delaware River in what is now National Park in 1748."
- Kephart, Bill; and Kephart, Mary. "The Kepharts: John Mickle Whitall", Gloucester County Voices, January 16, 2011. Accessed July 9, 2012. "James Mickle Whitall, son of John Seddon Whitall and Sarah Mickle Whitall, was born into the Quaker family on Nov. 4, 1800 at Woodbury Creek, Gloucester County.... Between voyages, John Whitall courted Mary Tatum. The Tatum family had also lived in Woodbury."
- Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, p. 394. Accessed November 4, 2015. "Gloucester County JOHN L. WHITE (Rep., Woodbury)"
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Woodbury, New Jersey.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Woodbury (New Jersey).|
- Woodbury website
- Woodbury Public Schools
- Woodbury Public Schools's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Woodbury Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Woodbury City Profile
- Images of America: Woodbury (NJ) paperback book
- Historic Sites in Gloucester County
- Millennium Twinning Page