World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument
|World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument|
|Location||Alaska, California & Hawaii, USA|
|Area||6,310 acres (25.5 km2)|
|Created||December 5, 2008|
|Visitors||1,574,156 (in 2015)|
|Governing body||National Park Service & Fish and Wildlife Service|
|Website||World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument|
The World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument was a U.S. National Monument honoring events, people, and sites of the Pacific Theater engagement of the United States during World War II. The John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act, signed into law March 12, 2019, abolished the National Monument, replacing it with Pearl Harbor National Memorial, Aleutian Islands World War II National Monument, and Tule Lake National Monument.
The national monument included 9 sites in 3 states, totaling 6,310 acres (2,550 ha):
- Hawaii – sites administered by the National Park Service
- Alaska – sites administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service as park of Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge
- California – site jointly administered by both NPS and FWS
- Tule Lake Unit, World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument (on the site of an internment camp for Japanese Americans), in Modoc County, northeastern California. ( )
The monument was administered by the National Park Service and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The actual shipwrecks of the Arizona, Utah, and Oklahoma were not parts of the monument and remained under the jurisdiction of the US Navy.
The monument was created on December 5, 2008, through a proclamation issued by President George W. Bush under the authority of the Antiquities Act of 1906. The proclamation date was selected in anticipation of the 67th anniversary of the Attack on Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 2008. This was the first proclamation of a national monument in Alaska since passage of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) in 1980.
- Proclamation 8327 of December 5, 2008, Establishment of the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, 73 FR 75293 (2008-12-10).
- "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2016-12-07.
- "Text - S.47 - John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act". United States Congress. 2019-03-12. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
- ANILCA requires Congressional ratification of the use of the Antiquities Act for withdrawals of greater than 5,000 acres (20.2 km²) in Alaska. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. "Digest of Federal Resource Laws of Interest to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act of 1980". Retrieved December 8, 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument.|
- National Park Service: Pearl Harbor National Memorial
- National Park Service: Tule Lake National Monument
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service − Foundation Statement–Alaska Unit, World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument