Yangshan Port

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Yangshan Port
Yangshan-Port-Containers.jpg
Yangshan Port
Location
CountryChina
LocationShengsi County, Zhejiang Province
CoordinatesCoordinates: 30°37′N 122°04′E / 30.617°N 122.067°E / 30.617; 122.067
Details
Opened2005
Operated byShanghai International Port Group
Type of harborDeep-water seaport
Statistics
Annual container volume> 10 million TEU (2010)

Yangshan Port (Chinese洋山, p Yángshān Gǎng, Wu Yan-se Kaon), formally the Yangshan Deep-Water Port (洋山, p Yángshān Shēnshuǐ Gǎng, Wu Yan-se Sen-sy Kaon), is a deep water port for container ships in Hangzhou Bay south of Shanghai. The port is part of the Maritime Silk Road.[1][2] The port is built on the islands of Greater and Lesser Yangshan, part of the Zhoushan archipelago, with fill from land reclamation. Connected to Shanghai's Pudong New Area by the Donghai Bridge and forming part of the Port of Shanghai, the islands of Greater and Lesser Yangshan are administered separately as part of Zhejiang's Shengsi County.

Built to allow the Port of Shanghai to grow despite shallow waters near the shore, it allows berths with depths of up to 15 metres (49 ft) to be built, and can handle today's largest container ships. In mid-2011, port officials said the port was on track to move 12.3 million Twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) during the year, up from 10.1 million TEUs in 2010.[3] In 2015, the port handled 36.54 million TEUs,[4] and by 2019, its throughput had increased to 43.35 million TEU.

Construction phases[edit]

In 2000 and 2001, the decision was made to commence construction on the first of four phases. The first two phases have nine berths in total along a 3 km (1.9 mi) quayside. The first phase, which opened in 2004, can accommodate 2.2 million containers annually and includes 10 quay cranes. The second phase was opened in December 2006, and comprises 72 hectares (180 acres) with 15 quay cranes. The third phase, opened in stages, was completed in 2010 with seven berths.[citation needed] The fourth phase, which began trial operation on Dec. 10, 2017,[5] will add 4 million Twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) to the port's annual capacity.[3]

The total cost of building the port may reach US$12 billion over 20 years.[6] When complete, the port will have 30 berths capable of handling 15 million TEUs annually.[7]

Highway access[edit]

The Yangshan Port is connected to the mainland via the 32.5 km (20.2 mi) Donghai Bridge, opened on 1 December 2005 as the world's longest sea bridge. The six-lane highway bridge took 6,000 workers two and half years to construct.[8]

Rail access[edit]

There is no direct railway connection to the Yangshan Port. The port is served by Luchaogang railway station on the Pudong Railway, which was opened in 2005 near the mainland end of the Donghai Bridge.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yangshan City Port. The world’s biggest container port opens new Silk Road for shipping
  2. ^ AJOT’s top 100 container ports
  3. ^ a b "Yangshan Deep-water port's TEU traffic may climb to 12.3 million". Marine News China. 24 June 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  4. ^ http://www.simic.net.cn/news_list.php?lan=en&id=368&flag=cnports&pname=shanghai
  5. ^ "Fourth phase of Yangshan Deep Water Port completed".
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "PSA, China Shipping hold share". China Daily. January 26, 2007. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  8. ^ Barbosa, David (December 11, 2005). "Shanghai opens new shipping port". New York Times. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  9. ^ 洋山深水港配套工程浦东铁路将发首趟集装箱专列 (Pudong Railway, supporting the Yangshan Port, will send the first container train), 2005-12-09

External links[edit]