59th Academy Awards

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59th Academy Awards
Oscar-1986.jpg
Official poster
Date March 30, 1987
Site Dorothy Chandler Pavilion
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Host Chevy Chase
Goldie Hawn
Paul Hogan
Producer Samuel Goldwyn, Jr.
Director Marty Pasetta
Highlights
Best Picture Platoon
Most awards Platoon (4)
Most nominations Platoon and A Room with a View (8)
TV in the United States
Network ABC
Duration 3 hours, 25 minutes[1]
Ratings 37.19 million
27.5% (Nielsen ratings)
 < 58th Academy Awards 60th > 

The 59th Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), took place on March 30, 1987, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 23 categories honoring films released in 1986. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Samuel Goldwyn, Jr. and directed by Marty Pasetta.[2][3] Actors Chevy Chase, Paul Hogan, and Goldie Hawn co-hosted the show. Hawn hosted the gala for the second time, having previously been a co-host of the 48th ceremony held in 1976. Meanwhile, this was Chase and Hogan's first Oscars hosting stint.[4] Eight days earlier, in a ceremony held at The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills, California on March 22, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Catherine Hicks.[5]

Platoon won four awards including Best Picture.[6][7] Other winners included Hannah and Her Sisters and A Room with a View with three awards, Aliens with two awards, and Artie Shaw: Time Is All You've Got, The Assault, Children of a Lesser God, The Color of Money, Down and Out in America, The Fly, A Greek Tragedy, The Mission, Precious Images, Round Midnight, Top Gun, and Women – for America, for the World with one.

Winners and nominees[edit]

The nominees for the 59th Academy Awards were announced on February 11, 1987, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Robert Wise, president of the Academy, and actor Don Ameche and actress Anjelica Huston.[8] Platoon and A Room with a View led all nominees with eight each.[9]

The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 30, 1987.[10] Marlee Matlin was the first deaf performer to win an Oscar and the youngest winner in the Best Actress category.[11][12] Best Actor winner Paul Newman was the fourth actor to have been nominated for portraying the same character in two different films, having previously earned a nomination for his role as "Fast Eddie" Felson in 1961's The Hustler.[13] By virtue of his victory in the Best Actor category, Newman and wife Joanne Woodward, who won Best Actress for her performance in 1957's The Three Faces of Eve, became the second married couple to win acting Oscars.[12]

Awards[edit]

A picture of a man wearing a blue suit and grey tie over a light blue shirt.
Oliver Stone, Best Director winner
Black and white headshot of a man wearing a coat, shirt, and tie
Paul Newman, Best Actor winner
Upper torso of a female with her hands clasped together. She is wearing an unr=buttoned red collared blouse.
Marlee Matlin, Best Actress winner
A picture of an old man wearing a black coat. He is wearing a light purple tie.
Michael Caine, Best Supporting Actor winner
Profile of a woman wearing a brown blouse and a blue earring.
Dianne Wiest, Best Supporting Actress winner
Photo of a bespectacled Jewish male looking toward his left shoulder. He is wearing an unbuttoned gray collared shirt.
Woody Allen, Best Original Screenplay winner
An African American male in his late sixties is wearing sunglasses, a black jacket, and a black T-shirt.
Herbie Hancock, Best Original Score winner
Headshot of a bearded man wearing an unbuttoned black collared shirt over a white T-shirt.
Giorgio Moroder, Best Original Song co-winner

Winners are listed first and indicated with a double-dagger (double-dagger)[14]

Best Picture Best Director
Best Actor Best Actress
Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress
Best Original Screenplay Best Adapted Screenplay
Best Foreign Language Film
Best Documentary Feature Best Documentary Short
Best Live Action Short Best Animated Short
Best Original Score Best Original Song
Best Sound Best Sound Editing
Best Art Direction Best Cinematography
Best Makeup Best Costume Design
Best Film Editing Best Visual Effects

Honorary Academy Awards[edit]

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award[edit]

Multiple nominations and awards[edit]

Presenters and performers[edit]

The following individuals presented awards or performed musical numbers.[17][18]

Presenters[edit]

Name(s) Role
Sims, HankHank Sims Announcer for the 59th annual Academy Awards
Wise, RobertRobert Wise (AMPAS president) Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony
MacLaine, ShirleyShirley MacLaine Presenter of the awards for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Original Screenplay
Matlin, MarleeMarlee Matlin Presenter of the award for Best Sound
Ameche, DonDon Ameche
Anjelica Huston
Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actress
Chase, ChevyChevy Chase Presenter of the award for Best Sound Effects Editing
Bacall, LaurenLauren Bacall Presenter of the award for Best Costume Design
Reeve, ChristopherChristopher Reeve
Isabella Rossellini
Presenters of the award for Best Art Decoration
Jones, JenniferJennifer Jones Presenter of the award for Best Cinematography
Bonham Carter, HelenaHelena Bonham Carter
Matthew Broderick
Presenters of the award for Best Documentary Short Subject
Dreyfuss, RichardRichard Dreyfuss Presenter of the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award to Steven Spielberg
Nimoy, LeonardLeonard Nimoy
William Shatner
Presenters of the award for Best Visual Effects
Winfrey, OprahOprah Winfrey Presenter of the award for Best Documentary Feature
Bridges, JeffJeff Bridges
Sigourney Weaver
Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor
Peters, BernadetteBernadette Peters Presenter of the award for Best Original Song
Midler, BetteBette Midler Presenter of the award for Best Original Score
Hanks, TomTom Hanks
Bugs Bunny
Presenters of the award for Best Animated Short Film
Dangerfield, RodneyRodney Dangerfield Presenter of the award for Best Makeup
Braga, SôniaSônia Braga
Michael Douglas
Presenters of the award for Best Live Action Short Film
Hurt, WilliamWilliam Hurt Presenter of the award for Best Actress
Ringwald, MollyMolly Ringwald Presenter of the award for Best Film Editing
Quinn, AnthonyAnthony Quinn Presenter of the award for Best Foreign Language Film
Malden, KarlKarl Malden Presenter of the Honorary Academy Award to Ralph Bellamy
Taylor, ElizabethElizabeth Taylor Presenter of the award for Best Director
Davis, BetteBette Davis Presenter of the award for Best Actor
Hoffman, DustinDustin Hoffman Presenter of the award for Best Picture

Performers[edit]

Name(s) Role Performed
Newman, LionelLionel Newman Musical arranger
Conductor
"Storm Clouds Cantata"
DeLuise, DomDom DeLuise
Pat Morita
Telly Savalas
Performers "Fugue for Tinhorns" from Guys and Dolls
Peters, BernadetteBernadette Peters Performer Sang brief introductions to each nominee for Best Original Song
Cole, NatalieNatalie Cole
James Ingram
Performers "Somewhere Out There" from An American Tail
Cetera, PeterPeter Cetera Performer "Glory of Love" from The Karate Kid, Part II
Moore, MelbaMelba Moore
Lou Rawls
Performers "Take My Breath Away" from Top Gun
Bennett, TonyTony Bennett Performer "Life in a Looking Glass" from That's Life!
Stubbs, LeviLevi Stubbs Performer "Mean Green Mother from Outer Space" from Little Shop of Horrors
Academy Awards Chorus Performers "Fugue for Tinhorns" (reprise)

Ceremony information[edit]

A man in his mid-forties is wearing dark tuxedo.
Profile of a woman with blond hair.
Chevy Chase (left) and Goldie Hawn (right) co-hosted the 59th Academy Awards along with Paul Hogan (not pictured)

Determined to revive interest surrounding the awards and reverse declining ratings, the Academy hired Samuel Goldwyn, Jr. in November 1986 to produce the telecast for the first time.[19] The following March, Goldwyn announced that comedian Chevy Chase, actress and Academy Award winner Goldie Hawn, and actor and Best Original Screenplay nominee Paul Hogan would share co-hosting duties for the 1987 ceremony.[20] Actor Robin Williams was initially named a co-host, but he was forced to withdraw from emceeing duties due to his commitment toward his role in the upcoming film Good Morning, Vietnam.[21]

One of the biggest priorities for Goldwyn was to shorten the length of the show to at least three hours or less. In view of his goal, he told reporters regarding winner's acceptance speeches, "We are actually going to give them 45 seconds. The light (next to the camera) will start blinking at 45 seconds and go red at 55 seconds. After one minute we will either cut to a commercial or go to something else. We've also asked multiple winners to flip a coin and pick a spokesman."[22] Furthermore, instead of each Best Original Song nominee being performed separately, all five songs were performed as part of a musical number featuring actress Bernadette Peters singing brief introductions to each one.[23] Although Goldwyn attempted to move the Documentary and Short Film Categories to a separate ceremony from the broadcast, the AMPAS Board of Governors refused to do so.[24]

Several other people were involved with the production of the ceremony. Oscar winning costume designer Theoni V. Aldredge was hired as fashion consultant for the awards ceremony and supervised a "fashion show" segment showcasing the five nominees for Best Costume Design.[25][26] Lionel Newman served as musical director and conductor for the ceremony.[27] Actors Dom DeLuise, Pat Morita, and Telly Savalas performed the song "Fugue for Tinhorns" from the musical Guys and Dolls at the start of the ceremony.[28]

Box office performance of nominated films[edit]

At the time of the nominations announcement on February 11, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees at the US box office was $119 million with an average of $23.9 million.[29] Platoon was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $39.3 million in the domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Hannah and Her Sisters ($35.4 million), Children of a Lesser God ($22.1 million), A Room with a View ($11.5 million) and The Mission ($11.1 million).[29]

Of the 50 grossing movies of the year, 55 nominations went to 18 films on the list. Only Crocodile Dundee (2nd), Aliens (6th), The Color of Money (11th), Stand By Me (12th), Peggy Sue Got Married (18th), Platoon (23rd), Hannah and Her Sisters (29th), The Morning After (38th), The Color of Money (40th), and Crimes of the Heart (43rd) were nominated for Best Picture, directing, acting, or screenplay.[30] The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Top Gun (1st), The Karate Kid Part II (3rd), Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (4th), An American Tail (5th), Heartbreak Ridge (17th), Poltergeist II: The Other Side (19th), The Fly (22nd), and Little Shop of Horrors (30th).[30]

Critical reviews[edit]

The show received a mixed reception from media publications. Some media outlets were more critical of the show. Columnist Jerry Roberts of the Daily Breeze remarked "The whole mess was like some kind of geek show from a carnival row that had incestuously multiplied itself into a gargantuan sequin-lined ego battle royal accompanied by a firestorm of ballyhooing." Despite Chase and Hawn's best efforts to liven up the broadcast, he commented, "The lumbering procedure completely defeated them."[31] Television critic Tom Shales of The Washington Post wrote, "As usual, the Academy Awards show was marked by missed cues, noisy moving scenery, plunging necklines, inane scripted chatter and, as has often happened in recent years, few galvanizing or gratifying surprises." He also quipped that the segment showcasing the Best Costume Design nominees slowed down the ceremony's pace.[32] The Philadelphia Inquirer's film critic Carrie Rickey observed, "As pace goes, the Academy Awards show was like watching a race between slugs and snails." She later wrote, "Oscarsclerosis is the show's most critical condition, the result of a telecast larded, once again, with too many Vegas-style production numbers."[33]

Other media outlets received the broadcast more positively. Film critic John Hartl of The Seattle Times noted that the ceremony "was well-paced and filled with comics and comic film clips." He also complimented producer Goldwyn for hiring comics including host Chase and presenters such as Rodney Dangerfield for helping "to keep the show light and funny."[34] The New York Times columnist Janet Maslin wrote, "This was the trimmest, most varied and best-paced program in years." She also commented that without the witty banter of hosts Hogan and Chase, "The show would have seemed notably lacking in luster."[35] Television editor Michael Burkett of the Orange County Register commented, "Monday night's 59th installment was very nearly everything you could have wished it to be: quite entertaining, relatively fast-moving, unusually short on tastelessness and tackiness drenched in nostalgia, and featuring enough superbly chosen film clips for a monster round of Visual Trivial Pursuit.[36]

Ratings and reception[edit]

The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 37.19 million people over its length, which was a 2% decrease from the previous year's ceremony.[37] However, the show drew higher Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 27.5% of households watching over a 43 share.[38] Many media outlets pointed out that the broadcast earned higher ratings compared to the final game of the 1987 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament which was airing on CBS that same night.[39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Osborne 2008, p. 282
  2. ^ "59th Annual Academy Awards Presentation". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Shirley Verrett Is Star of Friday's Opera Gala". The Miami Herald (The McClatchy Company). January 13, 1987. p. 5D. 
  4. ^ "Hosting chores". Variety (PMC). February 13, 2005. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "Past Scientific & Technical Awards Ceremonies". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 21, 2013. 
  6. ^ Harmetz, Aljean (March 31, 1987). ""Platoon" Wins Oscar as the Best Movie of 1986". The New York Times (The New York Times). Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Sharbutt, Jay (March 31, 1987). "'Platoon' Is Top Film; Newman Is Best Actor". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  8. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 689
  9. ^ Matthews, Jack (February 11, 1987). "Newman Gets 7th Chance; Will He Finally Get Oscar? : Nominated for 'Color of Money'". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved April 11, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Nominees & Winners for the 59th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved April 13, 2014. 
  11. ^ Brill 2006, p. 130
  12. ^ a b Osborne 2008, p. 396
  13. ^ Osborne 2008, p. 397
  14. ^ "The 59th Academy Awards (1987) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved October 16, 2011. 
  15. ^ Deans, Laurie (February 13, 1987). "Directors' contract expires June 30 Strike threat prompts April flurry". The Globe and Mail (The Globe and Mail, Inc.). p. C3. 
  16. ^ "Complete list of Oscar nominations". Toronto Star (Star Media Group). February 12, 1987. p. F6. 
  17. ^ Mull, Marrison (March 29, 1987). "59th Academy Awards: And the Presenters Are...". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  18. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 693
  19. ^ "Goldwyn's Son to Produce Academy Awards Show". Observer–Reporter (Thomas Northrop). November 13, 1986. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  20. ^ Beck, Marilyn (March 20, 1987). "Paul Hogan at the Oscars: The Monologue, Please". Los Angeles Daily News (MediaNews Group). p. 4. 
  21. ^ Hartl, John (March 29, 1987). "The Academy Award Remain Live and Unpredictable". The Seattle Times (The Seattle Times Company). p. TV2. 
  22. ^ Ryan, Desmong (March 29, 1987). "Prescription For The Oscarcast Once Again, The Goal Is To Shorten And Sweeten The Annual Program". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia Media Network). Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  23. ^ Kelley, Bill (March 31, 1987). "Academy Broadcast Committed Many Sins". Sun-Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  24. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 691
  25. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 716
  26. ^ Matthews, Jack (December 8, 1986). "Goldwyn Touch For Oscars". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  27. ^ Osborne 2008, p. 387
  28. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 694
  29. ^ a b "1989 Academy Award Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  30. ^ a b "1986 Domestic Grosses (as of January 23, 2007)". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
  31. ^ Roberts, Jerry (March 31, 1987). "Tedium Overcomes Oscar's Best Efforts". Daily Breeze (MediaNews Group). p. A16. 
  32. ^ Shales, Tom (March 31, 1987). "Platoon' Seizes Oscar; Newman, Matlin Win; `Hannah` and `Room With A View' Take 3 Awards Each". The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). p. C1. 
  33. ^ Rickey, Carrie (April 1, 1987). "A Dull Start, And It Barely Rebounded Forget The Telecast: The Oscars Offer Hope For Hollywood Quality". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia Media Network). Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  34. ^ Hartl, John (March 31, 1987). "No Surprises, But a Good Oscar Show". The Seattle Times (The Seattle Times Company). p. F1. 
  35. ^ Maslin, Janet (April 1, 1987). "TV Review: Academy Awards Ceremony on ABC". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved March 21, 2014. 
  36. ^ Beckett, Michael (March 31, 1987). "Little films were big winners and we went home happy". Orange County Register (Freedom Communications). p. C1. 
  37. ^ Gorman, Bill (March 8, 2010). "Academy Awards Averages 41.3 Million Viewers; Most Since 2005". TV by the Numbers. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on March 10, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 
  38. ^ Sharbutt, Jay (April 1, 1987). "Oscar Dunks NCAA". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  39. ^ Schwed, Mark (April 1, 1987). "Oscars Win Ratings War". The Bryan Times (Christopher Cullis). Retrieved July 16, 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Official websites
Analysis
Other resources