Ahmad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Ahmad (disambiguation).
Ahmed and Ahmed
Pronunciation /ˈɑːmæd/, or
/ˈɑːmɛd/.
Arabic: [ˈ(ʔ)æħmæd].
Turkish: [ˈahmet].
Persian: [ˈ(ʔ)æhmæd].
Urdu: [ˈɛɦməd̪].
Gender Male
Language(s) Arabic
Origin
Meaning Highly praised
Other names
Variant form(s) Achmad, Achmat, Achmed, Achmet, Ahmat, Ahmet, Ahmadu, Amadou

Ahmad, Ahmed or Ahmet are the principal transliterations of an Arabic given name, Arabic: أحمدʾaḥmad.

Etymology[edit]

Ahmad comes from the Arabic triconsonantal root of Ḥ-M-D, meaning "highly praised", which in turn implies "one who constantly thanks God." Several Arabic names are derived from this root word.

The name Ahmad has its origins in a prophecy attributed to Jesus, in the Quran in Surah 61: As-Saff (The Ranks).

Lexicology[edit]

Other Arabic names from the same root include Mahmud, Ahmed, Hamed, Muhammad and Hamid. The name has one of the highest number of spelling variations in the world.[1]

Interpretations and meanings of Ahmad[edit]

Variance in translation[edit]

Variance in translation of the Quran from Arabic to English is evidenced by the insertion of words within brackets and / or parenthesis, showing the translator's understanding or motivation. As with any religious text, regardless of language it is written in, there are interpretations which are literal, esoteric, mystical, spiritual, etc.

Questions to ask in deriving the contextual meaning of the name / word Ahmad in Surat Isaf verse six:

- why the use of a proper name ( Ahmad ) in some translations and the meaning of the word ( highly praised ) in others?

- why the mention of the idea of "magic" or "sorcery" when speaking of the coming 'Messenger Ahmad?'

- if the passage speaks to Muhammad being Ahmad, why isn't the name Muhammad written in place of the name Ahmad?

- if / when Ahmad did arrive, what caused some people to respond with suspicions of sorcery / magic / disbelief?

Ahmad passage[edit]

Here are several translations of the passage in question in Surat As-Saf, verse 6:

Sahih International:

"And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, "O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad." But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, "This is obvious magic."

Pickthall:

"And when Jesus son of Mary said: O Children of Israel! Lo! I am the messenger of Allah unto you, confirming that which was (revealed) before me in the Torah, and bringing good tidings of a messenger who cometh after me, whose name is the Praised One. Yet when he hath come unto them with clear proofs, they say: This is mere magic."

Yusuf Ali:

"And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad." But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, "this is evident sorcery!"

Shakir:

"And when Isa son of Marium said: O children of Israel! surely I am the messenger of Allah to you, verifying that which is before me of the Taurat and giving the good news of an Messenger who will come after me, his name being Ahmad, but when he came to them with clear arguments they said: This is clear magic."

Muhammad Sarwar:

"Jesus, son of Mary, said to the Israelites, "I am the Messenger of God sent to you. I confirm the Torah which is in existence and give you the glad news of the coming of a Messenger who will come after me named Ahmad." When this Messenger came to them with all the proofs (to support his truthfulness), they said, "He is simply a magician."

Mohsin Khan:

"And (remember) when 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said: "O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allah unto you confirming the Taurat [(Torah) which came] before me, and giving glad tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmed . But when he (Ahmed i.e. Muhammad SAW) came to them with clear proofs, they said: "This is plain magic."

Arberry:

"And when Jesus son of Mary said, 'Children of Israel, I am indeed the Messenger of God to you, confirming the Torah that is before me, and giving good tidings of a Messenger who shall come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.' Then, when he brought them the clear signs, they said, 'This is a manifest sorcery.'"[2]

- Surat Isaf verse 6

Testimony of Jesus[edit]

To search what Yeshua Christ taught regarding 'who' would come after Him, a study of those sources is necessary.

Regarding the promise Yeshua / Isa / Jesus made to His followers in the Gospel as to 'who' would come after Him:

15 “If you love me, keep my commands. 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever — 17 the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. 18 I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you."[3]

- John 14: 15-18

Prior to ascending to heaven, Yeshua mentions once again the promise and power from on high:

45 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. 46 He told them, “This is what is written: The Messiah will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and repentance for the forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 48 You are witnesses of these things. 49 I am going to send you what my Father has promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high.”

50 When he had led them out to the vicinity of Bethany, he lifted up his hands and blessed them. 51 While he was blessing them, he left them and was taken up into heaven. 52 Then they worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy. 53 And they stayed continually at the temple, praising God.[4]

- Luke 24: 45-53

Here is the overlap of the same message mentioning more specifically what the gift / promise is:

3 After his suffering, he presented himself to them and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God. 4 On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about. 5 For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.”

6 Then they gathered around him and asked him, “Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?”

7 He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.”

9 After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight.[5]

- Acts 1: 3

What may have been considered "magic" or unbelievable was most likely the Holy Spirit poured onto the believers on the Day of Pentecost.

2 Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. 4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.[6]

11 (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs — we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!” 12 Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, “What does this mean?” [7]

- Acts 2: 11-12

Another reference regarding the 'magic / sorcery' mentioned in Suraf Isaf:

9 Now for some time a man named Simon Magus had practiced sorcery in the city and amazed all the people of Samaria. He boasted that he was someone great,... 11 They followed him because he had amazed them for a long time with his sorcery. 12 But when they believed Philip as he proclaimed the good news of the kingdom of God and the Name of Yeshua Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. 13 Simon himself believed and was baptized. And he followed Philip everywhere, astonished by the great signs and miracles he saw...

17 Then Peter and John placed their hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit.

18 When Simon saw that the Spirit was given at the laying on of the apostles’ hands, he offered them money 19 and said, “Give me also this ability so that everyone on whom I lay my hands may receive the Holy Spirit.”

20 Peter answered: “May your money perish with you, because you thought you could buy the gift of God with money! 21 You have no part or share in this ministry, because your heart is not right before God."[8]

- Acts 8: 9, 11-13, 17-21

Transliterations[edit]

Ahmad is the most elementary transliteration. It is used commonly all over the Muslim world, although primarily in the Middle East. More recently, this transliteration has become increasing popular in the United States due to use by members of the African American community.

Ahmed is the most common variant transliteration, used especially in the context of the Ottoman Empire. This transliteration is also used throughout the Muslim world.

Ahmet is the modern Turkish transliteration. Modern Turkish uses a Latin-based alphabet, and most Arabic-derived names have standardized Turkish spellings.

The less common transliterations of Ahmad are used by Muslims outside the Middle East proper, such as in Indonesia and Russia.

Given name[edit]

Ahmad[edit]

Fictional characters

Ahmed[edit]

Ahmet[edit]

Other spellings[edit]

Surname[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

References[edit]