Buckingham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 52°00′00″N 0°59′17″W / 52.000°N 0.988°W / 52.000; -0.988

Buckingham
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Buckingham in Buckinghamshire.
Outline map
Location of Buckinghamshire within England.
County Buckinghamshire
Electorate 75,837 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Princes Risborough and Buckingham
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament John Bercow (Speaker)
Number of members One
1542–1885
Number of members Two until 1868, then one until 1885
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Buckingham is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by the Speaker, John Bercow.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency takes up a large part of central Buckinghamshire, covering much of the Aylesbury Vale district including the town of Buckingham. To the north, the remaining part of ceremonial Buckinghamshire forms two Borough of Milton Keynes constituencies (Milton Keynes South and Milton Keynes North).

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Buckinghamshire, the Boundary Commission for England has made several changes to the existing Buckingham seat which came into effect at the 2010 general election. The electoral wards newly included in the modified constituency are:

  • Bierton, Brill, Buckingham North, Buckingham South, Cheddington, Edlesborough, Great Brickhill, Great Horwood, Haddenham, Long Crendon, Luffield Abbey, Marsh Gibbon, Newton Longville, Pitstone, Quainton, Steeple Claydon, Stewkley, Tingewick, Waddesdon, Weedon, Wing, Wingrave, Winslow in Aylesbury Vale
  • Icknield and The Risboroughs in Wycombe district

History[edit]

The seat has sent MPs since 1542 — its standard double representation was halved in 1868. In the twentieth century, the constituency was held by the Conservative Party for most of the time. However, a Labour Party MP served Buckingham from 1945 until 1951, Aidan Crawley and from 1964 until 1970 its Labour MP was the controversial publisher Robert Maxwell.

Before 1983, the new town of Milton Keynes, including its older parts such as Bletchley and Fenny Stratford[n 3] was in the Buckingham constituency, until its population had expanded substantially enough to merit a seat of its own. The sitting Buckingham MP William Benyon moved to the new Milton Keynes constituency. Benyon's successor in Buckingham was Conservative George Walden. Walden retired in 1997, and John Bercow has held the seat since then. In 2009, Bercow was elected as Speaker of the House of Commons following the resignation of Michael Martin and there is an inconsistently followed convention not to oppose a professed speaker candidate at election which is mostly kept by the major parties — nonetheless UKIP's leader stood against Bercow in the 2010 election but finished third behind the Buckinghamshire Campaign for Democracy founder who previously founded the Pro-Euro Conservative Party.[2]

At the 2005 general election, this constituency had the Conservatives' highest numerical majority, although a higher share of the vote was achieved in Kensington and Chelsea in London and Richmond in North Yorkshire, the constituency of William Hague.

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1542)

MPs to 1660[edit]

Year First member Second member
1529 John Hasilwood Edward Lloyd[3]
1536 Thomas Pope George Gifford[3]
1539  ?
1542  ?
1545 John Josselyn Ralph Gifford[3]
1547 Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon John Josselyn[3]
1553 (Mar) Edward Chamberlain Francis Verney[3]
1553 (Oct) William Walter Edward Gifford[3]
1554 (Apr) Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon George Fettiplace[3]
1554 (Nov) Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon George Fettiplace[3]
1555 Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon Hugh Mynors[3]
1558 Bernard Brocas John Higford[3]
1558/9 Robert Drury William Riseley[4]
1562/3 Robert Newdigate I Paul Wentworth[4]
1571 Robert Newdigate I Thomas Wenman[4]
1572 Henry Carey Lawrence Holinshed[4]
1584 Michael Harcourt John Carey, 3rd Baron Hunsdon[4]
1586 John Fortescue Christopher Edmonds[4]
1588/9 John Carey, 3rd Baron Hunsdon Francis Fortescue[4]
1593 John Carey, 3rd Baron Hunsdon Francis Fortescue[4]
1597 (Oct) Sir Edward [or Edmund] Carey Francis Fortescue[4]
1601 (Oct) Christopher Hatton Robert Newdigate II[4]
1604 Sir Thomas Denton Sir Edward Tyrrell died 1606
repl. by Sir Francis Goodwin
1614 Sir Thomas Denton Sir Ralph Winwood
1621-22 Sir Thomas Denton Richard Oliver
1624 Sir Edmund Verney Richard Oliver
1625 Sir Alexander Denton Richard Oliver
1626 Sir Alexander Denton Sir John Smythe
1628-1629 Sir Thomas Denton Richard Oliver
Year First member Second member
Apr 1640 Sir Peter Temple Sir Alexander Denton
Nov 1640 Sir Peter Temple Sir Alexander Denton disabled 1644
1645 Sir Peter Temple John Dormer
1653 Buckingham not Represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Francis Ingoldsby (one seat only)
1656 Francis Ingoldsby (one seat only)
1659 Francis Ingoldsby Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Baronet

MPs 1660–1868[edit]

Year First member[5] First party Second member[5] Second party
1660 John Dormer Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Baronet
1661 Sir William Smyth, 1st Baronet
February 1679 Viscount Latimer Sir Peter Tyrrell, 1st Baronet
August 1679 Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Bt.
1681 Sir Ralph Verney, 1st Bt.
1690 Alexander Denton
1697 Sir Richard Temple, 4th Bt. Whig
1698 Edmund Denton
1702 Roger Price
May 1705 Sir Richard Temple, 4th Bt. Whig
December 1705 Browne Willis
1708 Sir Richard Temple, 4th Bt. Whig Alexander Denton
1710 Thomas Chapman
1713 John Radcliffe
1715 Alexander Denton Abraham Stanyan
1718 Edmund Halsey
March 1722 Richard Grenville
October 1722 William Heathcote
March 1727 John Fane
August 1727 Thomas Lewis
1728 George Chamberlayne
1734 Richard Grenville
1741 George Grenville Whig
1747 Richard Grenville
1753 Temple West
1754 James Grenville
1768 Henry Grenville
1770 James Grenville
1774 Richard Grenville
1780 Richard Aldworth-Neville
1782 William Grenville Whig
1784 Charles Edmund Nugent
June 1790 George Nugent
December 1790 The Lord Bridport
1796 Thomas Grenville
1802 Lord Proby
1805 Lord Proby
August 1806 Earl Percy Tory
November 1806 Sir William Young, 2nd Bt.
March 1807 Sir John Borlase Warren, 1st Bt.
May 1807 Hon. Richard Griffin
1810 Lord George Grenville Liberal
1812 Viscount Ebrington Whig William Henry Fremantle
1817 James Hamilton Stanhope
1818 Sir George Nugent, 1st Bt.
1827 Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle, 1st Bt. Conservative
1832 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1841 Sir John Chetwode, 4th Bt.
January 1846 John Hall
February 1846 Marquess of Chandos Conservative
1857 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1859 John Gellibrand Hubbard Conservative
1868 Representation reduced to one member

MPs since 1868[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1868 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1874 Egerton Hubbard Conservative
1880 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1885 Edmund Hope Verney Liberal
1886 Egerton Hubbard Conservative
1889 by-election Edmund Hope Verney (expelled) Liberal
1891 by-election Herbert Samuel Leon Liberal
1895 William Walter Carlile Conservative
1906 Frederick William Verney Liberal
1910 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1918 George Wentworth Bowyer Conservative
1937 by-election John Percival Whiteley Conservative
1943 by-election Lionel Berry Conservative
1945 Aidan Crawley Labour
1951 Frank Markham Conservative
1964 Robert Maxwell Labour
1970 William Benyon Conservative
1983 George Walden Conservative
1997 John Bercow Conservative
2009 Speaker

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Buckingham[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Speaker John Bercow 22,860 47.3 N/A
Buckinghamshire Campaign for Democracy John Stevens 10,331 21.4 N/A
UKIP Nigel Farage 8,410 17.4 +14.4
Independent Patrick Phillips 2,394 5.0 N/A
Independent Debbie Martin 1,270 2.6 N/A
BNP Lynne Mozar 980 2.0 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Colin Dale 856 1.8 N/A
Independent Geoff Howard 435 0.9 N/A
Christian David Hews 369 0.8 N/A
Independent Anthony Watts 332 0.7 N/A
Cut The Deficit Simon Strutt 107 0.2 N/A
Majority 12,529 25.9
Turnout 48,344 64.5 −3.8
Speaker gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Bercow 27,748 57.4 +3.7
Labour David Greene 9,619 19.9 −4.3
Liberal Democrat Luke Croydon 9,508 19.7 −0.3
UKIP David Williams 1,432 3.0 +0.9
Majority 18,129 37.5
Turnout 48,307 68.7 −0.7
Conservative hold Swing +4.0
General Election 2001: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Bercow 24,296 53.7 +3.9
Labour Mark Seddon 10,971 24.2 −0.5
Liberal Democrat Isobel Wilson 9,037 20.0 −4.7
UKIP Christopher Silcock 968 2.1 N/A
Majority 13,325 29.5
Turnout 45,272 69.4 −9.1
Conservative hold Swing +2.2

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Bercow 24,594 49.8 −12.7
Labour Robert C. Lehmann 12,208 24.7 +8.5
Liberal Democrat Neil Stuart 12,175 24.6 +4.0
Natural Law Geoffrey Clements 421 0.9 +0.2
Majority 12,386 25.1
Turnout 49,398 78.5
Conservative hold Swing −10.6
General Election 1992: Buckingham[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Walden 29,496 62.5 +3.8
Liberal Democrat Tudor Jones 9,705 20.6 −4.3
Labour Keith M. White 7,662 16.2 −0.3
Natural Law Lawrence R. Sheaff 353 0.7 +0.7
Majority 19,791 41.9 +8.1
Turnout 47,216 84.2 +5.9
Conservative hold Swing +4.1

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Walden 32,162 58.6 +1.7
Liberal C.M. Burke 13,636 24.9 −3.2
Labour M. Groucutt 9,053 16.5 +1.5
Majority 18,526 33.8
Turnout 54,851 78.3
Conservative hold Swing +2.5
General Election 1983: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Walden 27,522 56.9
Liberal R. Ryder 13,584 28.1
Labour M. Groucutt 7,272 15.0
Majority 13,938 28.8
Turnout 48,378 77.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Benyon 41,719 51.3 +9.1
Labour J.S. Fryer 27,752 34.1 −3.5
Liberal S.B. Crooks 11,045 13.6 −6.6
National Front M. Smith 803 1.0 N/A
Majority 13,967 17.2
Turnout 81,319 78.6
Conservative hold Swing +6.3
General Election October 1974: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Benyon 26,597 42.2 +1.5
Labour Robert Maxwell 23,679 37.6 +1.6
Liberal S.B. Crooks 12,707 20.2 −3.1
Majority 2,918 4.6
Turnout 62,983 79.7
Conservative hold Swing −0.1
General Election February 1974: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Benyon 27,179 40.7 −6.8
Labour Robert Maxwell 24,056 36.0 −7.2
Liberal C. Crooks 15,519 23.3 +14.0
Majority 3,123 4.7
Turnout 66,754 85.3
Conservative hold Swing −0.2
General Election 1970: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Benyon 28,088 47.5 +4.3
Labour Robert Maxwell 25,567 43.2 −4.3
Liberal J.M. Cornwall 5,475 9.3 −0.1
Majority 2,521 4.3
Turnout 59,130 81.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +4.3

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Maxwell 24,854 47.5 +1.6
Conservative M.E. Kellett 22,600 43.2 +0.2
Liberal J.M. Cornwall 4,914 9.4 −1.7
Majority 2,254 4.3
Turnout 52,368 85.8
Labour hold Swing +0.7
General Election 1964: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Maxwell 23,085 45.9 +2.6
Conservative M.E. Kellett 21,604 43.0 −4.0
Liberal J.R. Wallis 5,578 11.1 +1.4
Majority 1,181 3.0
Turnout 50,267 86.5
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +3.3

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frank Markham 22,304 47.0 −4.3
Labour Robert Maxwell 20,558 43.3 −5.4
Liberal E.L. Richards 4,577 9.7 N/A
Majority 1,746 3.7
Turnout 47,439 86.4
Conservative hold Swing +0.6
General Election 1955: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frank Markham 23,250 51.3 +1.2
Labour D. Evans 22,110 48.7 −1.2
Majority 1,140 2.5
Turnout 45,360 85.1
Conservative hold Swing +1.2
General Election 1951: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frank Markham 22,688 50.1 +6.7
Labour Aidan Crawley 22,634 49.9 +2.8
Majority 54 0.1
Turnout 45,322 86.6
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +2.0
General Election 1950: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Aidan Crawley 20,782 47.1 −7.6
Conservative Frank Markham 19,128 43.4 −1.9
Liberal John Kellock 4,196 9.5 N/A
Majority 1,654 3.8
Turnout 44,106 86.2
Labour hold Swing −2.9

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Aidan Crawley 22,302 54.7 +12.7
Conservative L. Berry 18,457 45.3 −12.7
Majority 3,845 9.4
Turnout 40,759 71.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +12.7

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Buckingham by-election, 1937: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Whiteley 17,919 52.6 −5.4
Labour J.V. Delayhaye 12,820 37.6 −4.4
Liberal E.J. Boyce 3,348 9.8 N/A
Majority 5,099 15.0 −1.0
Turnout 34,087 71.4 −3.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Buckingham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Wentworth Bowyer 20,616 58.0
Labour J.A. Sparks 14,928 42.0
Majority 5,688 16.0
Turnout 35,544 75.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Buckingham[9]

Electorate 44,974

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Edward Wentworth Bowyer 16,375 45.8 -6.0
Labour James Lievsley George 11,718 32.7 +2.1
Liberal Norman Easedale Crump 7,713 21.5 +3.9
Majority 4,657 13.1 -8.1
Turnout 79.6 +1.5
Unionist hold Swing -4.0

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Sir Harry Verney
General Election December 1910[10]

Electorate 13,081

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Harry Calvert Williams Verney 6,029 51.4 +0.9
Liberal Unionist Francis Tyringham Higgins Bernard 5,702 48.6 -0.9
Majority 327 2.8 +1.8
Turnout 89.7 -2.0
Liberal hold Swing +0.9
General Election January 1910[11]

Electorate 13,081

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frederick William Verney 6,055 50.5 -6.7
Conservative Hon. Thomas Francis Fremantle 5,944 49.5 +6.7
Majority 111 1.0 -13.4
Turnout 91.7 +3.1
Liberal hold Swing -6.7

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 [12]

Electorate 12,334

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frederick William Verney 6,253 57.2 +9.3
Conservative Hon. Thomas Francis Fremantle 4,673 42.8 -9.3
Majority 14.4 18.6
Turnout 88.6 +4.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +9.3

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ The development of Milton Keynes commenced in 1967
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ The Guardian profile of the seat as at 2010
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  5. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ Aylesburyvaledc.gov.uk Aylesbury Vale District Council
  7. ^ BBC.co.uk
  8. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F.W.S.
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]

  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. 1955. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
vacant. Last was Sussex in 1754
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1763 - 1765
Succeeded by
vacant. Next was Bath in 1766
Preceded by
Glasgow North East
Constituency represented by the Speaker
2009 – present
Incumbent