Bidar

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This article is about the city in Indian state of Karnataka. For its namesake district, see Bidar district. For the village in Iran, see Bidar, Iran.
Bidar
ಬೀದರ
بیدر
City
Entrance to the Bidar Fort
Entrance to the Bidar Fort
Nickname(s): The crown of Karnataka
Bidar is located in Karnataka
Bidar
Bidar
Coordinates: 17°54′54″N 77°31′08″E / 17.915°N 77.519°E / 17.915; 77.519Coordinates: 17°54′54″N 77°31′08″E / 17.915°N 77.519°E / 17.915; 77.519
Country India
State Karnataka
Region Bayaluseeme
District Bidar
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner Dr. PC Jaffer IAS
Area
 • Total 43 km2 (17 sq mi)
Elevation 614 m (2,014 ft)
Population
 • Total 211,944
 • Density 4,900/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
 • Business Urdu / Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 585 401
Telephone code 91 8482
Vehicle registration KA 38
Website www.bidarcity.gov.in

Bidar is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the north-eastern part of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of the Bidar District which shares its border with Maharashtra . It is the northernmost city of Karnataka. It is also called as crown of Karnataka. It is a rapidly urbanizing city, and the administrative center of the Bidar district. The walls and bastions of the fortified city are surrounded by a triple moat, and the fort itself is enclosed by seven large gateways. Although its origins can be traced back to the Rashtrakuta Empire (753–983 A.D.), it became historically significant when Bahamani sultan Ahmad Shah relocated the capital of his kingdom to Bidar in 1422, and used the prevailing Persian style to construct the palace and design the urban morphology of Bidar. The “karez” water system, a complex system of aqueducts used for agricultural irrigation, can also be attributed to Persian influence.[1] Bidar city is known for its Bidri handicraft products, and its rich history. Manjira River is one of the main rivers supplying drinking water to Bidar .

Recently Bidar was ranked 22nd among the[2] cleanest cities in India, and 5th cleanest in Karnataka. It is connected with NH9 and NH218 and whole city is integrated with 4 lane road.

History[edit]

The History of the city goes back to thirds century B.C. when it was of the great Mauryan Empire. After the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Kadambas and Chalukyas of Badami and later Rashtrakutas reigned over Bidar territory. Chalukyas of Kalyana and Kalachuris also regained the area. For a short period after Kalyani Chalukyas the area of Bidar was under the sevunas of Devgiri and Kakatiyas of Warangal.

Delhi rulers first headed by Allauddin Khilji and later Muhammed-bin-Tughluq took control of entire Deccan including Bidar. About the middle of the 14th Century the Officers of Sultan stationed in Deccan rebelled and this resulted in the establishment of Bahamani Dynasty in 1347 A.D. at Gulbarga. There were frequent warfare between the Bahamnis and Vijaynagar Kingdom.[3]

The history of the present fort at Bidar is attributed to the Sultan Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah the first sultan of the Bahmani dynasty to 1427 when he shifted his capital from Gulbarga to Bidar since it had better climatic conditions and was also a fertile and fruit bearing land. Earliest recorded history of its existence as a small and strong fort is also traced to the first Muslim invasion of the region is traced to Prince Ulugh Khan in 1322, whereafter it came under the reign of the Tughlaq dynasty.[4] With the establishment of the Bahmani dyanasty (1347), Bidar was occupied by Sultan Alla-Ud-Din Bahman Shah Bahmani. During the rule of Ahmad Shah I (1422–1486), Bidar was made the capital city of Bahmani Kingdom. The old Fort was rebuilt and beautiful madrasas, mosques, palaces and gardens were raised. Mahmmad Gawan who became the Prime Minister in 1466 was a notable figure in the history of Bidar. Bidar remained under the Barid Shahi dynasty until it was captured by the Mughal emperor Aurangazeb in 1656 A.D. In 1724, Bidar became a part of the Asaf Jahi Kingdom of the Nizams. It was annexed by the Bijapur Sultanate in 1619–20 but the Mughal viceroy of Aurangzeb took it in 1657 and thus became a part the Mughal Empire in 1686.[5] Third son of Asaf jah l ( Nizam l ) Mir Sa'id Muhammad Khan, Salabat Jang ruled from Bidar fort during 1751 to 1762, till his Brother Mir Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah III Imprisoned him in this fort, and was killed in Bidar fort on 16 September 1763. Mohammedabad old name of Bidar is also on his name.

Thus, Bahmanis ruled over Gulbaraga from 1347 to 1424 and from Bidar from 1424 till the extinction of the kingdom and its disintegration into five independent kingdoms of Bijapur, Golconda, Ahmadnagar, Bidar and Berar. After India's independence, in 1956 when Bidar became part of Mysore (now Karnataka) state.[5][6][7]

Geography and climate[edit]

Bidar is located at 17°54′N 77°33′E / 17.9°N 77.55°E / 17.9; 77.55,[8] lies at a central position in Deccan, a plateau at an elevation of 2300 ft from the sea level. It has common boundaries with Maharashtra and Telangana, with the districts of Nizamabad and Medak in Telangana on the East and the districts of Nanded and Osmanabad in Maharashtra on the west. On the south lies the district Gulbarga of Karnataka.[9]

It is a charming city- one of its charms being a very bracing climate practically throughout the district and for the greater part of the year. April and may In Bidar are hot, but even during this hot weather, the heat is often broken by sharp and sudden thunder showers. By early June the south-west monsoon sets in with its pleasant coolness and the weather is back to its bracing glory. The cold weather is never too cold and the rainfall is never excessive though its excessive variation is often the cause, symptom and malaise of severe droughts. One other aspect of its charm is that it is full of history- every village and town being replete with monuments, legends, stories of valour, romance of beautiful princesses, long forgotten battles, feuding military adventurers and even of social reform movements that shook the very foundation and structure of medieval Hinduism.

The winter season is from December to middle of February and the temperature begins to decrease from the end of November, December is the coldest month with mean daily maximum temperature of 27.3 C and mean daily minimum of 16.4 C. From the middle of the February, both day and night temperatures begin to rise rapidly. May is the hottest month with mean daily maximum temperature of 38.8 C and mean daily minimum of 25.9 C. With the withdrawal of southwest monsoon in the first week of October, there is slight increase in day temperature but night temperature decreases steadily. After October, both day and night temperatures decreases progressively. The highest maximum temperature recorded at Bidar was on 8-5-1931(43.3 degree C) and the lowest minimum was on 5-1-1901(2.9 degree C,the lowest temperature ever recorded in Karnataka).[10]

Present day Bidar covers an expanse of 5448 square kilometers of land and lies between 17°35′ and 18°25′ North latitudes and 76°42′ and 77°39′ east longitudes. Maharashtra on the west. On the south lies the district of Gulbarga of Karnataka. This central position in the Deccan had for long imparted to Bidar, the pre-eminent position in the history of the Deccan although today it presents a picture of centuries of neglect and ruin.[10] It was also known as Mohamad-e-Bidar and under the influence of Hindus it became as Bidar.

Climate data for Bidar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.6
(83.5)
31.8
(89.2)
34.6
(94.3)
36.4
(97.5)
37.5
(99.5)
33.4
(92.1)
30.5
(86.9)
29.0
(84.2)
30.1
(86.2)
29.0
(84.2)
27.7
(81.9)
27.8
(82)
31.37
(88.46)
Average low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
15.9
(60.6)
18.9
(66)
23.0
(73.4)
25.5
(77.9)
23.9
(75)
22.0
(71.6)
21.2
(70.2)
21.5
(70.7)
19.0
(66.2)
16.9
(62.4)
12.9
(55.2)
19.56
(67.2)
Rainfall mm (inches) 12.6
(0.496)
17.1
(0.673)
23.0
(0.906)
22.0
(0.866)
42.2
(1.661)
114.1
(4.492)
180.1
(7.091)
245.5
(9.665)
136.0
(5.354)
102.6
(4.039)
39.2
(1.543)
3.5
(0.138)
937.9
(36.924)
[citation needed]


Tourism[edit]

Bidar has lots of historical monuments from the Bahmani era. The structure of the great Mahmud Gawan Arabic University is reminiscent of the rich architecture of Bahmani era. The Bidar Fort situated next to the city is one of the biggest forts in India. While the city is rich in heritage, a lack of integrated conservation and maintenance, pollution, and development encroach on historic sites. For these reasons, the city was included on World Monuments Fund’s 2014 World Monuments Watch[11] in the hope that it will spur official action to document and analyze the condition of the city’s heritage. resulting in policy development and conservation interventions that will support Bidar’s rich heritage, as well as a robust and sustainable tourist industry.[12]

  • Bidar Fort is considered one of the most formidable forts of the country. Bidar city was distinctly planned and built. The main citadel complex housed the royal places. Mahals and Mosque. Adjoining to this on the southern side, the city was built for the people. Both the citadel complex and city had separate forts for protection the plan of the Bidar city fortification is pentagonal. There are five gateways for entry into the city fort. It is main citadel complex fort which is stronger.

It is built on the brink of the plateau. Engineers and architecture of various countries were employed on its design and construction.[13]

  • Rangeen Mahal, Situated in the fort, near Gumbad Darwaza, is unique because of its decoration with colored tiles and other art work. Wood carving done here is not only precious but also unique. The walls of Mahal are adorned with Mother-of-Pearl of the finest quality in laid in jet-black stone.

Floral patterns and calligraphic text are also depicted here. Stone carving, stucco art are other attractions of this monument. It was rebuilt during Barid Shahi Period. The design of this monument represents the blend of the both Hindu and Muslim architecture. There are rooms in the basement of the Rangin Mahal.[14]

  • Tarkash Mahal, This is said to have been built for Turkish wife of the Sultan. From the remains of the decorative work found in the ornamentation of the walls, it can be said that the Mahal was build or extended by the Barid Shahi Sultans who had kept large harem with ladies from different nationalities.The rooms were decorated with stucco work.[15]
  • Gagan Mahal, This was originally built by the Bahamani kings and some alterations and additions were made by the Barid Shahi rulers. It has two courts. The outer court was used by the male staff and guards. The inner court also, there are rooms on either side of the covered passage for the accommodation of the guards. The main building of the palace was for the use of the sultan and his harem.[16]
  • Takht Mahal, The Royal Palace was built by Ahemd shah. It was the Royal Residence. The place was fully decorated with colored titles and stone carvings part of which can be seen even today. It had two side royal pavilions with lofty arches and a spacious hall at the back of which was the sultan's room.

The Building had stately dimensions and exquisite surface decoration. The coronations of several Bahamanis and Barid Shahi Sultans were held here. From the royal pavilion which is situated behind throne palace one can view the valley and low land below.

  • Madarsa of Mahmud Gawan, The Madarasa was founded by Khwaja Mahmud Gawan, functioned like a residential University. It was built and maintained on the lines of Madarasa of Khurasan. The imposing and spacious building of the institution is considered as an architectural gem and an important landmark of Bidar. The structure is rectangular in shape and is built in area of 4624 Sq. mtrs. The building is attractively decorated with blue colored titles, the fragments of which can be seen even today. Of the two towers only one is intact. The height of the tower is 131 ft. on the front facade Quaranic Verses are written. The library that existed on the other wing is now destroyed. The Madarasa was a three storied building housing a Mosque, A library, lecturer halls, professor's quarters, students cubicles facing open courtyard. The students were taught Arabic, Persian languages, theology, philosophy, astronomy, mathematics etc., They were given free boarding and lodging facilities besides free education.

The teaching staff also lived with students. The building suffered much damage due to explosion of gunpowder in 1695, it still retains much of the original architectural features. The Madarasa of Mohamed Gawan is the only one of its kind in India. The tomb of Mohamed Gawan situated on a wide platform to the south of Bidar town is simple structure with stone tablet speaking about a "martyr without fault" and his "unjust execution".[17]

  • Chaubara, A tall tower, facing in four directions. This is an old cylindrical tower of 22mtrs, height is situated in the centre of Bidar town. It was used as a watchtower, commanding a fine view of the entire plateau from the top. A winding staircase of eight steps leads to the top of the tower.[18]
  • Solah Khamba Mosque (Solah Sutoon Ki Masjid)

The Solah Khamba Mosque was built by Qubil Sultani between 1423 and 1424. The mosque derives it’s name from the 16 pillars that are lined in the front of the structure. Popularly known as the Zanana Masjid, this mosque is about 90 metres long and 24 metres wide. Behind the southern wall of this mosque, there is a large well. Characterised by columns, arches and domes, this mosque is one of the largest in India.[19]

  • Dev Dev Vana (Botanical Garden)
  • Barid Shahi Garden
  • Blackbuck resort bidar[20]

Located 18 km from the city of Bidar in north Karnataka, the Blackbuck resort is concealed behind a barren facade. Tranquillity is the calling of this place which finds a sweet spot between the Honnikeri Reserve Forest and the Vilaspur Lake. Free roaming blackbucks abound in the surrounding grasslands, giving the resort its name. You can savour the unique experience of trailing blackbucks on foot and watch them disappear into thickets. It's not just the Blackbucks; even peacocks that make a sudden appearance can spring a surprise or two.

  • Gurudwara Nanak Jhira Sahib[21]

Gurudwara Nanak Jhira Saheb is known to be one of Holiest Place For Sikh Devotees in India and is believed that Saint Guru Nanak visited the place during famine in this region.[22]

  • Papnash Shiva Temple, According to local legend, this temple and idol was installed by Lord Rama on his way back to Ayodhya from Lanka. The original temple was lost and at the ruins of the ancient temple, a new one was later built. This temple is located in a beautiful valley. There is a large pond at the foot of the temple which is constantly fed by a natural spring.[23]
  • Narasimha Jhira Cave Temple

The Narasimha Jhira Cave Temple is known for its beautiful architecture and is considered to be very sacred. The temple in situated in a cave where the water runs up to 300 metres. This temple is situated under the Manichoola hill range and it opens at eight in the morning. Situated in Bidar in North Karnataka, this temple lies a kilometre away from Bidar city. You have to wade through waist deep water to reach the feet of the deity.[24]

  • Dargah Hazrat Shamsuddin Quadri (Multani Basha RA)
  • Drgah Hazrat Khaja Abul Faiz
  • Siddharoodh Math[25]
  • Bahmani Tombs
  • Barid Shahi Tombs
  • Chaukhandi of Hazrat Khalil Ullah

Religious places[edit]

Guru Nanak Jhira Sahib[edit]

Guru Nanak Jhira Sahib is a sikh historical shrine situated in Bidar.Guru Nanak Jhira Sahib was built in the year 1948 and is dedicated to the first sikh guru Guru Nanak.

The Gurudwara comprises of Darbar Sahib, diwan hall and langar hall. In the sukhaasan room, Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of sikh is placed. There is a separate room called the likhari room, where donations are accepted and receipts are issued.Opposite to the front stairs of the Gurudwara, there is a holy water tank. It is believed that a holy dip in the tank is enough to cleanse the body and soul of the devotee of all the sins.

Guru Nanak Jhira Sahib
History

During his second udasi (second missionary tour) of south india, Guru Nanak after sojourning through Nagpur and Khandwa visited the ancient Hindu temple of Om Kareswar on the Narbada and reached nanded(where 200years later Guru Gobind Singh spent his last days) from Nanded he proceeded towards Hyderabad and Golkonda where he met Muslim saints and then came to Bidar to meet Pir Jalaluddin and Yakoob Ali.

The guru accompanied by his companion Mardana stayed in the outskirts of the Bidar town where Nanak Jhira is now located. Nearby were huts of Muslim fakirs, who took keen interest in the sermons and teachings of the great guru. The news soon spread throughout Bidar and its surrounding areas about the holy saint of the north and large number of people started coming to him to have his darshan and seek his blessings. There used to be acute shortage of drinking water in Bidar. All efforts of the people to dig wells were of no avail. Even when wells produced water the water was found to be unfit for drinking.

Amrit Kund
Bauli Sahib

The guru was greatly moved by the miserable condition of the people, with divine name on his lips and the mercy in his heart he touched the hillside with his toe and removed some rubble from the place. To the utter surprise of all, a fountain of sweet, cool water gushed out of the hillside. The place soon came to be known as Nanak Jhira.

A beautiful Gurdwara has now been constructed by the side of the fountain. The water of the fountain is collected in a small Amrit Khund built in white marble. There is a free kitchen (Guru Ka Langar) where free food is given to pilgrims 24 hours night and day. A sikh museum has been built in the memory of Guru Tegh Bahadur, depicting the important events of sikh history through pictures and paintings. The birthday of Guru Nanak and the Hola Mohalla festival attract large numbers of devotees from all over india.

Sarovar

At the spot where the spring originated, the management had an Amrit Kund built with the contributions of devotees, with the water channeled into a sarovar close by, the devotees now take dips in the sacred water which is thought to cure several ailments, the management of Gurdwara now runs a free hospital, an engineering college, a polytechnic college and three schools.It may be recalled that Bhai Sahib Singh, one of The Panj Piaras (five beloved of Guru Gobind Singh), hailed from Bidar where he was once a barber. He was the son of Gurunarayana and Ankamma from Bidar.

Another version of Guru Nanak's visit to Bidar has him visiting a sufi saint who lived with his family and followers here amidst a source of fresh, sweet water and that is where the Ggurudwara eventually came to be. Whatever the origin, the presence of this important sikh shrine and the sizable sikh presence is one of the many layers of Bidar that we encounter. In the course of his tours across the area people thronged to hear him. Guru Nanak listened to their complaints that only brackish water could be found in the area. Pir Jalaluddin and his followers from the nearby muslim monastery also paid obeisance to the guru and impressed upon him the need for sweet water in Bidar. In deference to their wishes, the compassionate Guruji uttering Sat Kartar shifted a stone with his wooden sandal, and lo and behold out gushed a spring of sweet water that has flowed to this day.

Narasimha Jharna[edit]

Narasimha Jharna is a pleasant place in Bidar, having temple of Narasimha Swami. Specialty of this temple is to visit God Narsimha Swami one has to walk about five hundred meters in cave canal having stagnant water. Naraasimha Jharna is old temple for hindu religion,quite unique by its location inside a natural water logged cave, with bats hanging from its roof through out. Yet it is safe,as everyday quite a handful of devotees visits the deity,walking down the 300 meters long cave.

Entrance of Narsimha Jharna

This is an old Hindu cave temple dedicated to Lord Narasimha. It is excavated in a tunnel. A legend says that Vishnu after Killing Hiranyakashyap, slew another giant named Jharasura. While breathing his last, Jharasura beseeched Vishnu to reside in the cave in which he was living and to grant boons to devotees. Granting last wish of his, Narasimha came to live in the cave. There is a roughly carved image of Narasimha on a stone wall at the end of the cave. For seeing the deity, the visitor has to wade through a canal of 91 meter. The flow of water in the channel is continuous. The depth of the water in the channel is generally 1.37 meters. A good number of devotees visit this temple.

At the starting point of cave canal there is an idol of Lord Narasimha. Few stone steps are there to enter into cave canal and after that only soil. The legend goes that Lord Narasimha after killing Hiranya-Kashpu ,proceeded to kill a Demon name JALASURA he was a staunch Devotee of Lord Shiva . After he was killed by Lord Narsimha ,Jalasura turns into water starts flowing from Lord’s feet. And to this day water keeps flowing from lord’s feet and fills the cave. So, to reach the Lord we will have to wade through a 300 feet long cave, with water about 4 feet deep. Bats hanging from the cave’s ceiling add to the thrill. Lighting and Ventillation have been recently installed.There is a water fountain outside the temple ,in which people bath before entering c the cave. At the end of cave we have Lord Narasimha and also the Shiva Linga which Jalasura was worshiping.

Waterway leading to Narsimha Swami temple

This temple is very famous among the pilgrims and it's also very famous among tourist because of its location.The cave which is filled with water and bats are there all over the ceiling of the cave. Doesn't it sound amazing and yes that is what attracts maximum tourist to this temple. One can reach there during the day time there is no proper parking place all the cars were parked in an assorted fashion. Shoes are not allowed so you need to leave them in the car manage the rough way till the main cave entrance. You will walk down steps for about 100 yards on the way you will find about 25-30 shops selling religious stuff, things to offer during worship.

The holy Shrine of Swami Narsimha

One drives out of Bidar town for about 2 Kms or so to reach a trough in the terrain - then climb down a few dozen steps past stalls selling Puja items to the Temple entrance.

Papnash Temple[edit]

Papnash Shiva Temple is popular, among locals as well as tourists as it is believed that the Shiva linga in this temple was installed by Lord Rama. According to legends, Lord Rama installed the Shiva linga in the temple while returning from Lanka. Owing to the significance, the temple is flocked by devotees year-round and especially during the festival of Shivratri. In front of the temple there is a natural spring, which flows into a pond called Papnash. Holy dip in this pond is believed to cleanse the soul of devotee from all the sins.

Papnash Temple

It gets very crowded during Shivaratri celebrations. In the sanctum, there is a big Shiva Linga. In the temple complex, there are three other Shiva Lingas. These Shiva Lingas can be touched by devotees, and they can directly offer pujas to them.

Papa Vinashini Teerth

Papnash means destroyer of sins. It is believed that a visit to this temple and a dip in the Papnash pond will destroy all the sins committed by a person. For this reason alone, this temple attracts a large number of pilgrims.

The Papnash Shiva Temple is located near the Bidar-Udgir Road. There is a bus station about two kilometers away which is connected to Bidar city from where other transport options can be taken.

Holy Shrine of Lord Shiva

The King Visits the Teerth on the advise of the Brahmins and takes a Holy Dip here. Also he meets a Sanyasi here who narrates the Story of a Ujjaini Brahmin who was Blessed by Rishabha Muni.Shri Guru on the request of the King visits Bidar and Comes to Papa Vinashini Teerth where Sayamdeos Son Naganath comes to meet Shri Guru and also takes him to his Home for a Samaradhana.Shri Guru returns to the Teerth after the Samaradhana and the King who traveled for a Day from Gangapur meets Shri Guru here and takes him to his Kingdom.

The Papa Vinashini (Papnash) Teerth at Bidar is the Holy Place which was Sanctified by the Visit of Shri Guru Narasimha Saraswati. The Account of Shri Gurus visit to Bidar is as Follows :

We can see in the 9th Adhyay of Shri Guru Charitra that Shripad Shri Vallabha blesses a Rajaka (Washer Man) to be a King in his Next Birth and also assures him that he would meet him as Shri Narasimha Saraswati ( The 2nd Incarnation).Accordingly he (rajaka) takes birth in the Royal Kingdom of Vidarbha. Due to devotation of previous birth he was kind and pious. He treated all religions and sects equally. Thus the king was ruling impartially. Once he had a tumour on his thigh, Vaidyas and Hakims treated him but to no effect. The King then consulted the Local Brahmins who suggested him to take a bath at the Holy Papa Vinashini Teerth there. The King accordingly visited the Holy Teerth and had a Holy Dip at the Teerth. There he met a Sanyasi who explained him the Importance of Sadguru Darshan and also quoted him the following Story ;

There lived a Brahmin at Ujjaini who gave up his Brahmin Rites and lived with a Prostitute. But once they Served Rishabha Muni with Devotion. Later on in their old age, both the Brahmin and Pingla died.The Brahmin took birth as a Son of the Eldest Queen of King Vajrabahu. The Young Queen who was Jealous gave poison to the Eldest Queen Sumati when the Baby was in womb. Both the Mother and Son were affected by erruptions all over the body and the King who failed to treat them ordered that they must be left in the Forest. But to their fortune they met a Pious King who arranged for their Stay. But one day the Child died and when the Mother was weeping bitterly. Rishabha Muni recalling the Brahmins Past Service not only revived him to Life but also cured both of them.

Thus the Sanyasi asked the King to Serve a Saint and said that the King should Visit Shri Guru Narasimha Saraswati at Ganagapur. The King immediately went to Ganagapur and visited Sangam to meet Shri Guru. On seeing him Shri Guru asked " O, Rajak, where have you been so far? I am seeing you after a long period". On this the King at once recalled his Past birth and prostrated before Shri Guru and began to shed tears of love and joy. When he wanted to show the Tumour , he found it was already Cured. He then Pleaded Shri Guru to visit his Place. Shri Guru agreed and said him that he would meet him at Papavinashini in Bidar. Shri Guru disappeared Instantly and reached Papavinashini Teerth where Sayamdeos Son visits and takes Shri Guru to his home for a Samaradhana. Shri Guru then comes back to PapVinashini and the King takes him to his Kingdom. Shri Guru then Visits Goutami and returns to Ganagapur.

Shri Manik Prabhu Devasthanam, Manik Nagar[edit]

Maniknagar Temple

Manik Nagar is a small village near Humnabad Taluka, Bidar District. Manik Nagar is known for Shri Manik Prabhu Samsthan, a socio-religious institution. It comprises of a temple complex, whose nucleus is the main temple of Shri Manik Prabhu's Samadhi. Manik Prabhu was born to devout couple,Shri Manohar Naik and Smt.Bayadevi in the village called Ladwanti on 22 December 1817, the Birthday festival of Lord Dattatreya.

History

Manik Prabhu selected Manik Nagar as the significant and ideal place to lay the foundation of spiritual centre.Manik Nagar is located on high slope grounds. Manik Prabhu temple lies on the outskirts of Humnabad, a kilometer away from this taluka. The temple is located on the confluence of two rivulets Viraja and Guru Ganga.

People believe that Manik Prabhu, the renowned saint, was fourth incarnation of Lord Dattatreya. There was Political and religious chaos between two communities, Hindu and Muslim, and were the riotous times. Manik Prabhu had a envisioned these two streams (communities) come together and lead a peaceful life. Due to this prognostic vision, even today both Hindus and Muslims visit Manik Nagar every year to pay homage to the Great Founder of Universal Truth, the Sakalmata. Muslim community considers Shri Prabhu to be an Avatar of Mehaboob Subhani, a Muslim Saint.

Originally, a small hut was constructed to establish the GADI, or the Spiritual Seat, which in time to come was to be associated with the living spirit of Shri Manik Prabhu Maharaj. Sitting on the Gadi, he would give Darshan to audience and His very Darshan would give peace and contentment to all who visited Maniknagar. In the Durbar, the people gathered would bask in the aura and the benevolent grace of Shri Prabhu. The entire atmosphere would be surcharged with spiritual splendour. Shri Prabhu would cast his compassionate glance on all, making everybody participate in the bliss, which he was experiencing.

Maharaj Manik Prabhu ji
Mahasamadhi

When Prabhu realised that the time had come to shed mortal body and be one with eternity.As Shri Prabhu was reluctant to disclose the time of his own departure to all, he took only three or four persons into confidence, those who understood the significance of his Avatar (incarnation). The news was kept in utmost confidence and all the required work was carried on with a smile on the face but with remorse in the heart. He advised them, “You think that once I take Samadhi everything will end and I will no more be available to you. What you will miss is the sight of my Gross body, but my Self, the spirit within, will ever remain with you to guide you without your realizing that fact. There will not be any breach in your spiritual path. Remember that decay and destruction of the gross body is certain. When every breath has already been numbered and assigned what is the purpose of grieving?” Shri Prabhu consoled them; “It is good that my work here is now coming to an end. You will all be able to carry the mission further by the Energy, which I will be leaving behind. What’s the use of remaining alive in this worthless body when the work is complete?” On the tenth day of Margashirsha, Shri Prabhu decided to summon the Durbar, so that people could have his final Darshan. All arrangements were made for Shri Prabhu to sit in as comfortable a position as was possible.

Idol inside the temple

The next day was Ekadashi, the eleventh day of the month. For Hindus it is one of the most auspicious day. This 29th day of the month of November 1865 was the day on which Srhi Prabhu had decided to take Samadhi and merge His Self with the Supreme Self. Before samadhi He called two sons of His brother Narisimha and blessed them and thus the line of succession to the Gadi (spiritual seat) was laid down for all to know. He made the elder one Manohar the successor to Gadi by transferring His Eternal Energy to him. Thus the Guru-Parampara of Shri Manik Prabhu Sampradya was established for all time to come. The successors to the Gadi (spiritual seat) after Shri Manik Prabhu took Samadhi are:

  • Shri Manohar Manik Prabhu,
  • Shri Martan Manik Prabhu,
  • Shri Shankar Manik Prabhu,
  • Shri Siddharaj Manik Prabhu and
  • Shri Dnyanraj Manik Prabhu.
How to reach

By Road Humnabad is the Nearest Town to Maniknagar. Bus facility is available to reach Humnabad. From Humnabad, Manuknagar is at a distance of 1 km.

By Rail Bidar - Humnabad inter city train is available to travel to Humnabad. The train makes 3 trips everyday between Bidar-Humnabad.

Art[edit]

Bidri wares[edit]

Bidri wares are the world famous art originated in Bidar.It can be stated as "If Bidar is a body, then Bidriware is its soul".

Bidri arts
History

The origin of these works dates back to 14th century under the Bahmani kingdom which ruled the present Deccan area. The art form developed in the kingdom was a mix of Turkey, Persia and Arabic countries which were intermingled with the local styles and thus a unique style of its own was born. Bidri work, in particular, came from Iran with an artisan called Abdulla-bin-Kaiser, who was an expert in metal work. Along with local artisans, the art ware spread far and wide and was handed over to generations as time passed. Fortunately, the art did not die with the kings, it was later on patronized by subsequent kingdoms and today, we can enjoy its exclusivity. It is a family business and in some artisans’ families, even women take part in the making of the metal ware. In Aurangabad, the Bidri art was introduced by the Nizam of Hyderabad as it was a part of Nizam’s empire then. As Aurangabad has its own rich legacy of art and craft,the Bidri work mingled into the local arts soon.

Craftman working
Intricacies of Bidri Works

The alloy of zinc and copper is used for making the basic structure of the metal ware. Earlier, they were used for making hookahs, paan-holders and vases but now keepsakes, bowls, earrings, trays, ornament boxes, other jewelry and showpiece items are made from it. Because it is made from zinc, the items get a black color. After molding, they are filed and smoothened. The decided design is then engraved on it and then pure silver wires or sheets are then placed into the thin spaces with the help of hammers and other instruments. After this inlaying of silver is done, the item is then polished and oxidized. This oxidation process involves use of earth from the fort of Bidar (the then capital of Bahamani Kingdom) and therefore, it got its name. When the item is put into a boiling solution containing the Bidri mud, it becomes jet black but nothing happens to silver. The article is then lubricated with coconut or other oil so that it shines to attract our eyes. The designs used on the items are also very popular. It is their delicacy and tenderness which magnetize our attention. Various flowers (known as Asharfi-ki-booti), leaves (vine creepers), geometric designs, human figures, etc are commonly fund on the items. Demand for the design of Persian roses and passages from the Holy Quran are also in great demand in the West. In Aurangabad, artisans also make designs of motifs from Ajanta Caves especially Ajanta Padmapani which have become very popular among foreign tourists.

The Soil Specialty

It is said that the soil of Bidar is very special. No one knows exactly what is special about it. Some artisans feel that the soil is away from the sunlight and rain for years and therefore it has great oxidizing properties. Others believe that the part of the fort from where soil is brought was a mint and therefore metal extracts in the soil make it unique. The artisans say that the quality of the Bidri earth is very important and the real art lies in testing the mud which is necessary for making the articles. It is tasted by the artisans by their tongues and then decided whether to use it or not. This knack comes from experience and is passed on to next generation. Another important thing is that all the process of making the Bidri ware starting from casting to oxidation is done by hand and therefore it is time consuming and hence costlier too.

bidriwares

History says that all the travelers who visited Bidar or the Bahamani kingdom were presented with the precious items and the travelers took them back to their own country. Soon, the demand of these beautiful items grew and trading grew worldwide.

Gardens[edit]

Deva Deva Vana[edit]

The Deva Deva Vana (Botanical Garden) is situated in the forest area of the shahpur so is under the shahpur reserved forest area.

Entrance of the Botanical garden
Location and Access

This Garden is 7kms away from centre of the Bidar city.One can find many and simple ways to reach this garden, starting from the Bidar new bus stand you can reach here with the help of various city buses scheduled with proper timings or any private vehicles can be used. The moment you enter the Bidar-Hyderabad highway, you are at the right place near to the garden.

History

The history of the garden. This garden belongs to KARNATAKA FOREST DEPARTMENT. This garden is also called BOTANICAL GARDEN. The garden is more than 35 years old and present in shahpur village.As this is in forest area you can see many different types of trees and plants here. This is called BOTANICAL GARDEN because here in this garden you can see many plants and trees which have high medicinal value in ayurvedic field. As the garden is in forest area the garden depicts the scene of the forest and all the trees and plants present are found with their scientific and botanical name. Here in this garden you can find more than 50 to 70 different types of plants and trees all with their own special properties and helps in curing in one or the disease.

Varieties of trees grown

To visit this garden, some timing restriction is a must to be followed because there is a risk to the life, if visited at odd timings because at some part of the garden some deadly creatures such as snakes and leech reside. On the other side the garden is a fun place too. There are some entertainment means for the children to play and this is a well known picnic spot for children. Every green garden is maintained by the staffs of the garden in such a way so as to attract people and same is the case with this botanical garden. Many different and typical kinds of herbs, shrubs and flora are being grown here and every care is taken to keep the place clean and green. Studies on the plants grown here is also been done.

Map of Area of the Garden
Plantation carried out

Here in the garden, projects like plantation of various kinds of plants and trees are being done every year. As the garden is under the government authorities, they undertake the task of growing many plants, maintaining them (planting in some plastic bags allowing them to grow until some limit of growth) and then planting them on the road sides and between the dividers with a vision of “GO GREEN”.

Plantation

There are a variety of plants grown here.Some of the plants grown here are Panchavativana, Ashoka vana, Rashivana(zodiac),Navagraha vana etc.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Bidar has connectivity with Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Sainagar Shirdi, Aurangabad, Nanded, Manmad and Mumbai (according to railway budget 2014-15). Construction of the Gulbarga-Bidar link is in progress, it is expected to be operational by the end of 2015.[27][28] Bidar-Hyderabad inter-city train service became operative in September 2012.[29] A tri-weekly Bidar-Yeshwantpur express train service has been started.[30]

Road[edit]

Bidar is very well connected with Banglore, Hyderabad, Mumbai and other cities of karnataka, Telangana and Maharashtra, by public and private Transport services.

Education Institutions[edit]

Gnyana Sudha Vidyalaya, School Building


Swaminarayan Gurukul International School Bidar outer view1
  • Gnyana Sudha Vidyala, Mamanakere, Bidar - visit-> School Website
  • Karnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Sciences University[31]
  • Bidar Institute Of Medical Sciences (BRIMS)[32]
  • Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul International School[33]
  • SB Patil Dental College & Hospital [34]
  • Shanthinikethan Instt. Of Physiotherapy
  • Guru Nank Dev College Of Engineering
  • Vidya Independent PU Science College,Bidar
  • ORCHID Public School, Shah Gunj, Bidar
  • Al-Ameen education trust bidar
  • Gawan Educational Institutes, Bidar
  • Shaheen public school and college Bidar[35]
  • Wisdom Public Schools & Colleges, Bidar
  • Noor Educational Trust, Bidar
  • Mahammed Gawan library
  • Gurayya Bacha School Bidar
  • Air Force School Bidar
  • Seventh Day Adventist High School
  • B.V.V. Sangh's National School,Bidar
  • Saint Joseph's English Medium School, Bidar
  • Saraswathi Vidya Mandir
  • Government Boys and Girls School
  • Siddharoodha Public School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Bidar
  • National High School, Bidar
  • Sri Datta Giri Maharaj Public School
  • Naveen Public School, Rampure Colony, Bidar
  • Karnatak Public School, Bidar
  • Kidzee Pre-School, Bidar
  • Euro Kids,Bidar
  • Little Angel School, Bidar
  • Cambridge Public School, Bidar
  • Lingraj Appa Engineering college,Chitta,Bidar
  • Red Rose Public School Bidar

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional reports of Census India, a population of Bidar in 2011 is 211,944; of which male and female are 109,435 and 102,509 respectively. The average literacy rate of Bidar city is 87.65 percent of which male and female literacy was 92.88 and 82.08 percent respectively. Total children (0-6) in Bidar city are 25,077 as per figure from a Census India report on 2011. There were 13,103 boys while 11,974 are girls. The child sex ratio of girls is 914 per 1000 boys.\

People in Bidar city are a mix of Aryan and Dravidian stock due to long due to long lasting influence of Persians Bahamanis and Barid Shah-i Dynasties ruling over the city in the past.

Kannada is the official language and along with Dakhni Urdu is the most spoken language and Hindi, Marathi, are the other languages spoken by significant numbers of the population .

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.wmf.org/project/historic-city-bidar
  2. ^ "India's cleanest: Where does your city stand?". News.rediff.com. 2010-05-13. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  3. ^ http://www.bidartourism.com/history.html
  4. ^ http://kannadasiri.kar.nic.in/heritage/heritage_areas.htm
  5. ^ a b "Geography and travel". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 4 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  6. ^ Sherwani, Haroon Khan (1969). Cultural trends in medieval India: architecture, painting, literature & language. Gulbarga Fort (Asia Pub. House). pp. 14–16. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  7. ^ "Gulbarga Fort". British Library On Line gallery. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  8. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Bidar". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  9. ^ http://www.fiftyplustravels.com/?p=422
  10. ^ a b "Bidar District Website". Bidar.nic.in. 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  11. ^ "HISTORIC CITY OF BIDAR | World Monuments Fund". Wmf.org. 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  12. ^ Rishikesh Bahadur Desai (2013-10-10). "Bidar only South Indian monument to figure in latest World Monuments Fund list". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  13. ^ http://www.bidartourism.com/fort.html
  14. ^ http://www.bidartourism.com/rangeenMahal.html
  15. ^ http://www.bidartourism.com/TarkashMahal.html
  16. ^ http://www.bidartourism.com/GaganMahal.html
  17. ^ http://www.bidartourism.com/MadarsaMahmudGawan.html
  18. ^ http://www.bidartourism.com/Chaubara.html
  19. ^ http://www.holidayiq.com/Solah-Khamba-Mosque-Bidar-Sightseeing-649-757.html
  20. ^ "blackbuckresort.com". blackbuckresort.com. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  21. ^ "gnjbidar.com". gnjbidar.com. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  22. ^ http://www.hoparoundindia.com/karnataka/bidar-attractions/gurudwara-nanak-jhira-saheb.aspx
  23. ^ http://www.karnataka.com/bidar/papnash-shiva-temple/
  24. ^ http://www.karnataka.com/bidar/narasimha-hira-cave-temple/
  25. ^ "Bidar Math". Aroodhmathbidar.org. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  26. ^ "manikprabhu.org". manikprabhu.org. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  27. ^ "Railway bridge across Bennethora to be complete in two years". The Hindu, 24 July 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  28. ^ "Bidar-Gulbarga rail service". Infrastructure Today, January 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  29. ^ http://ibnlive.in.com/news/hyderabadbidar-intercity-train/289863-60.html
  30. ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/karnataka/Bidar-Yeshwantpur-tri-weekly-express-train-flagged-off/2013/09/02/article1763787.ece
  31. ^ http://www.kvafsu.kar.nic.in/
  32. ^ "brims-bidar.in". brims-bidar.in. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  33. ^ "Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul International School". Gurukul.org. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  34. ^ http://sbpatildentalcollege.com/
  35. ^ http://www.shaheenpucollege.com/

External links[edit]