||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (October 2008)|
|Nickname(s): crown city of karnataka|
|• Deputy Commissioner||Dr. PC Jaffer IAS|
|• Total||43 km2 (17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||614 m (2,014 ft)|
|• Density||4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 8482|
Bidar is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the north-eastern part of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of the Bidar District which shares its border with Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. It is the northernmost district of Karnataka. It is also called as crown of Karnataka.
Recently Bidar was ranked 22nd among the cleanest cities in India, and 5th cleanest in Karnataka. It is connected with NH9 and NH218 and whole city is integrated with 4 lane road.
Geography and climate
Bidar has a tropical monsoon climate on the border of semi-arid.It is located at  It has an average elevation of 615 metres (2017 feet). Bidar was known as Mohammadabad in olden times. Bidar is a charming district- one of its charms being a very bracing climate practically throughout the district and for the greater part of the year. April and may In Bidar are hot, but even during this hot weather, the heat is often broken by sharp and sudden thunder showers. By early June the south-west monsoon sets in with its pleasant coolness and the weather is back to its bracing glory. The cold weather is never too cold and the rainfall is never excessive though its excessive variation is often the cause, symptom and malaise of severe droughts. One other aspect of its charm is that it is full of history- every village and town being replete with monuments, legends, stories of valour, romance of beautiful princesses, long forgotten battles, feuding military adventurers and even of social reform movements that shook the very foundation and structure of medieval Hinduism..
The winter season is from December to middle of February and the temperature begins to decrease from the end of November, December is the coldest month with mean daily maximum temperature of 27.3 C and mean daily minimum of 16.4 C. From the middle of the February, both day and night temperatures begin to rise rapidly. May is the hottest month with mean daily maximum temperature of 38.8 C and mean daily minimum of 25.9 C. With the withdrawal of southwest monsoon in the first week of October, there is slight increase in day temperature but night temperature decreases steadily. After October, both day and night temperatures decreases progressively. The highest maximum temperature recorded at Bidar was on 8-5-1931(43.3 degree C) and the lowest minimum was on 5-1-1901(2.9 degree C,the lowest temperature ever recorded in Karnataka).
Present day Bidar covers an expanse of 5448 square kilometers of land and lies between 17°35′ and 18°25′ North latitudes and 76°42′ and 77°39′ east longitudes, with the districts of Nizamabad and Medak in Andhra Pradesh on the East and the districts of Nanded and Osmanabad in Maharashtra on the west. On the south lies the district of Gulbarga of Karnataka. This central position in the Deccan had for long imparted to Bidar, the pre-eminent position in the history of the Deccan although today it presents a picture of centuries of neglect and ruin. It was also known as Mohamad-e-Bidar and under the influence of Hindus it became as Bidar.
|Climate data for Bidar|
|Record high °C (°F)||35.2
|Average high °C (°F)||28.6
|Average low °C (°F)||14.0
|Record low °C (°F)||2.5
|Rainfall mm (inches)||12.6
Bidar has lots of historical monuments from the Bahmani era. The structure of the great Mahmud Gawan Arabic University is reminiscent of the rich architecture of the Bahmani era. The Bidar Fort situated next to the city is one of the biggest forts in India. So rich is the city of Bidar in its History and Heritage that, the whole City of Bidar (as against a single monument in a city) is considered as the only South Indian Monument to be listed by the World Monument Fund in their 2014 World Monument Watch.
Panaromic Entrance View of Bidar Fort
Places to visit in Bidar
- Narasimha Jhira Cave Temple
- Siddharoodh Math
- Solah Khamba Mosque
- Bahmani Tombs
- Chaukhandi of Hazrat Khalil Ullah
- Rangin Mahal
- Bidar Fort
- Basavakalyan (80KM from Bidar)
- Maniknagar (Near to Humnabad)
- Dev Dev Vana (Botanical Garden)
The Great Indian Peninsula Railway extended its [[Mumbai Dadar-Solapur section|Mumbai-Solapur line to Raichur in 1871. The Wadi-Secunderabad line was built in 1874. The 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge line from Vikrabad to Bidar railway station was opened in 1932.
- Bidar Institute Of Medical Sciences (BRIMS)
- Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul International School
- SB Patil Dental College & Hospital
- MERIDIAN ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL & TWINKLE PRIMARY SCHOOL BIDAR
- Al-Ameen education trust bidar
- Shaheen public school and college bidar
- Mahammed Gawan library
- Guru Nank Dev College Of Engineering
- Air Force School Bidar
- Seventh Day Adventist High School
- B.V.V. Sangh's National School,Bidar
- Saint Joseph's School, Bidar
- Saraswathi Vidya Mandir
- Government Boys and Girls School
- Siddharoodha Public School
- Kendriya Vidyalaya, Bidar
- National High School, Bidar
- Sri Datta Giri Maharaj Public School
- Naveen Public School, Rampure Colony, Bidar
- Karnatak Public School, Hyderabad Road, Bidar
- B.V.Bhomaraddy collge
- Little Angel School, Bidar
- Cambridge Public School, Bidar
- Lingaraj Appa Engineering College, chitta, Bidar
As per provisional reports of Census India, a population of Bidar in 2011 is 211,944; of which male and female are 109,435 and 102,509 respectively. The average literacy rate of Bidar city is 87.65 percent of which male and female literacy was 92.88 and 82.08 percent respectively. Total children (0-6) in Bidar city are 25,077 as per figure from a Census India report on 2011. There were 13,103 boys while 11,974 are girls. The child sex ratio of girls is 914 per 1000 boys.
Kannada is the official language and is largely spoken by a majority of the people, while Telugu, Marathi, Dakhni Urdu and Hindi are the other languages spoken by significant numbers of the population .
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- Rishikesh Bahadur Desai (2013-10-10). "Bidar only South Indian monument to figure in latest World Monuments Fund list". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-12-19.
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- Chronology of railways in India, Part 2 (1870-1899). "IR History: Early Days – II". IFCA. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
- "Chapter VII – Transport and Communications". Railway lines opened for traffic in the state since 1861, page 290. Karnataka Government. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
- "Railway bridge across Bennethora to be complete in two years". The Hindu, 24 July 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
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