Bidar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Bidar district. For the village in Iran, see Bidar, Iran.
Bidar
ಬೀದರ
city
Entrance to the Bidar Fort
Entrance to the Bidar Fort
Nickname(s): Crown city of karnataka
Bidar is located in Karnataka
Bidar
Bidar
Coordinates: 17°54′54″N 77°31′08″E / 17.915°N 77.519°E / 17.915; 77.519Coordinates: 17°54′54″N 77°31′08″E / 17.915°N 77.519°E / 17.915; 77.519
Country India
State Karnataka
Region Bayaluseeme
District Bidar
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner Dr. PC Jaffer IAS
Area
 • Total 43 km2 (17 sq mi)
Elevation 614 m (2,014 ft)
Population
 • Total 211,944
 • Density 4,900/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 585 401
Telephone code 91 8482
Vehicle registration KA38
Website www.bidarcity.gov.in

Bidar is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the north-eastern part of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of the Bidar District which shares its border with Maharashtra . It is the northernmost district of Karnataka. It is also called as crown of Karnataka.

Bidar city is known for its Bidri handicraft products, and its rich history. Manjira River is one of the main rivers supplying drinking water to Bidar .

Recently Bidar was ranked 22nd among the[1] cleanest cities in India, and 5th cleanest in Karnataka. It is connected with NH9 and NH218 and whole city is integrated with 4 lane road.

Geography and climate[edit]

Bidar has a tropical monsoon climate on the border of semi-arid.It is located at 17°54′N 77°33′E / 17.9°N 77.55°E / 17.9; 77.55.[2] It has an average elevation of 615 metres (2017 feet). Bidar was known as Mohammadabad in olden times. Bidar is a charming district- one of its charms being a very bracing climate practically throughout the district and for the greater part of the year. April and may In Bidar are hot, but even during this hot weather, the heat is often broken by sharp and sudden thunder showers. By early June the south-west monsoon sets in with its pleasant coolness and the weather is back to its bracing glory. The cold weather is never too cold and the rainfall is never excessive though its excessive variation is often the cause, symptom and malaise of severe droughts. One other aspect of its charm is that it is full of history- every village and town being replete with monuments, legends, stories of valour, romance of beautiful princesses, long forgotten battles, feuding military adventurers and even of social reform movements that shook the very foundation and structure of medieval Hinduism.

The winter season is from December to middle of February and the temperature begins to decrease from the end of November, December is the coldest month with mean daily maximum temperature of 27.3 C and mean daily minimum of 16.4 C. From the middle of the February, both day and night temperatures begin to rise rapidly. May is the hottest month with mean daily maximum temperature of 38.8 C and mean daily minimum of 25.9 C. With the withdrawal of southwest monsoon in the first week of October, there is slight increase in day temperature but night temperature decreases steadily. After October, both day and night temperatures decreases progressively. The highest maximum temperature recorded at Bidar was on 8-5-1931(43.3 degree C) and the lowest minimum was on 5-1-1901(2.9 degree C,the lowest temperature ever recorded in Karnataka).[3]

Present day Bidar covers an expanse of 5448 square kilometers of land and lies between 17°35′ and 18°25′ North latitudes and 76°42′ and 77°39′ east longitudes. Maharashtra on the west. On the south lies the district of Gulbarga of Karnataka. This central position in the Deccan had for long imparted to Bidar, the pre-eminent position in the history of the Deccan although today it presents a picture of centuries of neglect and ruin.[3] It was also known as Mohamad-e-Bidar and under the influence of Hindus it became as Bidar.

Climate data for Bidar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.6
(83.5)
31.8
(89.2)
34.6
(94.3)
36.4
(97.5)
37.5
(99.5)
33.4
(92.1)
30.5
(86.9)
29.0
(84.2)
30.1
(86.2)
29.0
(84.2)
27.7
(81.9)
27.8
(82)
31.37
(88.46)
Average low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
15.9
(60.6)
18.9
(66)
23.0
(73.4)
25.5
(77.9)
23.9
(75)
22.0
(71.6)
21.2
(70.2)
21.5
(70.7)
19.0
(66.2)
16.9
(62.4)
12.9
(55.2)
19.56
(67.2)
Rainfall mm (inches) 12.6
(0.496)
17.1
(0.673)
23.0
(0.906)
22.0
(0.866)
42.2
(1.661)
114.1
(4.492)
180.1
(7.091)
245.5
(9.665)
136.0
(5.354)
102.6
(4.039)
39.2
(1.543)
3.5
(0.138)
937.9
(36.924)
[citation needed]

Tourism[edit]

Bidar has lots of historical monuments from the Bahmani era. The structure of the great Mahmud Gawan Arabic University is reminiscent of the rich architecture of Bahmani era. The Bidar Fort situated next to the city is one of the biggest forts in India. While the city is rich in heritage, a lack of integrated conservation and maintenance, pollution, and development encroach on historic sites. For these reasons, the city was included on World Monuments Fund’s 2014 World Monuments Watch[4] in the hope that it will spur official action to document and analyze the condition of the city’s heritage. resulting in policy development and conservation interventions that will support Bidar’s rich heritage, as well as a robust and sustainable tourist industry.[5]

  • Bidar Fort
  • Chaubara
  • Solah Khamba Mosque
  • Dev Dev Vana (Botanical Garden)
  • Barid Shahi Garden
  • Blackbuck resort bidar[6]
  • Gurudwara Nanak Jhira Sahib[7]
  • Papnash Shiva Temple
  • Narasimha Jhira Cave Temple
  • Dargah Hazrat Shamsuddin Quadri (Multani Basha RA)
  • Drgah Hazrat Khaja Abul Faiz
  • Siddharoodh Math[8]
  • Bahmani Tombs
  • Barid Shahi Tombs
  • Chaukhandi of Hazrat Khalil Ullah
  • Rangin Mahal

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Bidar has connectivity with Bengaluru, Pune, Hyderabad, Sainagar Shirdi,Aurangabad and mumbai (according to railway budget 2014-15)

Construction of the Gulbarga-Bidar link is progressing. It is expected to be operational by the end of 2015.[10][11]

Road[edit]

Bidar has good bus services, both from Govt and private Travels namely, NEKRTC, Pavit, VRL, SRS etc. to capital city Banglore and Mumbai.

Education Institutions[edit]

Swaminarayan Gurukul International School Bidar outer view1


  • Bidar Institute Of Medical Sciences (BRIMS)[12]
  • Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul International School[13]
  • SB Patil Dental College & Hospital
  • MERIDIAN ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL & TWINKLE PRIMARY SCHOOL BIDAR
  • ORCHID Public School, Shah Gunj, Bidar
  • Al-Ameen education trust bidar
  • Gawan Educational Institutes, Bidar
  • Shaheen public school and college Bidar [14]
  • Wisdom Public Schools & Colleges, Bidar
  • Noor Educational Trust, Bidar
  • Mahammed Gawan library
  • Guru Nank Dev College Of Engineering
  • Gurayya Bacha School Bidar
  • Air Force School Bidar
  • Seventh Day Adventist High School
  • B.V.V. Sangh's National School,Bidar
  • Saint Joseph's School, Bidar
  • Saraswathi Vidya Mandir
  • Government Boys and Girls School
  • Siddharoodha Public School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Bidar
  • National High School, Bidar
  • Sri Datta Giri Maharaj Public School
  • Naveen Public School, Rampure Colony, Bidar
  • Karnatak Public School, Bidar
  • Kidzee Pre-School, Bidar
  • Little Angel School, Bidar
  • Cambridge Public School, Bidar
  • Lingaraj Appa Engineering College, chitta, Bidar
  • Red Rose Public School Bidar

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional reports of Census India, a population of Bidar in 2011 is 211,944; of which male and female are 109,435 and 102,509 respectively. The average literacy rate of Bidar city is 87.65 percent of which male and female literacy was 92.88 and 82.08 percent respectively. Total children (0-6) in Bidar city are 25,077 as per figure from a Census India report on 2011. There were 13,103 boys while 11,974 are girls. The child sex ratio of girls is 914 per 1000 boys.\

People in Bidar city are a mix of Aryan and Dravidian stock due to long due to long lasting influence of Persians Bahamanis and Barid Shah-i Dynasties ruling over the city in the past.

Kannada is the official language and along with Dakhni Urdu is the most spoken language and Hindi, Marathi, are the other languages spoken by significant numbers of the population .

References[edit]

  1. ^ "India's cleanest: Where does your city stand?". News.rediff.com. 2010-05-13. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  2. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Bidar". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  3. ^ a b "Bidar District Website". Bidar.nic.in. 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  4. ^ "HISTORIC CITY OF BIDAR | World Monuments Fund". Wmf.org. 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  5. ^ Rishikesh Bahadur Desai (2013-10-10). "Bidar only South Indian monument to figure in latest World Monuments Fund list". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  6. ^ "blackbuckresort.com". blackbuckresort.com. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  7. ^ "gnjbidar.com". gnjbidar.com. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  8. ^ "Bidar Math". Aroodhmathbidar.org. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  9. ^ "manikprabhu.org". manikprabhu.org. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  10. ^ "Railway bridge across Bennethora to be complete in two years". The Hindu, 24 July 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "Bidar-Gulbarga rail service". Infrastructure Today, January 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "brims-bidar.in". brims-bidar.in. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  13. ^ "Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul International School". Gurukul.org. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  14. ^ http://shaheenpucollege.com. Retrieved 2013-12-19.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]