Brown County, Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Brown County, Ohio
Brown County Courthouse in Georgetown from southwest.jpg
Seal of Brown County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Brown County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1819[1]
Named for General Jacob Brown
Seat Georgetown
Largest village Georgetown
Area
 • Total 493.45 sq mi (1,278 km2)
 • Land 490.02 sq mi (1,269 km2)
 • Water 3.44 sq mi (9 km2), 0.70%
Population
 • (2010) 44,846
 • Density 91.5/sq mi (35/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.browncountyohio.gov

Brown County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 44,846, which is an increase of 6.1% from 42,285 in 2000.[2] The county seat is Georgetown.[3] It is named for Major General Jacob Brown, an officer in the War of 1812 who was wounded at the Battle of Lundy's Lane.[4]

Brown County is part of the Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 493.45 square miles (1,278.0 km2), of which 490.02 square miles (1,269.1 km2) (or 99.30%) is land and 3.44 square miles (8.9 km2) (or 0.70%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 13,356
1830 17,867 33.8%
1840 22,715 27.1%
1850 27,332 20.3%
1860 29,958 9.6%
1870 30,802 2.8%
1880 32,911 6.8%
1890 29,899 −9.2%
1900 28,237 −5.6%
1910 24,832 −12.1%
1920 22,621 −8.9%
1930 20,148 −10.9%
1940 21,638 7.4%
1950 22,221 2.7%
1960 25,178 13.3%
1970 26,635 5.8%
1980 31,920 19.8%
1990 34,966 9.5%
2000 42,285 20.9%
2010 44,846 6.1%
Est. 2012 44,381 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 42,285 people, 15,555 households, and 11,790 families residing in the county. The population density was 86 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 17,193 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.08% White, 0.92% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.5% were of American, 28.2% German, 10.7% English and 10.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 15,555 households out of which 37.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.30% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.20% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,303, and the median income for a family was $43,040. Males had a median income of $32,647 versus $22,483 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,100. About 8.80% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

White burley tobacco monument dedicated on August 7, 1964 and located at the Ohio Tobacco Museum in Ripley.

Brown County was said to be the place of origin of the White Burley type of tobacco, grown in 1864 by George Webb and Joseph Fore on the farm of Captain Frederick Kautz near Higginsport from seed from Bracken County, Kentucky. He noticed it yielded a different type of light leaf shaded from white to yellow, and cured differently. By 1866, he harvested 20,000 pounds of Burley tobacco and sold it in 1867 at the St. Louis Fair for $58 per hundred pounds. By 1883, the principal market for this tobacco was Cincinnati, but it was grown throughout central Kentucky and Middle Tennessee.[8] Later the type became referred to as burley tobacco, and it was air-cured.

Government[edit]

Brown County has three County Commissioners who oversee the various County departments. Current Commissioners are: .[9]

Barry Woodruff (R), Daryll Gray (R), Tony Applegate (R).[10]

Communities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Map of Brown County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Arnheim
  • Ash Ridge
  • Bardwell
  • Boudes Ferry
  • Brownstown
  • Centerville
  • Chasetown
  • Crosstown
  • Decatur
  • Eastwood
  • Ellsbury
  • Feesburg
  • Fincastle
  • Fivemile
  • Heitt
  • Levanna
  • Locust Ridge
  • Macon
  • Maple
  • Neals Corner
  • Neel
  • New Harmony
  • New Hope
  • Upper Fivemile
  • Vera Cruz
  • Wahlsburg
  • White Oak

Media[edit]

Radio

  • WRAC C103 Country 103.1 FM (Georgetown)
  • WAOL 99.5 (Ripley)

Newspapers

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Brown County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "Brown County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Taylor, William Alexander (1899). Ohio Statesmen and Annals of Progress. Press of the Westbote Company. p. 243. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ J.M. Stoddart, Encyclopædia Britannica. American Supplement (Stoddart's Encyclopaedia Americana: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and General Literature, and Companion to the Encyclopædia Britannica. (9th ed.) and to All Other Encyclopaedias, Volume 1), 1883, p. 123, accessed 5 February 2011
  9. ^ "Brown County Commissioners". Brown County web Portal. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Applegate gets the nod for County Commissioner". Brown County News Democrat. June 11, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°56′N 83°52′W / 38.93°N 83.87°W / 38.93; -83.87