|Chengqiao Town ,which is the County town and the biggest town of Chongming(as 2006)|
|• Total||1,411 km2 (545 sq mi)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Chongming (help·info) (simplified Chinese: 崇明县; traditional Chinese: 崇明縣; pinyin: Chóngmíng Xiàn; Wu: Dzonmin Jeu) is the only county under the jurisdiction of Shanghai, China. The county consists of three main islands: Chongming Island (simplified Chinese: 崇明岛; traditional Chinese: 崇明島; pinyin: Chóngmíng Dǎo); Changxing Island; and Hengsha Island. These are low-lying alluvial islands in the mouth of the Yangtze River. With an area of 1,041 square kilometres (402 sq mi), Chongming Island is listed as the third largest island in Greater China after Taiwan and Hainan. The island first emerged in 618 due to a change in the water level of the river.
Once the most rural area of Shanghai, it is now the subject of a major urban and agricultural master-plan led by Philip Enquist of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. With the construction of a trans-Yangtze tunnel, the island is expected to increase in population while incorporating specialized agriculture in a sustainable design. It is also a major relocation centre for migrants from Three Gorges Dam area. Chongming has an area of 1,041.38 square kilometres (402.08 sq mi) and a population of 704,000 as of 2010. The Eco-city of Dongtan is currently being planned in this county.
Towns: Chengqiao (城桥镇), Buzhen (堡镇镇), Xinhe (新河镇), Miao (庙镇), Shuxin (竖新镇), Xianghua (向化镇), Sanxing (三星镇), Gangyan (港沿镇), Zhongxing (中兴镇), Chenjia (陈家镇), Lühua (绿华镇), Gangxi (港西镇), Jianshe (建设镇), Xinhai (新海镇), Dongping (东平镇), Changxing (长兴镇).
Shanghai Chongming bridge tunnel
Construction of the Chongming bridge-tunnel (at a cost: 12.3 billion yuan (US $1.6 billion) began in 2004 and was completed in October 2009. The project now consists of two bridges, Chonghai Bridge and Chongqi Bridge, and an under sea tunnel linking Pudong in the south to Chongming island and Jiangsu province in the north via the towns in Nantong County. However, the bridge is close sometimes for safety reason. Chong Ming National Forest Park is also located in the county.
- "2010年崇明县行政区划_崇明县_行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Simplified Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
- Media related to Chongming at Wikimedia Commons
- Shanghai portal
- Official website of Chongming County government (Chinese)
- Shanghai Chongming Bridge Tunnel project