Crowley County, Colorado

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Crowley County, Colorado
Map of Colorado highlighting Crowley County
Location in the state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
Founded May 29, 1911
Named for John H. Crowley
Seat Ordway
Largest town Ordway
Area
 • Total 800.33 sq mi (2,073 km2)
 • Land 788.99 sq mi (2,043 km2)
 • Water 11.34 sq mi (29 km2), 1.42%
Population
 • (2010) 5,823
 • Density 7/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.crowleycounty.net

Crowley County is one of the 64 counties of the State of Colorado of the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,823.[1] The county seat is Ordway.

History[edit]

Crowley County was created by the Colorado legislature on May 29, 1911, out of the northern portions of Otero County. Previously both were parts of Bent County. The county was named for John H. Crowley, senator from Otero County to the state legislature at the time of the split. Its original inhabitants decades earlier were native Americans, more Cheyenne than other tribes at the time the western expansion of the U.S. arrived.

The first significant development and settlement occurred in 1887 when the Missouri Pacific Railroad came through from the east, on its way to Pueblo and Colorado's rich gold fields of "Pikes Peak Or Bust".

The county seat is in Ordway, a town established in 1890 that quickly became the economic hub of the area. Other towns still existing along the Missouri Pacific Railroad's route are Sugar City, Crowley, and Olney Springs.

A few years later, developers brought a canal east from the Arkansas River, with ambitious plans to irrigate a million acres (4000 km²) in Kansas; instead, the canal petered out in Crowley County but did irrigate 57,000 acres (230 km2) along its length. This turned early Crowley County into a lush agricultural mecca at first.

By the 1970s almost all the water rights were sold from what is now called the Twin Lakes Canal to the fast-growing cities of Colorado's Front Range corridor. The area's economic activity has shifted toward ranching. Much of the land has returned to its original sparse prairie grassland conditions.

The Crowley School, which is now the Crowley County Heritage Center, is the county's only historic site listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

Crowley County also today hosts a state prison. The 2000 census showed 5,518 county residents, of which 1,955 were prisoners, giving Crowley County the highest percentage of incarcerated prisoners of any county in the U.S. The county maintained this position in the 2010 census, with 2,682 prisoners out of 5,823 residents.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 800.33 square miles (2,072.8 km2), of which 788.99 square miles (2,043.5 km2) (or 98.58%) is land and 11.34 square miles (29.4 km2) (or 1.42%) is water.[2]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 6,383
1930 5,934 −7.0%
1940 5,398 −9.0%
1950 5,222 −3.3%
1960 3,978 −23.8%
1970 3,086 −22.4%
1980 2,988 −3.2%
1990 3,946 32.1%
2000 5,518 39.8%
2010 5,823 5.5%
Est. 2012 5,365 −7.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2012 Estimate[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 5,518 people, 1,358 households, and 957 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 1,542 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.95% White, 7.05% Black or African American, 2.59% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.77% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. 22.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,358 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county the population was spread out with 18.80% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 39.60% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 205.40 males (this is the highest of any U.S. county/parish in 2000). For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 240.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,803, and the median income for a family was $32,162. Males had a median income of $20,813 versus $21,920 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,836. About 15.20% of families and 18.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.60% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over. More recent data, published in 2011, estimated that 48.1 percent of the county's residents lived in poverty, and of 3,197 counties ranked by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2011 for "estimated percent of people of all ages in poverty", Crowley was second.[6]

Census data for Crowley county includes 1,955 prisoners. The prison population is 19.23% Black, and 24.35% Hispanic. Without the prisoners, Crowley County would be 86.72% White, 0.36% Black, and 21.55% Hispanic. As a percentage of its population, Crowley County has more of its Census population in prison than any other county in the country.

Cities and towns[edit]

Transcontinental bicycle route[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 10, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 10, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Table 1: 2011 Poverty and Median Income Estimates - Counties". Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°20′N 103°47′W / 38.33°N 103.79°W / 38.33; -103.79