Ashley County, Arkansas
|Ashley County, Arkansas|
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Chester Ashley, who represented Arkansas in the U.S. Senate.|
|• Total||939.08 sq mi (2,432 km2)|
|• Land||921.15 sq mi (2,386 km2)|
|• Water||17.93 sq mi (46 km2), 1.91%|
|• Density||24/sq mi (9.1/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Ashley County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas, and was formed in 1848 from parts of Chicot, Drew and Union Counties. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,853. The county seat is Hamburg. It is named for Chester Ashley. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 939.08 square miles (2,432.2 km2), of which 921.15 square miles (2,385.8 km2) (or 98.09%) is land and 17.93 square miles (46.4 km2) (or 1.91%) is water. The lowest point in the state of Arkansas is located on the Ouachita River in Ashley County and Union County, where it flows out of Arkansas and into Louisiana.
- Drew County (north)
- Chicot County (east)
- Morehouse Parish, Louisiana (south)
- Union Parish, Louisiana (southwest)
- Union County (west)
- Bradley County (northwest)
National protected areas
- Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Ouachita National Forest (part)
- Overflow National Wildlife Refuge
Ashley County, the fifth-largest county in Arkansas in terms of land area, was formed on November 30, 1848 from portions of Drew, Chicot and Union Counties. It was named after Chester Ashley, a US Senator and land speculator. The final borders were laid in 1861. The courtroom in the courthouse has a one-of-a-kind architecture: it is round, and the seats are arranged so that members of the audience can see always each other.
As of the census of 2000, there were 24,209 people, 9,384 households, and 6,906 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 10,615 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 69.78% White, 27.10% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.73% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 3.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 9,384 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,758, and the median income for a family was $37,370. Males had a median income of $35,089 versus $19,501 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,702. About 13.90% of families and 17.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.70% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2010 Ashley County had a population of 21,853 people. 68.19% of the population were non-Hispanic whites, 25.81% were blacks, 0.32% Native Americans, 0.18% Asians and 4.89% Hispanics or Latinos.
In 2000, the largest denominational group was the Evangelical Protestants (with 16,752 adherents) and Mainline Protestants (with 1,817 adherents). The largest religious bodies were The Southern Baptist Convention (with 11,398 members) and The American Baptist Association (with 2,890 members).
Cities and towns
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Ashley County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. 
- Beech Creek
- Carter (Hamburg)
- De Bastrop (Parkdale)
- Egypt (Crossett, West Crossett, most of North Crossett)
- Marais Saline
- Mill Creek (part of North Crossett)
- Montrose (Montrose)
- Portland (Portland)
- White (Fountain Hill)
- Wilmot (Wilmot)
- List of lakes in Ashley County, Arkansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Ashley County, Arkansas
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "County Membership Reports". thearda.com. Archived from the original on 12 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
- US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Ashley County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05003_ashley/BAS11C20500300000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110811.
||Bradley County||Drew County, Arkansas|
|Union County||Chicot County|
|Union Parish, Louisiana||Morehouse Parish, Louisiana|