Sharp County, Arkansas
|Sharp County, Arkansas|
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||July 18, 1868|
|• Total||606.35 sq mi (1,570 km2)|
|• Land||604.35 sq mi (1,565 km2)|
|• Water||1.99 sq mi (5 km2), 0.33%|
|• Density||29/sq mi (11.03/km²)|
Sharp County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of 2010, the population was 17,264. The county seat is Ash Flat. The county was formed on July 18, 1868, and named for Ephraim Sharp, a state legislator from the area.
Sharp County was featured on the PBS program Independent Lens for its 1906 "banishment" of all of its Black residents. A local newspaper at the time was quoted as saying that " The community is better off without them."
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 606.35 square miles (1,570.4 km2), of which 604.35 square miles (1,565.3 km2) (or 99.67%) is land and 1.99 square miles (5.2 km2) (or 0.33%) is water.
- Oregon County, Missouri (north)
- Randolph County (northeast)
- Lawrence County (southeast)
- Independence County (south)
- Izard County (southwest)
- Fulton County (northwest)
As of the census of 2000, there were 17,119 people, 7,211 households, and 5,141 families residing in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 9,342 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.14% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 0.98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,211 households out of which 25.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.79.
In the county the population was spread out with 21.90% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 22.80% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 23.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $25,152, and the median income for a family was $29,691. Males had a median income of $23,329 versus $16,884 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,143. About 13.20% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.40% of those under age 18 and 13.20% of those age 65 or over.
Cities, towns and communities
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Sharp County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. 
- Big Creek
- Cave (Cave City)
- Cherokee (most of Cherokee Village, small part of Highland)
- East Sullivan
- Hardy (most of Hardy)
- Highland (most of Highland)
- Jackson (Williford)
- Lave Creek
- Lower North
- North Big Rock
- North Lebanon
- Piney Fork (Evening Shade)
- Richwoods (part of Ash Flat, small part of Horseshoe Bend)
- South Big Rock
- South Union
- Upper North
- West Sullivan (most of Sideny)
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Sharp County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05135_sharp/BAS11C20513500000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110804.
||Fulton County||Oregon County, Missouri||Randolph County|
|Izard County||Independence County||Lawrence County|