Jackson County, Arkansas
|Jackson County, Arkansas|
Jackson County Courthouse
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 5, 1829|
|Named for||Andrew Jackson|
|• Total||642 sq mi (1,663 km2)|
|• Land||634 sq mi (1,642 km2)|
|• Water||7.6 sq mi (20 km2), 1.2%|
|• Density||28/sq mi (11/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,997. The county seat is Newport. Jackson County is Arkansas's 23rd county, formed on November 5, 1829, and named for Andrew Jackson, the seventh President of the United States. Jackson was nearing the end of his second term when Arkansas was admitted to the Union in 1836.
- Lawrence County (north)
- Craighead County (northeast)
- Poinsett County (east)
- Cross County (southeast)
- Woodruff County (south)
- White County (southwest)
- Independence County (west)
National protected area
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 18,418 people, 6,971 households, and 4,830 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 7,956 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.57% White, 17.56% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,971 households out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $25,081, and the median income for a family was $32,661. Males had a median income of $26,744 versus $17,830 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,564. About 13.20% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.00% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The Grimes Unit and the McPherson Unit, prisons of the Arkansas Department of Correction, are located in Newport, off of Arkansas Highway 384, 4 miles (6.4 km) east of central Newport. The prison houses the state's death row for women.
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Jackson County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. 
- Bateman (contains part of Newport)
- Bird (contains most of Tuckerman)
- Breckinridge (contains Tupelo and Weldon)
- Cow Lake (contains Beedeville)
- Glass (contains Swifton)
- Grubbs (contains Grubbs)
- Jefferson (contains Campbell Station and Jacksonport, part of Diaz and Tuckerman)
- Richwoods (contains Amagon)
- Union (contains most of Diaz and Newport)
- Village (contains part of Diaz and Newport)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 167.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Grimes Unit/McPherson Unit." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on November 22, 2010.
- Haddigan, Michael. "They Kill Women, Don't They?" Arkansas Times. April 9, 1999. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
- "Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-5, Arkansas" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Jackson County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05067_jackson/BAS11C20506700000_000.pdf. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
||Lawrence County||Craighead County|
|Independence County||Poinsett County|
|White County||Woodruff County||Cross County|