Jackson County, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jackson County, Arkansas
Jackson County Courthouse Newport AR.JPG
Jackson County Courthouse
Map of Arkansas highlighting Jackson County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded November 5, 1829
Named for Andrew Jackson
Seat Newport
Largest city Newport
Area
 • Total 642 sq mi (1,663 km2)
 • Land 634 sq mi (1,642 km2)
 • Water 7.6 sq mi (20 km2), 1.2%
Population
 • (2010) 17,997
 • Density 28/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.jacksoncountyar.org

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,997.[1] The county seat is Newport.[2] Jackson County is Arkansas's 23rd county, formed on November 5, 1829, and named for Andrew Jackson, the seventh President of the United States.[3] Jackson was nearing the end of his second term when Arkansas was admitted to the Union in 1836.

Jackson County is represented in the Arkansas State Senate by the Republican Ronald R. Caldwell, a real estate businessman from Wynne in Cross County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 642 square miles (1,660 km2), of which 634 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (1.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 333
1840 1,540 362.5%
1850 3,086 100.4%
1860 10,493 240.0%
1870 7,268 −30.7%
1880 10,877 49.7%
1890 15,179 39.6%
1900 18,383 21.1%
1910 23,501 27.8%
1920 25,446 8.3%
1930 27,943 9.8%
1940 26,427 −5.4%
1950 25,912 −1.9%
1960 22,843 −11.8%
1970 20,452 −10.5%
1980 21,646 5.8%
1990 18,944 −12.5%
2000 18,418 −2.8%
2010 17,997 −2.3%
Est. 2013 17,615 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid Jackson County[9]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[10] there were 18,418 people, 6,971 households, and 4,830 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 7,956 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.57% White, 17.56% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,971 households out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,081, and the median income for a family was $32,661. Males had a median income of $26,744 versus $17,830 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,564. About 13.20% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.00% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Grimes Unit and the McPherson Unit, prisons of the Arkansas Department of Correction, are located in Newport, off of Arkansas Highway 384, 4 miles (6.4 km) east of central Newport.[11] The prison houses the state's death row for women.[12]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Jackson County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Jackson County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [14][15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 167. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 22, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 22, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ "Grimes Unit/McPherson Unit." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on November 22, 2010.
  12. ^ Haddigan, Michael. "They Kill Women, Don't They?" Arkansas Times. April 9, 1999. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-5, Arkansas" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  14. ^ U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Jackson County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05067_jackson/BAS11C20506700000_000.pdf. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
  15. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°35′38″N 91°11′37″W / 35.59389°N 91.19361°W / 35.59389; -91.19361