Jackson County, Arkansas
|Jackson County, Arkansas|
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 5, 1829|
|• Total||641.45 sq mi (1,661 km2)|
|• Land||633.52 sq mi (1,641 km2)|
|• Water||7.92 sq mi (21 km2), 1.23%|
|• Density||28/sq mi (10.96/km²)|
Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of 2010, the population was 17,997. The county seat is Newport. Jackson County is Arkansas's 23rd county, formed on November 5, 1829, and named for Andrew Jackson, the seventh President of the United States. Jackson was nearing the end of his second term when Arkansas was admitted to the Union in 1836.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 641.5 square miles (1,661.5 km2), of which 633.9 square miles (1,641.9 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (19.6 km2), or 1.18%, is water.
List of highways
- U.S. Highway 67
- U.S. Highway 167
- Highway 14
- Highway 17
- Highway 18
- Highway 18 Spur
- Highway 33
- Highway 37
- Highway 42
- Highway 69
- Highway 69 Spur
- Highway 87
- Highway 145
- Highway 157
- Highway 224
- Highway 226
- Highway 367
- Highway 384
- Airport Highway 980
- Lawrence County (north)
- Craighead County (northeast)
- Poinsett County (east)
- Cross County (southeast)
- Woodruff County (south)
- White County (southwest)
- Independence County (west)
National protected area
As of the census of 2000, there were 18,418 people, 6,971 households, and 4,830 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 7,956 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.57% White, 17.56% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,971 households out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $25,081, and the median income for a family was $32,661. Males had a median income of $26,744 versus $17,830 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,564. About 13.20% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.00% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The Grimes Unit and the McPherson Unit, prisons of the Arkansas Department of Correction, are located in Newport, off of Arkansas Highway 384, 4 miles (6.4 km) east of central Newport. The prison houses the state's death row for women.
Cities and towns
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Jackson County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. 
- Bird (most of Tuckerman)
- Breckinridge (Tupelo, Weldon)
- Cow Lake (Beedeville)
- Glass (Swifton)
- Grubbs (Grubbs)
- Jefferson (Campbell Station, Jacksonport, part of Diaz, small part of Tuckerman)
- Richwoods (Amagon)
- Union (most of Newport, most of Diaz)
- Village (part of Newport)
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jackson County, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Grimes Unit/McPherson Unit." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on November 22, 2010.
- Haddigan, Michael. "They Kill Women, Don't They?" Arkansas Times. April 9, 1999. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
- US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Jackson County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05067_jackson/BAS11C20506700000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110818.
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||Lawrence County||Craighead County|
|Independence County||Poinsett County|
|White County||Woodruff County||Cross County|