List of National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas

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The National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas represent Arkansas's history from the Louisiana Purchase through the Civil War and the Civil Rights Movement. It contains the landmarks designated by the U.S. Federal Government for the U.S. state of Arkansas. There are 16 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in Arkansas. Another NHL was formerly listed in the state but was moved to Oakland, California.

This page includes a list of National Park Service-administered historic areas in Arkansas.

National Historic Landmarks[edit]

This is a complete list of the 16 National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas.

[1] Landmark name Image Date designated[2] Location County Description
1 Arkansas Post
Arkansas Post National Memorial
October 9, 1960
(#66000198)
Gillett
34°01′09″N 91°20′54″W / 34.01907°N 91.34835°W / 34.01907; -91.34835 (Arkansas Post)
Arkansas Commemorates the first semi-permanent European settlement in the Lower Mississippi Valley (1686); an American Revolutionary War skirmish (1783); the first territorial capital of Arkansas (1819–1821); and the American Civil War Battle of Fort Hindman (1863)
2 Daisy Bates House Upload image
January 3, 2001
(#01000072)
Little Rock
34°43′18″N 92°17′00″W / 34.721667°N 92.283333°W / 34.721667; -92.283333 (Daisy Bates House)
Pulaski Supporting site for desegregation of Little Rock Central High School
3 Bathhouse Row
Hale Bathhouse
May 28, 1987
(#74000275)
Hot Springs
34°30′44″N 93°03′13″W / 34.51212°N 93.05361°W / 34.51212; -93.05361 (Bathhouse Row)
Garland In Hot Springs National Park; largest collection of bathhouses in the United States; remains of the only federally-run spa
4 Beginning Point of the Louisiana Purchase Survey
Monument marking beginning point of the survey of the Louisiana Purchase
April 19, 1993
(#72000206)
Blackton
34°38′42″N 91°03′05″W / 34.64489°N 91.05139°W / 34.64489; -91.05139 (Beginning Point of the Louisiana Purchase Survey)
Lee - Monroe - Phillips border Point from which the lands acquired through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 were subsequently surveyed[3]
5 Camden Expedition Sites
Camden Expedition Sites
April 19, 1994
(#70000127)
8 or 9 sites
several counties Camden Expedition Civil War battle sites:
6 Centennial Baptist Church
Centennial Baptist Church
July 31, 2003
(#87000518)
Helena-West Helena
34°31′32″N 90°35′27″W / 34.525469°N 90.590731°W / 34.525469; -90.590731 (Centennial Baptist Church)
Phillips Where Elias Camp Morris preached, unofficial headquarters for National Baptist Convention
7 Eaker Site
Eaker Site
June 19, 1996
(#91001048)
Blytheville
35°57′48″N 89°56′04″W / 35.963333°N 89.934444°W / 35.963333; -89.934444 (Eaker Site)
Mississippi Archaeological site; shows evidence of pre-historic Nodena populations and also Quapaw occupation
8 Fort Smith
1940 HABS photo
December 19, 1960
(#66000202)
Fort Smith
35°20′36″N 94°25′22″W / 35.343333333333334°N 94.42277777777778°W / 35.343333333333334; -94.42277777777778 (Fort Smith)
Sebastian This site includes the remains of two 19th-century U.S. military forts and the Federal Court for the Western District of Arkansas.
9 Little Rock Central High School
Central High School
May 20, 1982
(#01000274)
Little Rock
34°44′16″N 92°17′52″W / 34.73775°N 92.29775°W / 34.73775; -92.29775 (Little Rock Central High School)
Pulaski Focal point of the Little Rock Integration Crisis of 1957
10 Menard-Hodges Site Upload image
April 11, 1982
(#85003542)
Nady
34°00′14″N 91°15′15″W / 34.003869°N 91.254214°W / 34.003869; -91.254214 (Menard-Hodges Site)
Arkansas Site includes two large mounds and several house mounds.
11 Nodena Site
Fields at the Nodena Site
February 19, 1964
(#66000201)
Wilson
35°33′15″N 89°57′06″W / 35.554286°N 89.951703°W / 35.554286; -89.951703 (Nodena Site)
Mississippi Located on Nodena Plantation; type site for an important Late Mississippian cultural component, the Nodena phase; date from about 1400-1700 AD; first excavations in 1897.
12 Old State House
1934 HABS photo
December 9, 1997
(#69000037)
Little Rock
34°44′55″N 92°16′24″W / 34.74856°N 92.27333°W / 34.74856; -92.27333 (Old State House)
Pulaski Oldest surviving state capitol building west of the Mississippi River.
13 Parkin Indian Mound
Parkin Site illustration
July 19, 1964
(#66000200)
Parkin
35°16′37″N 90°33′17″W / 35.277055555555556°N 90.55458333333333°W / 35.277055555555556; -90.55458333333333 (Parkin Indian Mound)
Cross A Late Mississippian and protohistoric palisaded village with one mound; may be the town of Casqui mentioned by 16th century Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto.
14 Joseph Taylor Robinson House
Joseph T. Robinson House
October 12, 1992
(#75000411)
Little Rock
34°43′40″N 92°16′44″W / 34.727639°N 92.278806°W / 34.727639; -92.278806 (Joseph Taylor Robinson House)
Pulaski Home of influential Arkansas governor and U.S. senator
15 Rohwer Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery
Monument to the Men of the 100th Battalion
July 6, 1992
(#92001882)
Rohwer
33°45′52″N 91°16′49″W / 33.76456°N 91.28016°W / 33.76456; -91.28016 (Rohwer Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery)
Desha Site of a World War II Japanese American internment camp
16 Toltec Mounds Site
photo
June 2, 1978
(#73000382)
Scott
34°38′49″N 92°03′55″W / 34.64694444444444°N 92.06527777777778°W / 34.64694444444444; -92.06527777777778 (Toltec Mounds Site)
Lonoke One of the most significant remnants of Native American life in the state.

National Historic Landmark intended for Arkansas[edit]

Landmark name[4] Image Date designated[4] Locality[4][5] County[4] Description
1 USS HOGA (CITY OF OAKLAND) (Tug) The sinking USS Nevada is pushed to safety into soft sand by USS Hoga June 30, 1989 North Little Rock Pulaski Tugboat; at Pearl Harbor fought ship fires and helped push sinking USS Nevada out of the ship channel; served Oakland harbor for many years; The vessel was transferred to the Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum (AIMM) in 2005[6] and was scheduled to be moved to North Little Rock, Arkansas in 2007. The move has been delayed by damage from Hurricane Katrina along the proposed tow route to AIMM and transport costs.[7] As of June 2012, the vessel was moored at Suisun Bay, California, pending transfer to Arkansas.[8]

Historic areas administered by the National Park Service[edit]

National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Monuments, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are four of these in Arkansas. The National Park Service lists these four together with the NHLs in the state,[9] The Arkansas Post National Memorial, the Fort Smith National Historic Site (shared with Oklahoma) and the Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site are also NHLs and are listed above. The remaining one is:

Landmark name
Image Date established[10] Location County Description
1 Pea Ridge National Military Park 20 July 1956 Pea Ridge Benton Site of Battle of Pea Ridge, March 7 and 8, 1862, a Union victory in the American Civil War

Other National Park Service-administered areas in Arkansas are the Buffalo National River and the Hot Springs National Park (not historic per se but which includes Bathhouse Row, an NHL listed above).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  3. ^ "Beginning Point of the Louisiana Purchase Survey". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-09-20. 
  4. ^ a b c d National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  5. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved 2007-09-22. 
  6. ^ "National Historic Landmarks Program: City of Oakland (USS Hoga) (Tug)". National Park Service. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  7. ^ "America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places". National Trust for Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2 July 2009. 
  8. ^ "National Defense Reserve Fleet Inventory". U.S. Department of Transportation Maritime Administration. June 30, 2012. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  9. ^ These are listed on p.111 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State"
  10. ^ Date of listing as National Monument or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.

External links[edit]