Searcy County, Arkansas

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Not to be confused with Searcy, Arkansas.
Searcy County, Arkansas
SEARCY COUNTY COURTHOUSE.jpg
Searcy County Courthouse
Map of Arkansas highlighting Searcy County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded December 13, 1838
Seat Marshall
Largest city Marshall
Area
 • Total 669 sq mi (1,733 km2)
 • Land 666 sq mi (1,725 km2)
 • Water 2.4 sq mi (6 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 8,195
 • Density 12/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Searcy County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,195.[1] The county seat is Marshall.[2] The county was formed December 13, 1838, from a portion of Marion County and named for Richard Searcy, the first clerk and judge in the Arkansas Territory. The city of Searcy, Arkansas, some seventy miles away, shares the name despite having never been part of Searcy County. The county is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 669 square miles (1,730 km2), of which 666 square miles (1,720 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (0.4%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 936
1850 1,979 111.4%
1860 5,271 166.3%
1870 5,614 6.5%
1880 7,278 29.6%
1890 9,664 32.8%
1900 11,988 24.0%
1910 14,825 23.7%
1920 14,590 −1.6%
1930 11,056 −24.2%
1940 11,942 8.0%
1950 10,424 −12.7%
1960 8,124 −22.1%
1970 7,731 −4.8%
1980 8,847 14.4%
1990 7,841 −11.4%
2000 8,261 5.4%
2010 8,195 −0.8%
Est. 2013 8,023 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid Searcy County[8]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[9] there were 8,261 people, 3,523 households, and 2,466 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 4,292 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.26% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,523 households out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $21,397, and the median income for a family was $27,580. Males had a median income of $21,768 versus $16,276 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,536. About 17.80% of families and 23.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.00% of those under age 18 and 26.60% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public education is provided for early childhood, elementary and secondary education from multiple school districts including:

Government and politics[edit]

Searcy is among the northwestern Arkansas counties that have been traditionally Republican in political leanings. In Presidential elections since World War II Jimmy Carter was the only Democrat to carry the county.[10] It was one of the only counties in Arkansas to be won by Alf Landon.[11] In the 1992 election George H. W. Bush won his second-highest margin in the state, and the Republican nominee has received over 60 percent in Presidential elections from 2000 to 2012 inclusive.[12] In 2012, Searcy County voted over 73 percent for Mitt Romney, while President Barack Obama received just 22 percent.

The county is in Arkansas's 1st congressional district, which from Reconstruction until 2010 sent only Democrats to the U.S. House. That year, it elected Republican Rick Crawford, who currently holds the seat as of 2014. In the Arkansas House of Representatives Searcy County is represented by second-term Republican David Branscum from the 83rd (and formerly the 90th prior to 2013) district.[13] The state senator, Missy Thomas Irvin, is also a Republican, serving her second term from the 18th district.[14]

Since 1980, in gubernatorial races, the county has tended to favor Republicans in all but one contest. It voted for Frank White in his successful run against freshman Democrat incumbent Bill Clinton in 1980. It supported White again in 1982 and 1986 in rematches with Clinton. It also voted for Woody Freeman over Clinton in 1984. It was the only county in Arkansas where Republican Sheffield Nelson won in both 1990 and 1994.[15] In 1990, it was Nelson's best county in the entire state, winning 64 percent to then-Governor Bill Clinton's 36 percent in Searcy County. In 1994, Searcy County was among the two counties to vote for Nelson over incumbent Democrat Jim Guy Tucker, Benton County being the other (which actually voted for Clinton over Nelson in 1990).

In 1998, Searcy County voted for Republican Mike Huckabee with just under 70 percent, and again in 2002, albeit with a reduced margin of 57 percent. In 2006, it voted 52 percent for Republican ex-Congressman Asa Hutchinson, who lost to Democrat Mike Beebe. In 2010, however, it did vote for incumbent Democrat Mike Beebe with a margin of 57 percent to 40 percent over former state Senator Jim Keet, the first time it had done so since 1978. Keet was regarded as a weak candidate, as he failed to carry a single county.

See also Winston County, Alabama.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Searcy County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Searcy County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [16][17]

Township FIPS code ANSI code
(GNIS ID)
Population
center(s)
Pop.
(2010)
Pop.
density
(/mi²)
Pop.
density
(/km²)
Land area
(mi²)
Land area
(km²)
Water area
(mi²)
Water area
(km²)
Geographic coordinates
Bear Creek No. 4 05-90177 02406938 Marshall 989 21.20 8.18 46.655 120.8 0.174 0.4507 35°58′16″N 92°37′26″W / 35.971174°N 92.623964°W / 35.971174; -92.623964
Bear Creek No. 5 05-90178 02406939 Marshall 728 492.22 190.08 1.479 3.831 0.002 0.005180 35°54′35″N 92°38′47″W / 35.909629°N 92.646337°W / 35.909629; -92.646337
Bear Creek No. 6 05-90179 02406940 Marshall 913 36.64 14.15 24.917 64.53 0.096 0.2486 35°54′16″N 92°36′32″W / 35.904425°N 92.608797°W / 35.904425; -92.608797
Calf Creek 05-90708 00066892 326 4.01 1.55 81.202 210.3 0.514 1.331 35°54′12″N 92°50′49″W / 35.903196°N 92.846919°W / 35.903196; -92.846919
Long Creek 05-92274 00069086 474 10.72 4.14 44.219 114.5 0.060 0.1554 35°55′23″N 92°29′16″W / 35.923104°N 92.487694°W / 35.923104; -92.487694
Mount Pleasant 05-90981 00066895 465 4.28 1.65 108.750 281.7 0.248 0.6423 35°47′22″N 92°50′34″W / 35.789412°N 92.842860°W / 35.789412; -92.842860
Oxley 05-92801 02407397 364 11.37 4.39 32.018 82.93 0.027 0.06993 35°52′02″N 92°27′47″W / 35.867295°N 92.463161°W / 35.867295; -92.463161
Prairie 05-93012 00069090 Pindall 550 13.82 5.34 39.793 103.1 0.018 0.04662 36°03′55″N 92°53′29″W / 36.065325°N 92.891250°W / 36.065325; -92.891250
Red River 05-93087 00069091 321 9.69 3.78 33.144 85.84 0.064 0.1658 35°48′55″N 92°41′14″W / 35.815267°N 92.687262°W / 35.815267; -92.687262
Rock Creek 05-93213 00069093 547 10.48 3.99 52.915 137.0 0.097 0.2512 36°01′19″N 92°29′48″W / 36.021866°N 92.496667°W / 36.021866; -92.496667
St. Joe 05-93279 00069094 St. Joe 390 13.07 5.05 29.838 77.28 0.239 0.6190 35°59′13″N 92°51′15″W / 35.986869°N 92.854089°W / 35.986869; -92.854089
Shady Grove 05-93351 00069095 189 4.41 2.87 42.834 110.9 0.971 2.515 35°44′37″N 92°39′19″W / 35.743664°N 92.655141°W / 35.743664; -92.655141
Spring 05-93456 00069096 Marshall 588 12.59 4.86 46.715 121.0 0.227 0.5879 35°54′17″N 92°42′38″W / 35.904585°N 92.710556°W / 35.904585; -92.710556
Tomahawk 05-93618 00069098 Gilbert, St. Joe 574 10.68 4.12 53.762 139.2 0.421 1.090 36°02′13″N 92°42′57″W / 36.036902°N 92.715763°W / 36.036902; -92.715763
Wileys Cove 05-94062 00069099 Leslie 777 17.18 6.63 45.225 117.1 0.210 0.5439 35°51′20″N 92°31′11″W / 35.855434°N 92.519860°W / 35.855434; -92.519860
Source: U.S. Census Bureau[18][19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ David Leip's Election Atlas (Electoral Maps for Arkansas by year)
  11. ^ Geographie Electorale
  12. ^ The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on Arkansas)
  13. ^ Arkansas House page
  14. ^ Arkansas Senate site
  15. ^ David Leip's Election Atlas (Gubernatorial electoral Maps for Arkansas by year)
  16. ^ U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Searcy County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05129_searcy/BAS11C20512900000_000.pdf. Retrieved 2011-07-26.
  17. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  18. ^ "County Subdivisions: Arkansas" (TXT). Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. 
  19. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°55′32″N 92°42′00″W / 35.92556°N 92.70000°W / 35.92556; -92.70000