LGBT rights in Greenland

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LGBT rights in Greenland
Greenland
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Legal since 1933,
age of consent equalized in 1977 (Danish law)
Gender identity/expression
Military service Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly (Danish military)
Discrimination protections Sexual orientation protections (see below)
Family rights
Recognition of
relationships
Registered partnerships since 26th April 1996
Adoption Step adoption only

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) rights in Greenland are very similar to those in Denmark. Same-sex sexual activity is legal, with an equal age of consent, and there are broad anti-discrimination laws. Furthermore, same-sex couples have access to registered partnerships, which provide them with nearly all of the rights provided to married opposite-sex couples. Nonetheless, same-sex couples cannot marry or jointly adopt.

In 1979, Denmark granted Greenland autonomy under the Home Rule Act, although it still influences the island's culture and politics.

Law regarding same-sex sexual activity[edit]

Further information: LGBT rights in Denmark

As is the case with Denmark, same-sex sexual activity is not a crime.[1] It was legalized by Denmark in 1933, and age of consent equalized in 1977, two years prior to the Home Rule Act.

Recognition of same-sex relationships[edit]

Further information: Same-sex marriage in Denmark

Greenland adopted Denmark's registered partnership law on 26 April 1996.[2] Registered partnerships are called Inooqatigiittut nalunaarsorsimasut in Greenlandic.

As of 2014, a law is proposed that would extend the Danish 2012 same-sex marriage law to Greenland, in order to allow same-sex couples to marry in (state) church.[3] It was originally proposed to go into effect on 1 July 2014, but discussions of the proposal were rescheduled for the autumn of 2014. Bishop Sofie Petersen is in favour of gay marriage.[4]

Adoption and family planning[edit]

There is no law on joint adoption. However, there is not only a chance at step-adoption,[5] lesbians are also granted more parental rights than gay men, as a law regarding IVF for female couples was legalized in 2006.

Discrimination protections[edit]

Denmarks's anti-discrimination laws apply to Greenland.[1]

LGBT rights movement in Greenland[edit]

There was an LGBT rights organization called "Qaamaneq" (Light) (2002-2007), which has organized social events.[6]

On 15 May 2010, Greenland held its first pride parade in Nuuk.[7][8][9]

Summary table[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes (Since 1933)
Equal age of consent Yes (Since 1977)
Anti-discrimination laws in employment Yes (Since 2009)
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services Yes (Since 2009)
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) Yes (Since 2009)
Recognition of same-sex couples Yes (Since 1996)
Same-sex marriages No (Pending)
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military Yes (Since 1978)
Access to IVF for lesbians Yes (Since 2006)
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples Yes (Since 2009)
Joint adoption by same-sex couples No (Pending)
Right to change legal gender No
Right for MSM to donate blood No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No

See also[edit]

References[edit]